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RESPON IMUN MUKOSA DAN SELULER PADA TIKUS YANG DIBERI BUBUK SUSU KAMBING DENGAN INFEKSI Salmonella Typhimurium [Mucosal and Cellular Immune Response of Rat Given Goat Milk Powder and Infected with Salmonella Typhimurium] Nurliyani, .; Julia, Madarina; Harmayani, Eni; Baliarti, Endang
Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 24, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.173 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/6949

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ABSTRACT Goat milk contains bioactive proteins and oligosaccharides which can act as immunomodulators and prebiotics respectively. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of giving goat milk powder on mucosal immune response (sIgA/secretory immunoglobulin A), cellular immune response (IFN-γ/interferon-γ) and the total number of lactobacilli in caecal digesta of infected rat by Salmonella Typhimurium. Male Sprague Dawley rats 3 weeks old were divided into two groups: 1) goat milk powder treatment, and 2) control. After 14 days given goat milk powder, the rats were infected with Salmonella Typhimurium and after 21 days were killed. The results showed that the average concentration of sIgA in group of rats given with goat milk powder was not significantly different with the control rat (42.95 ng/ml). The concentration of IFN-γ in rat given with goat milk powder was significantly different (63.33 pg/ml) from the control (45.00 pg/m) (p
PROPORSI BANGSA, UMUR, BOBOT BADAN AWAL DAN SKOR KONDISI TUBUH SAPI BAKALAN PADA USAHA PENGGEMUKAN Pawere, Frandz Rumbiak; Baliarti, Endang; Nurtini, Sudi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 36, No 3 (2012): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 36 (3) Oktober 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1628

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui proporsi bangsa, umur, skor kondisi tubuh sapi bakalan yang digemukkan pada usaha penggemukan. Penelitian dilaksanakan di CV. Restu Bumi, Kabupaten Bantul selama 1 tahun yakni dari bulan Mei 2011 sampai bulan Mei 2012. Materi yang digunakan adalah 500 ekor sapi meliputi bangsa sapi Limmousin Peranakan Ongole (LimPO), Peranakan Ongole (PO) dan Simmental Peranakan Ongole (SimPO). Parameter yang diamati adalah bangsa, umur, body condition score (BCS). Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa proporsi bangsa sapi yang digemukkan-SimPO (56%), LimPO (19%) dan PO (25%), umur sapi yang paling banyak digemukkan adalah poel 1 dan poel 2 masing-masing 36% dan 25%. Bobot badan awal sapi < 300 kg didominasi oleh bangsa sapi PO dan bobot badan awal > 300 kg didominasi oleh bangsa sapi silangan (SimPO dan LimPO). Nilai body condition score (BCS) awal penggemukan 2-3.(Kata kunci: Bangsa, LimPO, PO, SimPO, Penggemukan)
Performans Induk Sapi Silangan Simmental – Peranakan Ongole dan Induk Sapi Peranakan Ongole dengan Pakan Hijauan dan Konsentrat (Performance of Simmental – Ongole Crossbred Cow and Ongole Crossbred Cow Fed with Forage and Concentrate Feed) Endrawati, Eny; Baliarti, Endang; Budi, Subur Priyono Sasmito
Buletin Peternakan Vol 34, No 2 (2010): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 34 (2) Juni 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/94

Abstract

The purposed of the study was to identify performances of Simmental – Ongole Crossbred (SIMPO) cow and Ongole Crossbred (PO) cow fed with forage and concentrate feed. This experiment was carried out at Laboratory ofMeat, Draught, and Companion Animals, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta on May 16th to July 24th 2009. Six SIMPO cows with initial body weight of 352±47 kg and ten PO cows with initial body weightof 295±60 kg aged 3-4 years was used in the experiments. They were fed with elephant grasses and concentrate feds (60:40/DM basis) as much as 3% of body weight (DM basis). Data collected were dry matter, organic matter, crudeprotein and total digestible nutrients intakes, dry matter, organic matter, and crude protein digestibilities, body condition score and estrus cycles. Experimental design used was Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The dataoptained showed that feed intake of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, and TDN on SIMPO were higher (P<0.01) than PO (13.99±2.64 kg/head/day vs 10.95±1.03 kg/head/day; 11.74±2.21 kg/head/day vs 9.17±0.87kg/head/day; 1.63±0.29 kg/head/day vs 1.28±0.11 kg/head/day; 7.53±1.41 kg/head/day vs 6.17±0.60 kg/head/day respectively), whereas there were no significant differences on the nutrient intake expressed in metabolic body weight(0.16±0.02 kgMBW vs 0.14±0.02 kgMBW; 0.13±0.02 kgMBW vs 0.12±0.02 kgMBW; 0.018±0.002 kgMBW vs 0.02±0.002 kgMBW; 0.09±0.01 kgMBW vs 0.08±0.01 kgMBW) respectively. There were no difference both on drymatter, organic matter, crude protein digestibility (70.83±3.26% vs 65.36±2.19%; 72.38±3.08% vs 67.10±2.15%; 79.48±2.29% vs 75.79±2.17%), and so were in the case of BCS, and estrus cycles in SIMPO and PO cow. It is concluded that based on the metabolic body weight and feed digestibility, between SIMPO and PO cows were similar.(Key words: Performance, Cow, Simmental – Ongole Crossbred cow, Ongole Crossbred cow, Forage, Concentrate)
Kenaikan Berat Badan, Produksi Karkas dan Daging Sapi Peranakan Fiesian Holstein Jantan Fase Penggemukan pada Level Protein Pakan yang Berbeda Baliarti, Endang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 14, No 2 (1990): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 14 (2) Desember 1990
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1770

