wayan T Artama
Veterinary Medicine Faculty, UGM Yogyakarta

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Sequence variability of the β Tubulin isotype-1 genes in benzimidazole resistant strains of Haemonchus contortus, a nematode parasite of sheep Haryuningtyas, Dyah; Artama, wayan T; Asmara, Widya
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 3 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.925 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i3.531

Abstract

Resistance to benzimidazole at a population of gastrointestinal nematode, especially Haemonchus contortus is a widespread problem. Therefore, anthelmintic will not effective anymore. Benzimidazole resistance in nematode has been shown to be heritable and defined as an increase in frequency of individual worms able to drug tolerate. In Indonesia resistance to anthelmintic albendazole has been reported on sheep in district of Bogor, Kuningan, Kendal and province of Yogyakarta. Molecular mechanism of resistance to benzimidazole on nematode and fungi related to single gene which code ß tubulin. The aim of this research is to determine a genetics variability of isotype-1 ß tubulin genes from Indonesian strain of H. contortus which resistant to benzimidazole. Sequencing were carried out at a 520 bp fragment of the isotipe-1 ß tubulin gene of six H. contortus resistant strain from four sheep from SPTD Trijaya farm, district of Kuningan, West Java; UPTD Pelayanan Kesehatan Hewan farm, district of Bantul, Yogyakarta respectively. One H. contortus susceptible strains as a control come from farmer from Cicurug, district of Sukabumi, West Java. Results indicated that there are genetics variability of  fragment isotype-1 ß tubulin genes from H. contortus from UPTD Pelayanan Kesehatan Hewan farm, Bantul, Yogyakarta (H1, H2, and C2). There are no genetics variability in the fragment gene of H. contortus resistant strain from SPTD Trijaya farm, Kuningan, West Java (Kn1, Kn2 and K1). Genetic variability occur between 2 isolate from different location. Key Words: Haemonchus contortus, Benzimidazole, Isotype 1 β-tubulin Gene, Sequencing
Sequence variability of the β Tubulin isotype-1 genes in benzimidazole resistant strains of Haemonchus contortus, a nematode parasite of sheep Haryuningtyas, Dyah; Artama, wayan T; Asmara, Widya
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 11, No 3 (2006): SEPTEMBER 2006
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.925 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i3.531

Abstract

Resistance to benzimidazole at a population of gastrointestinal nematode, especially Haemonchus contortus is a widespread problem. Therefore, anthelmintic will not effective anymore. Benzimidazole resistance in nematode has been shown to be heritable and defined as an increase in frequency of individual worms able to drug tolerate. In Indonesia resistance to anthelmintic albendazole has been reported on sheep in district of Bogor, Kuningan, Kendal and province of Yogyakarta. Molecular mechanism of resistance to benzimidazole on nematode and fungi related to single gene which code ß tubulin. The aim of this research is to determine a genetics variability of isotype-1 ß tubulin genes from Indonesian strain of H. contortus which resistant to benzimidazole. Sequencing were carried out at a 520 bp fragment of the isotipe-1 ß tubulin gene of six H. contortus resistant strain from four sheep from SPTD Trijaya farm, district of Kuningan, West Java; UPTD Pelayanan Kesehatan Hewan farm, district of Bantul, Yogyakarta respectively. One H. contortus susceptible strains as a control come from farmer from Cicurug, district of Sukabumi, West Java. Results indicated that there are genetics variability of  fragment isotype-1 ß tubulin genes from H. contortus from UPTD Pelayanan Kesehatan Hewan farm, Bantul, Yogyakarta (H1, H2, and C2). There are no genetics variability in the fragment gene of H. contortus resistant strain from SPTD Trijaya farm, Kuningan, West Java (Kn1, Kn2 and K1). Genetic variability occur between 2 isolate from different location. Key Words: Haemonchus contortus, Benzimidazole, Isotype 1 β-tubulin Gene, Sequencing
Effectiveness of Environmentally Friendly Mosquito Trap Contained Sugar Yeast Solution Rosanti, Tutik Ida; Mardihusodo, S Juwono; Artama, Wayan T
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 2 (2017): Jurnal KEMAS Vol.12 No.2 : January 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i2.6063

Abstract

Environmentally friendly mosquitoes trap using common daily materials used by community may give hopes in reducing mosquitoes density. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of environmentally friendly mosquitoes trap made from bottle contained sugar yeast solution for reducing the number of trapped mosquitoes. This study consist of two phases and quasi experimental design was used. Mann Whitney test was used to determine the differences the number of trapped mosquitoes indoor and outdoor. The result showed p value 0,000 which was lower than α value (0,05), so there was significant difference between the number of indoor and outdoor trapped mosquitoes. The average Rank score of outdoor mosquitoes trap (42,75) was more than indoor mosquitoes trap (18,25). We concluded that the mosquitoes trapped which contained of sugar-yeast solution was effective for trapping the mosquitoes especially outdoor .
RET single nucleotide polymorphism in Indonesians with sporadic Hirschsprung’s disease Saryono, Saryono; Rochadi, Rochadi; Lestariana, Wiryatun; Artama, Wayan T; Sadewa, Ahmad Hamim
Universa Medicina Vol 29, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2010.v29.71-77

