Teti Arabia
Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Pengaruh Lereng dan Pupuk Organik Terhadap Kehilangan Hara Pada Areal Tanaman Kentang (Solanum tuberosum L.) di Kecamatan Atu Lintang Kabupaten Aceh Tengah Hasanah, Uswatun; Alibasyah, M. Rusli; Arabia, Teti
Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Volume 3, Nomor 2, Oktober 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Konservasi Sumberdaya Lahan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract : This study was conducted in Atu Lintang Sub-district Aceh Tengah Regency. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of slope and organic fertilizer application on nutrient lossesin potatoes plant area. The measurement of nutrient losses was conducted in slope 8 – 12% and 12 – 16% and the application organic fertilizer by using compost, coffee bean skin compost and non-fertilizer. The treatments were placed in the standard erosion plots. The result of the study showed that in slope of 8 – 12%,  the nutrients losses on compost treatment were total organic C 517,67 kg ha-1, total N 39,79 kg ha-1, available P  0,0051 kg  ha-1, and exchangeable K 0,710 kg ha-1, the nutrients losses on coffee bean skin compost treatment were total organic C 621,43 kg ha-1, total N 44,40 kg ha-1, available P 0,0082 kg ha-1, and exchangeable K 1,094 kg ha-1, and the nutrients losses onnon-fertilizerwere total organic C 653,63 kg ha-1, total N 48,23 kg ha-1, available P 0,0039 kg ha-1, and exchangeable K 0,852 kg ha-1. In the 12 – 16% slope,the nutrients losses on compost treatment were total organic C 678,05 kg ha-1, total N 51,55 kg ha-1, available P 0,0174 kg ha-1, and exchangeable K  1,736 kg ha-1, the nutrients losses oncoffee bean skin compost treatment were total organic C 798,92 kg ha-1, total N 60,21 kg ha-1, available P 0,0201 kg ha-1, and exchangeable K 2,275 kg ha-1, and the nutrients losses onnon-fertilizerwere total organic C 886,95 kg ha-1, total N 67,11 kg ha-1, available P 0,0146 kg ha-1, and exchangeable K 1,857 kg ha-1. Abstrak : Penelitian ini dilakukan di Balai Benih Induk (BBI) Hortikultura Kecamatan Atu Lintang Kabupaten Aceh Tengah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat  pengaruh kelerengan dan pemberian pupuk organik terhadap kehilangan hara pada sareal tanaman kentang. Pengukuran kehilangan hara dilakukan pada kelerengan 8 - 12 % dan 12 – 16 % dan pemberian pupuk organik dengan menggunakan pupuk kompos, kompos kulit merah kopi dan tanpa pupuk dengan membuat petak baku Wischmeier. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada  kelerengan 8 – 12 % kehilangan hara pada perlakuan pupuk  kompos yaitu C organik 517,67 kg ha-1, N total 39,79 kg ha-1, P tersedia 0,0051 kg ha-1, dan K dapat dipertukarkan 0,710 kg ha-1, kehilangan hara pada perlakuan kompos kulit merah kopi yaitu C organik sebesar 621,43 kg ha-1, N total 44,40 kg ha-1, P tersedia 0,0082 kg ha-1, dan K dapat dipertukarkan 1,094 kg ha-1 dan kehilangan hara pada perlakuan tanpa pupuk adalah C organik 653,63 kg ha-1, N total 48,23 kg ha-1, P tersedia 0,0039 dan K dapat dipertukarkan 0,852 kg ha-1. Pada kelerengan 12 – 16 % kehilangan hara pada perlakuan pupuk  kompos yaitu C organik 678,05 kg ha-1, N total 51,55 kg ha-1, P tersedia 0,0174 kg ha-1, dan K dapat dipertukarkan 1,736 kg ha-1, kehilangan hara pada perlakuan kompos kulit merah kopi yaitu C organik sebesar 798,92 kg ha-1, N total 60,21 kg ha-1, P tersedia 0,0201 kg ha-1, dan K dapat dipertukarkan 2,275 kg ha-1 dan kehilangan hara pada perlakuan tanpa pupuk adalah C organik 886,95 kg ha-1, N total 67,11 kg ha-1, P tersedia 0,0146 dan K dapat dipertukarkan 1,857 kg ha-1.
