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Journal : Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan

PENINGKATAN KADAR GERANIOL DALAM MINYAK SEREH WANGI DAN APLIKASINYA SEBAGAI BIO ADDITIVE GASOLINE Astuti, Widi; Putra, Nur Nalindra
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): June 2014
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v3i1.3098

Abstract

Sereh wangi merupakan salah satu tanaman penghasil minyak atsiri yang banyak mengandung geraniol. Geraniol merupakan senyawa penyedia oksigen sehingga minyak sereh wangi dimungkinkan dapat digunakan sebagai bio additive gasoline. Penelitian ini bertujuan  meningkatkan kadar geraniol dalam minyak sereh wangi dan menggunakannya sebagai bio additive gasoline.Penelitian dilakukan dalam  tiga tahap, yaitu  pemungutan minyak sereh wangi dari daun sereh wangi, peningkatan kadar geraniol dalam minyak sereh wangi dan aplikasi minyak sereh wangi yang mengandung geraniol tinggi sebagai bio aditive gasoline.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemungutan minyak sereh wangi yang dilakukan dengan metode distilasi uap menghasilkan rendemen sebesar 0,76% dengan kadar geraniol 5,36%.Kadar geraniol dapat ditingkatkan menjadi 21,78% melalui proses distilasi vakum pada suhu 120oC. Pengujian minyak sereh wangi dengan kadar geraniol tinggi sebagai bio additive gasoline meliputi uji performa dan efisiensi konsumsi bahan bakar dengan variasi perbandingan volume gasoline dengan bio additive. Hasilnya, penambahan minyak sereh wangi dengan perbandingan volume gasoline ; minyak sereh wangi = 1000:2 mampu meningkatkan power mesin dari 7,8HP menjadi 8,6HP. Sementara, pada pengujian efisiensi bahan bakar, penambahan minyak sereh wangi dengan perbandingan volume gasoline : minyak sereh wangi = 1000:2 dapat meningkatkan efisiensi mesin sebesar 10,8%. Citronella contains geraniol which is an oxygen provider substances, so it may be used as bio additive. The purpose of this research  is to increase geraniol content in citronella oil and use it as a gasoline bio additive. This research is conducted  in three steps including take the citronella oil from citronella leaf, increase geraniol content in citronella oil and use citronella oil as a gasoline bio additive. The result show that citronella oil produced from citronella leaf using vapor distillation method contains geraniol by 5.36%. The content can be increase using vacuum distillation  up to 21.78 % at temperature of 120oC. The citronella oil test as a gasoline bio additive including  performance test and fuel efficiency test with gasoline-bio additive ratio as variable. The addition of citronella oil to gasoline with the volume ratio of gasoline : citronella oil = 1000:2  increases machine power from 7.8 HP to 8.6 HP and fuel efficiency up to 10.8 %.
ADSORPSI Pb2+ DALAM LIMBAH CAIR ARTIFISIAL MENGGUNAKAN SISTEM ADSORPSI KOLOM DENGAN BAHAN ISIAN ABU LAYANG BATUBARA SERBUK DAN GRANULAR Astuti, Widi; Kurniawan, Bayu
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 4, No 1 (2015): June 2015
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v4i1.3771