Abstract

The tyrosine kinase receptor RET, which is the protein product of the RET gene, is involved in the development of the mammalian nervous system that causes Hirschsprung’s disease (HSCR). RETs are cell surface molecules that are expressed in cells derived from the neural crest. The purpose of this study was to investigate the polymorphism of the RET gene in HSCR in the Yogyakarta population. Genomic DNA was extracted from surgically removed bowel tissues of 54 unrelated HSCR patients. Exon 2 of the RET gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and analyzed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Molecular results were compared with clinical performance of Hirschsprung patients. RET polymorphism was detected in exon 2 in all of the 54 Indonesian HSCR patients. The allelic distribution of the c135GàA polymorphism in the RET exon 2 indicated that the A allele was more frequent in patients than in control individuals (chi-square test, p= 0.001). Thus the RET variant allele A is over-represented in patients affected with the HSCR phenotype. Polymorphism of exon 2 of the RET gene was found in sporadic Hirschsprung’s disease in the Yogyakarta population, which suggests that the RET gene plays important roles in the pathogenesis of HSCR.
Ekspresi Gen CYP19 Aromatase, Estrogen, Androgen pada penderita Periodontitis Agresif Herawati, Dahlia; Kadarsih, Sri; Artama, Wayan T; Suryono, S.
Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia Vol 17, No 1 (2010): August
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2298.773 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/majkedgiind.15973

Abstract

Kepadatan tulang tubuh ditentukan oleh gen CYP19 aromatase, hormon estrogen dan androgen. Pada periodontitis agresif terjadi perkembangan cepat kerusakan tulang alveolar, dan kerusakan tulang alveoler tersebut tidak diimbangioleh regenerasi tulang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menunjukkan ekspresi gen CYP19 aromatase, estrogen, androgen pada penderita periodontitis agresif agar dapat untuk menjadi pertimbangan pada saat melakukan perawatan periodontal. Metode penelitian, pemeriksaan ekspresi gen aromatse CYP19 berasal dari spesimen tulang alveolar menggunakan imunohistokimia, pengukuran hormon estrogen dan androgen dari serum menggunakan Vidas: Elfa. Hasil penelitian ekspresi gene CYP19 aromatase pada periodontitis agresif menunjukkan gambaran lebih rendah densitasnya dibandingkan pada nonperiodontitis. Estrogen dan androgen pad aperiodontitis agresif ada kecenderungan lebih rendah dibandingkan pada nonperiodontitis. Kesimpulan regenerasi tulang alveoler pad a periodontitis agresif terhambat karena sedikitnya gen CYP19 aromatase dan hormon estrogen dan androgen yang berperan pada pembentukan tulang alveoler kurang memadai.
Ekspresi Gen CYP19 dalam Kultur Sel Osteoblas dari Periodontitis Tulang Alveolar Agresif Distimulasi dengan Vitamin D dan atau Deksametason Herawati, Dahlia; Soejono, Sri Kadarsih; Artama, Wayan T; Suryono, S.
Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia Vol 18, No 1 (2011): August
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6007.659 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/majkedgiind.16444

Abstract

Latar Belakang. Estrogen mengatur homeostasis tulang dan disekresikan oleh gonad dan ekstragonad. Selain itu,androgen diubah menjadiestrogen oleh enzim aromatase P450 yang dihasilkan oleh sitokrom P450 aromatase. Ini diproduksi oleh gen sitokrom CYP19. Vitamin D berperan dalam mengatur homeostasis kalsium dan ekspresi gen aromatase langsung. Deksametason bertindak sebagai anti inflamasi, menghentikan peradangan dan meningkatkan kecepatan penyem6uhan. Kerusakan parah tulang alveolar di periodontitis agresif dapat terjadi di usia muda. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji ekspresi gen CYP19daiam kultur sel osteoblas periodontitis agresif tulang alveolar pasien dengan stimulasi vitamin D dan atau deksametason. Metode. Fragmen tulang alveolar dari pasien periodontitis agresif dikultur dalam dimodifikasi F-12 medium dilengkapi dengan serum janin sapi (FBS) 20%, antibiotik (penisilin streptomisin) 5%, dan fungizone 2%. Sel-sel osteoblas yang tumbuh dalam kultur dibagi menjadi 4 kelompok. Kelompok 1: kultur diperlakukan non, kelompok 2: diperlakukan dengan vitamin D 10-6 moVL,kelompok 3: diperlakukan dengan deksametason 10.7mol/L, dan kelompok 4: diperlakukan dengan kombinasi vitamin D den deksametason pada dosis yang sarna. Setelah 24 jam perlakuan dihentikan, semua kelompok kultur yang diamati dengan teknik imunositokimia dan menghitung persentase CYP19 ekspresi gen dan sel oeteoblas dalam kultur. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa persentase rata-rata CYP19 ekspresi gen untuk kelompok 1, 2, 3, dan 4 adalah 44.18, 38.66,35.26 dan 31.13%, masing-masing, dan perbedaan yang signifikan antara perlakuan dengan p<0.05. Disimpulkan bahwa perlakuan terbaik untuk meningkatkan jumlah sel osteoblas, adalh kombinasi vitamin D dan deksametason, walaupun persentase ekspresi gen CYP19 adalah nilai terendah di antara kelompok.
Effectiveness of Environmentally Friendly Mosquito Trap Contained Sugar Yeast Solution Rosanti, Tutik Ida; Mardihusodo, S Juwono; Artama, Wayan T
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i2.6063

