Articles

PENGEMBANGAN GREEN COMMUNITY UNNES MELALUI PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH Banowati, Eva
Indonesian Journal of Conservation Vol 1, No 1 (2012): IJC
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Conservation

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Abstract

Semarang State University (SSU) has a great possibility to conduct a natural composting as well as reaffirming SSU as the Conservation University. This research aims to: (1) find out the community perception towards waste management; (2) get the materials and information to optimalize the waste management policy for conservation environment; and (3) find an environmentally friendly location for natural composting in SSU area. The main method used in this research is survey. The population consists of SSU’s Civitas Academic with various status: students, officers, lecturers, and the janitors. The data gathering uses interview, documentation, observation which are analyze by using percentage description. The research result shows the community perception about waste management is still counting on the janitors only, the waste management policy for environment conservation shows the agreement among the community with the conservation vision as well as conservation behavior; the location for a good naturalcomposting is located in front of Taman Kehati, the old landfill in Banaran Village which is still being used until now, and in the Valley near the Electrical Engineering Building-  engineering Faculty. The suggestion from this research is to merge all the composting location into one area in the  development and construction of SSU.Unnes sangat memungkinkan untuk melakukan pengomposan alami sekaligus memperkuat Unnes menjadi perguruan tinggi konservasi. Tujuan penelitian ini yakni: (1) mengetahui  persepsi komunitas terhadap pengelolaan sampah; (2) mendapatkan bahan dan informasi untuk melakukan  kebijakan optimalisasi pengelolaan sampah untuk konservasi lingkungan; dan (3) mendapatkan lokasi pengomposan alami di area Unnes yang ramah lingkungan. Metode utama yang digunakan adalah survei. Populasinya Civitas Academica Unnes dengan status bervariasi: mahasiswa, tenaga  kependidikan, dosen, dan petugas kebersihan. Pengambilan data menggunakan wawancara, dokumentasi, observasi yang dianalisis dengan deskripsi persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persepsi komunitas terhadap pengelolaan  sampah masih mengarah pada tanggung jawab petugas kebersihan, kebijakan optimalisasi dalam pengelolaan sampah untuk konservasi lingkungan sudah menunjukkan kesepahaman anggota komunitas dengan visi konservasi dan perilaku konservasi; lokasi pengomposan alami yang baik berada di depan Taman Kehati, TPA/ S lama Desa Banaran yang kini masih dipergunakan, dan di Lembah yang berposisi di arah depan Gedung Elektro - FT. Saran yang dapat diajukan adalah lokasi pengomposan alami perlu disatukan dalam rencana pengembangan dan pembangungan Unnes.
FENOMENA ALIH ORIENTASI PEMANFAATAN LAHAN HUTAN DI LERENG GUNUNG MURIA Banowati, Eva
Forum Ilmu Sosial Vol 36, No 1 (2009): June 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