Abstract

Batubara  merupakan  salah  satu  sumber energi  alternatif  yang murah. Oleh karena itu,  penggunaan  batubara  di  Indonesia meningkat pesat  setiap  tahunnya. Penggunaan batubara  ini  menghasilkan  limbah  yang  dapat mencemari lingkungan baik limbah gas  seperti   CO2, NOX,  CO,  SO2,  hidrokarbon  maupun  limbah  padat  yang berupa abu  layang dan  abu  dasar. Abu  layang  mengandung SiO2, Al2O3,  dan sisa karbon yang tidak terbakar sehingga potensial digunakan sebagai adsorben. Pada penelitian ini, kemampuan adsorpsi abu layang ditingkatkan melalui aktivasi termal dan diuji untuk menjerap ion Pb2+ dalam limbah cair artifisial. Adsorpsi dilakukan pada sistem kolom yang berlangsung kontinyu menggunakan bahan isian abu layang teraktivasi, dalam bentuk serbuk dan granular, pada laju alir influen yang bervariasi. Hasilnya, laju alir mempengaruhi nilai kapasitas (qo), konstanta thomas (KtH) dan waktu breakthrough.Kata Kunci : Pb2+ , adsorpsi, abu layang, breakthrough Coal is one of the inexpensive alternative energy. Therefore, the usage of coal in indonesia has been increased every year. It produces waste that can pollute the environment including gases waste such as CO2, NOX, CO, SO2, hydrocarbons and solid waste including fly ash and bottom ash. Coal fly ash is composed of  SiO2, Al2O3 and unburned carbon that enables it to act as a potential adsorbent. In this research, the adsorption capasity has increased by thermal activation and used to adsorp Pb2+ ion in wastewater.  The adsorption was carried out in packed column contains powder and granular activated fly ash. In the system, flow rate was varied.  The results show that flow rate influences adsorption capacity, Thomas constant and breakthrough time.Keywords: Pb2+, adsorption, coal fly ash, breakthrough
SINTESIS ADSORBEN BERBASIS LIGNOSELULOSA DARI KAYU RANDU (Ceiba pentandraL.) UNTUK MENJERAP Pb(II) DALAM LIMBAH CAIR ARTIFISIAL Astuti, Widi; Susilowati, Nova
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 3, No 2 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v3i2.3697

Abstract

Pada penelitian ini, limbah kayu randu digunakan sebagai adsorben untuk menjerap ion Pb (II) dalam larutan. Kayu randu yang telah direaksikan dengan NaOH dikarakterisasi dan diuji kemampuan adsorpsinya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada serbuk kayu hasil reaksi dengan NaOH terlihat adanya pori dengan bentuk dan ukuran yang lebih seragam dengan luas permukaan spesifik 7,420 m2/g dan diameter pori 0.3 nm. Adsorpsi mencapai kesetimbangan pada 120 menit dengan kemampuan penjerapan sebesar 2,47 mg/g. Adsorpsi mengikuti model isotherm Freundlich dengan nilai tetapan KF sebesar 1,986 dan n sebesar 0,649.In this research, cotton wood waste was used to adsorb Pb(II) ion in the solution. Sodium hydroxide treated cotton wood was characterized its spesific surface area, pore size, morphology and functional group. Furthermore, it was tested its adsorption ability to adsorb ion Pb(II). The result show that the treated cotton wood has uniform pores. Its specific surface area and pore diameter are 7.420 m2/g and 0.3 nm, respectively. The equilibrium was achieved in 120 minutes. Adsorption ability of the adsorben is 2.47 mg/g. In the adsorption, Freundlich isotherm model fit with the experimental data with the value of KF and n are 1.986 and 0.649, respectively.
GRANULASI ABU LAYANG BATUBARA MENGGUNAKAN KARAGENAN DAN APLIKASINYA SEBAGAI ADSORBEN Pb(II) Astuti, Widi; Izzati, Indah Nurul
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 4, No 2 (2015): December 2015
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v4i2.4361

Abstract

The increase of electrical industry using coal as an energy source resulting in accumulated solid waste such as fly ash.Coal fly ash is mainly composed of some oxides including Al2O3, SiO2 having active siteand unburned carbon as a mesopore material that anables it to act as a potentialadsorbent.However, the use of powder coal fly ash as an adsorbent is quite complex, especially in the filtration installation, so difficult to be applied in the industry.The aim of this study is to carry out granulation of the coal fly ash with the addition of carrageenan as a binder to improve the mechanical and chemical stability thereby increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of the adsorption process. Coal fly ash wasreacted with sodium hydroxide solution and then granulated with the addition of carrageenan 10, 15 and 20 w/w. Granular coal fly ash was further characterized its specific surface area, functional group and morphology. Furthermore, granular and powder treated coal fly ash were tested their adsorption ability for ion Pb (II). The results show that the addition of carrageenan as a binder can change the characteristics of coal fly ash, decrease specific surface area and adsorption capability. The adsorption of Pb (II) by coal fly ash granular follows the Langmuir isotherm model with a constant value of is 0.173 and KLis 0.329.
Teak Leaf-Based Activated Carbon for Phosphate Removal Astuti, Widi; Zulaechah, Luluk Siti; Kristian, Lian
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan Vol 8, No 1 (2019): June 2019 [Nationally Accredited - Sinta 2]
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jbat.v8i1.20169

