Articles

Found 36 Documents
Search

Nutrient Intake and Digestibility of Cynomolgus Monkey (Macaca fascicularis) Fed with High Soluble Carbohydrate Diet: A Preliminary Study ASTUTI, DEWI APRI; SUPARTO, IRMA HERAWATI; SAJUTHI, DONDIN; BUDIARSA, I NENGAH
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 16, No 4 (2009): December 2009
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (29.961 KB)

Abstract

High carbohydrate as obese diet is not yet available commercially for monkeys. Therefore, this preliminary study was to carry out nutrient intake and digestibility of cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) fed with high soluble carbohydrate diet compared to monkey chow. Five adult female macaques (average body weight 2.67 kg) were made to consume freshly  diet. Commercial monkey chows (contains 3500 cal/g energy and 35% starch) were fed to three adult females (average body weight 3.62 kg). Nutrient intakes and digestibility parameters were measured using modified metabolic cages. Result showed that  average of protein, fat, starch, and energy intakes in treatment diet were higher than control diet (T-test). Fat intake in the treatment diet was three times higher, while starch and energy intakes were almost two times higher than monkey chow. Digestibility percentage of all nutrients were the same in both diets except for the protein. The study concludes that the freshly prepared high sugar diet was palatable and digestible for the cynomolgus monkeys. Further studies are in progress to develop obese diet high in energy content based on fat and source of starch treatments.         Key words: Macaca fascicularis, obese, metabolic cages, intake, digestibility
Pemanfaatan bungkil biji jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas) terfermentasi sebagai pakan ayam kampung ., Sumiati; Astuti, Dewi Apri; Suharti, Sri
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1020.999 KB)

Abstract

Jatropha curcas"meal (JCM) is very potential as protein source for poultry. The JCM contained high crude protein, i.e. 56,4-63,8% (without hull) and 22,39-31,41% (hulled JCM). JCM serves as a highly nutritious and economic protein supplement in animal feed, if the toxins and antinutrients contained in the JCM are removed. The toxic compounds isolated from jatropha seed include curcin, phorbolesters, and the antinutrients include antitrypsins, tannin, saponin, phytic acid, and high fiber. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented JCM on the performances of kampong chickens. In this study, tempeh fungi (fungi using in fermenting soybean) used to ferment the JCM. Two hundred kampung chickens were used in this experiment and reared from day old up to 10 weeks of age. The data analyzed with a Completely Randomized Design with 5 treatment diets and 4 replications, with 10 birds in each replicate. The experimental diets were: TO (the control diet, without Jatropha curcas meal), T1 (the diet contained 5°/o untreated Jatropha curcas meal), T2 (the diet contained 5% fermented Jatropha curcas meal + cellulase 200 ml/ton of feed), T3 (the diet contained 5°/o fermented Jatropha curcas meal + 1000 FTU phytase), and T4 {the diet contained 5% fermented Jatropha curcas meal + cellulase 200 ml/ton + 1000 FTU phytase). The results showed that there were no significant difference on the parameters observed due to the treatments. Feeding fermented Jatropha curcas meal supplemented with cellulase+ phytase{T4) yielded the final body weight and feed conversion ratio similar to those the control {TO) diet. There was no mortality observed in all treatments. Using JCM 5% in the diet is safe for the kampong chickens.Keywords : Jatropha curcas meal, fermentation, kampong chicken.
Konsumsi Pakan Asal Hewan pada Kukang (Nycticebus coucang) di Fasilitas Penangkaran, Pusat Studi Satwa Primata (PSSP) IPB Sinaga, Walberto; Astuti, Dewi Apri; Iskandar, Entang; ., Wirdateti; Pamungkas, Joko
Jurnal Primatologi Indonesia Vol 7, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Satwa Primata LPPM-IPB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (491.139 KB)

