Yayuk Farida Baliwati
Departemen Ilmu Gizi Masyarakat Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, Indonesia

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KETAHANAN PANGAN DI KOTA PAGARALAM, PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN TAHUN 2001—2010

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Juli 2012
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ABSTRACTThis study aim to analyze the food resouces in Pagaralam District, South Sumatera Province in 2001—2010. The study design was retrospective with secondary data analysis covering policies, budgeting, food production, exports,imports and number of population. Data processing included analysis for production, exports, imports, food availability and food suffiency by trend, line, ratio availability and ratio of imports. Food availability policy and food availability budgeting were analyzed using content analysis. The results indicate increasing of production on some commodities but supply doesn’t fulfill the demand. Food availability increases and energy adequacy has already reached the Minimum Services Standard (90%), but not for intake protein. Desirable DietaryPattern (DDP) score is still below 90. The food availability policy and budget do not support the General Policy for Food Security 2006–2010 and still focused on water resources management.Key words: energy and protein adequacy, food availabilityABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis sumberdaya pangan di Kota Pagaralam Provinsi Sumatera Selatan tahun 2001–2010. Data sekunder terdiri dari kebijakan anggaran, produksi pangan, ekspor dan impor pangan serta jumlah penduduk. Desain penelitian ini adalah retrospektif menggunakan data sekunder. Pengolahan data dimulai dengan menganalisis produksi, ekspor dan impor, ketersediaan pangan dan kecukupan pangan menggunakan analisis tren, analisis garis, analisis rasio ketersediaan dan analisis rasio impor. Kebijakan dan anggaran ketersediaan pangan dianalisis menggunakan analisis isi. Peningkatan produksi beberapa komoditi namun produksi belum mencukupi kebutuhan. Ketersediaan pangan mengalami peningkatan dan kecukupan energi sudah mencapai SPM (90%), akan tetapi kecukupan protein masih defisit. Skor PPH masih di bawah 90. Kebijakan dan anggaran belum sepenuhnya sesuai dengan Kebijakan Umum Ketahanan Pangan (KUKP) 2006–2010 dan masih terfokus pada sektor pengelolaan sumberdaya air.Kata kunci: kecukupan energi dan protein, ketersediaan pangan

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP KONSUMSI PANGAN SUMBER KARBOHIDRAT DI PERDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 3 (2011): November 2011
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Abstract

The aims of study were to analyze the ecological factors such as food availability, land capacity, population density, poverty, GDP, education; and their association to the consumption of carbohydrate food sources in some rural and urban areas of Indonesia. This ecological study was conducted by analysing the 62 districts in Indonesia. The data of food consumption was part of set Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas 2007). The data of food production, population density, poverty, GDP, and education collected from the Central Statistic Agency (BPS). The statistical test was pearson correlation and stepwise linear regression. The study shows that consumption of carbohydrate food sources in rural more than in urban area and dominated by rice. Energy contribution from carbohydrate food sources is a half of total energy contribution (55.9% in rural and 48.05% in urban). In rural area, consumption of rice, corn, cassava, and sweet potato per capita per year were 109 kg, 4.69 kg, 2.51 kg, and 0.66 kg. While in urban area, consumption of rice, corn, cassava, and sweet potato per capita per year were 95 kg, 1.24 kg, 3.51 kg, and 0.209 kg. The food availability was significantly affected to the consumption of carbohydrate food sources in rural and urban areas.Key words: carbohydrate food sources, ecological factors, rural and urban area

KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI PENGHASIL BERAS ORGANIK

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2007): November 2007
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Abstract