This study aims to identify the orientation of the phenomenon over land use on the slopes of Muria Volcano factor cause and effect and its impact. The sample includes a sample area of research Gesengan(village)  and the sample of 80 respondents those determined by random technique. Research variables include education, land ownership and control, superior agricultural commodities. Ways of collecting data through interviews, surveys with questionnaires to respondents and several local leaders. Data processing in this article with Descriptive Percentage. The results showed that the educational level of respondents on average low at 6-8 years of successful education means between 6 years old (elementary school graduation) to 8 years (or class two on junior ). Citizen who have owned 4 ha or much of land just 2.50% or only 2 people, most (75%) or 60 people have land under 0.5 ha. ‘Borgan’ Mastery is over provisions of the management quota of 0.5 ha. by 31 ‘pesanggem’ or 26,25%, the largest acquisition there are 2 people or 2.25%. Cassava (manioc) is a superior commodity in  the land  by most ‘borgan’ or 85.25% (71 people), only 6 respondents or 7.50% that cultivating maize and cassava in one area, and 3 people that cultivating corn. Most of ‘Pesangem’ chose cassava as a crop interrupters because can giving some benefts include: 1) cassava more easily even without treatment, 2) low production costs, - 3) price stability; 4) marketable due. Cassava is the raw material for tapioca four industry that is operating around that area.Keywords: Over orientation, borgan, usefull
POLA TANAM DAN KETERSEDIAAN SUMBER DAYA PANGAN DI KAWASAN HUTAN MURIA (KHM) Banowati, Eva
Forum Ilmu Sosial Vol 37, No 2 (2010): December 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Forest production in Muria in Forest Area (KHM) potential as food resources. The purpose of the studyexamines: (1) planting pattern of the practise, and (2) the extent to which cultivated crops contribute tofood availability. Pesanggem population in three villages in the KHM of 632 people, 345 people respondentsample is determined randomly. Spatial analysis used to assess the distribution of plants, descriptionspercentage to obtain borgan use structure that contribute to food availability. Signifi cance of the resultssupported the analysis of fi eld observations, interviews, FGDs, in-depth interviews (depth-interview).The results of this study were: (1) mixed cropping economical and ecologically-oriented, and (2) peanutcrops contribute to food availability this is related to the selling price reaches Rp.1.300.000, 00 in theharvest area 0.25 ha. Based on a depth-interview note that pesanggem desperately need borgan as a foodcrop farms. In addition, these plants because they prioritize the experience they know that peanuts havethe nature of fertile land.Key Words: Borgan, pesanggem, cropping pattern.
MAP PROJECT METHODE PADA KELAS GEOGRAFI Banowati, Eva
Lembaran Ilmu Kependidikan Vol 37, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Research was carried out in the Settlement Geography Class, started on September 1 to September 22, 2008 (4 periods). The subject of the research was all 2007/2008 students, participants of the Settlement Geography Class (Population Research). The problem was that their quality in mapping and site plan projects was poor. The purpose of the research: students are able to do mapping and site plan projects individually, have expertise in mapping the patterns and distribution of settlements around them and other places, and able to communicate their project in the class discussion forum. The method used in this research was classroom action research model Kemmis & Mc. Taggart; input, process and output variables. Qualitative data was gathered using questionnaires and observation. Indicator of the success is the increase in students’ understanding individually and in group. Comprehensive analysis is from the first cycle to the second cycle (the last). First cycle found that students did not do the projects seriously. Reflection of the first cycle, more focus on areas, showed an improvement although not a significant one. Each group was then analyzed and showed that the best group scored 7.33. The mapping and site plan projects carried out on the second cycle showed that students’ understanding and seriousness was higher. Third cycle was unnecessary to do as it took only 79.03 minutes for students to finish the project. The conclusion is that the Achievement Index will increase if students do the projects seriously. Map project method means as a variety of learning in the Settlement Geography Class. Kata Kunci: denah, Map project method , site plan
PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN PENDUDUK PERKOTAAN MELALUI PELATIHAN PENGOLAHAN SAMPAH Banowati, Eva
Jurnal Komunitas: Research and Learning in Sociology and Anthropology Vol 6, No 1 (2014): Lokalitas, Relasi Kuasa dan Transformasi Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan membuat model pengentasan kemiskinan penduduk perkotaan melalui pelatihan mengolah sampah menjadi material fungsional baru. Penelitian tindakan (action reserach) dilakukan di Kota Semarang. Populasi penelitian adalah penduduk miskin, pengambilan sampel digunakan metode snowball. Data sekunder dari berbagai institusi terkait dan data primer diungkap menggunakan angket, wawancara, dan observasi. Data dianalisis secara keruangan berdasarkan Peta Sebaran Penduduk Miskin dan digunakan Tabel Silang.Pelatihan menggunakan Model Deduktif dan Induktif secara on the job karena penduduk miskin perkotaan belum berpengalaman mengolah sampah menjadi kompos. Analisis usaha membuat kompos didapatkan nilai B/C sebesar 1,098 yang bermakna usaha efisien dan menguntungkan. Pengolahan 1 container truck sampah volume bruto 3-5 ton didapatkan produk kompos sebagai material fungsional baru (MFB) sebesar 0,3 ton per daur.  Harga jual senilai Rp. 250.000,00 berkontribusi terhadap peningkatan pendapatan Rp. 35.000 per hari mampu mengentaskan penduduk miskin ke posisi tidak miskin. Implikasi model pelatihan merupakan tindakan solutif yang edukatif dan mudah dijalankan karena penduduk diberi bekal keterampilan hidup yang berpeluang mengentaskan kemiskinan di perkotaan The purposes of this research to create a model of urban poverty population through waste treatment training to obtain new functional materials. This action research was conducted in Semarang. The research population was the poor residents, using snowball sampling technique. Secondary data was sourced from related institutions and the primary data was exposed by questionnaire, interview, and observation. The data was analyzed in spatial based on the Distribution Map of the Poor and used Crossing-Table. The training was using Deductive and Inductive Models are used on the job because the poor are inexperienced to process waste into compost. Analysis of effort to make compost obtained value of B/C of 1.098 which means efficient and profitable. One truck container 3-5 tons gross volume of product obtained new functional materials (NFM) of 0.3 tonnes worth selling. 250,000.00 affect the increase in revenue to Rp. 35,000 per day from the sale of compost is able to alleviate the poor to non-poor position. Implications of the model training is educational and solution-action easy to implement because residents was given the opportunity of life skills provision alleviate the poverty urban areas.
KETERAMPILAN MAHASISWA PENDIDIKAN GEOGRAFI UNIVERSITAS NEGERI SEMARANG DALAM MENYUSUN RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN (RPP) BERDASARKAN KURIKULUM 2013 Susanti, Dwi Novi; Suharini, Erni; Banowati, Eva
Edu Geography Vol 5 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Edu Geography

