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KINERJA KEUANGAN USAHA MIKRO DAN KECIL NON KREDIT DI KABUPATEN KAMPAR

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 2, No 01 (2010)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

The general objective of this paper is to analyze the financial performance of non-creditmicro and small enterprises (MSE) in Kampar regency. Specifically aimed to analyzethe financial performance of non-credit MSE of non-agricultural and agro-industrysectors compared with MSE non-agricultural sectors. The analysis of financial ratiosand analysis of economic value added are used. The main findings showed that: First,the financial performance of MSE in Kampar regency, both MSE non-agriculturalsectors and MSE agricultural and agro-industry sectors, which were analyzed using anumber of indicators and financial ratios economic value added indicates goodconditions. This is reflected from the calculation of their financial ratios and economicvalue added that indicates a value above the industry average. Second, the financialperformance of the aspects of liquidity and shows the activity of MSE non-agriculturalsectors are better than MSE agricultural and agro-industry sectors. While theprofitability aspect of MSE non-agricultural sectors are better than MSE agriculturaland agro-industry sectors. And third, either before tax or after tax, economic valueadded of MSE non-agricultural and agro-industry sectors are greater than MSE non-agricultural sectors. This reflects that MSE agricultural and agro-industry sectors havesubstantial opportunities to obtain income and improve their welfare as compared withMSE non-agricultural sectors. Therefore, in order to improve the financial performanceof MSE need to do the training and guidance from relevant agencies. Next to open andincrease access to MSE to formal financial institutions, need to apply the policydirection of government and formal financial institutions are more aligned to MSE. Inreal terms the policy in question is to reduce the number of requirements and simplifyprocedures in lending to MSE.

Seminar Nasional Pembangunan Pertanian dan Pedesaan 2018

Unri Conference Series: Agriculture and Food Security Vol 1 (2019): Seminar Nasional Pembangunan Pertanian dan Pedesaan
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

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Abstract

Puji dan syukur kami haturkan kehadirat Allah SWT atas limpahan rahmat dan hidayah-Nya sehingga prosiding ini dapat diselesaikan dengan baik. Prosiding ini berisi kumpulan makalah yang telah dipresentasikan dan didiskusikan dalam Seminar Nasional Pembangunan Pertanian dan Pedesaan yang dilaksanakan oleh Pusat Studi Perkebunan, Gambut, dan Pedesaan Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau (LPPM Universitas Riau) pada hari Rabu, 26 September 2018 , dengan mengangkat tema Optimalisasi Pemanfaatan Lahan dan Reforma Agraria dalam Mewujudkan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan. Prosiding ini disusun untuk mendokumentasikan gagasan dan hasil penelitian terkait dengan pembangunan pertanian dan pedesaan. Prosiding ini diharapkan dapat memberikan wawasan tentang pembangunan pertanian berkelanjutan di masa yang akan datang. Dengan demikian, hasil penelitian dalam prosiding ini dapat dijadikan sebagai rujukan dan dapat memotivasi terwujudnya pembangunan pertanian yang berkelanjutan. Dalam penyelesaian prosiding ini, kami menyadari bahwa dalam proses penyelesaiannya tidak terlepas dari bantuan berbagai pihak. Untuk itu kami menyampaikan ucapan terima kasih kepada Rektor Universitas Riau, Prof. Dr. Ir. Aras Mulyadi, DEA.; Ketua LPPM Universitas Riau, Prof. Dr. Almasdi Syahza, SE, MP yang telah mengarahkan kegiatan ini sehingga terlaksana dengan baik; Dr. Syaiful Bahri, M.Si sebagai penanggungjawab pada kegiatan ini; seluruh pembicara kunci/keynote speaker, Prof. Dr. Tahlim Sudaryanto, MS; Sri Mujitono, SH,MH; Prof. Dr. Ir. Hermanto Siregar, SE, MP; Prof. Almasdi Syahza, SE, MP; dan Ir. Dian Novarina, M.Sc., dan; Peserta seminar nasional yang telah menyumbangkan artikel hasil penelitian dan pemikiran ilmiahnya dalam kegaitan seminar nasional ini. Kami menyadari masih terdapat kekurangan dan kelemahan pada prosiding ini, untuk itu kritik dan saran yang bersifat membangun akan kami terima dengan senang hati. Akhir kata kami berharap prosiding ini bermanfaat bagi seluruh pihak yang terkait. Ketua Panitia Dr. Djaimi Bakce, SP., M.Si

Analisis Pengambilan Keputusan Ekonomi Rumahtangga Petani Kelapa di Kecamatan Enok Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir

