Rahayu Astuti
Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat FKM Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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RIWAYAT PAJANAN PESTISIDA SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN ABORTUS SPONTAN (STUDI PADA IBU HAMIL DI PUSKESMAS SIDAMULYA KABUPATEN BREBES) Rahayu, Ayu; Astuti, Rahayu; -, Sayono
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2015: Prosiding Student Paper Presentation The 2nd University Research Colloquium
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Background: The prevalence of abortion in Iran in 2014 reached 45.7% of the 2,470 pregnant women. Abortion among farmers exposed to pesticides as much as 9%. Pesticide exposure in pregnant women can cause thyroid dysfunction that causes hypothyroidism causing abortion. Methods: This case-control study involving 30 cases and 30 control in Puskesmas Sidamulya. The variables studied were history of pesticide exposure (duration of exposure, long exposure every day, duration of exposure every week, engaging in agricultural activity). And the incidence of spontaneous abortion, among the variables that cholinesterase levels. Analysis using Chi-square test. Results: There was a relationship with the exposure period the incidence of spontaneous abortion (p=0.001,OR=14.00 CI 95%), There is a relationship between duration of exposure every day with spontaneous abortion (p=0.001,OR=12.250 CI 95%), there is a relationship long exposure every week with Spontaneous abortion (p=0.000,OR=25.375 CI 95%), there is a relationship of involvement in farming activities with the incidence of spontaneous abortion (p=0.004,OR=7.875 95% CI) Conclusion: There is a relationship between the length of exposure with spontaneous abortion (p=0.001, OR=14.00 CI 95%), There is a relationship between duration of exposure every day with spontaneous abortion (p=0.001,OR=12.250 CI 95%), There is a relationship Exposure every week with spontaneous abortion (p=0.000,OR=25.375 CI 95%), There is a relationship of involvement in agricultural activities with spontaneous abortion (p=0.004, OR=7.875 95% CI)Keywords: incidence of spontaneous abortion, history of exposure to pesticides
ANALISIS ZAT GIZI TEMPE FORTIFIKASI ZAT BESI BERDASARKAN PEMASAKAN Astuti, Rahayu; Aminah, Siti; Syamsianah, Agustin
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2012: SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL PENELITIAN 2012
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Anemia merupakan salah satu masalah gizi paling umum pada negara berkembang, termasukIndonesia. Diantara berbagai solusi perbaikan gizi, fortifikasi makanan merupakan salah satuupaya yang dapat dilakukan. Tempe yang berbahan dasar kedele memungkinkan sebagai alternatifmakanan untuk difortifikasi dengan besi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis zat gizi padatempe fortifikasi zat besi, mentah dan masak. Penelitian yang dilakukan adalah pembuatan tempefortifikasi zat besi, dimana terdapat 5 kelompok perlakuan dengan 3 ulangan. Rancanganpenelitian yang digunakan adalah percobaan satu faktor dengan dasar Rancangan Acak Lengkap(RAL). Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah uji t indipendent dan uji Mann Whitney sertaAnova dan uji Kruskal Wallis. Analisis zat gizi dilakukan pada tempe mentah dan masak(dibacem). Hasil analisis menunjukkan terdapat penurunan yang bermakna zat gizi (protein,lemak, dan zat besi) pada tempe fortifikasi yang telah dimasak. Namun pada kadar abu dankarbohidrat mengalami kenaikan yang bermakna setelah dilakukan pemasakan (dibacem). Tempeyang difortifikasi zat besi, makin tinggi kadar zat besi yang ditambahkan pada fortifikan makakadar zat besi tempe makin meningkat (pada tempe fortifikasi mentah) dan ada perbedaan yangbermakna. Pada tempe fortifikasi masak juga ada pengaruh perlakuan terhadap kadar zat besi,namun antar perlakuan kadar zat besinya bervariasi. Pengaruh pemasakan dengan dibacemmenurunkan kadar zat besi secara bermakna (p=0,00), dimana rata-rata kadar zat besi tempefortifikasi mentah 3,36 mg menjadi 2,67 mg
Pengaruh Program Pelatihan Pengolahan Sampah Padat Organik Menggunakan Metode Composting Terhadap Pengetahuan Dan Ketrampilan Ibu-Ibu PKK Di RW III Kelurahan Boja Kabupaten Kendal Salawati, Trixie; Astuti, Rahayu; Hayati, Rizki Nurul
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 3, No. 2, Agustus 2008
