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SURPLUS BERAS YANG DAPAT DIJUAL DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENENTUNYA DI DAERAH SENTRA PRODUKSI SUMATERA SELATAN Mulyana, Andy; Antoni, Mirza; Riswani, .
Indonesian Journal of Socio Economics Desember, Jurnal Sosio Ekonomika
Publisher : Lampung University

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Abstract

Farmers perform double roles at the same time in treating rice commodity, that are as producers and as consumers. This research tried to find out the average amount of rice marketable surplus at the hand of farmers’ households and to analyze which variables significantly influence the surplus.  The results of the research conducted in four rice production centres od South Sumatra reveal that the average rice consumption of famers’ households were 98,42 kg per person or 402.75 kg per household with 4 members, while their rice production were 5842,75 kg per household.  Farmers in all rice production centers have actually carried out marketable surplus on their rice production as their consumed a portion as needed and sold the majority amounts to the market.  There were variations of rice consumed between rice production centers.  Rice marketable surplus in all production centers (OKU Timur, OKI, Musi Rawas and Banyuasin) were significantly influenced by rice production.  In three production centers, the rice production also was influenced significantly by the number of household members and off-farm income, while in two production centers, it was also determined by rice price and age composition of farmer family members.  The other variables affected rice marketable surplus exclusively in each area.        
ANALISIS RESPON PERMINTAAN KARET DI PROVINSI JAMBI Yanita, Mirawati; Yazid, M.; Alamsyah, Zulkifli; Mulyana, Andy; Antoni, Mirza
Societa: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Agribisnis Vol 5, No 1 (2016): SOCIETA
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Palembang

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Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the factors that influence the demand for rubber, as well as to analyze demand response for rubber in Jambi Province. This research is using simultaneous equations through 3 Stage Least Square (3 SLS) estimation method. The result showed that factors influence the demand for rubber in Jambi is bokar prices, demand for rubber in South Sumatra, Indonesia rubber consumption, the price of synthetic rubber and rubber demand in Jambi at the prior period. While the response of demand for rubber in Jambi is inelastic as changing all the explanatory variables in the short term and long term.
Studi Empiris pada Pola Sumber Dana untuk Pembiayaan Usahatani Padi di Sumatera Selatan Hamzah, Maryanah; Bidarti, Agustina; Anggraini, Erise; Antoni, Mirza
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 7, No 2 (2018): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Hamzah et al, 2018. Empirical Study on the Pattern of Funding Sources for Rice Farming in South Sumatra. JLSO 7(2):196-203. The objective of the study was to identify the source and size of the financing portion of the rice farming from the loan and the terms and the interest rate charged. The interviews were conducted on 75 samples of rice farmers whose farming costs were partly derived from loans at three different land ecosystems in South Sumatra Province. The three types of ecosystems viz., tidal swamp land, technical irrigation, and swamp land were used in the study.  The results showed that there were seven financing sources that farmers used for fulfill their production cost if they not enough capital. Middlemen was biggest source with a portion of 45.28% and their own costs of 43.52, the rest is relatively small comes from money lenders, families, rice milling units, cooperative and friends. The interest rate charged varies from 3% to 50% per planting season. The lowest interest rate on lending money was to cooperatives and middlemen. However, if farmers borrow from middlemen, they must sell their rice to them. The highest interest rate from money lenders is 50%. All loans were being paid at after harvested time. Only borrow to families and friends were not charged interest and other terms. Farmers were forced to use non-formal lending institutions because banks located far away and they were afraid to come to the bank. It is suggested to reduce the dependence of rice farmers on non-formal lending institutions through developing a more effective agricultural cooperative.