SOROT Vol 11, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

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Abstract

Rumahtangga petani kelapa di Kecamatan Enok dihadapkan pada masalah intrusi air laut, modal yang terbatas, serangan hama dan penyakit, dan struktur pasar yang cenderung monopsoni. Studi ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keputusan ekonomi rumahtangga petani kelapa dari aspek produksi, alokasi waktu kerja, pendapatan dan pengeluaran. Untuk menjawab tujuan tersebut digunakan pendekatan ekonometrika model persamaan simultan metode Two Stage least Squre (2SLS). Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada satupun determinan faktor yang responsif mempengaruhi produksi kelapa. Walaupun tidak responsif, jumlah batang kelapa produktif merupakan determinan faktor yang paling besar pengaruhnya terhadap produksi kelapa. Curahan kerja dalam usahatani kelapa dan penggunaan tenaga kerja luar keluarga dipengaruhi secara positif dan responsif oleh pendapatan dalam usahatani kelapa. Curahan kerja luar usahatani kelapa dipengaruhi secara positif namun tidak responsif terhadap pendapatan luar usahatani kelapa, begitu juga sebaliknya. Pengeluaran rumahtangga (pangan dan non pangan) dipengaruhi secara positif dan responsif oleh pendapatan total rumahtangga. Investasi usaha hanya responsif terhadap pendapatan dalam usaha. Kebijakan yang dapat dilakukan pemerintah untuk pengembangan kebun kelapa antara lain peremajaan kelapa, perbaikan tanggul untuk mencegah intrusi air laut, dan pemberantasan hama dan penyakit. Selain itu, perlu upaya untuk memotivasi rumahtangga petani agar mengalokasikan waktu kerja lebih banyak pada usahatani kelapa.

PENGARUH FAKTOR-FAKTOR INTERNAL DAN EKSTERNAL TERHADAP KEPUTUSAN EKONOMI RUMAHTANGGA PETANI KARET DI KABUPATEN KUANTAN SINGINGI

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor internal dan eksternal yangmempengaruhi produksi, alokasi waktu kerja, pendapatan dan pengeluaranrumahtangga petani karet di Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi. Untuk menjawab hal inimaka digunakan pendekatan ekonometrika, yakni membangun model persamaansimultan dengan pendugaan parameter menggunakan metode Two Stage LeastSquare. Temuan utama dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa hanya faktor internalrumahtangga petani yang responsif terhadap keputusan ekonomi rumahtangga. Tidakada faktor eksternal yang dimasukkan ke dalam model yang responsif terhadapkeputusan ekonomi rumahtangga petani karet di Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi terkaitdengan aspek produksi, alokasi waktu kerja, pendapatan dan pengeluaranrumahtangga petani karet. Dari aspek produksi, tidak ditemukan faktor internalmaupun ekternal yang responsif, namun yang paling besar pengaruhnya adalah jumlahbatang karet produktif. Dari aspek alokasi waktu kerja, faktor internal yang responsifmempengaruhi adalah total curahan kerja petani, curahan kerja keluarga petani didalam usaha dan angkatan kerja rumahtangga petani. Selanjutnya, dari aspekpendapatan rumahtangga petani yang faktor internal yang responsif mempengaruhinyaadalah pendapatan rumahtangga petani di dalam usaha. Terakhir dari aspekpengeluaran rumahtangga petani karet, faktor internal yang mempengaruhinya adalahcurahan kerja di dalam usaha, pendidikan petani, pendidikan istri dan pendapatan totalpetani karet.Kata kunci: faktor internal dan eksternal, keputusan ekonomi rumahtangga, karet.

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEPUTUSAN EKONOMI RUMAHTANGGA PETANI KAKAO DI KABUPATEN KUANTAN SINGINGI

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 3, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

The present research was aimed to analyze internal and external factors which affect theallocation of working time, household income and expenditure of cocoa farmers inKuantan Singingi Regency and investigated the impact of economic change with respectto the development of cocoa farming on the economic decision making of the farmershousehold. In general, the results show that there were no internal factors such asproduction, the allocation of working time and income, which responsively affected thecocoa farm household economy. However, from their expenditure there was aresponsive internal factor which affected their total income, education and lifeexpectancy. There was a positive effect of the effort made by the cocoa farmer family toincrease the price of the dried and wet cocoa beans on their household economy. Incontrast, increased wages had a negative effect on the household economy of thefarmers.Keywords: internal and external factors, household economic decision, cocoa.

Optimalisasi Usaha Agroindustri Tahu di Kota Pekanbaru

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

  The purpose of this study to analyze the right combination of products for tofu agroindustry businesses in order to achieve optimal conditions and analyze the allocation of resources owned by tofu agro-businesses to achieve optimal conditions. The data used in this study are primary and secondary data. This research method using a sensus method. The analytical method used are the optimization analysis and sensitivity analysis using the model of Linear Programming. These results indicate that in order to achieve optimal conditions, tofu agroindustry businesses in Pekanbaru City must produce the large tofu and the little tofu as much 339,242.1 units and 0 unit. From that total production is obtained profit per month of IDR 77,971,390. Resources that become active resource that is tofu acid resource, while other resources are passive or excess resources.   Keywords: Tofu, Combination of Products, Resources

Perbandingan Pendapatan Umk Penerima Kredit Bakulan Dari BPR Sarimadu

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

This study aims to Analyze changed income before and after credit “bakulan” received by micro business in the BPR Sarimadu in Pekanbaru and formulate policy implications that have been done to improve the disbursement in the BPR Sarimadu, in order to increase revenue micro business. The sampling method is purposive sampling. Micro business who became sample on this research is the trading businesses of vegetable and fruit. There are 302 debtors of credit “bakulan” in BPR Sarimadu. 22 of them are vegetable and fruit trading businesses and they are including into the micro bussines. The analysis used different test average, the results showed that t greater than t table. Ho is rejected and H1 is accepted so it is concluded that there is a real difference in the average income of the debtor by micro business after getting credit bakulan in the BPR Sarimadu. Stated that the provision of credit bakulan is very effective in order to increase revenue debtors micro business.   Keyword: income, credit “bakulan", comparassion income.  