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keterampilan mahasiswa dalam menyusun RPP berdasarkan Kurikulum 2013, mengetahui hubungan pemahaman dengan keterampilan dalam menyusun RPP berdasarkan Kurikulum 2013, dan mengidentifikasi kendala yang dihadapi mahasiswa dalam menyusun RPP berdasarkan Kurikulum 2013. Populasi dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 127 dan sampel sebanyak 70 responden dengan teknik sampling purposive. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan dokumentasi, tes, dan angket. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif persentase dan analisis statistik Chi Kuadrat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa dalam menyusun RPP Kurikulum 2013 sudah termasuk kriteria terampil. Berdasarkan hasil analisis statistik Chi Kuadrat menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara pemahaman dengan keterampilan dalam menyusun RPP Kurikulum 2013. Kendala yang dihadapi mahasiswa dalam menyusun RPP Kurikulum 2013 dapat diidentifikasi antara lain kisi-kisi dan instrumen penilaian, merumuskan indikator, menyusun LKS, evaluasi, langkah-langkah kegiatan pembelajaran, penyusunan bahan ajar, tujuan pembelajaran, penentuan media dan sumber pembelajaran. This study aims to determine students skills in preparing lesson plans based on the curriculum in 2013, knowing the relationship of understanding with skills in preparing lesson plans based on the curriculum in 2013, and identify barriers faced by students in preparing lesson plans based on the curriculum of 2013. The population in this study as many as 127, and a sample of 70 respondents with a purposive sampling techniques. Data collection technique used documentation, testing, and questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and statistical analysis of the percentage of Chi Square. The results showed that students in preparing the RPP Curriculum 2013 has been included skilled criteria. Based on the results of the statistical analysis Chi Square showed that there is a relationship between the understanding of the skills in preparing the RPP Curriculum 2013. Constraints faced by students in preparing the RPP Curriculum 2013 can be identified include grilles and instrument ratings, formulating indicators, prepare worksheets, evaluation, step- step learning activities, preparation of teaching materials, learning objectives, determining media and learning resources.
PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH ORGANIK SAMPAH PASAR MENJADI KOMPOS Indriyanti, Dyah Rini; Banowati, Eva; Margunani, Margunani
Jurnal Abdimas Vol 19, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M), Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Tujuan dari kegiatan pengabdian ini melatih petugas KSM Pasar Sampangan Baru mengolah sampah organik menjadi kompos atau pupuk organik. Ada dua kelompok mitra yaitu: pertama kelompok para pedagang khususnya pedagang sayur mayur, setiap hari meraka menghasilkan sampah organik dan non organik. Mereka berjumlah kurang lebih 75 pedagang. Kelompok kedua adalah pengolah sampah organik, sebanyak tiga orang. Metode pengabdian masyarakat sebagai berikut: sosialisasi dan koordinasi pihak terkait, menyediakan rumah kompos, pengadaan alat & bahan, pelatihan pembuatan pupuk kompos, pengolahan sampah organik secara rutin. Hasil yang diperoleh: KSM Pasar Sampangan Baru sudah mengolah sampah organik pasar menjadi pupuk kompos dan produk sudah dijual.Kata kunci: limbah sayur mayur; kompos; Pasar Sampangan Baru
PENGARUH PENGATAHUAN PETANI KENTANG TERHADAP PERTANIAN BERKELANJUTAN DI DESA KEPAKISAN KECAMATAN BATUR Prastia, Dedy Hendra; Hariyanto, Hariyanto; Banowati, Eva
Edu Geography Vol 4 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Edu Geography

