Hairul Basri
Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Published : 23 Documents
Articles

Found 23 Documents
Search

Analisis Indikasi Geografis Kopi Arabika Gayo Ditinjau dari Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kabupaten Ellyanti, Ellyanti; Karim, Abubakar; Basri, Hairul
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 2 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 2 Agustus 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1151.178 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Indikasi Geografis (IG) Kopi Arabika Gayo adalah suatu tanda yang menunjukkan daerah asal kopi Arabika Gayo,  karena faktor lingkungan geografis yang memberikan ciri dan kualitas pada produk yang dihasilkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: menganalisis kesesuaian wilayah IG Kopi Arabika Gayo dengan ketinggian tempat, menganalisis kawasan yang telah ditetapkan sebagai kawasan budidaya, serta menghitung persentase penyimpangan penggunaan lahan untuk Kopi Arabika Gayo di DTG berdasarkan RTRW Kabupaten Bener Meriah, Aceh Tengah dan Gayo Lues dan IG kopi Gayo. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif. Analisis spasial dilakukan dengan metode tumpang tindih (overlay analysis) dan menambahkan seluruh data dan informasi yang sudah didapatkan berdasarkan ground survey dengan bantuan alat Global Positioning System. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa wilayah Indikasi Geografis (IG) Kopi Arabika Gayo di DTG yang sesuai dengan ketinggian tempat di atas permukaan laut adalah 160.856,70 ha. Wilayah IG Kopi Arabika Gayo yang sesuai dengan kawasan yang telah ditetapkan sebagai kawasan budidaya di dalam Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah (RTRW) Kabupaten Bener Meriah, Aceh Tengah dan Gayo Lues adalah seluas 151.151,60 ha. Persentase penyimpangan IG Kopi Arabika Gayo di DTG berdasarkan RTRW masing-masing kabupaten adalah sebesar 9.705,10 ha (6,03%).Analysis of Geographical Indication of Gayo Coffee Based on Spatial Planning of Districts ABSTRACT. Geographical Indication (GI) of Arabica Gayo coffee is a sign which indicates the origin of Arabica Gayo coffee, because geographical environments provide characteristics and quality of the product. The objectives of the study were: analyze suitability of Gayo coffee GI with altitude, analyze suitability of Gayo coffee GI with the region that has been designated as a cultivated area, and calculate deviations of Gayo coffee’s land use in the Gayo Highlands based on the Spatial Planning of Bener Meriah, Central Aceh and Gayo Lues Districts and Gayo coffee GI area. The method used in this research was descriptive.  Spatial analysis was carried out by an overlay analysis method and added all the data and information from a ground survey with the help of Global Positioning System. The results showed that the region of Geographical Indications of Gayo coffee suitable with altitude in the Gayo Highlands was 160.856,70 ha. Gayo Coffee GI region suitable with the region that has been designated as a cultivated area in the Spatial Planning of Bener Meriah, Central Aceh and Gayo Lues Districts was 151.151,60 ha. Percentage deviation of Gayo Coffee GI in the Gayo Highlands based on the Spatial Planning of the Districts was 9.705,10 ha (6,03%).
Perubahan Beberapa Sifat Fisika dan Kimia Gambut Jambo Aye - Aceh Utara Akibat Perlakuan Berbagai Kedalaman Drainase Basri, Hairul; Alibasyah, M. Rusli; Indriansyah, Lilis
Jurnal Agrista Vol 10, No 1 (2006): Volume 10 Nomor 1 April 2006
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (815.469 KB)

