The experimentation of mathematics learning by using Cooperative Learning Model of Modification Jigsaw Type And Jigsaw is viewed from the Learning Creativity of Junior Students in Nganjuk Regency. The objectives of Research are (1) to find out the differences of Mathematics Learning Achievement for students who use cooperative learning model of modification Jigsaw type, Jigsaw Cooperative Learning and Conventional Learning. (2) to find out the differences of Mathematics Learning Achievement for the students have the different Learning Creativity Grade.(3) to find out the differences of Mathematics Learning Achievement for the students on application of cooperative learning model of modification Jigsaw Type, Jigsaw Cooperative Learning and Convensional Learning have a different learning creativity grade.The concluclusion of research are that: (1) The studentsâ mathemetics learning result that be taught with Modification Jigsaw Cooperative Learning Model is betterÂ than that be taught with Jigsaw Learning, the studentsâ mathematics learning result that be taught with modification jigsaw cooperative learning model is better than that be taught with conventional learning and the studentsâ mathematics learning result that be taught with jigsaw cooperative learning model is better than that be taught with conventional learning. (2) The studentsâ learning result who have a high learning creativity as good as with the students have a medium learning creativity, the studentsâ learning result who have a high learning creativity is better than the students have a low learning creativity and the studentsâ learning result who have a medium learning creativity as good as with the students have a low learning creativity. (3a) On every learning model, the students with a high learning creativity, the studentsâ mathematics learning result equal the students who have a medium learning creativity, the students with a high learning creativity, the studentsâ mathematics learning result is better than the students with a low learning creativity and the students with a medium learning creativity, the studentsâ learning result equal the students who have a low learning creativity. (3b) On every creativity grade, mathematics learning result with modification jigsaw cooperative learning model is better than jigsaw learning model, mathematics learning result with jigsaw cooperative learning model is better than conventional learning model and mathematics learning result with modification jigsaw cooperative learning model is better than conventional learning model.Keyword: Modification Jigsaw, Jigsaw, conventional, learning creativity, learning result.
This study aim to comparing accuracy in the analysis of qualitative response data especially to analyze the probability of car ownership households by using LPM models , GMM,Â Probit and Logit Models. Primary data is taken from households in the Kelurahan Pahlawan Kota Palembang. The result of the coefficients and constants model by using OLS and GMM estimationÂ is the same, only slightly different in the standard error, where the GMM standard error is slightly smaller than the OLS standard errors, but of probability gives the same conclusion. Where as estimated by using Maximum Likelihood method such asÂ probit and logit models better than OLS and GMM estimate. In the case of car ownership results estimation methods of logit model give coefficient greater than the coefficient probit model. But the determination of the coefficient by McFadden ( R2MCF ) probit models is higher than R2MCF logit model. Based from Akaike information criterion (AIC) and Schward Criterion (SC) indicators,Â probit model is better than the logit model. Thus, in the result of the model, probit model is better than the logit model. If income rises, as the prediction Probit models, households will have a probability buying a new car is rapid, otherwise if income drops, then the probability of the household will be quickly decided not to buy a car. In the logit model if income increases, then probability of buying car a smaller because it does not immediately decide to buy a car , so if revenues fall,Â does not mean it will not buy the car, but did delay for the foreseeable future . Excellence both probit and logit models, can be predicted of the probability additional effects (marginal effect). However, marginalÂ effects on the model probit is higher than the logit model. Keywords: Probability Linier Model, General Method of Moment, Maximum Likelihood- Probit, and Logit.