Regression Model in Transitional Geological Environment For Calculation Farming and Production of Oil Palm Dominant Factor in Indragiri Hilir Riau Province

Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology Vol 4 No 1 (2019): JGEET Vol 04 No 01 : March (2019)
Publisher : UIR PRESS

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Abstract

Palm oil commodity is plantation sub-sector commodity which can increase the income of farmers and communities, providers of raw material processing industries that create added value. Cultivated by smallholders self consists of land area, peatlands tidal, coastal peatlands and coastal lands. Differences typology of this land will contribute to the different productions. Generally, this study aimed to analyze the factors of production and farming oil palm, according to the typology of land Specifically aimed to analyze the production and cultivation of oil palm as well as the dominant factor affecting the production Kalapa smallholders' according to the typology of the land and to formulate policy implications of oil palm development patterns of the people in Indragiri Hilir in Riau province. To answer this research analyzed with descriptive statistics and build a multiple regression model with dummy variables Ordinary Least Square method (OLS). Memperlihatan research results that palm oil production and farming on land typology highest compared with tidal peat, peat coast, and coastal lands. Oil palm farming income on a non-pattern land typology best compared with other lands (peat tides, coastal peatlands, and coastal land). The dominant factor affecting the production of palm oil in Indragiri Hilir is the amount of fertilizer, labor, plant age, herbicides, and soil typology dummy land. Policy Implications development of oil palm plantation in Indragiri Hilir in order to increase production, productivity and farm income oil palm can be through the construction of roads production, provision of means of production and palm oil processing industry to shorten the distance and shorten the time of transport that TBS of oil palm plantations to the factory. Furthermore, the use of fertilizers, labor and land typology is very responsive to TBS production. Therefore, in the farming of oil palm cultivation should follow the recommended technical.

ANALISIS EFISIENSI PRODUKSI USAHATANI KELAPA DI KECAMATAN KERITANG KABUPATEN INDRAGIRI HILIR

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Wisuda Februari 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

Keritang subdistrict has a wide enough area of coconut farming, but it’s production is susceptible to fluctuations that tends to decrease and it’s productivity is low. This coconut farming still not use the right cultivation techniques. This can be seen from the behavior of farmers. Most of them do not use fertilizer, pesticides, and the farmer did not make the plants maintenance with good. This study aims to determine the efficiency of production activity of coconut farming  in Keritang subdistrict, Indragiri Hilir Municipality. Methods of analysis is Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), it is non parametrik methods based on linear programming. Based on the results of the efficiency of production showed that most of the coconut farming is inefficient technically, namely the use of labour has been more than capacity should be. Most coconut’s farmers also inefficient in allocation, because the price of inputs that paid by farmers greater than the output that they have received. If this coconut farming is inefficient in technical and it’s allocation, then the coconut farming also inefficient in the economy. According to these findings in economic, then (1) need any help from the government and the participation of farmers to bring out coconut farming  being appropriate with the right technique of coconut culvitation (2) efforts of the government is needed to control the input price and increase the output price (3) government intervention in terms to eliminate practice of monopsonic.     Key words : Coconut Farming, The efficiency of productions

ANALISIS PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN EKONOMI RUMAHTANGGA PETANI KELAPA DI KECAMATAN KERITANG KABUPATEN INDRAGIRI HILIR

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Wisuda Februari 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

In general, the main  purpose of this research is to analyze the factors respect to the economic decision making of the household coconut farmers of production, the alocation of working time, income and the expenditure in Keritang, Indragiri Hilir. Approach to econometrics simultaneous equations by the method of Two Stage Least Square (2SLS) is used to answer the research purposes. The results showed: first, the production respect to unresponsive by the amount of productive coconut. Secondly, the alocation of working time on coconut farming respect to responsive by the income of coconut farming and the use of hired  labor. The use of hired  labor respect to responsive by the income of coconut farming. The alocation of non-working time of coconut farming respect to unresponsive by the income of non-working time of coconut farming. Thirdly, the income of non-coconut farming respect to unresponsif by the alocation of non-working time of coconut farming. Fourthly, non-food consumption respect to responsive by the household total income, food consumption, investment education and savings. Business  investment, expenditure leisure , and savings respect to responsive by household total income. Fifthly, An important government policy that is associated with an increased price and revitalization of coconut. The need for an increase in price over the pricing policy of coconut product or realize the strong bargaining position of farmers. Keywords: Household  Economic, Economic Decision