Abstract

Change of Some Phisycial and Chemical Properties of Peat Soil of Jambo Aye- Aceh Utara and due to Depths of Dranage TreatmentABSTRACT. The objective of this research was to evaluate the change of physical and chemical properties of peat soil of Jambo Aye Aceh Utara due to the depth of drainage treatments. The research was set according to randomized completely design with three replication. Pipes of alluminium with length of 100 cm and diameter of 30 cm was used to set the depth of drainage treatments. The depth of drainage treatments were: no-drainage, 20 cm, 40 cm, and 60 cm. The results showed the dept of drainage on peat soil affected some of physical and chemical properties of peat soil. From the physical properties point of view, the deeper of drainage was conducted, the more subsidence occurred, otherwise the higher bulk density was occurred. From the chemical properties point of view, the drainage more than 20 cm decreased pH, N-total, P-available, K-exchangeable, and Base Saturated, otherwise increased C-organic, Cation Exchangeable Capacity, and Al-exchangeable. It was recommended to use the drainage depth of 20 cm for controlling the change of some physical and chemical properties of peat soil.
SIFAT-SIFAT TANAH DAN AIR YANG TERPENGARUH TSUNAMI DI KECAMATAN LHOONG KABUPATEN ACEH BESAR Basri, Hairul; Syakur, Syakur; Rusdi, Alfian
Jurnal Floratek Vol 6, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (204.034 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/floratek.v6i2.508

Abstract

ABSTRACT The aims of the research were to evaluate soil characteristics, to study land suitability and to propose recommendation of land use and rehabilitation of the tsunami affected agricultural area in Lhoong Sub-District. The result showed that soil textures were varied from very coarse at the area near the coastline to rather fine at the area far from the coast. The soil structures of topsoil were generally plate and blocky, and at subsoil generally massive. The quality of irrigation water in Sub District of Lhoong was still suitable for crops. The pH of water was neutral and low in salinity (0, 4 mS cm-1). The recommendations for land of class A were (1) cleaning and repairing of irrigation and drainage channel, (2) leaching of salinity in topsoil from soil profile by flooding method (irrigation basin) or furrow irrigation,  (3) making the ditches for cultivation in managing the excess of salinity, (4) establishing ditches for paddy, and (5) requiring a specified amount of water for the leaching processes and the amount of water required for crops. The recommendation for land class B were (1) cleaning and repairing of irrigation and drainage channel, (2) removing the sediment above the topsoil, (3) leaching the salt from topsoil passing soil profile  by irrigation water, (4) constructing ditches for cultivation in managing the  excess of salinity.
Pengembangan Metode Prediksi Produksi Air DAS untuk Sungai-sungai Utama di Aceh Husnan, Husnan; Pawitan, Hidayat; Irianto, Gatot; Laksono, Kukuh Murti; Basri, Hairul
Jurnal Agrista Vol 12, No 3 (2008): Volume 12 Nomor 3 Desember 2008
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1293.168 KB)

Abstract

Developing Prediction Method of Watershed for Main Rivers in AcehABSTRACT. The conversion of rural land to urban land usually increases erosion, discharge and volume of storm runoff in watershed. It also causes other problem that effect soil and water. An urban or urbanizing watershed is one in which impervious surface cover or will soon cover a considerable area. Impervious surface includes roads, side walk, parking lots and building. Natural flow paths in the watershed may be replaced or supplemented by paved gutters, storm sewers or other elements of artificial drainage. Hydrologic studies to determine runoff and peak discharge should ideally be base on long-term stationary stream flow records for the area, such records are seldom available for small drainage areas. Even were they are available, accurate statistical analysis of them is usually impossible because of the conversion of land to urban uses during period of record. It therefore is necessary to estimate peak discharge with hydrologic models based on measurable watershed characteristics. Only through understanding of these characteristic and experience in using these models can be make sound judgments on how to alter model parameter to reflect changing watershed conditions.
Prediksi Erosi Kebun Kopi Rakyat di Kecamatan Permata, Kabupaten Bener Meriah, Provinsi Aceh Basri, Hairul; Ali, Syamaun A.; Konadi, Konadi
Rona Teknik Pertanian Vol 5, No 2 (2012): Volume 5, No. 2, Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (25.563 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/rtp.v5i2.231