The study was designed to analyze level of household food secu­rity of farmers who plant organic rice and identify landholding that supporting household food security. For that purposes, 61 samples of household were selected from farming households in Ciburuy Village, Bogor Regency. Data collected was landholding, working capital, cooperation, education, purposes of practicing on organic farming, waste management, knowledge of organic farming, organic rice productivity, income, food consumption and level of household food security. Food recall 1 X 24 hours and food frequency (weekly, monthly, and yearly) were used to obtain food consumption data. Household food security was deter­mined based on level of energy consumption. Landholding that supporting household food security was determined based on rice consumption and household productivity. The analyses results of household food security showed that 85.2% of households were secure and 14.8% were insecure. Variables that significantly influenced household food security were income, knowledge of organic farming, organic rice productivity, purposes of practicing on organic farming, landholding, and waste management. Pearson correlation analyses showed that in­come, knowledge of organic farming, organic rice productivity, and landholding had signifi­cant effect toward  household food security. Spearman correlation analyses showed that purposes of practicing on organic farming and waste management had significant association with household food security too.  Based on daily average of energy sufficiency, land-man ratio should be 318 m2/person. Keywords: household food security, organic farming, land-man ratio

KARAKTERISTIK PERTUMBUHAN REMAJA BERDASARKAN EKOSISTEM WILAYAH DI PROVINSI JAWA BARAT

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 3 (2012): November 2012
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ABSTRACTThe study aimed to analyze growth characteristic of adolescents using height-for-age (HAZ) and BMI-for-age (BAZ) z scores based on regional ecosystem in West Java Province namely coastal area (Cirebon), mountainous area (Bandung), and mixture between coastal and mountainous area (Garut). The design of the study was cross sectional study using secondary data from Riskesdas 2007. Total number of adolescents was 1,674 subjects. The growth characteristics of adolescents in Garut District based on HAZ was correlated with occupation of the head family (p=0.001; r=-0.145), while based on BAZ it was correlated with per capita protein intake (p=0.028; r=-0.093). Adolescents in Bandung District based on HAZ index correlated with education of the head family (p=0.040; r=0.081), occupation of the head family (p=0.003; r=-0.118), per capita energy intake (p=0.031; r=-0.085), and per capita protein intake (p=0.002; r=-0.124), while the BAZ correlated with education of the head of the family (p=0.017; r=0.095). Growth characteristics of adolescents in Cirebon District for HAZ was correlated with per capita energy intake (p=0.044; r=-0.086), while BAZ was correlated with education of the head family (p=0.016; r=0.102).Keywords: adolescents, ecosystem, growth, West JavaABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis karakteristik pertumbuhan remaja dengan menggunakan indikator TB/U dan IMT/U berdasarkan ekosistem wilayah di Provinsi Jawa Barat yaitu wilayah pantai (Cirebon), pegunungan (Bandung), dan campuran wilayah pantai dan pegunungan (Garut). Desain penelitian ini adalah cross sectional dengan data sekunder Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) 2007. Jumlah subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah 1 674 orang. Karakteristik pertumbuhan remaja di Kabupaten Garut menurut TB/U berkorelasi dengan pekerjaan kepala keluarga (p=0.001; r=-0.145), dan IMT/U berkorelasi erat dengan asupan protein perkapita (p=0.028; r=-0.093). Pada remaja Kabupaten Bandung, karakteristik pertumbuhan TB/U berkorelasi dengan pendidikan kepala keluarga (p=0.040; r=0.081), pekerjaan kepala keluarga (p=0.003; r=-0.118), asupan energi perkapita (p=0.031; r=-0.085), dan asupan protein perkapita (p=0.002; r=-0.124) dan untuk IMT/U berkorelasi erat dengan pendidikan kepala keluarga (p=0.017; r=0.095). Karakteristik pertumbuhan remaja Kabupaten Cirebon TB/U berkorelasi pada faktor asupan energi perkapita (p=0.044; r=-0.086), sementara IMT/U berkorelasi pada pendidikan kepala keluarga (p=0.016; r=0.102).Kata kunci: ekosistem, Jawa Barat, pertumbuhan, remaja

KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI SAWAH DI WILAYAH Enclave TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT BARISAN SELATAN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
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Abstract

