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ANALISIS KINERJA PERDAGANGAN INDONESIA KE NEGARA POTENSIAL BENUA AFRIKA Amalina, Ade Ayu Fleury; Novianti, Tanti; Asmara, Alla
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 7 No. 1 (2018): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (898.361 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.7.1.43-59

Abstract

Trade liberalization generates higher commodity export opportunities between countries. The export opportunities to the African countries are evidenced by the high average growth of the total export values from Indonesia to Africa in 2011-2016, amounting to 5.886%. The aim of this research is to determine the potential importing African countries through the identification of export value and share, evaluate the performance and trade integration between Indonesia and the African countries through RCA, EPD and IIT methods. The results showed that South Africa with commodities like HS 71, 15, 40, 87 and 84 and Egypt with HS 15, 55, 40, 48 and 84, could be potential export destinations for Indonesia in 2011-2016. The Indonesian HS 71, 15 and 40 commodities in South Africa and Egypt i.e. HS 15, 55, 40, and 48, face tremendous competitivity. The potential Indonesian commodities in the South African market with HS codes of 15, 84, and 87 were considered as Falling Star while HS 71 and 40 were in retreating position. The HS 15 and 55 in the Egyptian market were in the position of Falling Star, with HS 40, 48, and 84 in the Retreat position. In South Africa, the HS commodities 71, 15, 40 and HS 87 were weakly integrated while the HS 50 had a strong integration. Keywords: African, RCA, EPD, IIT JEL classification: C23, F10, F13
PENGARUH STANDAR KEAMANAN PANGAN TERHADAP EKSPOR PRODUK BIOFARMAKA INDONESIA Nugroho, Purwono; Firdaus, Muhammad; Asmara, Alla
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 6 No. 1 (2017): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1158.742 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.6.1.41-57

Abstract

There have been growing concerns about the effects of food safety standards on agricultural trade throughout the world. One of the food safety standards applied in international trade is the adoption of maximum residue limits of pesticides. This research uses panel gravity model to analyze the effect of maximum residual limit (MRL) of pesticides imposed by importing countries on export of Indonesia?s medicinal plant products. The results show that stringent food safety standards imposed by importing countries have a negative and statistically significant effect on Indonesia?s export of medicinal plant products. The results also show that volume of Indonesia?s medicinal plant products exports are influenced by real GDP of exporter and importer, population, production, economic distance, and ad valorem tariff. Keywords: food safety standard, Gravity model, Panel data, Medicinal plant products.
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI KORUPSI DI KAWASAN ASIA PASIFIK Hariyani, Happy Febrina; Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio; Asmara, Alla
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 5 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1044.756 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.5.2.32-44

Abstract

The phenomenon of corruption is a big problem faced by countries with rapid economic development. The problem is not only faced by developing countries, but also in some developed countries. The factors that cause corruption classified into three broad categories--economic, political and socio-cultural. The high level of corruption in a country can also cause high cost economy that could hamper economic growth through the obstacles that occur in the investment. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors that affect the level of corruption and to analyze the impact of corruption on economic growth in the Asia Pacific region. The results show that public budget, political stability, and urban population affect the level of corruption. Low institutional quality, indicated by the failure of the government (corruption), has a bad influence on economic growth performance.
PENGARUH EKSPOR TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI INDONESIA Asbiantari, Dara Resmi; Hutagaol, Manuntun Parulian; Asmara, Alla
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 5 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1057.337 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.5.2.10-31

Abstract

Economic growth is a matter of the economy in the long term and is influenced by various factors. This study aimed to analyze the effect of the agricultural export, industrial export, mining export, import of capital goods, government spending and gross fixed capital formation to economic growth of Indonesia. The analytical method used was Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) with Cochrane-Orcutt method. This study uses secondary data quarterly time series from 2000 Q1 to 2016 Q1 which is obtained from the Ministry of Trade, the Central Bureau of Statistics, Bank Indonesia and the Capital Investment Coordinating Board. The results showed that on the first model to see the effect of the aggregate exports on economic growth show that imports of capital goods have a significant influence in the short term to economic growth. While in the long term, the variables that have a significant impact on economic growth is GFCF. While the second model to see the role of exports by sector to economic growth getting results that exports in the industrial sector has a significant influence both in the short-term and long-term to economic growth. It concluded that outward looking policies has an effective impact to be applied in Indonesia if the Government to develop exports in the industrial sector.
PENGEMBANGAN SEKTOR EKONOMI DAN PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN DI KALIMANTAN BARAT Murohman, Murohman; Hutagaol, Manuntun Parulian; Asmara, Alla
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 5 No. 1 (2016): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1156.423 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.5.1.45-62