Status fungi mikoriza arbuskula pada berbagai sistem pengelolaan dan umur tanaman kelapa sawit Arman, Rossy A.; Fikrinda, Fikrinda; Muyassir, Muyassir; Anhar, Ashabul; Mardatin, N. F.; Arabia, Teti
Jurnal Floratek Vol 10, No 2 (2015): Oktober 2015
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Status of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Different Farming Systems and Age of Oil PalmABSTRACT. A survey was conducted to determine the Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi (AMF) spore population in rhizosphere soils and its root colonization of oil palm belonging to four age class (2-3months, 2 years, 7 years, and >10 years) at PTPN I Estate plantation and smallholder farmer plantation in Cot Girek Aceh Utara. The methods used were direct isolation. The result showed that there were 14 species of AMF belongs to genus Glomus identified according to spore morphology, eight species at PTPN I and six species at smallholder oil palm plantation. AMF spore density at PTPN I and smallholder oil palm was 17.35 and 17.80 spore per 50g soil, respectively. Oil palm at 7 years old resulted in better AMF population, i.e. 53,7 spore per 50 g Soil. AMF colonization at oil palm rhizospere in both farming systems were low, i.e. 5.4% (PTPN I) and 2.9% (smallholder). Farming system and age of oil palm influenced the AMF population and root colonization, Spore density did not positively correlate with root colonization at different farming systems and age of oil palm.
Kenampakan Pedologi Tanah Sawah yang Berasal dari Toposekuen Berbahan Induk Volkanik di Daerah Bogor – Jakarta Arabia, Teti; Hardjowigeno, Sarwono; Sudarsono, Sudarsono; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka; Suharta, Nata
Jurnal Agrista Vol 13, No 1 (2009): Volume 13 Nomor 1 April 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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(The Pedological Features of Paddy Soils from a Toposequence on Volcanic Parent Materials in the Bogor – Jakarta Area)ABSTRACT. The pedological feature of paddy soils are different from the non paddy cultivated. The aim of the research were: to study the pedofeatures of paddy soils in a toposequence on volcanic materials in the Bogor – Jakarta area; to study the influence of paddy cultivated intensity of pedofeatures. Twelve pedons of different altitude (90 – 650 m above see level) and different paddy cultivated intensity (0/year, 1/year, 2/year) were investigated, each horizons were sampled for laboratory analysis to study the pedofeatures. The result of the research showed that on non paddy cultivated, pedofeature observed at B horizon is indicating rock weathering. On 1x paddy, at tillage layer nodules and hypocoating were found. On 2x paddy, at plow plan layer clay infilling dense complete was found.
Susunan Horison Tanah Sawah pada Toposekuen Latosol Berbahan Induk Volkanik di Daerah Bogor – Jakarta Arabia, Teti; Hardjowigeno, Sarwono; Sudarsono, Sudarsono; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka; Suharta, Nata
Jurnal Agrista Vol 12, No 3 (2008): Volume 12 Nomor 3 Desember 2008
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The Sequence of Horizons of Paddy Soils in a Toposequence of Latosol on Volcanic Parent Materials in the Bogor – Jakarta AreaABSTRACT. The sequence of horizons of paddy soils is different from non paddy cultivated. The aim of the research were: (1) to study the sequence of horizons of paddy soils in a toposequence of Latosol on Volcanic materials in the Bogor – Jakarta Area; (2) to study the sequence of paddy cultivated intensity to sequence of horizons. Twelve pedons of different altitude (90 – 650 m above sea level) and different paddy cultivated intensity (0/year, 1/year, 2/year) were investigated sequence of horizons in the field. The result of the research showed that the horizons sequence, on non paddy cultivated soils consist of: tillage layers and the original soil layers. On 1x paddy/year consist of: plow pan layer, and iron/manganese/nodule Mn illuviation layer. On 2x paddy /year consist of: tillage layer of surface reduction, plow pan layer, Fe/Mn illuviation layer, and reduce subsurface layer.
