Yoga Aribowo
Program Studi Teknik Geologi Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang

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PREDIKSI TEMPERATUR RESERVOAR PANASBUMI DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN METODA GEOTERMOMETER KIMIA FLUIDA Aribowo, Yoga
TEKNIK Volume 32, Nomor 3, Tahun 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

In the preliminary study of Geothermal field development, one the most important thing to observe istemperature capacity of the geothermal reservoirs. One of several method to get subsurface temperature datathat low cost and reliable is geothermometry method. With just surface investigation of the geothermal prospectand fluid geochemistry analysis, it is possible to make a prediction how hot reservoir fluids are. The subsurfacetemperature prediction is based on physical and chemical properties of some chemical constituent. Temperaturedependant solubility of many chemical consituent of geothermal fluids such as silica, chloride, and Na.
STUDI GEOKIMIA FLUIDA PANASBUMI DAERAH PROSPEK PANASBUMI NGLIMUT, G. UNGARAN KECAMATAN LIMBANGAN, KABUPATEN KENDAL JAWA TENGAH Brahmo Emianto, Yohanes; Aribowo, Yoga
TEKNIK Volume 32, Nomor 3, Tahun 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro

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Fluid geochemistry is a useful method to analyse lateral and vertical processes and trends in a geothermalsystem, just like a blood and urine analysis to determine the functions of internal organs in human body. Fluidsgeochemistry study in Nglimut Geothermal Prospect has conducted to get information about type andcharacteristics of fluids, to predict reservoir temperature, and sub surface hidrogeochemical cycle model.From fluids geochemistry analysis, the most significant constituent is HCO3, and thus all fluids classified intobicarbonate water. Based on gethermometry analysis, the average reservoir temperature calculated is about206oC and classified into high enthalpy system
STUDI GEOKIMIA AIR PANAS AREA PROSPEK PANASBUMI GUNUNG KENDALISODO KABUPATEN SEMARANG, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH Aribowo, Yoga; Nurohman, Heri
TEKNIK Volume 33, Nomor 1, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro

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Fluid geochemistry is a useful method to analyse lateral and vertical processes and trends in a geothermalsystem, just like a blood and urine analysis to determine the functions of internal organs in human body. Fluidsgeochemistry study in Kendalisodo Geothermal Prospect has conducted to get information about type andcharacteristics of fluids, to predict reservoir temperature, and sub surface hidrogeochemical cycle model.From fluids geochemistry analysis, the most significant constituent is HCO3, and thus all fluids classified intobicarbonate water. Based on gethermometry analysis, the average reservoir temperature calculated is about175oC and classified into medium enthalpy system.
Karakteristik Interaksi Fluida-Batuan dan Pendugaan Suhu Reservoir pada Sistem Panasbumi Kamojang Garut Berdasarkan Data Kimia Gas Sumur Produksi Aribowo, Yoga; Ramadhani, Marcelina
Jurnal Geosains dan Teknologi Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Juli 2018
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Lapangan Panasbumi Kamojang merupakan salah satu lapangan tertua yang berproduksi di Indonesia, dengan karakter dominasi uap. Salah satu cara memahami tatanan sistem panasbumi adalah dengan menganalisis kimia fluida, baik air maupun gas. Analisis geokimia gas pada lapangan Kamojang ini dilakukan pada gas yang berasal dari 10 sumur produksi, dengan metoda kromatografi gas untuk gas non reaktif dan metoda titrasi untuk gas reaktif. Hasil analisis diplot pada beberapa diagram segitiga untuk analisis asal air. Perhitungan suhu reservoir dilakukan dengan geotermometer berdasar formula dari beberapa penulis sebelumnya. Berdasar terneri N2-He-Ar, fluida pada sumur B, E, A, G diperkirakan berasal dari gas magmatik, sedangkan sumur I, H, D, C dari air meteorik, dan berdasar terneri N2-CO2-Ar, input gas diperkirakan berasal dari gas magmatik. Berdasar perhitungan geotermometer, suhu reservoir berkisar antara 230-279,7oC.
STUDI SIKUENSTRATIGRAFI BERDASARKAN HASIL ANALISIS DATA PALINOLOGI PADA SUMUR Y, CEKUNGAN SUMATERA SELATAN Ramadhan, Rizki; Nugroho, Hadi; Aribowo, Yoga; Panuju, Panuju
Geological Engineering E-Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2013): Volume 5, Nomor 1, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Geological Engineering E-Journal

