Articles

ANALISIS PRODUKSI DAN KOMPARATIF ANTARA USAHATANI JAGUNG HIBRIDA DENGAN NONHIBRIDA DI KECAMATAN PALOLO KABUPATEN SIGI Antara, Made
AGROLAND Vol 17, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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This research aimed to identify : (1) factors influencing production of hybrid and non-hybrid corn, and (2) the disparity of income between hybrid and non-hybrid of corn agribusiness. The research was conducted in 3 villages of Palolo Subdistrict,  namely: Bobo, Bunga and Berdikari. Sixty six farmers (34 hybrid corn farmers and 32 non-hybrid corn farmers) were chosen as sample respondents based on randomized sampling. The results of the research showed that all variables observed were found to influence the hybrid corn production, except for experience in agribusiness. Similarly, production of the non-hybrid corn was also influenced by all variables, except for the amount fertilizer used and experience in agribusiness. The income of the hybrid corn agribusiness for one planting season was IDR 4,882,225.79 ha-1 higher than IDR 2,691,452.10 for the income of non-hybrid corn agribusiness
EFISIENSI PENGGUNAAN INPUT PRODUKSI USAHATANI JAGUNG HIBRIDA DI KECAMATAN PALOLO KABUPATEN SIGI Antara, Made
AGROLAND Vol 17, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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Abstract

This research aimed to identify: (1) the efficiency level of input production (land area size, seed number, fertilizer and labors) of hybrid corn farm, and (2) the income of hybrid corn farm. The research population samples of 35 peoples were hybrid corn farmers in Bobo, Bunga and Berdikari villages taken using a random sampling method. Data was analyzed using the Cobb-Douglass production function, production input efficiency and income analysis. The results of this research showed that all variables observed significantly influenced the hybrid corn production, except labors which was relatively inefficient. The income of the hybrid corn farm was IDR 3,806,414. 19/ha/planting season.
DAMPAK PENGELUARAN PEMERINTAH DAN WISATAWAN SERTA INVESTASI SWASTA TERHADAP KINERJA PEREKONOMIAN BALI: SUATU SIMULASI MODEL SOCIAL ACCOUNTING MATRIX ANTARA, MADE
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 0, No. 1 November 2000
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Balis economic development is focused on agriculture, tourism and industry as thefirst priority. While other part of the Indonesia economy were suffering severely due toeconomic down turn since the middle of 1997, Balis economy seems less affected. Theperformance of Balis economy was analyzed employing 1996 Social Accounting Matrix(SAM), constructed based on 55x55 accounts. It is assumed that this 1996 SAM couldrepresent the present situation of Balis economy.The impact of increased allocation of expenditures for economic infrastructure,without increased in total government expenditure, on the performance of Bali’s economywas relatively low. While increased allocation of expenditure on social infrastructure orpublic services without increase in total government expenditure would deterioratesubstantially the performance of Bali’s economy.Maintaining the government expenditure for development as in 1996 levels, but anincrease in the expenditure of tourists or private investment, would enhanced the performanceof Bali’s economy. Even a decline in government expenditure could be compensated by anincrease in tourist expenditure or private investment, suggesting that government expenditurewas not the main sources of economic growth.However, an increase in tourist expenditure without effort to increase the governmentexpenditure would affect the income distribution among household group towards moreinequality. But, increase tourist expenditure as well as government expenditure wouldpromote better income distribution.
ORIENTASI PENELITIAN PERTANIAN: MEMENUHI KEBUTUHAN PANGAN DALAM ERA GLOBALISASI ANTARA, MADE
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 1, No. 1 Februari 2001
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Since long ago Indonesia to face the food problem, even in the future will be a moreserious problem if agriculture sector as food producer not were work on seriously. Sincedecrease emphasize toward agriculture sector, in floods of import rice enter the domesticmarket so that to decrease farmer’s desire planting the rice, rely on sources of food on riceonly, and food diversification still limit of slogan or rhetoric entirely, has caused the nationalfood security system more and more become weak.It’s appeared trade-off between the goal of food security and the income growth offarmers, so in the framework of meet the national food can be met in a policy strategy of selfsufficiencyon trend. Its mean, to export when the national rice production surplus and toimport when national rice production deficit, cause the absolute self-sufficiency cannotdefended.To increase the household and national food security that faced on reduction thedepending on import food and depending on one kind source of food namely rice, so fooddiversification must be back encouraged that followed by research and development, actionprogram, and it’s to be as a national movement.Research of agriculture to meet the need of national food in globalization era, mainlyfood of non-rice carbohydrate in order to agribusiness orientation. Its mean, the research onevery subsystem of non-rice food agribusiness system, to aim increase the food production,producer income, and value added of food product mentioned, so that more and morecompetitive in domestic and national market.