Effects of AMF and Animal Manure on Improve the Quality of Land, Production and Quality of Pennisetum purpureum Schum Khalidin, Khalidin; Arabia, Teti; Fikrinda, Fikrinda
Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Volume 1, Nomor 2, Desember 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Konservasi Sumberdaya Lahan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract: The objective of research was to study the effects of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) and animal manure on improve the quality of land, production and quality of elephant grass. The method used was prepared by field experiments using factorial randomized block design consist of two factors: AMF and animal manure with three replications. AMF consists of two standards, ie, without using the AMF and AMF 10 g hole-1 while the four-stage animal manure factor is 0, 15, 30, and 45 tons ha-1. The results showed that the best interaction to crude protein and crude fiber grass cutting age of 50 days after planting contained in the AMF treatment without a dose of 15 tons ha-1 of animal manure.  The treatment of animal manure dose of 45 tons ha-1 produced an elephant grass was higher than the treatment dose of 30 tons    ha-1, 15 tons ha-1, and without animal manure.Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh fungi mikoriza arbuskular (FMA) dan pupuk kandang terhadap produksi dan kualitas rumput gajah. Metode yang digunakan adalah percobaan lapangan yang disusun dengan menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok pola faktorial yang terdiri dari dua faktor yaitu FMA dan pupuk kandang dengan tiga ulangan. Perlakuan FMA terdiri dari dua taraf yaitu tanpa FMA dan menggunakan FMA 10 g lubang-1, sedangkan faktor pupuk kandang empat taraf yaitu 0, 15, 30, dan 45 ton ha-1. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa interaksi terbaik terhadap protein kasar dan serat kasar rumput gajah umur pemotongan 50 hari setelah tanam terdapat pada perlakuan tanpa FMA  dengan dosis pupuk kandang 15 ton ha-1. Perlakuan dosis pupuk kandang 45 ton ha-1 menghasilkan produksi rumput gajah lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan perlakuan dosis 30 ton ha-1, 15 ton ha-1, dan tanpa pupuk kandang.
Karakteristik tanah ordo ultisol di perkebunan kelapa sawit PT. Perkebunan Nusantara I (Persero) Cot Girek Kabupaten Aceh Utara Andalusia, Bunga; Zainabun, Zainabun; Arabia, Teti
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Publisher : Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Ultisols have morphological characteristics, physical and chemical soil. It is necessary to study the characteristics of Ultisol in PT. Perkebunan Nusantara I (Persero) Cot Girek North Aceh Regency. The methode used descriptive quantitative survey methods. The study states that the structure of the soil in the study area tend to belong to the group of angular blocky. Soil consistency ranged from slightly tacky to the plastic. The texture of the clay causes consistency becomes more closely at the upper horizon and not easily destroyed (plastic) on the bottom horizon. Relatively high value of bulk density (1.31 g cm3-1 to 1.48 g cm3-1), permeability is slow (0.25 cm hr-1 to 0.51 cm hr-1), so that the soil porosity is less good. Land in the study area react sour, the cation exchanged capacity  value is low to moderate (11 me 100g-1 to 37 me 100g-1). N-total classified as moderate to very low (0.05% to 0.30%), available P was low (0.73 ppm to 4.08 ppm), the contents of Al and H is high enough so that the low fertility rate.