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Performan Induk dan Pedet Sapi Peranakan Ongole yang Diberi Ransum Jerami Padi dengan Suplementasi Daun Gamal (Panjono), Panjono; (Harmadji), Harmadji; Baliarti, Endang; (Kustono), Kustono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 24, No 2 (2000): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 24 (2) Mei 2000
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1409

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PRE WEANING GROWTH OF BALI CALVES AT BALAI PEMBIBITAN TERNAK UNGGUL SAPI BALI Tavares, Luis; Baliarti, Endang; Bintara, Sigit
Buletin Peternakan Vol 36, No 3 (2012): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 36 (3) Oktober 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1629

Abstract

Balai Pembibitan Ternak Unggul is a breeding center established by the Government of Indonesia (GOI) to perform preservation, breeding, breeding stock production and development, and also the distribution of breeding stock of Excellent Bali cattle at national level. In the production of excellent breeding stock through the performance test and progeny test. Pre-weaning growth is one of the important indicators for the population growth. The study was aimed to identify the pre-weaning calf growth rate of Bali cattle in 2010-2011, born from performance-test-passing-dams that were collectively reared with progeny-test-passing sires. Materials used were 84 pre-weaning Bali calves. This was a survey method-based descriptive analysis research. The results showed that in terms of the performance of pre-weaning growth, the birth weights of male and female calves were 18.37±1.65 kg and 18.27±1.29 kg, respectively. The weaning weights of male and female calves were 93.53±21.00 kg and 87.66±12.04 kg, respectively, with weaning time of 205 days. The average of daily weight gain (ADG) were 0.37±0.10 kg/head/day (male) and 0,34±0,06 kg/head/day (female). It was concluded that the pre-weaning calf growth rate of Bali cattle at the BPTU Bali in 2010-2011 were moderately high since they were born from the dams and the sires passing the performance test and progeny test.(Keywords: Pre-weaning growth, Bali cattle)
Karakteristik dan Kinerja Induk Sapi Silangan Limousin-Madura dan Madura di Kabupaten Sumenep dan Pamekasan (Characteristic and Performance of Limousin-Madura Grade and Madura Cows in Sumenep and Pamekasan Regencies) Hartatik, Tety; Mahardika, Dhany Azharinto; Widi, Tri Satya Mastuti; Baliarti, Endang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 33, No 3 (2009): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 33 (3) Oktober 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/109

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The research was conducted to investigate the characteristic and performance of Limura grade and Madura cows. The research was conducted in Sumenep and Pamekasan Regencies East Java Province within the period of May until August 2008. The method being used was an interview method on the farmer as respondents, continued by observing the exterior characteristics and the cattle measurements. The data of exterior characteristic were analyzed bydescriptive patterns. The data of vital measurements of the body were analyzed by independent sample t-test. The result showed that the general characteristics Limura crossbred cows had a dominant color of a reddish brown, with thebuttock color was a reddish brown. The general characteristics Madura cows had a dominant color of a light red, with the buttock color was a white smear. The vital characteristics of Limura crossbred cows was higher than Madura cows,at the 2 to 4 years old group cows the result showed that girth of chest, height at hip of Limura crossbred cows were 172.63±2.33 cm; 125.07±1.40 cm. while those of Madura cows were 140.81±3.01 cm; 114.77±1.29 cm. At older than 4years old group cows the result showed that heart girth, height at hip of Limura crossbred cows were 172.85±4.12 cm; 126.15±1.84 cm. while those of Madura cows were 157.57±2.55 cm; 118.54±1.53 cm. The performance of Limuracrossbred cows and Madura cows related to calving interval were 15.90±0.47 vs 14.39±0.23 months. The result showed that the general characteristics Limura crossbred cows and Madura cows had a different color at the dominant color ofbody and the buttock color, and Limura crossbred cows had a vital characteristics size higher than Madura cows, but the Madura’s reproductive performance showed better than Limura crossbred cows.(Key words: Characteristics, Performance, Limura crossbred cows, Madura cows)
Pengaruh Buka-Tutup Kandang terhadap Kenyamanan dan Kinerja Produksi Sapi Peranakan Ongole (The Effects of Opening and Closing of House on the Ongole Crossbred Cattle’s Comfort and Performances) (Panjono), Panjono; Baliarti, Endang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 33, No 2 (2009): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 33 (2) Juni 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/123