Abstract

Kalimantan Barat is a province which has the highest poverty rates among other provinces in Kalimantan. Sector?s output growth of the economy affects the redistribution of income and poverty reduction. Increased economic sector output reduce poverty through the distribution of income . Sector development policy needed to boost the economy and poverty alleviation. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between sector?s output growth of the economy and poverty reduction using Input-Output Miyazawa and decomposition of FGT (Foster-Greer-Thorbecke) poverty index. Agricultural sector has an important role in output growth, employment, and household income distribution.The decomposition method showes that direct effect of growth in manufacture alleviates poverty among poor households, and total effect of growth in agricultural sectors(food crops and estate crops) alleviates poverty among poor households in Kalimantan Barat. The main policy implication is agricultural industrialization and human capital of the poor needs to be enhanced by education and training if they are not to be sealed off the industrialization process.Keywords: I-O Miyazawa, Poverty, Multiplier Analysis
TINGKAT PENGEMBALIAN PINJAMAN DANA EKONOMI PRODUKTIF MASYARAKAT DAN PERAN LEMBAGA KEUANGAN PADA PROGRAM PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI MASYARAKAT PESISIR DI KABUPATEN INDRAMAYU Asmara, Alla
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 4 No. 1 (2007): Vol. 4 No. 1 Maret 2007
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5603.142 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.4.1.22-31

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: (1) Mengkaji keragaan Kelompok Masyarakat Pemanfaat (KMP), (2) Mengkaji faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat pengembalian pinjaman Dana Ekonomi Produktif  Masyarakat (DEPM), dan (3) Mengkaji peran LEPP-M3 dalam pengembangan akses permodalan dan akses pasar bagi KMP. Penelitian yang dilakukan didesain sebagai suatu studi kasus dengan metode penarikan sampelnya adalah purposive sampling. Analisis data yang dilakukan meliputi: (1) Analisis deskriptif, (2) Analisis pendapatan, dan (3) Analisis Pendugaan Model Ekonometrika. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kepala keluarga dari rumah tangga KMP dominan berada pada usia produktif, dengan tingkat pendidikan relatif rendah, dan jumlah anggota keluarga rata-rata sebanyak 4 orang. Usaha yang dijalankan oleh KMP sebagian besar adalah nelayan dengan pengalaman sekitar 20 tahun dan tingkat pendapatan rata-rata sekitar Rp 1,2 juta/bulan. Kekurangan modal menjadi kendala utama yang dihadapi nelayan. Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap besarnya tunggakan KMP adalah variabel jumlah pinjaman dan tingkat pendidikan. Peran LEPP-M3 sangat dirasakan oleh KMP  dalam membantu ketersediaan modal usaha. Sedangkan peran LEPP-M3 dalam memperluas akses pasar relatif belum terlalu dirasakan oleh KMP.
PENGARUH MISALIGNMENT NILAI TUKAR TERHADAP KEBIJAKAN SAFEGUARDS DI ASEAN-5 Vindayani, Dila; Hakim, Dedi Budiman; Asmara, Alla
Buletin Ekonomi Moneter dan Perbankan Vol 18 No 1 (2015): JULY 2015
Publisher : Bank Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21098/bemp.v18i1.517

Abstract

The purposes of this study are to analyze the occurence of exchange rate misalignment and its effect on non-tariff policy in ASEAN-5. We use Panel Dynamic OLS to estimate the equilibrium real exchange rate, while for determining the opportunities of the Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) such as safeguards measures;we use Conditional Fixed-Effects Logistic Regression. The results shows that the magnitude of exchange rate misalignment tends to be large when specific country has a domestic turmoil. In addition, undervalued currrency of exporting country will increase the chances of safeguards measures enforcement from partner countries.
Faktor - Faktor yang Memengaruhi Perkembangan Investasi pada Industri Tekstil dan Produk Tekstil (TPT) Indonesia Asmara, Alla; Purnamadewi, Yeti Lis; Mulatsih, Sri; Novianti, Tanti
Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi Vol 12, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3063.645 KB)