Abstract

The use of detergent predictably causes large quantities of phosphate ion in water bodies. It is considered to trigger eutrophication, that creates a severe reduction in water quality. Adsorption using activated carbon is one of the effective methods for the removal of phosphate from wastewater. Recently, the use of microwave irradiation in activated carbon preparation is a promising alternative to replace conventional heating using a furnace. In this study, the use of microwave heating was compared to conventional heating. The result showed that pore of activated carbon was larger than that of the char and the activated carbon prepared using 30% of ZnCl2 had the adsorption performance higher than that of prepared using 20% of ZnCl2. The optimum adsorption occurred at pH 4 and the equilibrium was reached after 180 minutes. The Langmuir equilibrium model was more appropriate than the Freundlich equilibrium model. While the kinetics model analyzed using pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, internal diffusion, and external diffusion indicated that the pseudo second order was most suitable for the adsorption of phosphate by teak leaf activated carbon.
Co-Authors . Aprolita, . Adil Jamali, Adil Agus Prasetya Aprimal Aprimal, Aprimal Arsyad Lubis, Arsyad Astrilia Damayanti Azhar Azhar Bambang Suharno Bayu Kurniawan Bratakusuma, D Bratakusuma, Danu Catur Rini Widyastuti, Catur Rini Dewi Kurniati Dewi Purnama Sari Diah Ayu Wulandari, Diah Ayu Djoko Adi Widodo Dwi Handayani, Anggelita Eka Ayu Agustina, Himmah Sekar Endang Tri Wahyuni Fajar Nurjaman Gemilar, Gelar Panji Hendrik Setiawan, Hendrik Heni Kusumayani Herlina, Ulin Herlina, Ulin Himawan Tri Bayu Murti Petrus, Himawan Tri Bayu Murti I Made Bendiyasa Indah Nurul Izzati, Indah Nurul Indra Perdana Iskandar, Y Iskandar, Yusuf Isnugroho, Kusno Isnugroho, Kusno Kristian, Lian Kristian, Stefanus Lian Kusuma, Alam Budi Kusumawardani, Yustika Kusumawardani, Yustika Kusumawardani, Yustika Maswadi Maswadi Mufakhir, Fika Rofiek Mufakhir, Fika Rofiek Mufakir, Fika Rofiek Muhammad Amin Nova Susilowati, Nova Novira, Dinda Tri Novita, Sinta Nur Nalindra Putra, Nur Nalindra Nurjanah, Isti Nurjanah, Isti Petrus, Himawan TBM Petrus, Himawan TBM Putra, Federick Dwi Radenrara Dewi Artanti Putri, Radenrara Dewi Artanti Ratna Dewi Kusumaningtyas Ratna Frida Susanti Ria Wulansarie, Ria RTD Wisnu Broto Septriana, Ayu Setyawan, Cahya Edi shinta virdhian, shinta Shofi, Achmad Sinaga, J M Sinaga, J M Soesaptri Oediyani, Soesaptri Sofi, Achmad Suka, Ediman Ginting Tanujaya, Felisha Hapsari Tanujaya, Felisha Hapsari Tawfiequrahman, Ahmad Triastuti Sulistyaningsih Vidhian, Shinta Wanta, Kevin Cleary Wanta, Kevin Cleary Widhi Maharani Wijaya, Ardyanto Wiratni Wiratni, Wiratni Yustika Kusumawardani, Yustika Kusumawardani Zulaechah, Luluk Siti Zulaechah, Luluk Siti