Abstract

Abstrak. Sebagai salah satu upaya konservasi, Pusat Studi Satwa Primata, Institut Pertanian Bogor (PSSP IPB) menangkarkan kukang (Nyticebus coucang) di luar habitat aslinya (eks-situ). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan data konsumsi pakan asal hewan pada kukang dewasa selama satu tahun di Penangkaran PSSP IPB. Hewan yang diamati berada dalam enam kandang dengan ukuran yang sama, serta umur yang hampir seragam, masing-masing kandang berisi 2 atau 1 ekor kukang dewasa dengan jumlah keseluruhan sepuluh ekor.  kukang berasal dari Pulau Sumatera, dan sudah beradaptasi di penangkaran selama tiga tahun.  Jenis pakan yang diberikan berasal hewan, berupa jangkrik (Gryllus mitratus), ulat hongkong (Tenebrio molitor), ulat sutra (Bombyx mori), cicak (Cosymbotus platyurus) dan kadal rumput (Takydromus sexlineatus). Penelitian perilaku makan kukang dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode One Zero Sampling. Komposisi gizi pakan percobaan dianalisis dengan metode proksimat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persentase rerata kesukaan makan  jenis hewan pada semua kukang, dari yang paling disukai hingga yang kurang disukai (rendah) adalah ulat sutra (Bombyx mori) dengan nilai (100%), jangkrik (91,6%), cicak (60%), kadal rumput (59%), dan pakan asal hewan yang kurang disukai adalah ulat hongkong (2,2%). Total konsumsi bahan kering pakan serangga sebanyak 284,11 g/kandang/hari atau sekitar 84,94% dan energi sebanyak 5626,79 kkal/kg.Abstract. As one of the conservation efforts, the Primate Research Center (PRC) of Bogor Agricultural University  has been developing ex-situ captive breeding of coucangs (Nyticebus coucang) since 2005. This study aims to obtain data on the consumption of feed of animal origin by adults coucang during one year at PRC breeding facility. Animals were housed in six cages of the same size, while age was almost similiar. Each cage consists of 2 or 1 coucang with a total of ten animals. The animals originated from the island of Sumatra, and were adapted to captivity for three years. The type of feeds of animal origin were crickets (Gryllus mitratus), caterpillars (Tenebrio Molitor), silkworms (Bombyx mori), lizards (Cosymbotus platyurus) and grass lizards (Takydromus sexlineatus). Feeding behavior was carried out by using One Zero Sampling method. Nutritional composition of the experimental feeds were analyzed by proximate method. The results showed the average percentage of favorite by the coucang from most preferred to least preferred (low) were silkworms (Bombyx mori) with a value of (100%), crickets (91.6%), lizards (60%), grass lizards (59%), while feeds of animal origin which were less favored were hongkong worms (2,2%). Total consumption of dry feed of all insects given, amounted to 284.11 g/cage/day or approximately 84.94% with a high energy level of 5626.79 kcal/kg.Key words: feed consumption, animal origin, N.coucang, captive breeding, nutrient
Profil Lipid Darah pada Monyet Ekor Panjang (Macaca fascicularis) yang Diinduksi Diet Tinggi Lemak Suparto, Irma Herawati; Oktarina, Ria; Astuti, Dewi Apri; Mansjoer, Sri Supraptini; Sajuthi, Dondin
Jurnal Primatologi Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Satwa Primata LPPM-IPB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (7643.203 KB)

Abstract

Abstrak: Diet berenergi tinggi dengan sumber dari lemak dapat mendorong perkembangan obesitas yang biasanya disertai dengan perubahan profil lipid darah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh diet energi tinggi dengan sumber lemak hewani dan kuning telur sebagai diet obesitas terhadap profil lipid darah monyet ekor panjang (Macaca fascicularis) yang diberikan selama empat bulan. Lima belas ekor monyet jantan dewasa dibagi menjadi tiga kelompok diet secara acak menjadi kelompok 1) lemak tinggi dari lemak hewani tanpa kuning telur, atau 2) lemak tinggi dengan kuning telur, (lemak 19,62% pada kedua diet), atau 3) diet standar monkey chow sebagai kontrol (lemak 5,55%). Pengukuran dilakukan tiap bulan untuk berat badan, profil lipid darah seperti kolesterol, trigliserida, kolesterol lipoprotein densitas tinggi (HDL-C) dan kolesterol lipoprotein densitas rendah (LDL-C), dan pada akhir studi, konsumsi lemak dan kecernaan dievaluasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan hewan konsumsi lemak tinggi dengan kuning telur meningkat bobot badannya secara signifikan pada minggu ke-4 dan 8 (p
Portal Blood Flow Of Femgle Growing and Lactating Goats on Different Food Intakes Sastradipradja, Djokowoerjo; Astuti, Dewi Apri; Permadi, Harnowo; paridjo, Pursani
Media Veteriner Vol 4, No 2 (1997): Media Veteriner
Publisher : Media Veteriner

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.114 KB)