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Palynology is a study of biostratigraphy for determining relative age and depositional environment basedon the abundance of palynomorf. Palynology study develompent in Indonesia is still could be more increasedalong with more oil and gas exploration moved to transitional environtment.Study of palynology in stratigraphy is aiming to determine relative age and depositional environment.Besides, palynology could also determine sequence stratigraphy in a large scale of study based on palynomorfpercentage. The study of sequence stratigraphy based on palynomorf percentage has been done in Well-Y, SouthSumatra basin.The method of this research is descriptive method through the microscopic observation on sample 1 - 14from 1400 m depth Y-Well’s cutting and quantitative method calculation and analysis method from thisobservation and calcuation could determine the percentage of each palynomorf. This percentage lead to a trendthen interpretated into several sequencestratigraphy.From this observation, it can be determined characteristic zone of this well. The characteristic zone ofpalynology in this well is divided into 3 zones of palynology; Proxapertites operculatus Zone, Flocshuetziameridionalis Zone, and Stenoclaeniidites papuanus Zone. Each zone shows the characteristic of age fromEocene to Pliocene and also depositional environment from delta plain to pro delta. From palynomorfpercentage trend, we may also see the pattern of sequece stratigraphy works in this depth. The percentage trendshows the time whether sea level fall at the minimum percentage of palynomorf and sea level rise at themaximum percentage of palynomorf. The trend shows the sequence with sequence boundary lying in the startand the end of the sequence and also transgressive surface indicates the sea level start rise. Overall, this wellhas 5 sequences based on this trend; sequence a, sequence b, sequence c, sequence d, and sequence e and all thesequences are bordered by sequence boundary.
STUDI STRATIGRAFI DAN PALEOGEOGRAFI ENDAPAN KENOZOIKUM CEKUNGAN SENGKANG PADA DAERAH KABUPATEN MAROS, PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN Putra, Hendry Tri Pradipta; Nugroho, Hadi; Aribowo, Yoga; Irawan, Danny
Geological Engineering E-Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2013): Volume 5, Nomor 1, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Geological Engineering E-Journal

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Stratigraphy and paleogeography study basin sengkang never discussed in detail by earlier researcher, caused by pattern sequence stratigraphy this basin is difficult is determined disturbed consequence by activity tektonic mobile in Paleogen and Neogen. The mentioned that make as object that interesting to studied and studied furthermore.Watchfulness method is done with research method, descriptive method, and analysis method. Research method is done with direct quest at field, this descriptive method is done with describe field data and laboratory data, and analysis method is done with analyze litostratigraphy, biostratigraphy, sequence stratigraphy, and tektonostratigraphy the result is used for discussion syntheses paleogeography watchfulness region.Litostratigraphy watchfulness region is divided to be four rock formations with sequence the position from old to young, that is Mallawa Formation aged Middle Eocene, Tonasa Formation aged Early Miocene, Camba Formation with age turn Late Miocene, and Walanae Formation with age turn Pliocene. From formation, knowable ten species foraminifera planktonic as age areas biostratigraphy, that is Globigerapsis index as datum age zone P.11, Globigerina yeguaensis as datum age zone P.12, Orbulinoides beckmanni as datum age zone P.13, Globigerinoides immaturus as datum age zone N.4, Globoquadrina dehiscens as datum age zone N.5, Orbulina bilobata as datum age zone N.6, Globigerinoides diminutus as datum age zone N.7, Praeorbulina glomerosa as datum age zone N.8, Globigerinoides conglobatus as datum age zone N.18, and Globorotalia crassaformis as datum age zone N.19. Sequence stratigraphy watchfulness region consists of three sequence precipitation that consist of three packages system tract complete, that is highstand system tract, transgressive system tract, and lowstand system tract. Tektonostratigraphy sediment Kenozoikum watchfulness region, got four sequence, that is syn-rift, sag-basin, syn-orogenic, and post-orogenic. History paleogeography watchfulness region since Middle Eocene still environment land-deltaic with precipate formation unit mallawa, then in miosen beginning happen phase transgresi with precipate Mallawa Formation, and Late Miocene to happen regression phase with precipate Camba Formation, and phase transgresi return to happen by the end of Pliocene beginning with precipate Walanae Formation.
ANALISIS PERUBAHAN FASIES DAN LINGKUNGAN PENGENDAPAN DI BLOK A PADA FORMASI MELUHU, CEKUNGAN KENDARI, PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA Irfansyah, Febry; Nugroho, Hadi; Aribowo, Yoga
Geological Engineering E-Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2013): Volume 5, Nomor 1, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Geological Engineering E-Journal