Abstract

Prediction of Erosion in the Coffee Plantation in Subdistrict of Permata, District of Bener Meriah, Province of AcehAbstract. This study aimed to determine the level of erosion that occurred on the slopes of plantation of coffee community in sub-district of Permata, district of Bener Meriah, Province of Aceh, conducted from January to August 2011. Coffee plantations of community were located in sub-district of Permata as samples, particularly in the village of Jungke which had 8 percent slope and the village of Seni Antara which had 30 percent slope. This study was conducted by field observation and laboratory analysis to predict the values of erosion using the method of USLE (universal soil loss equation). Further Erosion Hazard Level (TBE) was determined by considering the effective depth of soil. The results showed that the value of the actual erosion that occurred in the coffee plantation of community in the village of Seni Antara which had 30 percent slope at 87,711.47 tones ha-1 year-1 greater than the actual value of erosion in the village Jungke which only 8 percent slopes at 21.79 tones ha-1 year-1. Erosion Hazard Rate on slopes of 30 percent (village of Seni Antara) classified as very heavy, while TBE at 8 percent slope (Village of Jungke) as light. The main factors that affected the value of erosion were the value of LS (long and large slope) and the value of K (erodibility). To prevent erosion on coffee plantations advised people to be able to add shade trees, use of litter and planting cover crops. 
Bahaya Erosi dan Upaya Konservasi Padang Pengembalaan Sapi di Aceh Besar Rinaldi, Romi; Basri, Hairul; Manfarizah, Manfarizah
Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Volume 1, Nomor 2, Desember 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Konservasi Sumberdaya Lahan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (353.86 KB)

Abstract

Erosion Hazard Rate and Conservation Effort of Rifle Range at Aceh Besar Abstract: The objectives of the study were to predict levels of erosion hazard and to determine appropriate conservation efforts at pasture of Superior Livestock Breeding Centers (SLBC) of Aceh Cow in Indrapuri, Aceh Besar District. The study used a descriptive survey method. Erosion hazard rate (EHR) was analyzed using USLE formula. Result showed that potential erosion hazard rates in the pasture of the SLBC for each map units of land (MUL) from the largest to the smallest were MUL 2 (456,35 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 6 (351,52 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 1 (208,96 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 3 (160,47 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 4 (66,63 ton ha-1 year-1), and MUL 5 (6,52 ton ha-1 year-1). There were three classifications of potential EHR, i.e. heavy in MUL 1, 2 and 6; medium in MUL 3 and 4; and very lighting MUL 5. Actual EHR from the biggest to the smallest were MUL 6 (175,76 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 2 (132,34 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 1 (60,60 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 5 (3,26 ton ha-1 year-1), MUL 3 (3,21 ton ha-1 tahun-1), and MUL 4 (1,33 ton ha-1 tahun-1). There were two actual HER i.e. medium in MUL 1, 2 and 6 and very lighting MUL 3, 4, and 5. Direction of appropriate land use in the pasture of SLBC of Aceh Cow in Indrapuri was to apply a vegetative conservation method by planting and propagating urinam grass (Brachiaria decumbens), bladygrass (Imperatacy lindrica) and elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum).Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memprediksi tingkat bahaya erosi yang terjadi  dan menentukan upaya konservasi yang tepat pada padang penggembalaan di Balai Pembibitan Ternak Unggul (BPTU) Sapi Aceh Kecamatan Indrapuri Aceh Besar. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode survey. Analisis Tingkat Bahaya Erosi (TBE) dihitung dengan menggunakan rumus USLE. Tingkat Bahaya Erosi potensial yang terjadi pada padang penggembalaan di BPTU Sapi Aceh Indrapuri berkisar antara 456,35- 6,52 ton ha-1 th-1. Terdapat tiga klasifikasi TBE potensial yaitu berat, sedang,dan  sangat ringan . Sedangkan Tingkat Bahaya Erosi aktual adalah 175,76-1,33 ton ha-1 th-1. Terdapat dua klasifikasi TBE aktual yaitu sedang dan sangat ringan. Arahan penggunaan lahan yang tepat pada padang penggembalaan di BPTU Sapi Aceh Indrapuri adalah menerapkan tindakan konservasi metode vegetatif dengan cara menanam dan memperbanyak rumput Brachiaria decumbens, rumput alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica) dan rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum). 
Nilai Ekonomi Ketersediaan Hasil Air dari Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Krueng Jreu Kabupaten Aceh Besar Isnin, Maunida; Basri, Hairul; Romano, Romano
Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Volume 1, Nomor 2, Desember 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Konservasi Sumberdaya Lahan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (452.436 KB)