Abstract

Net production or uptake rates of the portal drained viscera (PDV) were estimated by measuring portal venous blood flow (PBF) according to the Fidc principle in asmiation with measurement of arterio-venous blood concentration differences. H-paro-aminohippuric acid wes constantly infused into a mesenteric vein to measure PBF on female growing and lactating PE goats fed different levels of feed intakes. Cardiac output (CO) and whole body energy expenditure were measured by the carbondioxidee entry rate technique (CERT). PBF (n=2 for each group) of growing goats were 1032,624,652,486 and 394 mllmin for 100,90, 80,70 and60 % of ad libitum feeding which corresponded to 32.7, 17.4, 19.8, 14.8 and 13.7 % of CO. For lactating goats, PBF (n-2 each) were 500, 371 and 223 ml/min for 100, 90 and 80 % of ad libitum feeding, corresponding to 13.6, 13.7 atid 7.6 % of CO. The calorigenic effect associated with feed intake of growing goats varied in descending order from 45 to 20 % of total body energy expenditure, while that of lactrrting goats was around 7 %. Absorption of volatile fatty acids was proportional to level of dietary intake.
ENERGY AND PROTEIN BALANCE OF NILE TILAPIA FED WITH MORINGA AND MULBERRY LEAVES Astuti, Dewi Apri; Becker, Klaus; Ritcher, Nahid
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.931 KB)

Abstract

The study was to evaluate energy and protein balance of diet that contain extracted moringa  and mulberry leaf, as each 30% protein replacement for fish meal in nile tilapia diets. Three diets were control, prepared with fishmeal (C), diet 1 contained methanol extracted  moringa (D-1) and diet 2 contained mulberry  leaf (D-2). Fifteen nile tilapia were randomly kept in a 5 L capacity individual respiration chamber in which the oxygen consumption of each fish could be measured continuously. Prior to the experiment fish were measured standard metabolic rate (SMR), routine metabolic rate (RMR) and scope for spontaneous activity (SSA). Parameter measured were body weight, energy intake (GEI), energy expenditure (EE), energy metabolism (ME), energy retention (ER) and protein utilization. The data were subjected to analysis of variance and were continued using  Duncan’s Test.  The results showed   the average values of SMR, RMR and SSA were 49, 67 and 105  mg.kg -0.8.h-1 , respectively. GEI for the control group was lower than  the other groups, while final body weight in group D-1 was the highest. The ER (g) for group D-2 was the highest while value of Protein Efficiency Ratio and Protein Production Value in group D-1 were the highest. It was concluded that methanol extract of moringa are quite  palatable and could replace 30% of protein fish meal in diets for nile tilapia.Key words:  moringa, mulberry, standard metabolic rate, routine metabolic rate, scope for spontaneous activity
Gas production and rumen fermentation characteristics of buffalo diets containing by-product from some sorghum varieties Sugoro, Irawan; Wiryawan, Komang G.; Astuti, Dewi Apri; Wahyono, Teguh
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 20, No 4 (2015): DECEMBER 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (259.378 KB)

Abstract

Sorghum is one of potencial fibre sources as buffalo feed. Quality of sorghum could be increased by irradiation mutation breeding. Samurai 1 and Samurai 2 were products of the irradiation mutation breeding of Pahat. This study was conducted to compare buffalo diets containing Samurai 2 sorghum straw and Samurai 1 bagasse sorghum compared with Pahat sorghum straw using in vitro study. Completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 3 replications was applied in this experiment. The treatment diets were P1 (50% Pahat sorghum straw + 50% concentrate), P2 (50% Pahat sorghum straw silage + 50% concentrate), P3 (50% Samurai 2 sorghum straw + 50% concentrate), P4 (50% Samurai 2 sorghum straw silage + 50% concentrate), P5 (50% Samurai 1 sorghum bagasse + 50% concentrate) and P6 (50% Samurai 1 sorghum bagasse silage + 50% concentrate). The 200 mg DM samples of diets were incubated in 30 ml rumen-buffer fluid for 48 hours. Variables measured were total gas production, CH4 production and rumen fermentation characteristics. Results showed that P2 and P4 produce the highest of gas production (P<0.05) with 60.99 and 60.86 ml/200 mg dry matter respectively. Treatments of P1, P2 and P4 produced the lowest CH4 concentration (P<0.05) with 10.57, 10.90 and 9.82% of total gas, respectively. The P4 produced the highest total volatile fatty acids (VFA), dry matter degradability and organic matter degradability with 109.83 mM, 62.93% and 59.97% respectively, meanwhile ammonia (NH3) concentration was not significantly different. The conclusion showed that straw silage of Samurai 2 was comparable to the Pahat sorghum straw and Samurai 1 bagasse sorghum as buffalo diet. Key Words: Buffalo, CH4 Concentration, Rumen Fermentation Characteristics, Sorghum
Potential and utilization of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal as soybean meal substitution in laying hen diets Palupi, Rizki; Abdullah, Luki; Astuti, Dewi Apri; ., Sumiati .
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 19, No 3 (2014): SEPTEMBER 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.018 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the potential of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal to substitute soybean meal in poultry diet. One hundred and sixty laying hens of Isa Brown strain, at 30 weeks old were used in this study and kept in individual cages. A Randomized Completely Design was applied with four treatments and four replications. The treatments were four levels of soybean meal protein substitution by Indigofera sp shoot meal protein in the diets: The level were 0% (R0), 15% (R1), 30% (R2) and 45% (R3). Eggs were collected daily and were evaluated on: weight, shell, albumen, yolk, intensity of yolk and haugh unit. Results showed that the nutrients content of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal were crude protein 28.98%, crude fat 3.30%, crude fiber 8.49%, calcium 0.52% and phosphorus content was 0.34%. Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal contained a complete amino acids. The vitamin A and ß-carotene were high, i.e 3828.79 IU/100g and 507.6 mg/kg, respectively. It is concluded that Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal is potential to be used as an alternative source of protein. Substitute 45% soybean meal protein with Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal in laying hen diets increase egg quality and increase intensity of yolk colour to 55.88%.
The effect of physic conditions of Caliandra calothyrsus and its mixing with fresh Gliricidia sepium toward the consumption and nutrient digestibility of sheep ., Firdus; Astuti, Dewi Apri; Wina, Elizabeth
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 9, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (143.153 KB)