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Background: Garbage is discard materials as a result of human life. The amount of garbage yielded by human being is increased progressively that require to be handled to prevent from one way to handled garbage especially organic garbage is by processing them to become compost.. Composting is process decomposition of garbage biologically either in aerobic or anaerobic condition. Many people do not understand how to process solid waste becomes compost. This study aims to know the effects of training in composting garbage at PKK’s member at Kendal District.Method: The study is action research using Pre Test Post Test Design. 30 women were selected purposively using certain criteria. The data analyzed using Paired t-test and Wilcoxon test to compare the result before and after training.Result: The study shows that there were significant differences between level of knowledge of women before and after training. However the significant differences between before and after training in terms of the level of knowledge and attitudes 1 month after training whereasthe skills after training increase significantly.Keywords: training, knowledge, skilled, composting, garbage
KADAR HEMOGLOBIN PADA SISWI PONDOK PESANTREN PUTRI KECAMATAN MRANGGEN KABUPATEN DEMAK JAWA TENGAH Astuti, Rahayu; Rosidi, Ali
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2014: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL - HASIL PENELITIAN & PENGABDIAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Anemia is a nutritional problem in Indonesia. Prevalence of anemia in adolescents still high,whereas in adolescents living in boarding schools showed a higher prevalence. The purpose ofthe study analyzed the differences of levels of hemoglobin (Hb) based on student characteristics,menarche status and body mass index (BMI). This study is an analytic with cross-sectionaldesign. Population were all female students from two boarding schools (pesantren) who was inMranggen the District of Demak. The entire student also attending formal education inMadrasah Tsanawiyah. Sampling with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The variablesstudied were hemoglobin levels were measured by Cyamethemoglobin, student identity dataincluding age, class, medical history, number of children, father education and menarche status,and body mass index (BMI). Statistical analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis of theMann Whitney test and Kruskal Wallis test. Data normality test used Kolmogorov Smirnov test.The level of significance was 5%. The results showed that of 213 girls studied, who suffer fromanemia 159 people (74,6%). Lowest hemoglobin level of 7,56 g/dL, the highest 14,80 g/dL, anaverage of 11,15 g/dL and standard deviation 1,46 g/dL. There is a significant difference (p =0,000 and p = 0,007) mean Hb level by grade and age. There were no differences in mean Hblevels by categories of children, father education, menarche status, and BMI categories (p>0,05). Keywords: hemoglobin levels, anemia, menarche status, BMI, boarding school
PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN DAN KETRAMPILAN KADER POSYANDU DI KELURAHAN PURWOSARI KECAMATAN MIJEN KOTA SEMARANG Handarsari, Erma; Syamsianah, Agustin; Astuti, Rahayu
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2015: Prosiding Bidang MIPA dan Kesehatan The 2nd University Research Colloquium
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Indonesia still have nutritional problems that requires serious handling. Posyandu (Integrated Service Post) is part of a society which is the spearhead in the implementation of government programs especially those related to health issues. In this case, including nutrition problems in the handling of malnutrition. Health officials cooperating with the cadres Posyandu in supplementary additional meal/food and monitoring weight gain. The goal in this devotion is to increase the cadre's ability to manage the Posyandu, nutritional knowledge and creativity to made additional meal/food for toddler to achieve optimal health care in Posyandu. The method used is counseling, guidance, practice and competition between cadres that can increased ability as a volunteer in society service. The sample in this devotion is 37 cadres residing in the village Purwosari, Mijen district ,Semarang City. Results of this devotion showed increased abilities, knowledge and skills of cadres,. The results of pre-test and post-test all the training materials showed an increased level cadre's knowledge. While the increase in skill can be seen from variability of ten kinds of dishes snack menu creativity of the cadre's results.Keywords : Posyandu cadres, knowledge, skills