The aim of this research was to know the food security of farmer household, based on the availibility of staple food, access to food and  utilization of food of farmer household. The research design was cross-sectional study. The samples were consisted of 35 owner farmer, 12 yeoman, and 13 farmworker. Primary and secondary data was analyzed by Microsoft Excel and SPSS version 13 for windows. The result showed that 48.33% of husband and 78.33% of wife were

KAJIAN KEBIJAKAN ANGGARAN DALAM RANGKA MENDUKUNG PEMBANGUNAN KETAHANAN PANGAN DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
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This research aims to analyze the local government budget policies in supporting food security dvelopment in Lampung Barat District. The design of this study is retrospective using seondary data from related institutions in Lampung Barat. To identify the share of credit and debit of local budget  or APBD, a Comparative Budget Statement (CBS) is used, and to identify the budget proportion for food security oriented programs/activities, the Content Analysis method is applied. From the CBS analysis result, it is revealed that the biggest share is from Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU) or General Alloctaion Fund, accounting for 66.25% and the smallest share is from Local Original Revenue or Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD), which is only around 1.60%. The share of Development Budget is approximately 57.58%, while the share of Routine Budget is 42.42%. It is also found that the Local Budget has increased constantly during the last 5 years with the average is Rp. 304 068 008 767.  From this amount, Rp24 286 406 768  or about 7.6% per annum has been allocated for food security development.  Keywords: budget policies, food security, Lampung Barat

KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA DI DESA PANGHASIL DAMAR KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
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Abstract

Repong is a forest management system which inherently conducted by community in Lampung Barat Coast. The objective of this research were to analyze: 1) household socio economic characteristics, 2) household food access, 3) household food security, 4) socio economic factors that influence household food security. This research was conducted by using retrospective design. The location was in Penengahan Village, Karya Penggawa Subdistrict, Lampung Barat District that chosen purposively with consideration that the village is the main village producing resin. The samples were 30 households who own repong and 30 households who do not own repong that chosen snowbally. The result of the research shows that: 1) almost all (93.3%) household who own repong work as farmer, while half of household who do not own repong work as farmer (46.67%), service (40%), and trading (13.33%); 2) there is 30% of household who own repong and 36.7% of household who do not own repong that have low food access; 3) only 33.33% of household who own repong and 23.33% household who do not own repong are food secure; 4) factors that significantly influence energy consumption level are number of household member, size of repong, and food expenditure; factors that significantly influence protein consumption are number of household member and food expenditure; factors that significantly influence consumption diversity are number of household member and size of repong.       Keywords: repong, food access, food security

ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN LUAS LAHAN BASAH PERTANIAN PANGAN DALAM PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN PANGAN PENDUDUK KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
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Abstract

The general objective of this research was to analyze food agriculture wet land size requirement in fulfilling food requirement of population in West Lampung District. This research was conducted by using retrospective design and secondary data which then analyzed descriptively. The research used some data, it was : 1) demography data year 2001-2007 from Central Bureau of Statistics, 2) food balance sheet data year 2007 from Food Security Board of West Lampung District, 3) food consumption data year 2007 from Agriculture and Food Security Office of Lampung Province, 4) production data, productivity data, and plant index year 2002-2007 from Crops and Horticulture Office of West Lampung District, and 5) land potential of food agricultural development year 2004 from National Survey and Mapping Coordination Board. The result of the research indicates that rice requirement in West Lampung District until year 2012 can be fulfilled by production with wet land size utilized for rice planting in 2007 (13 320 hectar) and production 103 711 ton dry harvest. Keywords: food requirement,  agricultural wet land size requirement

POLA KONSUMSI DAN PERMINTAAN PANGAN POKOK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS DATA SUSENAS 2005

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 2 (2008): Juli 2008
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Abstract

