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KETAHANAN PANGAN KELUARGA PESERTA PROGRAM PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DI PEDESAAN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 3 (2011): November 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The research objectives were to analyzed the family food security and its factors of the participants in the community empowerment program at rural area. The research design was crossectional study and the data collection technique used a survey method toward 300 families, and their specification were 140 families from the National Program of Community Empowerment (PNPM), 107 families from The Keluarga Harapan Program (PKH), 31 families from the Raksa Desa Program and 22 families from The Business Development Program of Rural Agribusiness (PUAP). The highest percentage (52.0%) of the family categorized into food vulnerable and as many as 37.3 percent was insecure category. It was found 10.7 percent families categorized into secure category. Base on the program, more than a half families of PKH group (50.5%) and PUAP (63.6%) are insecure category. Food vulnerable category is in PNPM group (60.0%) and Raksa Desa group (61.3%). The highest percentage (15.0%) thar categorized into secure category is in PNPM group. The factors which influence significantly toward the family food security are the income per capita, the family size and the asset.Key words: food security, community empowerment program, rural area

Factors Influencing the Performance of Agricultural Extension Workers and their Impact on Competence of Cacao Farmers in Four Districts in South Sulawesi

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 34, No 4 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

This study was to analyze factors influencing the performance of agricultural extension workers and their impact on the competence of cacao farmers. A number of 116 agricultural extension workers, 116 groups of farmer leaders and 232 cacao farmers from four districts in South Sulawesi were participated in this study. LISREL program with SEM was used in analyzing data. The result shows that the agricultural extension workers performance was influenced significantly by characteristic, competence, motivation and self reliance. The total impact of them was 71%. The suggestion was that their performance must be improved by providing special training to improve their capability in agricultural extension planning, monitoring and evaluation, agricultural extension development and technology dissemination. Key words: agricultural extension workers, competence of cacao farmers, performance

The Influencing Factors to The Self Relience of Food Crops Farmers in Their Agribusiness in Kampar District, Riau Province

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 33, No 3 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The sustainable productivity of farmers can be realized if farmers own self relience. Farmers’s self relience can be realized if farmers own capacity to optimize self capacity and utilization of agriculture resources capacity.  Through multistage cluster sampling technique, found 75 person as farmer’s sample. Research  data including primary data and secondary data. Analysis of data done  with correlation test, regression test and path analysis.  The conclusion of this research is the self reliance level in agribusiness of food crop farmers, including the category low.  The low level of self reliance of farmers in agribusiness caused by (a) the low level of capacity development needs of farmers in agribusiness, which include low development needs: productivity capacity; marketing capacity; capacity of the security business/agribusiness; capacity in group management; networking capacity and the capacity in performance improvement/progress; (b) low level of performance of agricultural extension; (c) low levels of non-formal education of farmers.   Key words: agriculture extension worker, empowerment, capacity development, self-reliance, agribusiness

The Agriculture Innovation Adoption Process By The Upland Arfak Tribal Group In Manokwari Regent, West Papua

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 3, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

Although the agriculture activities has been introduced for relatively a long time, the subsistent agriculture of the Arfak Tribal Group has still dominated in their agriculture system. In their agriculture activities, the new innovations has been adopted for a short time. The new innovations to be seen as a disturbance to their conservative norms. But this theory disagreed by Boef et al. (1993:206) as noted that the conservative system is not the cause but the top down agriculture program which contradicted with the local norms. This research are aimed to:(1) Identify the factors influencing the adoption process by the Arfak tribal group.(2)Identify the perceptions of the Arfak people about the agriculture innovations and extension education which they received from the government.(3) Identify the social culture values (norms, traditional system, custom) both the supporting and the obstructing the farm of Arfak people. The research used survey method and participation observation. Data are analized by proportion analysis and Structural Equation Model (SEM). The results of the research showed that:(1) The social capital which supported the innovations adoption process by the Arfak tribe are emphaty ability, cosmopolitant behaviour, creative and innovative ability.(2) There are significant correlation between the Arfak people with their learning needs, social culture, and responsive behavior of extension education launched by the government officials

PEMBERDAYAAN PELADANG BERPINDAH: KASUS KABUPATEN KUTAI KARTANEGARA, KABUPATEN KUTAI TIMUR, DAN KABUPATEN KUTAI BARAT DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 1, No 1 (2005): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

Shifting cultivations (SC) who rely on their livelihood of forest resources are empowerless mainly caused by the low quality of human resources an the pressures of the forest resources utilization which covering the cultivation areas by companies. The study was aimed to formulate a model of the empowerment of SC through extension program. The respondents involved we composed of 36 extension agents and 288 shifting cultivators. Data analysis used the descriptive analysis technique such as Chi Square, Rank Spearman, and Path Analysis. The Study results showed ah: (1) factors related o empowering SC through extension that consisted of 13 variables were low; (2) applications of forestry extension in Kutai Katanegara District, East Kutai District, and West Kutai District were not able to empower the SC to realize sustainable forest; (3) the activities needed by SC are he activities, aimed to solved the SC problem, such as (a) he qualified extension about the permanent cultivation, (b) the availability of infrastructure, (c) the insurance for shifting cultivation activities, (d) the availability of specific local technology, (e) production apparatus, (f) production increase, (g) income increase, (h) market, (i) cooperation, (j) capital credit, (k) business development, (l) new business alternative; and (4) the effectively extension model hat might be able to empower the SC is the extension that became their own program and applies (a) a digging finding, and developing science and technology model, (b) interactive/convergent communication, (c) extension substances based on SC need, (d) adult learning process, and (e) community based forest management.

