Nurhayati HS Arifin
Departemen Arsitektur Lanskap Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor

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STUDI POTENSI LANSKAP BERSEJARAH UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN WISATA SEJARAH DI KOTA BENGKULU Anggraini, Rika; Arifin, Nurhayati HS
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia (JLI)
Publisher : http://web.ipb.ac.id/~landscapearch/

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to invent and identify the exsistance of historic landscape in Bengkulu City, to analise and describehistoric landscape which is potential to develop and conserve and also to give some approachments of conservation and empowerment of historic landscape in Bengkulu City for historic tourism development. The method of the study was the surveymethod, including literature review, site observation, questionaire and interview for collecting data. The data were analised to describe the existence and the condition of historic landscapes, and to offer an alternative of historical tourism development.The result showed that Bengkulu City has long periodof history, which left historic landscape and cultural herritage as the physical evidences. The history started from kingdom period with high community welfare and invited the colonialism to Bengkulu. The City still has nationally important role in the early of the independence period of Indonesian Republic. In this  study, 18 cultural reserve and historic landscapes were observed, which spread in  two subdistricts : Teluk Segara and Gading Cempaka Subdistricts.Each of cultural herritages and historic landscapesin Bengkulu City has different condition, so it required different treatment which includes : preservation, conservation, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Some objects are potential to be developed as historical tourism objects because of  their uniqness and high historical value, i.e: Fort Marlborough, Old Harbour, Tapak  paderi, Fatmawati house and Museum of Bengkulu. The potency of tourism sector also supported by the beautiful scenery and community which are cooperative and friendly.It is proposed that historical tourism objects in Bengkulu Province has devided in four clusters based on development potentiallity level and location of the objects. Cluster I as the maine development area, then followed by cluster II, III, and IV . Each cluster has main tourism object and supported by tourism facilities.
SURAKARTA: PERKEMBANGAN KOTA SEBAGAI AKIBAT PENGARUH PERUBAHAN SOSIAL PADA BEKAS IBUKOTA KERAJAAN DI JAWA Zaida, Suci Nur Aini; Arifin, Nurhayati HS
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia (JLI)
Publisher : http://web.ipb.ac.id/~landscapearch/

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the relation  of urban landscape development that influenced by social change. This  study was focused on the changing occur before the Kingdom of Surakarta untilreformation period. The analysis was intended to find out the main factors that had been influencing the urban landscape development and also to formulate the concept of urban planning in the future based on its history and thesocial character.Surakarta, otherwise Solo or Salay, was the capitalcity of Surakarta Hadiningrat´s Kingdom. Founded in  1745,  it was built on a magical rather than a rational consideration. It’s located in the  crosscurrent of two rivers, the Bengawan Solo and the Pepe. According to the Javanese cosmology, the inner city comprised of the kraton complex called Baluwarti and the alun-alun (palace square), all located inside the beteng (palace wall). Outside the palace wall were houses of the sentana (nobility), the abdi dalem (retainers) and the commonners. The coming of the Europeans, the Chinese and the Arabs formerly did not alter the cosmology concept of the city. Inthe beginning of the twentieth century, due to the advance of technology and the expansion of business, service and leisure, the city was changed. It was in development period that the most change towards a modern city took place. The skeleton of the city remained the same, but the environment became entirely different.
STUDI POTENSI LANSKAP SEJARAH UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN WISATA SEJARAH DI KOTA BOGOR Kencana, Ira Puspa; Arifin, Nurhayati HS
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia (JLI)
Publisher : http://web.ipb.ac.id/~landscapearch/

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Abstract

Bogor has main role in Sundanese history, so there  are many historical heritages which are needed to be conserved. One of the effortis tourism development. The research was conducted to analize historical landscape potency for developing historical tourism. The study was held in Bogor city from December 2004 until May 2005 using survey method. The survey method were todefine the historical data of the city, historical object and management.The study explains the historical landscape potencyin Bogor city as an historical tourism object for historical tourism development.  Based on Bogor tourism, art, and culture office recommendation, there are six historical objects that have tourism potency. Some of those objects are needed to be rehabilited and conserved. Tourism supporting aspects such as services facilities and  tourism have good potency. Transportation still has problem that need to be solved. Beside that, information of Bogor history and its historical tourism objects are necessary to be socialized and promoted. Tourism program is one of the recommendedsolution.
PEMETAAN DAN PENILAIAN PERMAKAMAN SEJARAH SAMUDRA PASAI DI KABUPATEN ACEH UTARA Nurjanah H, Nurjanah H; Munandar, Aris; Arifin, Nurhayati HS
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 27, No 1 (2017): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/paramita.v27i1.9189

