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Journal : Warta Rimba

UJI RETENSI DAN EFEKTIVITAS TANAMAN KUMIS KUCING (Orthosiphon aristatus) TERHADAP SERANGAN RAYAP TANAH (Coptotermes sp) PADA KAYU DURIAN (Durio zibethinus) Mariana, Eka; Ariyanti, Ariyanti; Erniwati, Erniwati
Warta Rimba Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

Nowadays, utilization ofnon-durable wood species in Indonesia is one alternative to meet the needs ofthe wood. Use natural preservatives such as Orthosiphon aristatus in natural wood preservation processis highly recommended as environmentally friendly.This study was aimed to determine retention and the effects of Orthosiphon aristatus leaves extracts as preservation material of Durio zibethinus wood on the Coptotermes sp. Attacks. Regency and the laboratory of Forestry Science, Tadulako University, from May to June 2013. The study was using completely randomized design with factorial pattern. The treatment of study was applying two factors. First, concentration of Orthosiphon aristatus extracts with three levels, namely; 9.09% (A1), 16,67% (A2), and 23,07% (A3). Second, Dipping time with three levels,namely: 1 day (B1), 3 days (B2), and 5 days (B3). The results showed that the highest retention value (3,538g/cm3) was achieved by the combination treatment between concentration 23,07% and dipping time 5 days (A3B3) while the lowest retention value (0,562g/cm3) was achieved by the combination treatment between concentration 9,09% and dipping time 1 day (A1B1). Hence, the lowest effectivity of preservation materials indicated by the highest weight loss,was achieved by A1B1 combination treatment (3,37%) while the lowest (highest effectivity) was achieved by (A3B3) combination treatment (1,88%). Keywords: Concentration, Dipping time, Orthosiphon aristatus, Durio zibethinus, Coptotermes sp.
PENGARUH KONSENTRASI DAN LAMA PERENDAMAN BAHAN PENGAWET DAUN TEMBELEKAN (Lantana camara L.) PADA KAYU BAYUR (Pterospermum sp.) TERHADAP SERANGAN RAYAP TANAH (Coptotermes sp.) Salmayanti, Salmayanti; Ariyanti, Ariyanti; Hapid, Abdul
Warta Rimba Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

There are about ± 4.000 wood species in Indonesia. In small amount of that woods were categorized as durable wood (Class I and II) while mostly (80-85%) were categorized non-durable wood (Class III to V). This study was aimed to determine the effects of Lantana camara L. leaves extracts as preservation material of Pterospermum sp wood on the Coptotermes sp. attacks. The experiment was conducted in the laboratory of Forestry science, Forestry Faculty, Tadulako University, from May to June 2013. The study was using completely randomized design with pattern. The treatment of study was applying two factors. First, concentration of L.camara L. extracts with three levels, namely ;9,09 g (K1), 13,04 g (K2), and 16,66 g (K3). Second, Dipping time with three levels, namely: 1 day (L1), 3 days (L3), and 5 days (L5). Data was analyzed by using analysis (Anova).The results showed that water contents and density of Pterospermum sp. woods was 8,37% and 0,321 g/cm³, respectively. Hence, the highest weight loss was achieved by K1L1 combination treatment (9,99%) while the lowest was achieved by K3L5 combination treatment (8,93%). Generally, concentration of L.camara L. and dipping time extracts did not affect significantly the weight loss of Pterospermum sp woods. Keywords: Concentration, Dipping, Lantana camara L., Pterospermum sp., Coptotermes sp.