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Abstract

Desa Kepakisan merupakan salah satu desa di dataran tinggi Dieng yang mayoritas warganya bekerja sebagai petani kentang. Akan tetapi dalam usaha pertanian kentang mereka kurang memperhatikan tentang kelestarian lingkungan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah petani dan buruh tani kentang yang berada di Desa Kepakisan berjumlah 902 orang. Sampel dalam penelitian ini diambil 10% dari populasi yang ada sebanyak 90 sampel. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukan pengetahuan petani kentang cukup baik karena petani telah bertani lebih dari 20 tahun, petani kentang telah berpengalaman yang cukup lama dalam pertanian kentang dan banyaknya petani yang pernah mengikuti penyuluhan sebanyak 83,33%. Dalam cara pengelolaan tanah dan pengendalian hama serta penyakit antar setiap petani hampir memiliki kesamaan, jadi dapat dikatakan dalam penelitian ini tidak ada pengaruh antara pengetahuan petani kentang terhadap pertanian berkelanjutan. Kepakisan village is located  in the Dieng plateau which the majority of citizen as a potato farmer. But in potato agricultural enterprises they are less concern about environmental preservation. Population of this research is potato farmers and farm laborers in  Kepakisan village totaled  902 people. The sample in this researchare taken 10% sample of population totaled  90 samples. Data collection technique to be used by observation, interview, and documentation. Data analysis technique is  using description percentation. Research results showed potato farmers knowledge is good enough because farmers have been farm more than 20 years, potato farmers have quite a long experience damount in potato farming and many farmers have been  following the counseling amount 83.33%. In land management and pests and diseases control  between each farmer is  almost the same, itcan be said in this research there is no influences between potato farmers knowledge against sustainable agriculture
PERANAN KELAS BELAJAR TERHADAP KONDISI SOSIAL DAN EKONOMI KELOMPOK TANI DI KECAMATAN PURING KABUPATEN KEBUMEN TAHUN 2015 Sarjono, Danang; Banowati, Eva; Hardati, Puji
Edu Geography Vol 4 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Edu Geography

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan (1) Mengetahui pelaksanaan kelas belajar pada kelompok tani yang didasarkan pada kajian geografi pertanian di Kecamatan Puring, (2) Mengetahui kondisi sosial dan ekonomi petani setelah mengikuti kelas belajar pada kelompok tani di Kecamatan Puring, (3) Mengetahui peranan kelas belajar pada kelompok tani terhadap kondisi sosial dan ekonomi di Kecamatan Puring. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif. Penelitian dilakukan pada Kelompok Tani Sido Dadi, Sido Subur, Ngudi Mulyo dan Margo Mulyo. Sampel penelitian yaitu anggota kelompok tani dan petugas Penyuluh Pertanian Lapangan (PPL). Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan analisis Deskriptif Presentase (DP) dan analisis regresi linier sederhana. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) Pelaksanaan kelas belajar pada kelompok tani di Kecamatan Puring termasuk dalam kategori baik, (2) Kondisi sosial dan ekonomi petani meningkat setelah mengikuti kelas belajar pada kelompok tani di Kecamatan Puring, (3) Kelas belajar berperan terhadap kondisi sosial dan ekonomi petani pada semua kelompok tani. The aims of this study are (1) to know the implementation of classroom learning on farmers based on the study of the agriculture geography in Puring (2) to know the social and economic conditions of farmers after following the classroom learning on farmers in Puring, and (3) to know the role of classroom learning on farmers toward the social and economic conditions in Puring. This study used a quantitative approach. This study was giving on Farmers Group of Sido Dadi, Sido Subur, Ngudi Mulyo and Margo Mulyo. The samples of this study are the farmers and Agricultural Extension Workers (PPL). This study used interviews, observation and documentation for collecting the data. The data analysis used Descriptive Percentage (DP) and simple linear regression. The results showed that (1) the implementation of classroom learning at farmer groups in Puring was a good category (2) the social and economic conditions of farmers are up after the classroom learning at farmers groups in Puring (3) the classroom learning had a role to social and economic conditions of farmers at all groups of farmers.
MODEL POLA TANAM DAN STRUKTUR PEMANFAATAN RUANG KEMITRAAN PADA HUTAN PRODUKSI Aulia, Bintang; Banowati, Eva
Forum Ilmu Sosial Vol 41, No 1 (2014): June 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The purpose of this study were: 1) assess the cropping pattern in the space of production forests, 2) assess the spatial structure of forest partnerships, and 3) The research was carried out in the forest of Muria Area - Pati Regency, in three areas of production forest administration and varied forest utilization patterns. The population is the pesanggem, spatial analysis was used to assess forest spatial structure of the partnership, the analysis of theMinimum Necessities of Life (KFM –Kebutuhan Hidup Minimum) and the find the optimized utilization of sustainable production forest area. cropping patterns, partnership space, pesanggem, structure, stands Proper Necessities of Life (KHL-Kebutuhan Hidup Layak) from farming activities in the forest. There were found that the patterns of space utilization of production forest do not meet the rules of partnership in Region Development (WPWilayah Pembangunan) I, yet it was appropriate in areas II and III. Pesanggem in regions I and III could cover the KHL, while the pesanggem in WP II were just to cover the KFM. Utilization patterns and structures to maintain a sustainable spatial quality have not made sovereign by the partners. It can be seen from the cropping pattern executed in each region in which the pattern of monoculture in WP I, 90% of total borgan area was occupied by cassava plantation, polyculture pattern in the WP II and compound pattern in the WP III. The suggestion is that the need to reform the partnership space on the production forest for economically and ecologically sustainable.