Abstract

The purposes of this study are to map and identify the location of those artifacts, historical landscape unit of Samudra Pasai and to evaluate the historical tombs. Methods used were Cultural Mapping Approach using GIS and historical landscape assessment. From this research it was found that there are 33 historical tombs in Aceh Utara District. Thirteen of them are already stated as Cultural Heritage Site and 20 of them not yet included on the list. Historical landscape of Samudera Pasai’s tomb bearing importance with high significance value found in 6 tombs unit at Meurah Mulia Sub-district, Lhokseukon Sub-district, Baktiya Barat Sub-district, Tanah Jambo Aye sub-district and Syamtalira Aron sub-district. Ten tombs with medium significance value can be found at six sub-districts which are Geureudong Pase sub-district, Tanah Luas sub-district, Paya Bakong sub-district, Samudera sub-district, Seunuddon sub-district and Nibong sub-district. Four tombs with low significance value can be found at Samudera sub-district, Nibong sub-district, Seunuddon sub-district and Syamtalira Aron sub-district. Landscape preservation priority will be conducted at landscapes with high and medium significance values. Meanwhile, the landscape with low significance proposed to do physical improvements only. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk memetakan dan mengidentifikasi keberadaan artefak, Unit lanskap sejarah Samudra Pasai dan penilaian terhadap peningalan makam-makam bersejarah. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Cultural Mapping Approach dengan menggunakan GIS dan asesmen lanskap sejarah. Hasil dari penelitian ditemukan 33 permakaman bersejarah di Kabupaten Aceh Utara, 13 merupakan permakaman kepemilikan Situs Cagar Budaya dan 20 diantaranya belum terdaftar sebagai Situs Cagar budaya. Lanskap sejarah permakaman Samudra Pasai memiliki nilai penting dengan signifikansi tinggi sebanyak 6 unit permakam-an yang terdapat pada Kecamatan Meurah mulia, Kecamatan Lhokseukon, Kecamatan Baktiya Barat, Kecamatan Tanah Jambo Aye dan Kecamatan Syamtalira Aron. Permakam-an dengan nilai signifikansi sedang sebanyak 10 unit dapat dijumpai pada enam Kecamatan yaitu Kecamatan Geureudong Pase, Kecamat-an Tanah Luas, Kecamatan Paya Bakong, Kecamatan Samudera, Kecamatan Kecamat-an Seunuddon dan kecamatan Nibong. Permakaman dengan nilai signifikansi rendah sebanyak 4 unit terdapat pada Kecamatan Samudera, Kecamatan Nibong, Kecamatan Seunuddon dan Kecamatan Syamtalira Aron. Prioritas pelestarian dilakukan pada lanskap dengan nilai signifikansi tinggi dan sedang, namun untuk nilai signifikansi rendah diusulkan perbaikan fisik. 
SURAKARTA: PERKEMBANGAN KOTA SEBAGAI AKIBAT PENGARUH PERUBAHAN SOSIAL PADA BEKAS IBUKOTA KERAJAAN DI JAWA Zaida, Suci Nur Aini; Arifin, Nurhayati HS
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia (JLI)
Publisher : http://arl.faperta.ipb.ac.id/

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jli.2010.2.2.%p

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the relation  of urban landscape development that influenced by social change. This  study was focused on the changing occur before the Kingdom of Surakarta untilreformation period. The analysis was intended to find out the main factors that had been influencing the urban landscape development and also to formulate the concept of urban planning in the future based on its history and thesocial character.Surakarta, otherwise Solo or Salay, was the capitalcity of Surakarta Hadiningrat's Kingdom. Founded in  1745,  it was built on a magical rather than a rational consideration. It?s located in the  crosscurrent of two rivers, the Bengawan Solo and the Pepe. According to the Javanese cosmology, the inner city comprised of the kraton complex called Baluwarti and the alun-alun (palace square), all located inside the beteng (palace wall). Outside the palace wall were houses of the sentana (nobility), the abdi dalem (retainers) and the commonners. The coming of the Europeans, the Chinese and the Arabs formerly did not alter the cosmology concept of the city. Inthe beginning of the twentieth century, due to the advance of technology and the expansion of business, service and leisure, the city was changed. It was in development period that the most change towards a modern city took place. The skeleton of the city remained the same, but the environment became entirely different.
Analisis Karakteristik Pekarangan dalam Mendukung Penganekaragaman Pangan Keluarga di Kabupaten Bogor Azra, Azka Lathifah Zahratu; Arifin, Hadi Susilo; Astawan, Made; Arifin, Nurhayati HS
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia
Publisher : http://arl.faperta.ipb.ac.id/