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This experiment was conducted to observe the effects of opening and closing of house on the Ongole Crossbred cattle’s comfort and performances. Nine bulls were divided into three groups of housing. The first group was taken care in the house which was opened in the noon and closed in the night (open-closed house), the second was in the closed house, and the third was in the opened house. The experiment was held for 90 days. The data collected were room condition (wind speed, temperature and humidity), physiological conditions, behaviors, feed and water intake, average daily gain and feed conversion. The data were analyzed by analysis of variance for completely randomized design. The analysis was continued by least significant difference test if there were differences. The result showed that wind’s speed in the open-closed house was significantly higher (P<0.05) than that in the closed house in the noon and significantly lower (P<0.05) than that in the opened house in the night. There was no significantly difference on the room’s temperature among three types of house. Room’s humidity in the open-closed housed was significantly lower (P<0.05) than that in the closed house in the daytime and significantly higher (P<0.05) than that in the opened house in the nighttime. There were no significant difference on the cattle’s physiological conditions, behaviors, physiological conditions, behaviors, feed and water intake, average daily gain and feed conversion among three groups. It wasconcluded that opening in the daytime and closing in the nighttime of house had no effect on the Ongole Cross Breed cattle’s comfort and performances.(Key words: Open-closed house, Comfort, Performance, Ongole crossbred cattle)
Berat Badan Anak Sapi Peranakan Ongole dan Peranakan Brahman Hasil Inseminasi Buatan di Kabupaten Gunung Kidul Baliarti, Endang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 15, No 2 (1991): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 15 (2) Desember 1991
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1753

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Kinerja Kerbau Betina di Pulau MOA, Maluku (The Productivity of Female Buffaloes at MOA Island, Maluku) Pipiana, Justinus; Baliarti, Endang; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 34, No 1 (2010): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 34 (1) Februari 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/106

Abstract

The objectives of the study was to identify the existence, productivity, reproductive performances and its relation on the reproductive efficiency, body measurements and weight of female buffalo at Moa island, Maluku Barat Dayaregency, Maluku province. There were 96 farmers used as respondents, 222 female buffaloes and secondary data from Agricultural Department in that area that were observed. Survey method and descriptive analysis were applied tocollect all of information required. Body measurement was accompleted by direct measurement on the body, consisted of body length, withers height, chest depth, heart girth, rump height, rump width, and ages of buffaloes evaluated. Theresults showed that reproduction efficiency (RE) was 70.91±10.84%. Body measurements and weight of female buffaloes at 2-3 year old were body length 88.92±9.94 cm; heart girth 136.69±21.05 cm; withers height 94.77±7.23 cm;rump height 44.77±5.54 cm; and body weight 192.46±29.12 kg. At 3-4 years old of female buffaloes, the body length, heart girth, withers height, rump height, chest depth, rump width and body weight were 106,21±4,19 cm; 163.61±16.40cm; 110.03±6.14 cm; 109.08±5.88 cm; 65.58±6.69 cm; 46.82±4.62 cm; and 253.45±30.79 kg, respectively. At 4-5 year old, the body length, heart girth, withers height, rump height, chest depth, rump width, and body weight of females buffaloes were 116.14±10.98 cm; 174.04±12.12 cm; 115.07±3.23 cm; 113.07±3.74 cm; 67.36±7.44 cm; 48.07±3.74 cm; and 270,42±27,24 kg, respectively, while for female buffaloes of more than 5 year old, were 121.44±12.22 cm; 180.01±16.63 cm; 120.19±3.76; 119.49±13.74 cm; 79.40±5.52 cm; 58.72±4.88 cm; and 292.09±29.76 kg. It was concluded that productivity of female buffaloes at Moa island have not optimalet, but it has good performances which can be further developed.(Key words: Productivity, Female Buffaloes, Moa Island)