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Limitations of field geological data and subsurface surveys are one of the causes of unattractiveness oil and gas exploration activities in the old basins in eastern Indonesia because it has a high risk that is always avoided by investors in the oil and gas. The research location in Meluhu Formation, Kendari Basin, which is one of Upper Triassic formations in eastern Indonesia is estimated to have potential for hydrocarbon resources. Therefore, to find out more about this potential is conducted by field geological survey that generate data on sedimentology and stratigraphy.            This study aims to determine facies and depositional environment that formed in three tracks of stratigraphic section in Block A, Meluhu Formation, Kendari Basin, and to know the changes in facies and depositional environment vertically associated with the impact of sea level changes.             The methodology used in this research is descriptive and analysis methods. The descriptive method is done by literature study and field survey includes stratigraphic section measurements at selected tracks, while for analysis methods are litofasies analysis, facies associations, petrographic analysis, and sequence analysis of the relative age. Based on the four analysis, a stratigraphic column of the study area that are arranged based on the relative age of rocks are made and used to determine the pattern of changes in facies and depositional environment vertically.                   From the combined results of the four methods of analysis, the interpretation of different facies and depositional environment in three stratigraphic section measurements in this area are obtained. On the first track named LS301, some facies found, such as mud flats, mixed flats, sand flats, and tidal channel, which characterize the tidal flat depositional environment. In the second track named LS303, channel fills and overbank facies are found, which characterize the fluvial depositional environment. On the third track named LS306, facies mud flats and sand flats that characterize the deposition of tidal flats are found, and the dominance of overbank and channel fill facies that characterize the fluvial depositional environment. From the analysis of the relative age, the sequence between tracks from old to young is LS301, LS303, and the LS306. So, changes in facies and depositional environment vertically starts from tidal flat and change into fluvial. Compared with the eustacy curve of the Upper Triassic age by Haq (1987) which shows a pattern of decline in sea level, vertical changes on Block A match to the facts on the field.
GEOLOGI, ALTERASI HIDROTERMAL DAN MINERALISASI DAERAH CIURUG DAN SEKITARNYA, KECAMATAN NANGGUNG, KABUPATEN BOGOR, PROVINSI JAWA BARAT Agus Binsar, Mohammad Tommy; Aribowo, Yoga; Widiarso, Dian Agus
Geological Engineering E-Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Periode Juli - Oktober 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Geologi, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro

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The existence of metallic minerals in nature is closely related to geological conditions and hydrothermal alteration. hydrothermal alteration and mineralization occur due to hydrothermal solutions that change the physical and chemical properties of rocks and carrying metal elements which will be deposited on rock porosity and permeability have. hydrothermal alteration will make a special characteristic as an altered mineral association. Study of this alteration zone and mineralization will help us to make a plan for metal resources exploration. The purpose of this study was to determine the geological conditions study area include the morphology , lithology , structural geology , hydrothermal alteration zones , mineralization and determine the relationship between geology , hydrothermal alteration , and mineralization.Methods of research is using survey and analysis methods. Survey conducted by the method of data that collected in the field in the form of surface geological   mapping.   The   analysis   method     was     analysis    of    petrology, petrography, X-ray (XRD), and geological structure.Regional geomorphology of Ciurug Area classification based on Van Zuidam (1983) is divided into two units , namely units steep hilly volcanic landforms and volcanic landform units is very steep mountains. Lithology of the study area consists of older to younger andesite breccia , andesite lava, lapilli tuff , tuff , and andesite intrusion . Geological structure of the study area has a north-south direction . Hydrothermal alteration zones are present in the study area is the zone of argillic ( Illit - Kaolin ) , propylitic zone ( Smectite - Chlorite ) , and silicified zones ( Silica - Quartz ) . Mineralization in the area of research in the form of quartz veins and disseminated pyrite and chalcopyrite mineralization as ore deposits . Type of sediment deposition area of research   is  a   low   sulfidation epithermal type.
GEOLOGI DAN ALTERASI HIDROTERMAL DAERAH BANTAR KARET DAN SEKITARNYA, KECAMATAN NANGGUNG, KABUPATEN BOGOR, PROVINSI JAWA BARAT Febriyana, Rizal Dwi; Aribowo, Yoga; Widiarso, Dian Agus
Geological Engineering E-Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2014): Volume 6, Nomor 1, Tahun 2014
Publisher : Geological Engineering E-Journal