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jli.2014.6.2.1-12

Abstract

Pekarangan is a type of traditional Indonesian home gardens that utilize the land around the house with the status and clear boundaries. Pekarangan in rural areas have high agrobiodiversity, good agroecosystem and should be optimized as an area to meet the needs of daily life, especially to support the diversification of food consumption of the household. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze the ecology characteristics of pekarangan to support food consumption diversification of the household. The study was conducted in Bogor Regency, which located in altitudes at 165 ? 460 m height with high level of urbanization, from December 2013 to June 2014. Diversity of food in pekarangan, specially the crops and livestocks, is the focus of this research. The results of the study showed that the most common crops in Bogor Regency are vegetables, fruits, and spices plants. Analysis of plant diversity index showed that the pekarangan in Bogor Regency has a diversity in the mid category (1.95) with the dominance of seasonal crops. Diversification of food in pekarangan can be done by optimizing the existing area, utilization of all zoning for the cultivation of diverse functions crops and livestock. For diversification of food consumption, the owner should use different types of food, as well as considering the crop calendar to a wide variety of food that can be consumed on a daily basis. Therefore, it's necessary to educate the housewives about the potency of diversification crops in pekarangan for consumption, strong motivation and assistance from the government, as well as optimizing the role of KWT group to optimize the role of pekarangan for the diversification of food.
STUDI POTENSI LANSKAP SEJARAH UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN WISATA SEJARAH DI KOTA BOGOR Kencana, Ira Puspa; Arifin, Nurhayati HS
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia (JLI)
Publisher : http://arl.faperta.ipb.ac.id/

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jli.2010.2.1.%p

Abstract

Bogor has main role in Sundanese history, so there  are many historical heritages which are needed to be conserved. One of the effortis tourism development. The research was conducted to analize historical landscape potency for developing historical tourism. The study was held in Bogor city from December 2004 until May 2005 using survey method. The survey method were todefine the historical data of the city, historical object and management.The study explains the historical landscape potencyin Bogor city as an historical tourism object for historical tourism development.  Based on Bogor tourism, art, and culture office recommendation, there are six historical objects that have tourism potency. Some of those objects are needed to be rehabilited and conserved. Tourism supporting aspects such as services facilities and  tourism have good potency. Transportation still has problem that need to be solved. Beside that, information of Bogor history and its historical tourism objects are necessary to be socialized and promoted. Tourism program is one of the recommendedsolution.
STUDI POTENSI LANSKAP BERSEJARAH UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN WISATA SEJARAH DI KOTA BENGKULU Anggraini, Rika; Arifin, Nurhayati HS
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia (JLI)
Publisher : http://arl.faperta.ipb.ac.id/

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jli.2011.3.1.%p

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to invent and identify the exsistance of historic landscape in Bengkulu City, to analise and describehistoric landscape which is potential to develop and conserve and also to give some approachments of conservation and empowerment of historic landscape in Bengkulu City for historic tourism development. The method of the study was the surveymethod, including literature review, site observation, questionaire and interview for collecting data. The data were analised to describe the existence and the condition of historic landscapes, and to offer an alternative of historical tourism development.The result showed that Bengkulu City has long periodof history, which left historic landscape and cultural herritage as the physical evidences. The history started from kingdom period with high community welfare and invited the colonialism to Bengkulu. The City still has nationally important role in the early of the independence period of Indonesian Republic. In this  study, 18 cultural reserve and historic landscapes were observed, which spread in  two subdistricts : Teluk Segara and Gading Cempaka Subdistricts.Each of cultural herritages and historic landscapesin Bengkulu City has different condition, so it required different treatment which includes : preservation, conservation, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Some objects are potential to be developed as historical tourism objects because of  their uniqness and high historical value, i.e: Fort Marlborough, Old Harbour, Tapak  paderi, Fatmawati house and Museum of Bengkulu. The potency of tourism sector also supported by the beautiful scenery and community which are cooperative and friendly.It is proposed that historical tourism objects in Bengkulu Province has devided in four clusters based on development potentiallity level and location of the objects. Cluster I as the maine development area, then followed by cluster II, III, and IV . Each cluster has main tourism object and supported by tourism facilities.