Abstract

Industri tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT) Indonesia masih menghadapi masalah utama yang terkait dengan produksi dan produktivitas. Struktur industri TPT masih didominasi oleh penggunaan mesin yang relatif tua. Tingkat pertumbuhan investasi yang relatif rendah adalah salah satu faktor utama yang diperkirakan mempengaruhi struktur industri TPT. Tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi investasi di industri TPT. Model Panel digunakan untuk menjawab tujuan penelitian. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa perkembangan jumlah perusahaan dalam industri TPT di Indonesia terus mengalami peningkatan dari tahun ke tahun. Begitu halnya dalam penyerapan tenaga kerja juga semakin meningkat. Namun demikian, perkembangan volume produksi, ekspor, dan impor industri TPT cenderung berfluktuasi. Hasil analisis model panel menunjukkan bahwa biaya bahan baku di dalam negeri, biaya bunga dan produktivitas memiliki pengaruh positif terhadap investasi di industri tekstil dan pakaian. Sementara itu, biaya bahan baku impor, biaya bahan bakar, dan biaya tenaga kerja (upah) berpengaruh negatif terhadap investasi di industri TPT.Kata Kunci: industri tekstil dan produk tekstil, struktur, investasi, model panel, produktivitas
ANALISIS STRUKTUR PEREKONOMIAN DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI SUMATERA SELATAN Nur, Indrayansyah; Mulatsih, Sri; Asmara, Alla
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 2 No. 1 (2013): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (936.831 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.2.1.47-59

Abstract

This study aims at analyzing the structure of the economic growth in the province of South Sumatera and the factors that influence the economic growth in the region. The method to analyze the economic structure is a regional economy approach using Location Quetiont (LQ) method and Shift Share (SS) Analysis. The National Share (NS) component indicates that the higher values are the sectors on mining and minerals, agriculture and manufacturing industry. Thus, those three sectors are strongly influenced by the change in national policy. The Industry Mix (IM) component indicates that the higher values are on the sectors on transportation and communication, construction and trade, and hotel and restaurant. That indicates that those three sectors have higher growth than other sectors. The Regional Share (RS) component indicates that agriculture is the dominant sector and therefore the most competitive sector compared to industries in the national level. It is also revealed that the progressive sectors during 2001-2005 are trading, hotel, restaurant, and construction and during 2005-2010 are service firms, finance, rental, trading, hotel, and restaurant. Using LQ analysis, the base sectors in South Sumatera during 2001-2010 are mining and minerals, agriculture, and construction. On the whole, the variables of PMA, PMDN, goverment expenditure and labor force simultaneously influence the PDRB as high as 85%. In partial view, PMDN, goverment expenditure and labor force have significant and positive influence toward PDRB, as indicated by a small probability value. Meanwhile, PMA has insignificant and negative influence toward PDRB.  Keywords: shift-share, location quotient, labor force, government expenditure
PERTUMBUHAN INKLUSIF : FENOMENA PERTUMBUHAN INKLUSIF DI KAWASAN INDONESIA BAGIAN BARAT DAN INDONESIA BAGIAN TIMUR Dyah Hapsari, Sholihah Amalina; Hutagaol, Manuntun Parulian; Asmara, Alla
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 2 No. 2 (2013): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1278.415 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.2.2.85-112

Abstract

The growth of the middle class in Indonesia that occurred during the last ten years allegedly raised by the economic growth that is likely to increase in the same period. An economic theory which states that inclusive growth is growth that is able to bring the middle class makes economists focus on inclusive growth and the middle class itself. But in fact, the middle class in Indonesia is dominated by the lower middle class whose features are similar to the poor. These issues indicate a gap in the economy. In addition, to talk about the gap, there is no doubt that this issue has long been a discussion in Indonesia, especially the gap between western Indonesia and eastern Indonesia. Therefore this study was conducted to analyze whether it is true that inclusive growth has occurred in Indonesia and how the phenomena that occur in the western part of Indonesia and eastern Indonesia. Based on the data from 33 provinces in Indonesia over a period of 5 years, ie from 2008 to 2012, this study of the Measured inclusive growth by adopting the concept formulated by Klasen (2010) on-Poverty Equivalent Growth Rate (PEGR). This study of the processing of data performed using Excel and SPSS software. The results found that economic growth in Indonesia in 20082012 has not been inclusive in reducing poverty, lowering inequality and increase employment. The results also show that inclusive growth is not a consistent phenomenon in Indonesia. The phenomenon of inclusive growth in reducing poverty, lowering inequality, and increasing employment are more prevalent in Western Indonesia (IBB).  Key words : inclusive, growth, middle class, panel data, excel