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Alteration type at zone of mineralization has its own properties and characteristics that often characterized by the presence of mineral assemblage. The existence of alteration zone occurred due to changes mineral composition of rocks as a result of interaction between fluida of hydrothermal and wall-rocks. Alteration of hydrothermal is very closely linked with mineralization. Mineralization is an assembly and accumulation process of valuable rare minerals in the rocks to form ore deposits. Geological studies related to the characteristics and distribution of alteration and mineralization will assist in the planning of exploration process in the area. The aim of this study is to know the condition of geological research area that include variation of morphology, stratigraphy, structural of geology, alteration types are develop in the study area, as well as the relationship between altered minerals the result of hydrothermal alteration to precipitate epithermal mineralization in the study area.The methods used in this study include field mapping, followed by the method of sample analysis. Method of field mapping carried out by observing the lithology, structural of geology, geomorphology and alteration at Bantar Karet and surrounding areas, Nanggung subdistrict, Bogor Regency, West Java . Method of analysis carried out by analysis of petrology, petrography, mineralgraphy , X - ray diffractometer and the structure analysis of the lineament pattern.Lithology of the research area, beginning Early Miocene with sequence from old to young are unit of laminated tuff, unit of volcanic breccia, unit of andesite lava, unit of lapilli tuff, unit of tuff and unit of dacite intrusion. Structural of geology that develop in the study area are joint, fault that related with the lineament pattern, the main direction are Southwest-Northeast and Northwest-Southeast. Geomorphology of the study area was divided into two : the unit of volcanic landforms are very steep mountains and the unit of volcanic landforms are steep hilly. Alteration zones are contained in the study area, becoming three zones, there are Chlorite ± Smectite Alteration Zone (Propylitic), Smectite Alteration Zone - Kaolinite ± Montmorillonite (Argillic) and Silicified Zones. The mineralization exist are dessiminated Pyrite as ore mineral and oxide mineral such as Hematite which is the alteration of Magnetite and Feromagnesian on temperature conditions < 260oC. Characteristics of deposition types that developed in the study area based on the identification of geology, included alteration and mineralization is low sulphidation epithermal.
GEOLOGI, KARAKTERISTIK DAN GENESA ENDAPAN LATERIT BAUKSIT PT. ANTAM (Persero) Tbk, UNIT GEOMIN, DAERAH KENCO, KABUPATEN LANDAK, PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT Ramadhan, Fachrul Rozi; Aribowo, Yoga; Widiarso, Dian Agus; A, Betraz
Geological Engineering E-Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2014): Volume 6, Nomor 1, Tahun 2014
Publisher : Geological Engineering E-Journal

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Bauxite mining is one of the business units that started to increase mine in Indonesia because it has considerable economic value in the scale of quantity and quality. One of the prospective locations are in areas Kenco, Landak District, West Kalimantan Province. Kenco is an area that addressed the rest of the development of Cretaceous volcanism consisting of the island of Borneo Volcanic Formations Mensibau with unit members Granodiorite, quartz diorite and diorite, and the Formation of the Kingdom Volcanic Andesite-trachite units and Formations of alluvium and swamp sediment quarter. Bedrock types that tend to be acid-intemediet bauxite will produce certain characteristics that are different from the dominant rock properties of acids or bases. Rock intensively weathered have the potential to form a precipitate lateritic bauxite. Conducted a detailed mapping is the next steps of regional mapping to narrow the area of bauxite mineral mining resource prospects.         Geological aspects and lateritic bauxite deposit genesis process on the site is a very interesting research material. Based on field mapping, Gibsite is the bauxite formed with frame type is the result of weatherin sediment residue on the soil catena. The study area consists of rocks that form lateritisation overburden, soil laterite, iron cap /gossan, saprolite and bedrock layers. Lateritic bauxite deposit formation is largely controlled by bedrock type, time, climate (rainfall), morphology, changes the face of groundwater, and vegetation destruction process involving a series of rocks, minerals leaching, transport and deposition of mineral elements of chemical residues.         Lateritic bauxite sludge characteristics according to the analysis of X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) on a layer of overburden to ore (saprolite layer) shows the mineral composition Nacrite, Kaolinite, Gibsite, Goethite, Quartz, Nordstandite, Hematite, and Dickite. The average mineral formed at neutral pH tends to be acidic by 5-7 and temperatures below 150oC. The analysis of X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) shows the rock has certain characteristics which, if averaged Aluminum trihydrate (Al2O3) as much as ±33%, Iron (II) trihydrate (Fe2O3) of about ±8.5%, Silicate oxide (SiO2) approximately ± 43%, Titanium oxide (TiO2) approximately ≤1% and total silicate (R-SiO2) approximately ≤7%. Saprolite layer showed a thickening layer on the hillside at an angle of 20 - 25o, while the section near the top of the hill or valley will be thinned. The results showed that the value of XRF levels bedrock formation of bauxite have economic value to the content of Al and Fe but less to a total content of Si and Si.