FAKTOR RESIKO ANEMIA PADA SISWI PONDOK PESANTREN Astuti, Rahayu; Rosidi, Ali
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2015: Prosiding Bidang MIPA dan Kesehatan The 2nd University Research Colloquium
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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The finding of several studies in Indonesia show that the anemia prevalence of adolescents remained high. Anemia on adolescents living in boarding schools showed a higher prevalence. The aim of the study analyzed risk factor of anemia on adolescents living in boarding schools. The study was conducted with analytic survey with cross-sectional design. Population were all female students from two boarding schools (pesantren) in Mranggen the District of Demak. The entire student also attending formal education in Madrasah Tsanawiyah. Sampling with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The variables studied were hemoglobin levels were measured by Cyamethemoglobin, student identity data including age, class, medical history, number of children, father education and menarche status, and body mass index (BMI). Statistical analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis of the Chi Square test. The level of significance was 5%. The results showed that of 213 girls studied, who suffer from anemia 159 people (74,6%). Risk factor of anemia was age, class and menarche status. Schoolgirls aged 12-13 years the risk of anemia 3.435 times compared to female students aged 14-15 years. Female student from one class 7.202 times the risk of anemia compared to female students from two classes. While the number of children in the family, education of father and categories of body mass index (BMI) is not a risk factor for anemia in the boarding school students.Keywords: adolescents, boarding school, anemia, risk factor
GAMBARAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PRAKTIK IBU POST NATAL TERHADAP KUNJUNGAN NEONATUS DI BPS HJ SRI WAHYUNI KOTA SEMARANG TAHUN 2013 Afifah, Afifah; Astuti, Rahayu; Andarsari, Wening
Jurnal Kebidanan Vol 2, No 2 (2013): JURNAL KEBIDANAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26714/jk.2.2.2013.8-12

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Latar belakang : Masa neonatus (0-28 hari) merupakan golongan umur yang memiliki resiko gangguan kesehatan paling tinggi dan tidak tertutup kemungkinan bayi mengalami sakit, sehingga memerlukan pemantauan kesehatan melalui kunjungan neonatus. Tujuan :Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengetahuan, sikap dan praktik ibu post natal terhadap kunjungan neonatus di BPS Hj Sri Wahyuni Kota Semarang. Metode : Jenis Penelitian yang digunakan adalah jenis penelitian deskriptif dengan rancangan penelitian adalah survei deskriptif. Populasi dan sampel adalah 40 ibu post natal (28-60 hari).Pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah teknik sampling jenuh. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan kuesioner dan analisis data dengan menggunakan statistik deskriptif. Hasil : penelitian yang diperoleh bahwa 1) Pengetahuan tentang kunjungan neonatus pada ibu post natal di BPS Hj Sri Wahyuni memiliki pengetahuan baik sebanyak 12 orang (30%), pengetahuan cukup sebanyak 19 orang (47,5%), pengetahuan kurang sebanyak 9 orang (22,5%). 2) Sikap tentang kunjungan neonatus yang memiliki sikap positif (mendukung) sebanyak 23 orang (57,5%), sikap negatif (tidak mendukung) sebanyak 17 orang (42,5%). 3) Praktik terhadap kunjungan neonatus pada Kunjungan Neonatus I ( KN I) yang melakukan 15 orang (37,5%), tidak melakukan 25 orang (62,5%), Kunjungan Neonatus II (KN II) yang melakukan 28 orang (70%), tidak melakukan 12 orang (30%), Kunjungan Neonatus III (KN III) yang melakukan 40 orang (100%). Simpulan : 1) Pengetahuan tentang kunjungan neonatus pada ibu post natal di BPS Hj Sri Wahyuni menunjukan bahwa sebagian besar responden memiliki pengetahuan cukup sebanyak 19 orang (47,5%). 2) Sikap tentang kunjungan neonatus pada ibu post natal di BPS Hj Sri Wahyuni menunjukan bahwa sebagian besar responden memiliki sikap positif (mendukung) sebanyak 23 orang ( 57,5%). 3) Praktik terhadap Kunjungan Neonatus I (KN I) 37,5% masih sangat kurang, namun Kunjungan Neonatus II (KN II) 70% dan Kunjungan neonatus III (KN III) 100% lebih banyak.
