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HUBUNGAN IMPOR BERAS DENGAN HARGA DOMESTIK BERAS DAN PRODUKSI BERAS DI SUMATERA UTARA Azhar, Muhammad; Chalil, Diana; Supriana, Tavi
JOURNAL ON SOCIAL ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURE AND AGRIBUSINESS Vol 2, No 6 (2013): Vol 2 No. 6 Juni 2013
Publisher : JOURNAL ON SOCIAL ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURE AND AGRIBUSINESS

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis hubungan impor beras dengan harga domestik beras, dan hubungan impor beras ke Sumatera Utara dengan produksi beras di Sumatera Utara. Data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder dengan range waktu tahun 2007 sampai 2011 yang dianalisis dengan metode analisis korelasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan : ada hubungan yang nyata antara impor beras dengan harga beras domestik, dan ada hubungan yang nyata antara impor beras dengan produksi beras dengan lag 2 musim tanam.   Kata Kunci : impor beras, produksi beras dan harga beras domestik
العلاقة الوثيقة الثقافية بين الهند وإندونيسيا azhar, muhammad
Imtiyaz : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Bahasa Arab Vol 3, No 1 (2019): JUNI
Publisher : IAIN Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (325.958 KB) | DOI: 10.29300/im.v3i1.2069

Abstract

AbstractIndia and Indonesia have historical relations for ages. Indian cultures are flourished and preserved by the Indonesian people. Although Indonesia is a Muslim country, in terms of Culture, Indonesia is influenced by Indian traditions and customs.  India and Indonesia have shared two millennia of close cultural and commercial contacts. The Hindu, Buddhist and later Muslim faith traveled to Indonesia from the shores of India. Indonesian folk art and dramas are based on stories from the great epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata. The shared culture, colonial history and post-independence goals of political sovereignty, economic self-sufficiency, and independent foreign policy have a unifying effect on the bilateral relations.In this article, The researcher will try to explain the meanings of culture and will discuss the importance of the same.  The paper will also shed lights on the historical relations between India and Indonesia from Ramayana till the date.
مراحل تطوير اللغة وتصييغ اللهجات لماذا يجب أن يحظى العالم بجميع اللغات والثقافات؟ Azhar, Muhammad
Imtiyaz : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Bahasa Arab Vol 2, No 1 (2018): JUNE
Publisher : IAIN Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.875 KB) | DOI: 10.29300/im.v2i1.1257

Abstract

Language is a human characteristic and is a natural talent that adorn the human. Language is often interpreted as a dialect, the old Arabs said that Arabic is their dialect and bad language according to them is an inappropriate dialect which has no measure and and does not include Arabic fusha. The emergence of human language or the first forms that appeared on it. It comes in the life of language, what it takes in the voices, the structure of morphology, structures of syntax and breadth and narrowness and the rise and fall, and the divisions of the dialects and conflict with others, and the result of the conflict of continuity or death or predominance or widening or receding and faded before the predominance of another language , And common languages, this area is called language life (Vi Du language).
REKONSTRUKSI EPISTEMOLOGI PEMIKIRAN POLITIK ISLAM INDONESIA KONTEMPORER Azhar, Muhammad
Profetika Vol. 16, No. 1, Juni 2015
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University Press

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Abstract

The thought of Islamic politics which develops in Indonesia recently has various epistemology, either being viewed from the discourse of Islamic politics conveyed by Muslim politicians, or what contained on the basic stipulation/bylaws (AD/ART) of each party. It is a kind of plurality of Islamic political thought which is less influenced by the frame of Islamic political epistemology itself and by Islamic political paradigm which develops in Indonesia that has textual-idealistic, realistic and integral patterns. To further investigate the problem, the focus of this research was how is an ideal reconstruction of the contemporary thought of Indonesian Islamic politics? The results of the research showed that the epistemology frame of Islamic political thought that has classical and mid century pattern should be reconstructed suitable with the context of social life of 21st century, in which the interaction among Muslim community or non Muslim community has been closer each other. Of course, it needs a new theology of Islamic politics which is more tolerant and pluralistic, therefore, issues of contemporary politics related to the concept of hudûd, gender problem, muslim-non muslim positions, concept of dãrulharb, human rights, citizenship, a new relation pattern between Islam and the West, response of political philosophy on postmodernism and other issues can be responded and implemented according to the principle of Islamic politics.
PANDANGAN MURID TERHADAP GURU: 60 TAHUN PROF. DR. M. AMIN ABDULLAH Azhar, Muhammad
Profetika Vol. 15, No. 1, Juni 2014
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University Press