Relationship Between Santri Characteristics With Their Perception of Self Independency

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 3, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

The study analyzed the student’s perceptions self autonomi in islamic boarding school. The research aims were (1) to describe santri distribution at spesific observed characteristic, (2) to decsribe santri perception concerning independency, (3) to describe existence of relation between perceptions with several of santri characteristics. The santri included in this research were 487 persons those located around Pesantren in Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, and East Java. There were 13 santri characteristics analyzed in the study: Type of Pesantren, Santri Age, Sex, Duration of Schooling in Pesantren, Santri’s Family Background, motivation, intensity in reading books, intensity in interacting with teachers (known as “Kyai”), tribe, distance and condition of pesantren, education background before enrolling, and origin. Independent variables related to the indicators of self autonomy included religion, general knowledge, hope for future, social interaction, discussion in the class, personal management, tolerance, and behavior against the government. Corelation analysis is done by using concordance Kendall W and Kendall Tau showed all of santri characteristics existence of high level agreement in evaluating the independency field.

The Influence of the internal and external factors of the Agricultural Extension Agents to their competencies in East Nusa Tenggara Province

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 3, No 2 (2007): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

The objectives of this research were to portray the influence of internal and external factors to the competencies of the agricultural extension agents. The individual characrterization of the agricultural extension agents were the internal factors which assumed to influence in creating the competencies, and those other i.e the non formal education (diklat), the milieu, and the extension organization structure were the external factors. The respondents were selected by the random and purposive sampling method in the three regency as research area. Data analysis was done by using descriptive and Linear Structural Relationship (LISREL) program 8.72 by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) models. The results of the research showed that the internal factors were influenced positively and significantly to the competencies of the agricultural extension agents both before and after the autonomy, but those other were not.

Entrepreneurship Competence Of Dairy Farmers: Case Study Of Dairy Farmers At Bandung Regency-West Java

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 4, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

The objectives of the study are as follows: (1) to analyze the entrepre-neurship competence level of dairy farmers, (2) to find out factors that influence the entrepreneurship competence, and (3) to formulize a model of extension service for dairy farmers to improve their entrepreneurship competence level. The research study was conducted at Bandung Regency West Java. The respondents were 151 dairy farmers selected randomly; and the data collected using questionnaires and observation. The number of sample was determined based on Slovin’s formula. Statistical analyses used were correlation, regression and path analysis. The major findings of the study are that the entrepreneurship competence levels of the dairy farmers at the medium category. Factors that influence the entrepreneurship competence of the farmers are their education background and the number of family members, lacking of facilities, informations, and the policy of the government. Extension’s strategies for the entrepreneurship competence improvement are through sthrenghtening of non formal education, and more involvement of family members in daily activities, improvement of daily facilities, informations and sthrenghtening government support.

Determinant Factors to Increase Agri-Extensionworker Performance to Empower Farmer (a Case Study in District of Kampar, Riau Province)

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 4, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

The agriculture extension program can be developed effectively and efficiently by professional personal in agriculture extension field. The existing main problem is low quality and quantity of agri-extension workers (include in Kampar district, Riau province). Therefore, the goals of this research are: (1) To analyze: farmer characteristics; social system characteistics; agri-extension worker competencies; agri-extension worker performance to empower farmer and level of fulfill need for farmer’s capacity development in agribusiness; (2) To analyze determinant factors which influenze agri-extension worker performance to empowering farmer and (3) To formulate strategy to increase agri-extension worker performance to empower farmer. Through multistage cluster sampling technique, this research have found farmers sample with 180 person amoun (each of them consist of: 60 food crops farmers, 60 oil palm farmers and 60 rubber farmers). This research have been done from June 2007 up to October 2007. The analysis of data done by descriptive analysis and Path analysis. The research conclusion are: performance level of agri-extension worker to empower farmer still not yet good (“enough” category) because of the influence factor to the performance of agri-extension worker: agri-extension worker competencies (communication competency; competency in farmers learning and competency in social interaction); farmer characteristics ( farmer’s access to the non formal education) and social sistem support (soscio-cultural values; agribusiness facilitation by government institution and fartmer’s access to the aggribusiness institution) are still not yet (“enough” category).

Farmer’s Dynamic In Salak Agribusiness (Case Of Karangasem District, Bali Province)

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 2, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

Bali salak is germ plasm of Balinese salak which has good potency for economic development, but not been handled to the seriously agribusiness system. The objectives of this research: (1) to describe internal factors of salak agribusiness farmers, (2) ) to describe external factors of salak agribusiness farmer, and (3) to analyze the relationship among internal and external factors and farmer’s dynamic in agribusiness of salak. This research used descriptive correlation method. The result of this research showed that factors, which influence the farmer’s dynamic in salak agribusiness, were: (1) internal factors are in low and middle category, (2) external factors are in middle and high category, and (3) internal and external factors had relationship with the farmer’s dynamic in agribusiness of salak.