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ANALISA TINGKAT KONSUMSI IKAN DALAM HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN TINGKAT PENDAPATAN DI KECAMATAN PAKUALAMAN YOGYAKARTA Bambang, Azis Nur
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL 2004: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL-HASIL PENELITIAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Konsumen dalam melakukan pembelian erat hubungannya dengan pendapatan dari konsutuen itu sendiri. Konsumen dapat memutuskan  barang apa saja yang mereka inginkan, berapa banyak, kapan mereka  membutuhkan dan dimana mereka akan membelinya, tergantung pada  kebutuhan yang mereka inginkan sesuai dengan uang yang dimilikinyaPerubahan tingkat pendapatan akan mempengaruhi banyaknya barang  yang dikonsurnsi. Secara teoritis, peningkatan pendapatan akan  meningkatkan konsumsi, dengan bertambahnya pendapatan, maka barang yang dikonsumsi tidak hanya bertambah kuantitasnya tetapi  kualitasnya juga meningkat. ( Azis Nur  B.,2003,  Daniel, 2002).Sebagai sumber protein hewani, ikan tergolong mudah didapat dan  terjangkau untuk memenuhi kebutuhan konsumsi masyarakat. Sumber protein hewani dari ikan memberikan kontribusi sebanyak  67 % dari  total suplai protein hewani, sementara itu daging  menyumbang 22 %susu 7 %, dan telur  5 % ( Poerwono  dkk,  l992)
ANALISIS TINGKAT PENDAPATAN UTAMA DAN SAMPINGAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA PERIKANAN (RTP) NELAYAN GILLNET DI DESA ASINAN, KECAMATAN BAWEN, KABUPATEN SEMARANG, JAWA TENGAH Oktaveasmara, Alfian; Bambang, Azis Nur; Yulianto, Taufik
Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology Vol 2, No 2 (2013) : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology
Publisher : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology

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Abstract

A strategy to overcome the lack of income obtained from the primary job as gillnet fishermen, households fishermen in the Asinan village have some alternative jobs such as agricultural labour, construction workers, farming, goat farming, trade, and ranching of fish cages. The purpose of this research was to analyze the level of primary and alternative income gillnet fishermen households in Asinan, Bawen, Semarang and was to determine the technical aspects of gillnet fishing gear which is used by fishermen in Asinan. The research method were descriptive method and case study. The sampling method was census by interviewing 64 fishermen as respondents. The results showed that the average primary income of gillnet fishermen per year was Rp 9,600,063.00 and the average alternative income of gillnet fishermen per year was Rp 7,129,307.00. The maximum average alternative income was Rp 31,734,333.00 per year obtained from trade. The minimum average alternative income was Rp 3,198,890.00 per year obtained from goat farming. Webbing was made from nylon (PA) monofilament with diameter 0.12 mm; length 15 m; mesh size 7.62 cm (3 inches); and height 78.6 cm. The net had 91.44 cm stretched height with 12 of vertical and 400 of horizontal meshes. Hanging ratio value was 0.50 and 0.50 for shortening. Head rope was made from PA monofilament with diameter 0.5 mm, and length 15.3 m per piece. Sinker line was made from PE multifilament with diameter 0.2 mm and length 15 m per piece. The floats were made from water hyacinth material. Sinkers used were made from circular iron wire with 20 gr weight and diameter 7.7 cm. Total sinkers were 100 pieces and mounted on every 20 meshes.
ANALISIS TINGKAT KESEJAHTERAAN NELAYAN PEMILIK DAN NELAYAN BURUH PADA PERIKANAN GILL NET DI DESA KARANGSONG KABUPATEN INDRAMAYU Rinanto, Dicky; Bambang, Azis Nur; M.Pi., Pramonowibowo
Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology Vol 2, No 2 (2013) : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology
Publisher : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology

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Abstract

Territorial waters of Indramayu District is part of Indonesia territorial waters, which became the basis of fishing activities for fishermen. Indramayu district had HDI score of 69.45 in 2011. This reflects low quality of people at district of Indramayu. The purposes of this research was to analyze welfare level of Gill net owners and labours at Karangsong village Indramayu district with measuring the Human Development Index (HDI) and analyzed welfare levels in terms of the income Gill net owners and labours at Karangsong village Indramayu District. Research was conducted in April-May 2012. Research method used descriptive method, data collected includes welfare indicator which measures life expectancy (e0), measure the length of the average school population, mean years of schooling (MYS) and the literacy rate (Lit), and measure the economic capacity of Gill net fishermen reflected the value of purchasing power parity index (PPP). The results showed significant differences between the welfare level of Gill net owners and labour at Karangsong village Indramayu District. Life expectancy index Gill net owners and labours 62.15; education index owners and labour, respectively for 88.32 and 75.87; owners income index 98.27 and 61.69 for the labours, and IPM for the owner at 82.69 (high category), while HDI labours were 66.35 (middle high category).
ANALISIS TEKNIS DAN EKONOMIS USAHA PERIKANAN TANGKAP DRIFT GILL NET DI PELABUHAN PERIKANAN SAMUDERA CILACAP Hastuti, Indri; Bambang, Azis Nur; Rosyid, Abdul
Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology Vol 2, No 2 (2013) : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology
Publisher : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze factors that influence the technical and economical aspects of drift gill net operation at Cilacap Fishing Port. The study was conducted in October-November 2012, at Cilacap Fishing Port. The material used in this study is a business operation unit of drift gill nets that are still actively operating with this type of material monofilament and multifilament fishing gear, with a number of their ships - each 10 vessels <30 GT. The method used in this research is descriptive method using a case study approach. The results of this research showed that the technical aspects between multifilament and monofilament drift gill net have differences in terms of net material and operation, namely for drift gill net monofilament made of chord (winding yarn) and operated by swept away by a circular position while the drift gill net multifilament nylon twisted 12-13 strings millennium, and operation of drift gill net multifilament is simply washed away by the stretched position, and the average gain drift gill net multifilament higher than monofilament drift gill net. The analysis shows the feasibility of drift gill net multifilament and monofilament drift gill net worth to be continued visits from the NPV 563,712,463 with 112,415,740; B / C ratio of 1,7 with 1,1; IRR of 74% to 19%, and PP 2 years 18 days with 2 years 6 month.
FLUKTUASI HARGA DAN ALUR DISTRIBUSI IKAN LAYANG (Decapterus spp) DARI HASIL TANGKAPAN MINI PURSE SEINE YANG DIDARATKAN DI PELABUHAN PERIKANAN NUSANTARA PEKALONGAN Nugroho, Bramasto Ari; Boesono, Herry; Bambang, Azis Nur
Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology
Publisher : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology

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Abstract

Fishery resources is a biological resources which have potency and enable to famous be received as wide and deeply. In effort to keeping fishery resources to be advance we need the widely knowledge about it. Therefore, in the present time we should be save the sea resourcesin a particular fishery resources for our generation in the future life. In this final project the research was taken in the Harbour of Pekalongan Nusantara Fishery Office. And TPI Pekalongan Nusantara Fishery Harbour Which have high level in operational and total fishery production income is so high enough and can hold many fishery ship. TPI PPN in Pekalongan is also as a corporation in fish marketing or distributing and the fuction to fish auction after the gain of fish cost. This research aims were to know the factors that affect the price of mackeel, to know the channel distribution, and analyze factor that had influence to the price fluctuation of mackerel fish. This research used a descriptive explorative data method using with quesionnaire to fisherman, fish sellers, and employers in Pekalongan Nusantara Fishery Port. The Primer Data got from an interview to the respondent directly, and Secondary Data got from Nusantara Fishery Port Office Pekalongan and the acknowlege that got from the instation which have connected with the object for research. Analysis data method with Double Linier regretion analysis with production function from Cobb doudlas and Double with helping program corelation analization with SPSS 17. This research can be factor that significantly attected in cost fluctuation was total production, if total mackerel fish production so much the cost of it is cheap and stable, if macarel fish production just a little so it would be expensive and not stable. The distribution channel in Pekalongan Nusantara Fishery Port is a distribution channel with direct and indirect.
PERALIHAN MATA PENCAHARIAN SEBAGAI BENTUK ADAPTASI (Studi Kasus: Desa Batu Belubang, Bangka) Adiatma, Ira; Bambang, Azis Nur; Purnaweni, Hartuti
TEKNIK Volume 34, Nomor 2, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Bangka island as a whole has undergone a significant change related thereto. Group of fishermen coastalcommunities are the most vulnerable to changing weather and coastal environment. In the village of BatuBelubang, frequent extreme weather phenomena of the cyclone and the rapid change of weather, had forced thepopulation to adapt to climate change. The livelihoods of fishermen who rely heavily on natural conditions causethe dependence on weather patterns and ocean activities.This research uses qualitative analysis with the positivistic approach. The method of data collection is done withthe interview focused and observational field to see the real conditions and survey agencies to obtainpreliminary data regarding the level of climate change that occurred in the region. The analysis is done byassessing the linkages/relationship of the destructive effects of climate change on livelihoods of fishermen.From the analysis carried out, the main reason for the occurrence of the transition is economic livelihood. Thistransition is triggered by vulnerability due to climate change and the existence of externalities, namely adeterioration of Tin prices and the pepper in the international market in 1990 which was then backed up bypolicy changes after regional autonomy in 2001. The welfare obtained from short-term floating mines have hugeconsequences for the coastal environmental damage that would lead to a condition in which a new vulnerability.Key words : the transition of livelihood, adaptation, fisherman
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI TERBENTUKNYA HARGA IKAN KEMBUNG LELAKI (Rastrelliger kanagurta) HASIL TANGKAPAN PURSE SEINE DI TPI BULU KABUPATEN TUBAN JAWA TIMUR Larasati, Hapsari; Bambang, Azis Nur; Boesono, Herry
Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology Vol 2, No 3 (2013) : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology
Publisher : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology

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Abstract

Harga merupakan nilai suatu barang dan jasa yang diukur dengan sejumlah uang, merupakan factor penting yang selalu diperhatikan penjual dan pembeli, terbentuk dari interaksi beberapa faktor. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jumlah dan nilai produksi ikan Kembung Lelaki (Rastrelliger kanagurta) di TPI Bulu, menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi harga ikan Kembung Lelaki (Rastrelliger kanagurta), dan menganalisis faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap harga ikan Kembung Lelaki (Rastrelliger kanagurta). Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif yang bersifat studi kasus. Metode pengambilan sampel menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan regresi linier berganda dan analisis korelasi linier berganda. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah software SPSS 20. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengaruh produksi, jumlah bakul, mutu, dan harga ikan substitusi terhadap pembentukan harga ikan Kembung Lelaki (Rastrelliger kanagurta) sebesar 66,6 % untuk ikan besar dan 62,2 % untuk ikan kecil. Faktor produksi dan mutu adalah faktor yang memiliki pengaruh yang kuat terhadap pembentukan harga ikan Kembung Lelaki karena memiliki nilai koefisien korelasi (r) mendekati -1 atau +1.
FAKTOR DETERMINAN HARGA IKAN BAWAL PUTIH (Pampus argentus) DARI HASIL TANGKAPAN CANTRANG DI TPI ASEMDOYONG KABUPATEN PEMALANG JAWA TENGAH Nadyasari, Ardhana; Bambang, Azis Nur; Purnama Fitri, Aristi Dian
Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology Vol 2, No 3 (2013) : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology
Publisher : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology

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Abstract

Ikan Bawal Putih (Pampus argentus) merupakan salah satu komoditas unggulan di Kabupaten Pemalang. Produksi ikan Bawal Putih (Pampus argentus) terbanyak di Kabupaten Pemalang didaratkan di TPI Asemdoyong dan TPI Tanjungsari. Total produksi ikan Bawal Putih (Pampus argentus) yang didaratkan di TPI Asemdoyong selama tahun 2010 – 2013 adalah 456.329 kg dengan rata-rata produksi per tahun 152.109 kg. Ikan Bawal Putih (Pampus argentus) yang dilelang di TPI Asemdoyong memiliki harga yang tinggi tetapi cenderung tidak stabil. Faktor determinan harga yang akan diteliti untuk penelitian antara lain jumlah produksi, jumlah bakul, mutu ikan dan berat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi produksi ikan Bawal Putih (Pampus argentus) dari hasil tangkapan cantrang, menganalisis besar pengaruh faktor determinan yang terdiri dari jumlah produksi (X1), jumlah bakul (X2), mutu ikan (X3), dan berat ikan (X4) terhadap pembentukan harga ikan Bawal Putih (Pampus argentus) dan Menganalisis faktor manakah yang paling menentukan harga ikan Bawal Putih (Pampus argentus) yang terbentuk di TPI Asemdoyong. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan produksi ikan Bawal Putih (Pampus argentus) di TPI Asemdoyong dari hasil tangkapan cantrang tahun 2010 - 2012 mengalami peningkatan yaitu 64.091 kg (2010); 87.229 kg (2011); dan 114.200 kg (2012). Dari hasil analisa data terdapat pengaruh yang simultan antara jumlah produksi (X1), jumlah bakul (X2), mutu ikan (X3), dan berat ikan (X4) terhadap pembentukan harga ikan Bawal Putih (Pampus argentus) ukuran besar sebesar 80,3%; ukuran sedang 88,1%, dan ukuran kecil 82,6%. Faktor yang paling signifikan mempengaruhi pembentukan harga ikan Bawal Putih (Pampus argentus) ukuran besar dan kecil adalah jumlah produksi (X1), sedangkan faktor yang mempengaruhi harga ikan Bawal Putih ukuran sedang adalah jumlah produksi (X1) dan mutu ikan (X3).
ANALISIS PRODUKTIVITAS DAN EFISIENSI BUBU LIPAT DAN BOTTOM SET GILLNET TERHADAP HASIL TANGKAPAN RAJUNGAN (Portunus Pelagicus) DI PERAIRAN ASEMDOYONG PEMALANG Novita, Heni; Bambang, Azis Nur; Asriyanto, Asriyanto
Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology Vol 2, No 3 (2013) : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology
Publisher : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology

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Abstract

Desa Danasari Pemalang merupakan tempat pendaratan Rajungan yang penting di Kabupaten Pemalang. Alat tangkap yang digunakan nelayan Danasari untuk penangkapan Rajungan yaitu Jaring Rajungan (Bottom set gillnet), Bubu Lipat, dan Jaring Arad. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hasil tangkapan Rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) dengan Bubu Lipat dan Bottom set gillnet, menganalisis produktivitas dan efisiensi alat tangkap Bubu Lipat dan Bottom set gillnet di perairan Asemdoyong Pemalang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif yang bersifat studi kasus. Metode analisis data yaitu analisis produktivitas alat tangkap dan uji perbandingan alat tangkap dengan SPSS 17 yang meliputi uji normalitas dan uji independent T-test. Sedangkan metode analisis efisiensi memggunakan metode skoring dengan mengambil keputusan terhadap suatu penilaian kriteria yang mempunyai satuan berbeda. Hasil tangkapan kapal Bubu Lipat yang sedikit diperoleh sebesar 9,0 kg/trip dengan nilai Rp. 272.880,- per trip dan dengan hasil tertinggi mencapai 13,0 kg/trip dengan nilai Rp. 360.000,- per trip, sedangkan hasil tangkapan kapal Bottom set gillnet yang sedikit sebesar 5,40 kg/trip dengan nilai Rp. 162.000,- per trip dan hasil tangkapan tertinggi adalah sebesar 7,50 kg dengan nilai Rp. 225.000,- per trip. Hal ini berarti terdapat perbedaan tingkat produktivitas kapal Bottom set gillnet lebih tinggi dibanding dengan kapal Bubu Lipat dengan nilai t sebesar 2,243 dan probilitas sebesar 0,029 p >0,025, sedangkan efisiensi kapal Bubu Lipat lebih besar dengan nilai 62.2014 > 29.3291 kapal Bottom set gillnet sehingga kapal Bubu Lipat lebih efisien dibanding dengan menggunakan kapal Bottom set gillnet.
ANALISIS TINGKAT KESEJAHTERAAN NELAYAN ALAT TANGKAP GILL NET DESA ASINAN KECAMATAN BAWEN KABUPATEN SEMARANG Sukmawardhana, Nugroho; Bambang, Azis Nur; Rosyid, Abdul
Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology Vol 2, No 4 (2013) :Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology
Publisher : Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology

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Abstract

Desa Asinan merupakan salah satu desa yang bersebelahan langsung dengan perairan Rawapening dengan mayoritas nelayan menggunakan alat tangkap gill net dalam operasi penangkapan. Tidak menentunya pendapatan nelayan gill net dari kegiatan penangkapan tidak sebanding dengan semakin tingginya harga barang kebutuhan pokok dan jasa, sehingga membuat keluarga nelayan harus mencari pekerjaan tambahan demi memenuhi kebutuhan keluarga dan meningkatkan tingkat kesejahteraan rumah tangga. Perbedaan pekerjaan tambahan di luar aktifitas penangkapan juga turut menentukan nilai pendapatan nelayan gill net sehingga secara langsung maupun tidak langsung mempengaruhi perubahan tingkat kesejahteraan rumah tangga nelayan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode studi kasus yang bersifat deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat ketimpangan pendapatan antar nelayan gill net Desa Asinan dengan nilai koefisien gini (ketimpangan) 0,38. Berdasarkan indikator kesejahteraan menurut BPS dan hasil penjumlahan skoring maka diketahui bahwa nelayan gill net Desa Asinan memiliki tingkat kesejahteraan tinggi (skor 20 – 24) dengan jumlah skor 22, dan berdasarkan analisis statistik menggunakan NTN didapatkan nilai NTN nelayan gill net Desa Asinan sebesar 1,381 dimana NTN > 1 maka dapat dinyatakan bahwa semua responden nelayan gill net sejahtera. Tidak terdapat perbedaan hasil akhir dari tingkat kesejahteraan menurut BPS dengan NTN.