This study aims to assess the standard of living and the factors that affected on the livelihoods of small-scale farmers in South Sumatera. This study covers the factors that affect the living standards of the poor and not poor small scale farmers as the extent of land, productivity, creation of value added, efficiency, and aquaculture farming. Study site purposively determined, namely rice farmers in the district of OKU Timur and palm oil farmers in the district of Muara Enim. Farmers were randomly drawn sample strata based on land area and production. Data taken with a questionnaire and direct interviews with farmers. Total number of samples is 80 farmers. Methods of analysis, starting with the measure of productivity, calculated using the income approach to value-added, and the measure of efficiency. Verification of data on poverty using the poverty line for rural areas in 2010 BPS. The results showed that farmers with poor living conditions caused by low productivity, efficiency is also low, so that its income is low, less intensive farming and there has been stagnation and polarization of the land thus increasing the number of landless peasants. Poverty is also arising from the exploitation by the farmers themselves (self-exploitation) and the exploitation of market institutions are generally structured monopsony. While aspects of the cultivation of less intensive farming. Instead of small-scale farmers are not poor to better their living standards as productive, efficient, and the cultivation of more intensive farming. Keywords: standard of living, land, productivity, income, efficiency of, and intensification
The purpose of study was to analyze the â€œEffect of Macroeconomic Condition and Bank Charastistics to Efficiency of Islamic Banking in Indonesiaâ€. The main variable studied are economic growth (GGDP), Inflation (INFL), Capital Adequacy Ratio and CAR-Asset Size Ratio (RCSIZE), Financing to deposit Ratio (FDR), Non Performance Financing (NPF), and Operational Efficiency (BOPO) of the Islamic Banking industri. The data used are secondary data from Bank Indonesia (BI) and Biro Pusat Statistik (BPS) on basis Year 2000-2013. The method uses multiple regression analysis by Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) estimation. The finding sowed that the model of operational efficiency (BOPO) the determinan of macroeconomic condition and charastistic of Islamic Banking have real influace with the coefficient of determination is quite high at 69.2 percent. Several independent variable such as economic growth (GGDP), Inflation (INFL), and Non Performance Financing (NPF) has a significant influence on the level of Î±=0.05 on Operational efficiency (BOPO) Islamic Banking Industri. The other independent variables (RCSIZE, FDR) no significant affecting on the efficiency because the t test its each variables probabilityÂ less than 5 percenst.Â Nevertheless, the RCSIZE have relationship the same direction on the movement of BOPO, while FDR had a direction opposite to the BOPO. Keywords: Economic Growth, InflationCapital Adequacy Ratio, CAR Asset Ratio, Financing to Deposit Ratio, Non Performance Financing, Operational Efficiency
The purpose of study is to analysis of farmers performance in Ogan Komering Ulu Timur Municipality. Sampling method by stratified random sampling on 80 size farmers with the based on the land size. The location of the research are at Sidodadi and Sriwangi villages, in Belitang and Semendawai SUku III regency. The technique analysis by using qualitative and quantitative approach with the value added, efficiency and poverty level. Finding shows that value added at the Sriwangi more than SidodadiÂ villages, but itâ€™s the low of efficiency performance. Efficient Farmerâ€™s is reached when value added and productivity highly, lower cost production, and labor exploitation. Factors inefficiency this causing lost of lower productivity, intensification, and optimum allocation input factors, such as labor, fertilization, and harvesting cost.Â All of the impacted assumedly exploitation mechanism, to the impact on decreasing farmerâ€™s efficient and itâ€™s does to affecting leveling up in the poverty. The poverty increase with the stagnation, polarization of land and increasing of transformation peasant to hired farmer.Â The farmers poor reach to 76,25 percent. In economic aspect, the poverty caused by self exploitation, lower productivity, and inefficient in the process of the production. Keyword: productivity, value added, efficiency, and poverty.