Abstract

The Economic Value of the Water Availability in Krueng Jreu Sub Watershed in Aceh Besar RegencyAbstract. The water availability in a watershed or sub watershed can be seen on the ecosystem components and management in that area. Relationship of both factors will affect the hydrological responded of a watershed or sub watershed. Deteriorating condition of a watershed hydrology will affect the water availability that produced by the watershed to comply the community needs. This research conducted at Krueng Jreu sub watershed districts Indrapuri, aims to determine the water capacity to comply the water needs for domestic and agricultural, and the needs of economic value of water availability. This research has used survey method with two stages cluster sampling technique using interview and questionnaire. The analysis used was domestic water needs, agriculture water needs, water availability and total economic value analysis. Result shoved that the water availability in Krueng Jreu sub watershed range from 0,24 to 3,22 m3/sec. the total water needs for domestic and agricultural was 0,18 to 6,44 m3/sec. The water availability in Krueng Jreu sub watershed can not meet the needs of domestic and agriculture, especially during the dry season. Total economic value of water availability in Krueng Jreu sub watershed was Rp. 14.329.303.260,- per year.Abstrak. Ketersediaan air pada suatu DAS atau Sub DAS dapat dilihat pada komponen ekosistem dan aktivitas pengelolaan di daerah tersebut. Hubungan dari keduanya akan mempengaruhi respon hidrologi suatu DAS atau sub DAS. Memburuknya kondisi hidrologi suatu DAS akan berpengaruh terhadap ketersediaan air yang dihasilkan oleh suatu DAS untuk memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Sub DAS Krueng Jreu Kecamatan Indrapuri, bertujuan untuk mengetahui kapasitas hasil air dari Sub DAS Krueng Jreu dalam memenuhi kebutuhan air bagi rumah tangga, dan pertanian di Kecamatan Indrapuri Kabupaten Aceh Besar serta mengetahui nilai ekonomi ketersediaan hasil air di Sub DAS Krueng Jreu Kecamatan Indrapuri. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode survey, dengan teknik pengambilan sampel secara two stage cluster sampling dan wawancara menggunakan kuisioner. Analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis kebutuhan air rumah tangga, kebutuhan air pertanian, ketersediaan air dan nilai ekonomi total. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketersediaan air yang ada pada Sub DAS Krueng Jreu berkisar antara 0,24 – 3,22 m3/detik. Sementara total kebutuhan air untuk kebutuhan rumah tangga dan pertanian sebesar 0,18 – 6,44 m3/detik. Sehingga ketersediaan air yang ada pada Sub DAS Krueng Jreu tersebut tidak dapat memenuhi kebutuhan rumah tangga dan kebutuhan pertanian terutama pada saat musim kemarau. Nilai ekonomi total dari ketersediaan air pada Sub DAS Krueng Jreu sangat tinggi yaitu sebesar Rp. 14.329.303.260,- per tahun.
Analisis Perubahan Tipe Iklim dan Dampaknya Terhadap Produksi Padi Sawah di Kabupaten Aceh Besar Amaluddin, Amaluddin; Basri, Hairul; Sugianto, Sugianto
Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Volume 3, Nomor 2, Oktober 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Konservasi Sumberdaya Lahan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (247.475 KB)