PENGARUH KONSENTRASI DAN LAMA PERENDAMAN KAYU SENGON (Paraserianthes falcataria L. Nielsen) DALAM EKSTRAK DAUN SIRSAK (Annona muricata L.) TERHADAP SERANGAN RAYAP TANAH (Coptotermes sp.) Ardiansa, Budi; Ariyanti, Ariyanti; Hapid, Abdul
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

Wood has many contribution for life. It can be useful for bueldings, huose ware, and for other using. The use of wood are followed by huma needs for manufactured wood in creasingly, while long life wood tend to be more scarce and higher in price. This research aims to know the influence of the concentration and the immersion time for sengon wood treated in extracted soursop leaf to defence from subterranean termite. This research was conducted in both forestry Laboratorium, Departement and faculty of forestry, University of Tadulako and in rural of Baiya, Distict of Tawaely. Starting from Desember 2013 till Februari 2014. This research used a complete randomized factorial design. The first factor was the concentration of extracted soursop leaf (A) was 4.76% (A1), 13.04% (A2) and 16.66% (A3). The second factor was the immersion time for sengon wood treated in extracted soursop leaf (B) was 5 days (B1), 10 days (B2), and 15 days (B3). The results show that the highest of losing weight is in the control (A0B1) with 3.3%, and the lowest of losing weight is in the concentration of 150g with 10 days immersion (A1B2) with 1.21%. The concentration of extracted soursop leaf and the immertion time of sengon wood did not significantly influence to the lose of weight in tested sample. Keywords: Concentration, Dipping, Paraserianthes falcataria L. Nielsen, Annona muricata L, Coptotermes sp.
RETENSI DAN EFEKTIVITAS BAHAN PENGAWET EKSTRAK DAUN CENGKEH (Syzygium aromaticum) PADA KAYU DURIAN (Durio zibethinus) TERHADAP SERANGAN RAYAP TANAH (Coptotermes sp.) Toleng, Fitriyani N.; Erniwati, Erniwati; Ariyanti, Ariyanti
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

Effectiveness of natural substance as preservative agent is needed to be further observed. One of the substances is extract of Glove (Syzygium aromaticum) leaf. This extract was considered to be effective material on Durian (Durio zibethinus) wood preservative against Subterranean termite (Coptotermes sp). The aims of this study were compare the retention and the affectiveness of preservative materials which  extracted from Glove leaf by using different method of extraction. This studi was done at Agro-technology Laboratory of Agricultural Faculty, Tadulako University, over the period of March and June 2014. Bioassay on Termite destruction was done at Maku Village, Dolo of Sigi Regency. The experiment was arranged based on Completely Randomized Design (CRD) in two different factorial patterns. The first factor was different method on leaf extraction (A) i.e. by using ethanol (A1), and by using distillated water (A2). While the second factor (B) was different time on soaking material, i.e. 1 day soaking time (B1), and 3 days were soaking time (B2). All units was performed as negative control. One percent of preservative extract was applied on each experimental unit. The outcome of this study showed that water content of axtract was 14,726% and the density was 0,463 g/cm3. The highest retention value 0,1244 g/cm3 was recorded on the treatment of 3 days ethanol extraction (A1B2), while the lowest value 0,0868 g/cm3 was detected on the treatment of 1 day water extraction. The highest value on effectiveness (or lowest rate on loss weight) 2,4075% was detected after the treatment by using 3 days ethanol extraction substance, while the lowest value 4,6818% was  measured on control unit. Key words: Syzygium aromaticum, Durio zibethinus, Retention, Effectiveness.  