Abstract

It is reported that feedstuff preparation affects intake and digestibility of the ration. The objective of this experiment was to know the effect of physic conditions of Caliandra calothyrsus and its mixing with fresh Gliricidia sepium toward the digestibility and nutrient consumption of sheep. Fourty nine (49) thin tail sheep with the average body weight of 15.42 kg (SD 2.68) was randomly assigned into one out of five treatment groups of greenery feed which composed of different fresh Penisetum sp. (FP), fresh Caliandra calothyrsus (FC), fresh Gliricidia sepium (FG), dried C. calothyrsus (DC) and steamed C calothyrsus (SC). Treatment A (70% FP + 30% FC), B (70% FP + 30% FG), C (70% FP + 15% SC + 15% FG), D (70% FP + 15% DC +15% FG) and E (70% FP + 15% DC + 15% FG). The treatments had been carried out for 90 days. Water was given ad libitum. Parameters recorded in this experiment were nutrient consumption (dry matter/BK, crude protein, energy) and nutrient digestibility (BK, crude protein, energy). Data recorded were processed by covariant analysis with body weight of sheep at the early experiment treatment as a covariant. Results of the experiment showed that there were significant difference (P<0.05) between fresh, dried, and steamed C. calothyrsus and its mixing with fresh G. sepium toward the consumption and nutrient digestibility. The average of consumption and nutrient digestibility value were high in mixing treatment of 15% fresh C. calothyrsus with 15% fresh G. sepium.   Key words: Sheep, Caliandra calothyrsus, Gliricidia sepium, consumption, digestibility
Potential and utilization of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal as soybean meal substitution in laying hen diets Palupi, Rizki; Abdullah, Luki; Astuti, Dewi Apri; ., Sumiati .
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 19, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the potential of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal to substitute soybean meal in poultry diet. One hundred and sixty laying hens of Isa Brown strain, at 30 weeks old were used in this study and kept in individual cages. A Randomized Completely Design was applied with four treatments and four replications. The treatments were four levels of soybean meal protein substitution by Indigofera sp shoot meal protein in the diets: The level were 0% (R0), 15% (R1), 30% (R2) and 45% (R3). Eggs were collected daily and were evaluated on: weight, shell, albumen, yolk, intensity of yolk and haugh unit. Results showed that the nutrients content of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal were crude protein 28.98%, crude fat 3.30%, crude fiber 8.49%, calcium 0.52% and phosphorus content was 0.34%. Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal contained a complete amino acids. The vitamin A and ß-carotene were high, i.e 3828.79 IU/100g and 507.6 mg/kg, respectively. It is concluded that Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal is potential to be used as an alternative source of protein. Substitute 45% soybean meal protein with Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal in laying hen diets increase egg quality and increase intensity of yolk colour to 55.88%. Key Words: Egg Quality, Soybean Meal, Nutrients, Indigofera sp Shoot Leaf Meal