PEMBERIAN KALIUM PADA TANAH GAMBUT TERHADAP PRODUKSI, VIABILITAS, DAN VIGOR BENIH BEBERAPA VARIETAS KACANG TANAH Sarwanidas, T.; Syamsuddin, Syamsuddin; Arabia, Teti
Jurnal Floratek Vol 9, No 2 (2014): Oktober 2014
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The research was aimed at finding out the relationship between potassium dosages on peats soil, yield, seedvigor, and viability of peanut. The experiment was arranged ina completely randomized design (CRD), factorial 5 x 4 with 3 replications. Potassium application was consisted of 5 levels: 0 kg ha-1, 25 kg ha-1, 50 kg ha-1,  75 kg ha-1, and 100 kg ha-1. Variety was consisted of  4 levels :  Naga Umbang, Jerapah, Gajah  and  Bison. Variables observed were yield, seed vigor, and seed viability. Results showed that potassium did not exert significant effects on all variables observed, except  on seed vigor and viability.  Varieties significantly affected yield, where Bison provided the best dried pod weight and Jerapah gave the best seed vigor and viability. No significant interaction existed between varieties and dosage of K fertilizer on the peanut yield, seed vigor, and seed viability.                                                                                                                      
Uji Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula Spesifik Lokal dan Kompos terhadap Pertumbuhan Jagung pada Tanah Sub-Optimal Ultisol Arabia, Teti; Syakur, Syakur; Mayani, Nanda
Jurnal Agrista Vol 20, No 3 (2016): Volume 20 Nomor 3 Desember 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstrak: Untuk mengantisipasi menurunnya luas panen dan produksi jagung di Aceh serta untuk tercapainya swasembada jagung nasional di tahun 2017 pemanfaatan lahan-lahan sub-optimal seperti Ultisol dapat dijadikan alternatif. Namun penanganan khusus perlu dilakukan untuk mengatasi permasalahan-permasalahan yang dapat menghambat pertumbuhan tanaman. Dewasa ini, keinginan yang kuat terhadap pertanian berkelanjutan telah mendorong peningkatan pemanfaatan mikrobia tanah indigenus dan aplikasi bahan organik ke tanah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh fungi mikoriza arbuskula spesifik lokal dan kompos terhadap pertumbuhan jagung pada tanah sub-optimal Ultisol. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak kelompok (RAK) faktorial 3 x 3 dengan 3 ulangan. Faktor yang diuji adalah jenis fungi mikoriza arbuskula (kontrol, Glomus sp. dan Acoulospora sp), dosis kompos (0, 25, dan 50 g pot-1). Peubah yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah tinggi tanaman dan jumlah daun pada umur 15, 30, dan 45 hari setelah tanam (HST). Hasil analisis ragam menunjukkan bahwa tidak terjadi pengaruh yang nyata baik secara tunggal maupun interaksi antara pemberian mikoriza asbuskula spesifik lokal dan kompos terhadap tinggi tanaman dan jumlah daun 15, 30 dan 45 hari setelah tanam (HST) pada Ultisol. Abstract: To anticipate the decline in harvested area and production of maize in Aceh as well as to achieve national self-sufficiency in maize in 2017 the use of sub-optimal land as Ultisols can be used as an alternative. However, special care needs to be done to address issues that can inhibit plant growth. Today, a strong desire to sustainable agriculture has prompted increased use of soil microbial indigenus and application of organic material to the soil. This study aims to determine the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) specific local and compost on the growth of maize in sub-optimal soil Ultisols. The design used was a randomized block design (RBD) factorial 3 x 3 with three replications. Factors to be examined is the type of AMF (control, Glomus sp., and Acoulospora sp.), the dose of compost (0, 25, and 50 g pot-1). The parameters observed in this study were plant height and number of leaves at 15, 30, and 45 days after planting (DAP). The results showed that there was no significant effect either singly or interaction between local specific of mycorrhizal asbuscular and compost application on plant height and number of leaves at 15, 30 and 45 DAP.
Aplikasi Pupuk Guano dan Mulsa Organik Serta Pengaturan Jarak Tanam Untuk Meningkatkan Kualitas Tanah dan Hasil Tanaman Bawang Merah (Allium ascalonicum L.) Mulyono, Mulyono; Arabia, Teti; Syakur, Syakur
Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Volume 3, Nomor 1, April 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Konservasi Sumberdaya Lahan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstrac: The addition of organic matter into soil improves the chemical, physical and biological properties of soil and increases crop yields. The study wasaimed to determine the effect of guano fertilizer and organic mulch and plant spacing on soil quality and yield of onion (Alliumascalonocum L.). This research was conducted in the field by using split-split plot design consisted of three factors: the main plot factor is the spacing (15 x 15 cm and 20 x 20 cm), the sub-plot factor is organic mulch (skin of coffee bean mulch and Tithonia mulch), and the sub-sub plot factor is guano fertilizer (no fertilizer, 5 ton