Abstract

Abstract: The research aimed to analyse the climate type change and its effect on the weatland paddy production. The average precipation of area used a method of Thiessen Polygon. The temperature and air humidity used Dauglas HK.Lee’s classification. Meanwhile, Schmidth-Ferguson’ classification was used to observe the climate type change of the area and the climate change on the weatland paddy production was analysed through a regression multiple. The observation was conducted for 15 years in the first period (1983-1997) and for 15 years in the second period (1998-2012). The research results showed that the change of climate type in the area of Aceh Besar district had happened from the type A to the type B in the area of Saree and Kota Jantho subdistrict. Further, the climate change of type B to the type C also happened in Blang Bintang subdistrict. Saree had the average precipitation from 2.466 mm/year in the first period to 1.735 mm/year in the second period. Also, Blang Bintang subdistrict had the average precipitation from 3.857 mm/year to 1.393 mm/year, and Kota Jantho subdistrict had the precipitation from 4.431 mm/year to 1.917. The regression analysis showed that the climate did not have a clear influence on the weatland paddy productivity and the area the for live of wide harvested. Great Aceh District had implemented a development of agriculture for food plants which were not affected by the climate change structurally or non structurally. This can be seen from the fact that the Local Government had given a contribution to the society: such as giving new variety of plants in every planting season, organic fertilizer, drainage and reservoir building, opening a new weatland and agricultural extension workers. Although these contributions have not been implemented fully, they have given positive effect on the threat of food security in Great Aceh District for the last 30 years. This can be seen that the total of weatland paddy production in the last 15 years of the second period have got increased for 1.558.711 tons or 10.3 per cent and got decreased for 13.686 ha, so that the influence of climate change was not significant for two period examied. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perubahan tipe iklim terhadap produksi padi sawah, rata-rata curah hujan wilayah menggunakan metode Poligon Thiessen, suhu dan kelembaban udara menggunakan penggolongan Dauglas HK. Lee. Sedangkan klasifikasi Schmidth-Ferguson digunakan untuk melihat perubahan tipe iklim wilayah, perubahan iklim terhadap produksi dilakukan analisis Regresi linier berganda. Pengamatan dilakukan pada periode 15 tahunan pertama (1983-1997) dan 15 periode 15 tahunan kedua (1998-2012). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa telah terjadi perubahan tipe iklim wilayah di Kabupaten Aceh Besar dari tipe A ke tipe B pada Kawasan Saree dan Kecamatan Kota Jantho. Selanjutnya perubahan tipe iklim B ke tipe C untuk Kecamatan Blang Bintang. Dengan rata-rata curah hujan Kawasan Saree 2.466 mm tahun-1 periode pertama menjadi 1.735 mm tahun-1 di periode kedua, Kecamatan Blang Bintang 3.857 mm/tahun menjadi 1.393 mm tahun dan Kecamatan Kota Jantho 4.431 mm tahun-1 menjadi 1.917 mm tahun-1. Analisis regresi menunjukkan bahwa perubahan iklim berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap produktivitas padi sawah dan luas lahan gagal panen. Dikarenakan Kabupaten Aceh Besar telah menerapkan pembangunan pertanian tanaman pangan yang tahan terhadap perubahan iklim baik struktural maupun non struktural. Hal ini terlihat dari adanya bantuan Pemerintah daerah kepada masyarakat seperti: pemberian varietas-varietas baru setiap musim tanam, pupuk organik, pembagunan irigasi dan drainase, waduk, pembukaan lahan sawah baru serta tenaga penyuluh pertanian. Kendati demikian belum sepenuhnya terlaksanakan tetapi ini telah memberikan konstribusi terhadap ancaman ketahanan pangan di Kabupaten Aceh Besar selama 30 tahun terakhir yang terlihat dari jumlah produksi padi sawah 15 tahunan periode kedua terjadi peningkatan sebesar 1.558.711 ton atau 10.3 persen dan luas lahan gagal panen terjadi penurunan sebesar 13.686 ha, sehingga pengaruh perubahan iklim terabaikan selama dua periode tersebut.
Kajian Alih Fungsi Lahan Pertanian Menjadi Non Pertanian di Kabupaten Bireuen Fauzi, Syarifah Renny; Basri, Hairul; Helmi, Helmi
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.442 KB)