The aims of this study are to analyze the farmerâ€™s value added, efficiency and the factors affecting the value added distribution. Location of the research is taken by using purposive sampling method on NES [Nucleus Estate and Smallholders] at the regency of Muara Enim in South Sumatera Province. A sample of Farmerâ€™s selected using stratified random sampling. The qualitative descriptive analysis is also applied in of this study through measuring intermediate cost variables, efficiency and value added distributions. The result of this research showed that farmerâ€™s low of the value added and efficiency performance. Efficient Farmerâ€™s is reached when value added and productivity high, lower cost production, and labor exploitation. Factors inefficiency causing lost of the production surplus, by factors interest rate exploited, and increase disguised unemployment. The height Farmerâ€™s quality and efficiency are to increase the equality for value added distributions. The more rigid on value added distributions influenced by inefficiency, lowest education, and medium productivity ages. All the impacted assumedly exploitation mechanism to impact of decrease farmerâ€™s efficient and increase to gap value added distribution, and it does to affecting on the poverty. Keywords: cost, efficiency, farmerâ€™s quality, exploitation, value added distributions
The objective of this research was to investigate and analyze the Simultaneous Relationship of Regional Revenue Sources, Capital Expenditure, and HDI toward the Economic Growth in the Province of South Sumatra. The data used in this study were the panel data. The samples of the study were 15 regencies/cities in the period of 2008 â€“ 2013. The analysis technique was the Two â€“ Stage Least Squares (TSLS) by using the eviews 7 program. The estimation of the first simultaneous equation showed that Capital Expenditure and HDI simultaneously had a significant positive influence on the Economic Growth with the F probability value of 0.000000 < 0.05 (Î± = 5%), while the estimation of the second simultaneous equation indicated that the Local Own â€“ Source Revenue, Revenue Sharing Fund, and General Allocation Fund Simultaneously had a significant positive influence on the Capital Expenditures with the probability value of 0.000000 < 0.05 (Î± = 5%). Keywords: Local Own â€“ Source Revenue, Revenue Sharing Fund, General Allocation Fund, Capital Expenditures, HDI, and Economic Growth
The purpose of this study to identified basic sector and commodity competitive at the Ogan Komering Ulu Timur municipality. The secondary data used from Biro Pusat Statistik (BPS) to the basic sector identification by Location Quotient Index (LQ) in period 2001-2006 and primary data in 2007 to analysis commodity on regions competitive by Competitive Productivity for Labor Index (CLI). Focusing that analysis are basic sector and basic employment to determinant by competitive region. The result of the research sow that founding basic sector in OKU Timur that is agriculture sector, coals and mining and services.Â Base on commodity and competitive region, Martapura and Belitang district its has hight competitively on indutries commers, hotels and restaurant, and services. The disstric BP Peliung and Madang Suku II has competitive to genteng industries, coals and mining i.e Mineral and Quarrying Type C Production. The paddy field is a basic coomodity in Buay Madang district and competitive at walet, Pedigree Fowl and Domestic Hens, and rice milling unit. The district Belitang II and Belitang III are has highest competitively at food industries, and transportation. Semendawai Suku III, Semendawai Suku Barat, Semendawai Suku Timur, and Cempaka district its has competitive highest at fish production by cultivated, Fresh Water Pond, Paddy Field and open water, palm oil and Rubber of Smallholders Estate. Key Words: Basic sector, basic employment, location quotient, competitive productivity of labor index.
The purpose of this study are to analyze conduct on exploitation by Nucleus Estate as a monopsonist, self-exploitation mechanism by farmers and does to impact on efficiency and farmerâ€™s quality of live. Research sampling is taken by using stratified random sampling method on NES [Nucleus Estate and Smallholders] at Muara Enim Municipality in South Sumatera Province. Sample of farmers selected by using stratified production random sampling. The quantitative and qualitative descriptive analyze is also applied in this study through measuring value added,Â Â efficiency, production surplus, exploitation,Â and farmerâ€™s quality of live. The result of this research sow that exploitation by NES conduct is characterizedÂ by mark-up input prices, reduce to TBS output prices, and to bring down conduct on farmerâ€™s institution. The NES system has made farmers to fall under exploitation mechanism by NES, banks, farmerâ€™s institution and self-exploitation system. In this way exploitation has to be institution in the contract farming in the NES system. The exploitation system has impact on decrease welfare and farmerâ€™s efficient, loss production surplus, low productivity and affected on leveling up in the poverty. Keywords: NES System,Â production surplus, exploitation mechanism, self-exploitation, farmerâ€™s efficient and poverty.
The aim of this research is to analyze the effect of ASEAN Korea Free Trade Agreement (AKFTA) on Indonesia Trade with gravity model approach using panel data. This research is using Hausman and Chow test to choose the best between the Fixed Effect model (FEM) and Random Effect Model (REM). The test result shows that REM is the best model choosen to analyze the effect from GDP per capita, Exchange rate, distance and AKFTA Policy to the import from 14 AKFTA country economies to Indonesia. The result from R2 shows that the variation of independent variables (GDP per capita, Exchange rate, distance and AKFTA Policies) affected the variation of dependent variable (Import) as 54 percent. Meanwhile, from the gravity theory, the trade among AKFTA economies to Indonesia has bring positive impact as the distance has positive sign and lead to form trade creation. The variable of dummy policy has negative and significantly affected the import.