Food demand can be found dynamic, altering by the change in price and income. How great the influence of those changes to food consumption is the important information as the basic consideration for government in creating policy related to food consumption. The objective of the research, which has survey design, was to analyze staple food consumption and demand pattern in household in Indonesia. The research was conducted in Bogor, from March to June 2008 by using secondary data Susenas year 2005 with 64.709 households as the samples. The staple food analyzed were rice, corn, cassava, sweet potato, wheat flour and its derived product (instant noodle, noodle). Data was processed by SAS program version 6.12 and Double-Log Regression econometrical model. Then, it was analyzed descriptively. Result shows that rice has the biggest expenditure proportion among staple food. Almost all staple food is obtained by purchasing, except in corn, cassava, and sweet potatoes. Energy contribution from rice reaches half of total energy consumption. The consumption of rice, corn, cassava, sweet potatoes, wheat flour and its derived product, instant noodle, and wheat noodle per capita per year are 100.52 kg, 3.36 kg, 11.67 kg, 4.10 kg, 5.09 kg, 3.39 kg, and 0.22 kg. Staple food which has consumption participation level almost 100% is rice. The own price elasticity of staple foods are not elastic, except in corn, wheat flour and its derived product. The income elasticity of all staple foods is not elastic in all category of region and income stratification. The demand elasticity of staple food give some implications on consumption and food consumption improvement, they are: 1) raising price of staple food can decrease consumption, thus, price stability is very important, 2) almost all staple foods has not elastic income elasticity, so that food consumption improvement needs great stimulus of increasing income, 3) poor household is greatly influenced by the increasing of price, thus, food consumption improvement for them must be conducted by doing many relevant efforts, 4) target of decreasing rice consumption is still cannot be reached, so that staple food diversification must be continuously developed, 5) in order to develop local food consumption, like corn, cassava, and sweet potato, the development of agro industry based on local food and Communication Information Education (CIE) about food consumption diversification are essential to be conducted. Keywords: consumption and demand pattern, staple food, Susenas

KERAGAAN KONSUMSI IKAN DI INDONESIA TAHUN 2005—2011

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 3 (2012): November 2012
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ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyze fish consumption in Indonesia 2005— 2011. Data used in this study was based on the National Social and Economic Survey (SUSENAS). The study showed average national fish consumption 26.04 kg/capita/year, with average growth rate 0.05% per year. Fish consumption was higher in urban (26.51 kg/capita/year) than rural area (25.69kg/capita/year). Contribution of fresh fish and processed fish was higher in urban than rural area (63.0% and 14.0%). Processed food containing fish was higher in rural (8.30 kg/capita/year) than urban area (6.09 kg/capita/year). Low expenditure households consumed fish lower than the high expenditure. Recommendation of fish consumption is 32.70 kg/capita/year or 12.89 g protein/capita/day. The National fish requirement is projected 8.10 million tons at 2015.Keywords: fish consumption, level of expenditure, rural, urbanABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis keragaan konsumsi ikan di Indonesia tahun 2005—2011. Data yang digunakan adalah Survey Sosial dan Ekonomi Nasional (SUSENAS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata konsumsi ikan nasional adalah 26.04 kg/kapita/tahun, dengan rata-rata laju pertumbuhan 0.05% per tahun. Konsumsi ikan lebih tinggi di wilayah perkotaan (26.51 kg/kapita/tahun) dibandingkan pedesaan (25.69 kg/kapita/tahun). Konsumsi ikan dari ikan segar dan ikan olahan lebih tinggi di perkotaan dibandingkan pedesaan (63.0% dan 14.0%). Konsumsi ikan dari pangan olahan lebih tinggi di pedesaan (8.30 kg/kapita/tahun) dibandingkan perkotaan (6.09 kg/kapita/tahun). Masyarakat dengan golongan pengeluaran rendah mengonsumsi ikan dengan jumlah yang lebih sedikit daripada masyarakat golongan pengeluaran tinggi. Rekomendasi konsumsi ikan adalah 32.70 kg/kapita/tahun setara dengan 12.89 g protein/kapita/hari. Kebutuhan ikan nasional untuk dikonsumsi diproyeksikan mencapai 8.10 juta ton pada tahun 2015.Kata kunci: konsumsi ikan, pedesaan, perkotaan, tingkat pengeluaran*