Abstract

Penggunaan lahan pemukiman di Kabupaten Bireuen, berkembang sangat pesat dalam kurun waktu 2006 hingga 2011, yaitu seluas 8.967,76 ha atau 4,99 %, sehingga mencapai 13.272,94 ha atau 7,39 % pada tahun 2011. Pertumbuhan luas areal pemukiman mencapai 2.424,82 ha atau 1,35 % pertahunnya. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Bireuen. Analisis data citra dilakukan di kantor UPTB – PDGA BAPPEDA Aceh dan Laboratorium GIS Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Syiah Kuala untuk pembuatan peta sebaran lahan pertanian. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu metode analisis spatio temporal yang terdiri dari analisis citra satelit multi temporal, analisis Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG), dan survey lapangan. Saat melakukan survey lapangan dilakukan juga wawancara dengan narasumber untuk mengetahui faktor, dampak dan strategi pengendalian alih fungsi lahan pertanian di Kabupaten Bireuen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terjadi alih fungsi lahan pertanian di Kabupaten Bireuen dalam kurun waktu 2007 hingga 2016 yaitu 387,0 Ha. Sebesar 87,702% dari 387,0 Ha alih fungsi yang terjadi menyimpang dari arahan RTRW dan hanya sebesar 12,298% yang sesuai dengan arahan RTRW. Adapun faktor – faktor penyebab alih fungsi lahan pertanian tersebut yaitu lahan yang strategis, peraturan pemerintah, harga lahan, status kepemilikan lahan dan jumlah penduduk. Dampak yang terjadi yaitu menurunnya hasil produksi pertanian, berkurangnya pendapatan petani, terjadinya kerusakan lahan dan terjadinya pencemaran lingkungan karena limbah domestik. Strategi pengendaliannya yaitu penerapan Qanun Kabupaten Bireuen No. 7 tahun 2013 tentang Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kabupaten Bireuen Tahun 2012 – 2032 dan pengawasan terhadap kegiatan pembangunan di Kabupaten Bireuen.
KAJIAN PERUBAHAN PENGGUNAAN LAHAN DI DAERAH TANGKAPAN AIR DANAU LAUT TAWAR TAHUN 2007-2015 marisa, Marisa marisa; Basri, Hairul; Anhar, Ashabul
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3937.736 KB)

Abstract

Perubahan penggunaan lahan dari tahun 2007 - 2015 mengalami pengurangan sebesar 2,92%, sedangkan luas Lahan pertanian (perkebunan, perkebunan campuran, pertanian lahan basah dan pertanian lahan kering campur semak) bertambah sebesar 7,9 %, dan permukiman bertambah 1,33%. Masyarakat yang berpendidikan sampai S1/D3 12%, SMA 40%, SMP 20%, yang berpendidikan sampai SD 28%. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pendidikan masyarakat masih rendah mencapai 48 %. Pekerjaan masyarakat di sekitar danau Laut Tawar umumnya petani sebesar 88%, yang mempengaruhi alih fungsi lahan di daerah tangkapan air danau Laut Tawar. Selanjutnya pemahaman masyarakat tentang alih fungsi lahan di Daerah Tangkapan Air Danau Laut Tawar tergolong rendah. Masyarakat tidak mengetahui dampak-dampak alih fungsi lahan di sekitar danau tersebut. Masyarakat juga tidak faham akan peraturan-peraturan yang melarang melakukan pembangunan di sekitar daerah tangkapan air tersebut.