Abstract

Environmentally friendly mosquitoes trap using common daily materials used by community may give hopes in reducing mosquitoes density. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of environmentally friendly mosquitoes trap made from bottle contained sugar yeast solution for reducing the number of trapped mosquitoes. This study consist of two phases and quasi experimental design was used. Mann Whitney test was used to determine the differences the number of trapped mosquitoes indoor and outdoor. The result showed p value 0,000 which was lower than ? value (0,05), so there was significant difference between the number of indoor and outdoor trapped mosquitoes. The average Rank score of outdoor mosquitoes trap (42,75) was more than indoor mosquitoes trap (18,25). We concluded that the mosquitoes trapped which contained of sugar-yeast solution was effective for trapping the mosquitoes especially outdoor .
Higher G allele frequency of RET C2307t>G polymorphism in female patients with Hirschsprung disease in Yogyakarta, Indonesia Sadewa, Ahmad Hamim; Saryono, Saryono; Rochadi, Rochadi; Lestariana, Wiryatun; Artama, Wayan T
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 48 No 2 (2008): March 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (578.444 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi48.2.2008.88-92

Abstract

Background Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a heterogenouscongenital disorder and the current research show that the RETgene is a major locus involved in its pathogenesis. However,whether these genes take a part in sporadically Indonesian HSCRhave not been fully understood.Objective The aim of this study was to analyze the association ofRET gene c2307T&gt;G polymorphism among HSCR patient inYogyakarta population.Methods Genomic DNA was extracted from bowel tissues of 34patients with sporadic HSCR which were removed by surgery ascase group and blood DNA from 46 healthy persons as controlgroup without history of genetic disorder. Exon 13 of RET genewas amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and wasanalyzed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP).Results Of 34 patients, 22 were males and 12 were females, givingmale to female ratio of 1.83:1. The c2307T&gt;G polymorphism inRET exon 13 was not significantly difference between patientand control group (chi-square test P=0.17). However, there wasa significant difference in female patient compare with control(chi-square test P=0,04).Conclusion The RET gene c2307T&gt;G polymorphism was foundamong HSCR patient in Yogyakarta population. This poly-morphism can be used as predictor for development of HSCRamong female individual.
Sequence variability of the β Tubulin isotype-1 genes in benzimidazole resistant strains of Haemonchus contortus, a nematode parasite of sheep Haryuningtyas, Dyah; Artama, wayan T; Asmara, Widya
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 3 (2006): SEPTEMBER 2006
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.925 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i3.531

Abstract

Resistance to benzimidazole at a population of gastrointestinal nematode, especially Haemonchus contortus is a widespread problem. Therefore, anthelmintic will not effective anymore. Benzimidazole resistance in nematode has been shown to be heritable and defined as an increase in frequency of individual worms able to drug tolerate. In Indonesia resistance to anthelmintic albendazole has been reported on sheep in district of Bogor, Kuningan, Kendal and province of Yogyakarta. Molecular mechanism of resistance to benzimidazole on nematode and fungi related to single gene which code ß tubulin. The aim of this research is to determine a genetics variability of isotype-1 ß tubulin genes from Indonesian strain of H. contortus which resistant to benzimidazole. Sequencing were carried out at a 520 bp fragment of the isotipe-1 ß tubulin gene of six H. contortus resistant strain from four sheep from SPTD Trijaya farm, district of Kuningan, West Java; UPTD Pelayanan Kesehatan Hewan farm, district of Bantul, Yogyakarta respectively. One H. contortus susceptible strains as a control come from farmer from Cicurug, district of Sukabumi, West Java. Results indicated that there are genetics variability of  fragment isotype-1 ß tubulin genes from H. contortus from UPTD Pelayanan Kesehatan Hewan farm, Bantul, Yogyakarta (H1, H2, and C2). There are no genetics variability in the fragment gene of H. contortus resistant strain from SPTD Trijaya farm, Kuningan, West Java (Kn1, Kn2 and K1). Genetic variability occur between 2 isolate from different location. Key Words: Haemonchus contortus, Benzimidazole, Isotype 1 ?-tubulin Gene, Sequencing