UJI RETENSI DAN EFEKTIVITAS TANAMAN KUMIS KUCING (Orthosiphon aristatus) TERHADAP SERANGAN RAYAP TANAH (Coptotermes sp) PADA KAYU DURIAN (Durio zibethinus) Mariana, Eka; Ariyanti, Ariyanti; Erniwati, Erniwati
Jurnal Warta Rimba Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Nowadays, utilization ofnon-durable wood species in Indonesia is one alternative to meet the needs ofthe wood. Use natural preservatives such as Orthosiphon aristatus in natural wood preservation processis highly recommended as environmentally friendly.This study was aimed to determine retention and the effects of Orthosiphon aristatus leaves extracts as preservation material of Durio zibethinus wood on the Coptotermes sp. Attacks. Regency and the laboratory of Forestry Science, Tadulako University, from May to June 2013. The study was using completely randomized design with factorial pattern. The treatment of study was applying two factors. First, concentration of Orthosiphon aristatus extracts with three levels, namely; 9.09% (A1), 16,67% (A2), and 23,07% (A3). Second, Dipping time with three levels,namely: 1 day (B1), 3 days (B2), and 5 days (B3). The results showed that the highest retention value (3,538g/cm3) was achieved by the combination treatment between concentration 23,07% and dipping time 5 days (A3B3) while the lowest retention value (0,562g/cm3) was achieved by the combination treatment between concentration 9,09% and dipping time 1 day (A1B1). Hence, the lowest effectivity of preservation materials indicated by the highest weight loss,was achieved by A1B1 combination treatment (3,37%) while the lowest (highest effectivity) was achieved by (A3B3) combination treatment (1,88%). Keywords: Concentration, Dipping time, Orthosiphon aristatus, Durio zibethinus, Coptotermes sp.
PENGARUH KONSENTRASI DAN LAMA PERENDAMAN BAHAN PENGAWET DAUN TEMBELEKAN (Lantana camara L.) PADA KAYU BAYUR (Pterospermum sp.) TERHADAP SERANGAN RAYAP TANAH (Coptotermes sp.) Salmayanti, Salmayanti; Ariyanti, Ariyanti; Hapid, Abdul
Jurnal Warta Rimba Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

There are about ± 4.000 wood species in Indonesia. In small amount of that woods were categorized as durable wood (Class I and II) while mostly (80-85%) were categorized non-durable wood (Class III to V). This study was aimed to determine the effects of Lantana camara L. leaves extracts as preservation material of Pterospermum sp wood on the Coptotermes sp. attacks. The experiment was conducted in the laboratory of Forestry science, Forestry Faculty, Tadulako University, from May to June 2013. The study was using completely randomized design with pattern. The treatment of study was applying two factors. First, concentration of L.camara L. extracts with three levels, namely ;9,09 g (K1), 13,04 g (K2), and 16,66 g (K3). Second, Dipping time with three levels, namely: 1 day (L1), 3 days (L3), and 5 days (L5). Data was analyzed by using analysis (Anova).The results showed that water contents and density of Pterospermum sp. woods was 8,37% and 0,321 g/cm³, respectively. Hence, the highest weight loss was achieved by K1L1 combination treatment (9,99%) while the lowest was achieved by K3L5 combination treatment (8,93%). Generally, concentration of L.camara L. and dipping time extracts did not affect significantly the weight loss of Pterospermum sp woods. Keywords: Concentration, Dipping, Lantana camara L., Pterospermum sp., Coptotermes sp.
PENGARUH KONSENTRASI DAN LAMA PERENDAMAN KAYU SENGON (Paraserianthes falcataria L. Nielsen) DALAM EKSTRAK DAUN SIRSAK (Annona muricata L.) TERHADAP SERANGAN RAYAP TANAH (Coptotermes sp.) Ardiansa, Budi; Ariyanti, Ariyanti; Hapid, Abdul
Jurnal Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Wood has many contribution for life. It can be useful for bueldings, huose ware, and for other using. The use of wood are followed by huma needs for manufactured wood in creasingly, while long life wood tend to be more scarce and higher in price. This research aims to know the influence of the concentration and the immersion time for sengon wood treated in extracted soursop leaf to defence from subterranean termite. This research was conducted in both forestry Laboratorium, Departement and faculty of forestry, University of Tadulako and in rural of Baiya, Distict of Tawaely. Starting from Desember 2013 till Februari 2014. This research used a complete randomized factorial design. The first factor was the concentration of extracted soursop leaf (A) was 4.76% (A1), 13.04% (A2) and 16.66% (A3). The second factor was the immersion time for sengon wood treated in extracted soursop leaf (B) was 5 days (B1), 10 days (B2), and 15 days (B3). The results show that the highest of losing weight is in the control (A0B1) with 3.3%, and the lowest of losing weight is in the concentration of 150g with 10 days immersion (A1B2) with 1.21%. The concentration of extracted soursop leaf and the immertion time of sengon wood did not significantly influence to the lose of weight in tested sample. Keywords: Concentration, Dipping, Paraserianthes falcataria L. Nielsen, Annona muricata L , Coptotermes sp.