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Abstract

This article discusses about M. Amin Abdullah’s thought (A professor at StateIslamic University Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta) in the field of Islamic Studies. The methodused in this paper is biographical-reflective method because the writer was his student.The focus of the writing is the heredity of the scientific methodology and its implication inthe study of Islam in Indonesia. This article concludes several Islamic scientific hereditiesfrom M Amin Abdullah majoring on the integrative-interconnectivity concept in Islamthat tends to be spaced out, especially in the study of Islamic classics. The other thoughtis about the importance of academic attitude in the development of the future Islamicstudy. In the scientific methodology aspect, he stresses the importance of the renewal inthe Islamic contemporary study to spread the teachings on the earth as the sky heredity,sacral and transcendental, to dive the needs to answer various worldly problems that areempiric and immanent. The implication of Amin Abdullah’s thought gives newinterpretation in the contemporary Islamic scientific study that is more contextualempiricaland different from textual-normative classic Islamic study format.Key Words: integration-interconnection; scientific methodology; Islamic study.Makalah ini membahas tentang pemikiran M. Amin Abdullah (Guru BesarUIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta) dalam bidang Islamic Studies. Metode penulisan yangdigunakan dalam makalah ini adalah metode biografis-reflektif karena penulis merupakansalah seorang mantan mahasiswanya. Fokus pembahasan makalah ini adalah warisanmeteodogi keilmuan dan implikasinya dalam kajian Islam di Indonesia. Makalah inimenyimpulkan beberapa warisan keilmuan Islam dari M. Amin Abdullah umumnyabermuara pada konsep integrasi-interkoneksi keilmuan dalam Islam yang selama inicenderung berjarak, khususnya dalam warisan studi keislaman klasik. Pemikiran lainnyaadalah tentang pentingnya sikap akademis dalam pengembangan studi keislaman masadepan. Dalam aspek metodologi keilmuan, beliau menekankan pentingnya pembaharuandalam studi keislaman kontemporer untuk membumikan ajaran Islam sebagai warisanlangit, sakral dan transendental, menukik pada kebutuhan untuk menjawab berbagaipersoalan duniawi yang empiris dan imanen. Implikasi pemikiran Amin Abdullah adalahmemberikan interpretasi baru studi keilmuan Islam kontemporer yang lebih kontekstualempiris,yang berbeda dengan format studi keislaman klasik yang tekstual-normatif.Kata Kunci: Amin Abdullah, metodologi keilmuan, studi Islam.
EPISTEMOLOGI POLITIK ISLAM TENTANG WEWENANG DAN KEKUASAAN Azhar, Muhammad
Profetika Vol. 14, No. 1, Juni 2013
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University Press

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Abstract

The concept of authority and dominance bore political intrigues among Muslimcommunity throughout the history. The two concepts bore creative tense between Islamicpolitics that had Makkiyah characteristics that was myth-theological and Maddaniyah onethat was rational. After the prophet and the expansion of Islam, the Islamic dominancetended to be tyrannical. The application of the authority and dominance bore Islamicgovernment style that was repressive ((qawãn)n siyãsiyyah) andrational (siyãsah ‘aqliyyah)also the government stylethat had religious characteristics or caliphate (siyãsah diniyyah).WhileAsy-Syãtibi focused more on political dimension that had orientation on maqãþidasy-syari’ah and maslahah ‘ãmmah aspects. The next step emerged various interpretationsabout imamah, wilayah, khilafah, ummah, syura, amir concepts up to bai’ah and jihad. Inpsychological-sociological manner, the sacred dominance became unhindered.Key words: Caliphate, Imamah, Amir, Wilayatul Faqih, Syuradan Nation StateKonsep wewenang dan kekuasaan melahirkan intrik politik di kalangan umatsepanjang sejarah. Dua konsep tersebut melahirkan ketegangan kreatif antara politikIslam yang bercorakMakkiyyah yang mitis-teologis dan Madaniyyah yang rasionalistik.Pasca era Nabi kekuasan Islamcenderung tiranik setelah adanya perluasan kekuasaanIslam.Aplikasi wewenang dan kekuasaan melahirkan style pemerintahan Islam yangrepresif (qawãn)n siyãsiyyah), rasional (siyãsah ‘aqliyyah) dan yang bercorak agamisatau khilafah (siyãsah diniyyah).Sedangkan Asy-Syãtibi) lebih memfokuskan padadimensi politik yang lebih berorientasi pada aspek maqãþid asy-syari’ah dan maslahah‘ãmmah.Pada tahap selanjutnya muncul berbagai interpretasi tentang konsep-konsep:imamah, wilayah, khilafah, ummah, syura, amir, hingga bai’ah dan jihad. Secarapsikologis-sosiologis, sakralitas kekuasaan menjadi tak terhindarkanKata Kunci: Khilafah, Imamah, Amir, Wilayatul Faqih, Syura dan Nation State
Perspektif Islam Tentang Bela Negara Azhar, Muhammad
Jurnal Ketahanan Nasional Vol 6, No 1 (2001)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkn.22024