PENGARUH KETERATURAN KONSUMSI TEH MANIS TERHADAPKELELAHAN PEKERJA (STUDI DI PABRIK TAHU ECO KELURAHAN JOMBLANG KECAMATAN CANDISARI KOTA SEMARANG) Rohman, Nur Zaini; Astuti, Rahayu; Nurullita, Ulfa
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Volume 10. No. 1. Tahun 2015
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26714/jkmi.v10i1.2389

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Background. The temperature of the working environment in the industry know very high ECObetween 36-500C such conditions can cause the appearance of sweat, the perspiration contained salt sodium chloride coming out along with the sweat that inhibits the transport of glucose in the body and cause the onset of muscle contraction. In the event of muscle contraction, the glycogen is converted into lactic acid that may hamper the work of muscles causing fatigue. With the granting of an additional drink regularly with carbohydrates very well to prevent the occurrence of fatigue caused by lack of fluids. Sweet tea is a drink containing carbohydrates are produced from the sugar content can be useful as an additional source of energy.. Purpose: To knowing the influence of granting sweet tea on a regular basis to the level of exhaustion factory worker knew ECO Village of Jomblang Sub-district Candisari Semarang. Methods: Type this research is specious experiment ( quasi experiment ) with delightful research before and after one group (one group before and after design). The variable independent granting tea sweetened and dependent variable the rate of fatigue work. Results: The rate of fatigue before work on the control group of 265.071 milli/sec and on the groups treatmen of 267.714 milli/sec. The rate of fatigue after work on control group of 407.062 milli/sec and on the groups treatmen of 220.062 milli/sec. The average rate of change fatigue in the control group of 2.643 milli/sec and average rate of change fatigue on the Group's treatment of -187.000 milli/sec to the value of p = 0.000 (p<0.05). Conclusion: There is a any influence granting tea sweetened the fatigue rate change.
Pengaruh Penyuluhan Kesehatan Tentang Kecacingan Terhadap Pengetahuan dan Sikap Siswa Madrasah Ibtidaiyah An Nur Kelurahan Pedurungan Kidul Kota Semarang Presska A.K, Cicilia; Salawati, Trixie; Astuti, Rahayu
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 7, No. 2, Agustus 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (27.658 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.7.2.184-190

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Latar belakang : Anak usia SD sangat rentan terkena kecacingan. Hasil studi pendahuluan diMadrasah Ibtidaiyah (MI) An Nur di Kelurahan Penggaron Kidul, Kecamatan Pedurungan,Kota Semarang menunjukkan adanya faktor risiko yang memungkinkan siswa-siswa tersebutterinfeksi kecacingan. Selanjutnya banyak dari siswa yang tidak mengetahui tentang penyakitkecacingan. Untuk membantu mencegah terjadinya infeksi kecacingan di MI tersebut, makadiperlukan penyuluhan kesehatan dengan media yang tepat agar mudah dipahami sehinggaberpengaruh pada pengetahuan dan sikap siswa. Tujuan : untuk mengetahui pengaruhpenyuluhan kesehatan terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap tentang kecacingan. Metode : jenispenelitian ini adalah eksperimen semu, dengan menggunakan rancangan pre test post test design.Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh siswa MI An Nur Kelurahan Penggaron Kidul. Sampel diambilsecara purposive pada siswa kelas IV, V, VI yaitu berjumlah 44 siswa, kemudina dibagi menjadi2 kelompok secara random. Kelompok pertama diberi penyuluhan kesehatan melalui ceritabergambar, dan kelompok kedua melali ceramah. Analisis bivariat menggunakan uji tberpasangan Wilcoxon, sedangkan untuk mengetahui pengaruh antara dua kelompokmenggunakan uji t independen dan Man Whitney. Hasil : Hasil : Ada perbedaan secara signifikanantara pengetahuan dan sikap sebelum dan sesudah intervensi pada masing-masing kelompok.Selanjutnya ada perbedaan secara signifikan antara peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap antarakelompok yang diintervensi menggunakan cerita bergambar dengan ceramah.Kata Kunci : Kecacingan, Pengetahuan, Sikap, Cerita bergambar, Ceramah Background : School-age children are very susceptible to worms infection. the result ofpreliminary study at An Nur Islamic Elementary School showed there are risk factors ofoccurrence of diseases of intestinal worms. Furthermore many of the students at An Nur Islamicelementary School do not know about worms infection. Purpose: to determine the effect ofhealth education on knowledge and attitudes about worms infection among students at An NurIslamic Elemntary School. Methods: This research type is Quasi experimental, by using pre testpost test design. Amount of samples are 44. The data analyzed by using paired t-Test. Results:There is a sigficant different between knowledge and attitudes before and after intervention ineach group. Furthermore there are significant different between the increase in knowledge andattitudes between the intervention group using a picture story than a lecture.Key words : Worms, Knowledge, Attitude, Picture Story, Lecture
PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN PRE OPERASI TERHADAP TINGKAT KECEMASAN PADA PASIEN PRE OPERASI HERNIA DI RSUD KUDUS Kurniawan, Arif; Armiyati, Yunie; Astuti, Rahayu
FIKkeS Vol 6, No 2 (2013): JURNAL KEPERAWATAN
Publisher : FIKkeS

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Kecemasan dapat terjadi pada semua pasien yang akan menjalani operasi, termasuk pada pasien yang akan menjalani operasi hernia. Kecemasan yang mereka alami biasanya terkait dengan segala macam prosedur asing yang harus dijalani pasien dan juga ancaman terhadap keselamatan jiwa akibat segala macam pembedahan dan tindakan pembiusan. Tujuan penelitian ini mengetahui pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan pre operasi terhadap penurunan tingkat kecemasan pada pasien pre operasi hernia di RSUD Kudus. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain eksperimen semu (quasi experiment) dengan rancangan penelitian ini ialah one group pretest posttest dan pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan metode accidental sampling yaitu berjumlah 15 orang. Analisa data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah dengan menggunakan analisis statistik T dependent / Paired T-test. Berdasarkan hasil analisis statistik diperoleh sebagian besar responden sebelum diberikan pendidikan kesehatan mengalami cemas sedang yaitu sebanyak 11 orang (73,3%), sedangkan yang mengalami cemas ringan dan cemas berat masing-masing yaitu sebanyak 2 orang (13,3%) dengan rata-rata 52,67. sebelum diberikan pendidikan kesehatan mengalami cemas ringan yaitu sebanyak 8 orang (53,3%), sedangkan yang mengalami cemas sedang sebanyak 5 orang (33,3%), dan yang tidak mengalami cemas sebanyak 2 orang (13,3%). Ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara tingkat kecemasan sebelum dan sesudah diberikan pendidikan kesehatan pada pasien pre operasi hernia skrotalis yaitu dengan p value = 0,000 < ? (0,05). Rekomendasi yang dapat diberikan adalah agar perawat dapat melaksanakan pendidikan kesehatan secara berkelanjutan pada setiap pasien yang akan dilakukan tindakan operasi.Kata kunci: tingkat kecemasan, pendidikan kesehatan, operasi hernia