ha-1 and 10 ton ha-1). The results showed that the application of guano fertilizer, organic mulch and plant spacing had significant effect on soil chemical properties indicated by the increase of C-organic, soil pH, total N, available P and the total of soil microorganisms as well as the growth and yield of onion. The interaction effect was also found onsoil chemical properties and growth and yield of onion due to the application of guano, organic mulch and plant spacing. The combination application of guano fertilizer, organic mulch and spacing that provided the best effect on soil chemical properties acquired at plant spacing of 20 cm x 20 cm, skin of coffee bean mulch and fertilizer guano of 10 ton-1. The highest onion yield was obtained in the combination application of plant spacing of 15 cm x 15 cm, Tithonia mulch and guano of 10 ton-1. Abstrak: Penambahan bahan organik ke dalam tanah dapat memperbaiki sifat kimia, fisika dan biologi tanah serta dapat meningkatkan hasil tanaman. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pupuk guano dan mulsa organik serta jarak tanam terhadap kualitas tanah dan hasil bawang merah (Allium ascalonicum L.). Penelitian ini dilakukan di lapangan dengan menggunakan rancangan petak terpisah terbagi dengan pola faktorial yang terdiri dari 3 faktor yaitu: faktor petak utama adalah jarak tanam (15 x 15 cm dan 20 x 20 cm), faktor anak petak adalah mulsa organik (mulsa kulit kopi dan mulsa Tithonia), faktor anak-anak petak adalah pupuk Guano (tanpa pupuk guano, 5 ton ha-1 dan 10 ton ha-1). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pupuk guano, mulsa organik dan pengaturan jarak tanam berpengaruh terhadap beberapa sifat kimia tanah yang ditunjukkan oleh meningkatnya C-organik, pH tanah, N-total, P-tersedia dan total mikroorganisme tanah serta pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman bawang merah. Pemberian pupuk guano, mulsa organik dan pengaturan jarak tanam memberikan pengaruh interaksi terhadap beberapa sifat kimia tanah serta pertumbuhan dan hasil bawang merah.  Kombinasi pemberian pupuk guano, mulsa organik dan pengaturan jarak tanam  yang memberikan pengaruh terbaik terhadap sifat kimia tanah diperoleh pada pemberian jarak tanam 20 cm x 20 cm, mulsa kulit kopi dan pupuk guano 10 ton- 1  dan hasil bawang merah diperoleh pada pemberian jarak tanam 15 cm x 15 cm, mulsa tithonia dan pupuk guano 10 ton-1.
Pengaruh Kompos dan Dolomit Terhadap Beberapa Sifat Kimia Ultisol dan Hasil Kedelai (Glycine max l. Merril) pada Lahan Berteras Syaputra, Dedi; Alibasyah, M. Rusli; Arabia, Teti
Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Volume 4, Nomor 1, April 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Konservasi Sumberdaya Lahan, Pascasarjana, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract: This study aimed to assess the effect of compost and dolomite to some chemical properties of Ultisol and soybean yields on terraced land. The study used a randomized block design (RBD), which consists of two factors, namely the provision of compost and dolomite. The parameters observed were two aspects, namely: (1) soil chemical properties, and (2) soybean yields. The results of the study composting as well as the very significant effect on the increase in P-available, real effect on C-organic, N-total, cation exchange capacity (CEC), and base saturation (BS). Giving dolomite as well as significant effect on total N, CEC, BS, did not significantly affect the C-organic. Interactions giving compost and dolomite very significant effect on the increase in soil pH H2O. Giving compost very significant effect, productive branches, empty pods, pod contains, seed weight per plant, yield per hectare, and a significant effect on weight 100 grains. Giving dolomite very significant effect on the productive branches, empty pods, pod contains, yield per hectare, seed weight per plant and weight of 100 seeds. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh kompos dan dolomit terhadap beberapa sifat kimia Ultisol dan hasil kedelai pada lahan berteras. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok (RAK), yang terdiri dari 2 faktor, yaitu pemberian kompos dan dolomit. Parameter yang diamati meliputi dua aspek yaitu : (1) sifat kimia tanah, dan (2) hasil kedelai. Hasil penelitian pemberian kompos berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap peningkatan P-tersedia, berpengaruh nyata terhadap C-organik, N-total, kapasitas tukar kation (KTK), dan kejenuhan basa (KB). Pemberian dolomit berpengaruh nyata terhadap N-total, KTK, KB, dan tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap C-organik. Interaksi pemberian kompos dan dolomit berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap peningkatan pH H2O tanah. Pemberian kompos berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap cabang produktif, polong hampa, polong berisi, berat biji per tanaman, hasil per hektar, dan  berat 100 biji. Pemberian dolomit berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap cabang produktif, polong hampa, polong berisi, hasil per hektar, berat biji per tanaman dan berat 100 biji.