Abstract

Hubungan antara Islam dengan masalah bela negara masih jarang dibahas. Ada beberapa alasan mengapa hal ini terjadi. Pertama, masih dominan pandangan yang dikotomis tentang hubungan Islam dengan aspek bela negara, baik di kalangan Islam maupun di luar Islam. Kedua, kurangnya kesadaran historis terutama di kalangan intern umat Islam bahwa Islam sebenarnya sangat berkepentingan dengan istilah bela negara dimaksud. Ketiga, masih rancunya formulasi Islam (secara konseptual teoritis maupun operasional praktis) tentang bela negara terutama di kalangan para tokoh atau pemimpin Islam. Dalam hal ini timbul persoalan apakah konsepsi Islam tentang bela negara, bagaimana bentuknya, adakah fakta historis yang mendasarinya, samakah substansi pemikiran yang terkandung dalam istilah-istilah berikut ini: "beta negara", "membela tanah air", "mencintai tanah air", "stabilitas negara", "loyalitas terhadap bangsa dan negara", serta istilah-istilah yang senada lainnya. Keempat, masih domi­nannya common sense di sementara kalangan umat yang cenderung "anti" terhadap negara, atau berkaitan dengan asumsi yang menyatakan bahwa dalam beberapa babakan sejarah kenegaraan (kebangsaan), sebaliknya, negara pun cenderung "anti kepada agama (Islam).
Aktivitas Antioksidan Senyawa Asam 5(E)-Eikosenoat dari Batang Tanaman Polygonum pulchrum Bl Malaka, Muhammad Hajrul; Yodha, Agung Wibawa Mahatva; Azhar, Muhammad; Hamsidi, Rini; Sahidin, Sahidin
Pharmauho Vol 1, No 2 (2015): Pharmauho
Publisher : Pharmauho

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Abstract

Isolation and identification of secondary metabolite stem bark of Polygonum pulchrum and its antioxidant activity were done. Extraction was performed by maceration using methanol solvent. The separation and purification obtained by using vacuum liquid chromatography (VLC), radial chromatography (RC) and monitored by thin layer chromatography (TLC). Identification of isolated compounds determined by spectroscopy method i.e. FT-IR, 1D-NMR (1H, 13C-NMR and DEPT) and 2-D NMR (HMQC and HMBC). White solid compound was isolated and characterized as 5(E)-eicosenoic acid. Antioxidant was analyzed towards DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-picrilhydrazil). The compound showed that has antioxidant potency with IC50 value at 348.10 µM.Keywords: Polygonum pulchrum, 5(E)-eicosenoic acid, antimicrobial, antioxidant 
Nilai-Nilai Perdamaian dalam Buku Teks Pendidikan Agama Islam (Akhlak) di Sekolah Muhammadiyah Nurwanto, Nurwanto,; Azhar, Muhammad; Marsudi, Marsudi,; Ismail, Ghoffar
Afkaruna: Indonesian Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Januari - Juni 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The article examines whether the textbooks on Islamic Ethics (akhlak) taught in-the Muhammadiyah schools promote peace. Studying the content of schools’ text-books is nececessary due to the increase of social conflicts and violent actions among-students. In particular, this article explores the Islamic teaching of peace within-Islamic Ethics textbooks published by the Board of Basic and Secondary Education-of Muhammadiyah (DIKDASMEN) in Yogyakarta Special Territory. By the use of-content analysis, this article finds that teaching materials in the Islamic Ethics text--books promote the values of peace. However, the texbooks editing quality needs to-be improved so that the narrratives (story tellings) and pictures (ilustration) can fit-the students’ needs
REKONSTRUKSI EPISTEMOLOGI PEMIKIRAN POLITIK ISLAM INDONESIA KONTEMPORER Azhar, Muhammad
Profetika Jurnal Studi Islam Vol. 16, No. 1, Juni 2015
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (242.455 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/profetika.v16i1.1834

Abstract

The thought of Islamic politics which develops in Indonesia recently has various epistemology, either being viewed from the discourse of Islamic politics conveyed by Muslim politicians, or what contained on the basic stipulation/bylaws (AD/ART) of each party. It is a kind of plurality of Islamic political thought which is less influenced by the frame of Islamic political epistemology itself and by Islamic political paradigm which develops in Indonesia that has textual-idealistic, realistic and integral patterns. To further investigate the problem, the focus of this research was how is an ideal reconstruction of the contemporary thought of Indonesian Islamic politics? The results of the research showed that the epistemology frame of Islamic political thought that has classical and mid century pattern should be reconstructed suitable with the context of social life of 21st century, in which the interaction among Muslim community or non Muslim community has been closer each other. Of course, it needs a new theology of Islamic politics which is more tolerant and pluralistic, therefore, issues of contemporary politics related to the concept of hudûd, gender problem, muslim-non muslim positions, concept of dãrulharb, human rights, citizenship, a new relation pattern between Islam and the West, response of political philosophy on postmodernism and other issues can be responded and implemented according to the principle of Islamic politics.