Najib Asmani
Jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sriwijaya Jl Raya Palembang-Prabumulih, km 32, Indralaya, Ogan Ilir 30662

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Pengelolaan Lahan Rawa Gambut Terdegradasi Melalui Pengayaan Karbon Mendukung Ketahanan Pangan Beras Asmani, Najib
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Najib, A. 2012. Managing Degraded Peatland through Carbon Enhacement to Support Rice Security. J. Lahan Suboptimal 1(1):83-91.Indonesia often faces food problem, especially rice as the staple food for most Indonesian. To support rice security, the Government of Indonesia has made serious efforts to increase rice productivity through cultivating suboptimal land. However, utilizing it in unwise ways, especially for the degraded peatland, could release green house gases. Utilization of peatland for rice field should be done simultaneously with wise conservation to enhance carbon stock. It should be managed in a good way in order to avoid the increaseof carbon dioxide emission. The addition of carbon from this activity could be considered as a potential carbon incentive if REDD+ scheme be ratified officially. As a result, farmer would be able to receive carbon incentive as their additional income.
Socio-Entropy System Approach for Analyzing of Social Forestry Management in Indonesia Hasbullah, Ismalia Afiani; Asmani, Najib; Yazid, Muhammad
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol 22, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Socio-entropy system approach (SESA) as used as a comprehensive tool to identify any kind of social shortcoming that might have constrained achievement of government policy on social-forestry. The study objectives were to observe all critical factors on the program implementation of social forestry and to analyze any intervening variables relevant to socio-psychological, socio-ecological, socio-economic, and socio-cultural shortcomings (being called here as socio-entropies) that would have been most crucial to the required policy modification. Samples were taken by purposive sampling and intensively interviewed using questionnaire. Data was analysed using structural equation modeling. The study found out that the socio-psychological entropy which apparently needs to comprehend basically relates to 3-intervening variables of self-esteem, individual compassion, and non-formal education.  Likewise from the socio-ecological stand point, what need to be controled better were the spirit of owning more land plots, and the geo-morphological position of owned land plots. Meanwhile socio-economic entropy seemed to appear as consequences of people efforts in gaining more income due to hedonistic temptation and lack of knowledge about the type of environmentally sound livelihoods. Finally, the crucial factors of socio-cultural entropy were the faded away adat-law, weakening social norms, and  absence of inter-ethnic but more closed, and traditional networking.