ANALISIS FITOKIMIA EKSTRAK KAYU EBONI (Diospyros celebica Bakh.) Ariyanti, Ariyanti; Budiarso, Edi; Budi, Agus Sulistyo; Kusuma, Irawan W.
Jurnal Warta Rimba Vol 4, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the resistant-termite activity through phytochemical analysis with color test methods and compounds from the extracts of ebony. The results of this study are expected to provide early information about the biological activity of extracts of ebony as a natural anti-termite and the possibility of its utilization as a natural preservative in wood preservation. Ebony (Diospyros celebica Bakh.) have a 1th durable class and 1th strong class. Ebony is the endemic species in Central Sulawesi. The methods of maceration ebony powder, extract ethanol, extraction and fractionation and phytochemical analysis through tests of alkoloid, flavonoid, terpenoid, tannin,  saponin, steroid, carotenoid and  cumarin were applied in this research. The results showed that the extract of ebony contains alkaloids in acetone, n-hexane, ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol. Flavonoid compound was found only in the solvent n - hexane. Tannin compound only on the solvent of ethyl acetate. Saponin compound contained in the acetone and methanol solvents. Steroid compound contained in the acetone and methanol solvents. Carotenoid compound is unfound in all solvents. Carbohydrate compound found only in ethanol. Terpenoids compound found in the acetone and methanol solvents. Cumarin compound contained only in n - hexane.Key words : anti termite, extractive, eboni wood, phytochemical analysis.
RETENSI DAN EFEKTIVITAS BAHAN PENGAWET EKSTRAK DAUN CENGKEH (Syzygium aromaticum) PADA KAYU DURIAN (Durio zibethinus) TERHADAP SERANGAN RAYAP TANAH (Coptotermes sp.) Toleng, Fitriyani N.; Erniwati, Erniwati; Ariyanti, Ariyanti
Jurnal Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Effectiveness of natural substance as preservative agent is needed to be further observed. One of the substances is extract of Glove (Syzygium aromaticum) leaf. This extract was considered to be effective material on Durian (Durio zibethinus) wood preservative against Subterranean termite (Coptotermes sp). The aims of this study were compare the retention and the affectiveness of preservative materials which  extracted from Glove leaf by using different method of extraction. This studi was done at Agro-technology Laboratory of Agricultural Faculty, Tadulako University, over the period of March and June 2014. Bioassay on Termite destruction was done at Maku Village, Dolo of Sigi Regency. The experiment was arranged based on Completely Randomized Design (CRD) in two different factorial patterns. The first factor was different method on leaf extraction (A) i.e. by using ethanol (A1), and by using distillated water (A2). While the second factor (B) was different time on soaking material, i.e. 1 day soaking time (B1), and 3 days were soaking time (B2). All units was performed as negative control. One percent of preservative extract was applied on each experimental unit. The outcome of this study showed that water content of axtract was 14,726% and the density was 0,463 g/cm3. The highest retention value 0,1244 g/cm3 was recorded on the treatment of 3 days ethanol extraction (A1B2), while the lowest value 0,0868 g/cm3 was detected on the treatment of 1 day water extraction. The highest value on effectiveness (or lowest rate on loss weight) 2,4075% was detected after the treatment by using 3 days ethanol extraction substance, while the lowest value 4,6818% was  measured on control unit. Key words: Syzygium aromaticum, Durio zibethinus, Retention, Effectiveness.