SISTEM PENGEMBANGAN AGRIBISNIS HORTIKULTURA BERKELANJUTAN DAN BERDAYA SAING TINGGI DI KAWASAN TIMUR INDONESIA ANTARA, MADE
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 1, No. 2 Juli 2001
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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To develop the Indonesia East Region (KTI) in second long-term development (PJPII) is a necessary and can not delayed again after marginalized in first long-term development(PJP I). Yet, development of Indonesia east region must be based on comparative andcompetitive advantage and orientation on national and regional importance (province, district)region mentioned.Agribusiness of horticulture with growth engine of ‘on-farm agribusiness’ is mainalternative developed in Indonesia east region, cause supported by natural resources, humanresources, social capital and the other natural comparative. Then, agribusiness hoped to begrowth motor for regional and national economy.To develop the horticulture agribusiness in Indonesia east region (KTI) should be useconcept of sustainability horticulture agribusiness development. Its mean, use the naturalresources (land, forestry, water) and man made resources (fertilizer, technology, etc) withlower intensity, so there are preservation of natural resources, even increase its quality toheritage for next young generation.To reach the high competitiveness of agribusiness products in Indonesia east regionare to step aside of substance and organization constraints, to overcome the problems facedby agribusiness man, to make small the weakness, and to increase role of government andother involve institution to facilitate development of agribusiness in Indonesia east region.To obtain the success of agribusiness development in Indonesia east region, let studyfrom the success story of Thailand agribusiness development (good can be imitated). Thesuccess export of Thailand agribusiness products is result of handwork for many years whoinvolve many agents and stakeholders, from king or princess until agribusiness workers, fromlecturer or researchers until general community, and from government or finance institutiontill entrepreneurships. All of this effort continuously always markets oriented. Mostimportant is activity of agents directly support of agribusiness export, like Thailand AirwaysCargo.
ESENSI DAN DAMPAK LIBERALISASI PERDAGANGAN PADA SUBSEKTOR PERKEBUNAN REDA SUSILA, WAYAN; ANTARA, MADE
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 4, No. 1 Februari 2004
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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As one of the traded goods and important sub-sectors in Indonesia, estate-crop subsectorcannot avoid various strategic business environment changes, mainly related to tradeliberalization issues. These changes have been perceived to have significant impacts on thesub-sector. In line with this issue, the main objective of this paper is to assess the likelyimpacts of trade liberalization with emphasizing on the Indonesian estate crops sub-sector.The results of the study indicates that impacts of the trade liberalization on the subsectorin the international markets have been varied, due to the different level of marketdistortions, level of commitments to reduce distortion, and consistency in implementing thecommitments. In general, trade liberalization is expected to lift international prices, while theimpacts on production, consumption, and trade have been varied, depending on the crops andcountries. Moreover, Indonesia estate crops sub-sector will benefit from this tradeliberalization if some conditions to promote efficiency and to fair trade in international marketcould be realized.
PERILAKU PETANI DALAM PENGALOKASIAN SUMBERDAYA UNTUK MENCAPAI PENDAPATAN MAKSIMUM DI KECAMATAN SIGI BIROMARU KABUPATEN DONGGALA (Suatu Analisis Linear Programming) ANTARA, MADE
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 4, No. 3 November2004
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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The conversion in the use of rice land to non-agriculture purposes in Sigi BiromaruDistrict increased each year. One initiative of government to increase production in limitedland is intensification and diversification of agriculture. In spite of, the program application isnot evenly distributed in the field. So that, the farmer activity on allocating resourcesoptimally has not been achieved that they did not obtaine a maximum income. The research isaimed: (1) to study a rational of the farmer in a allocating resources, (2) to study a resourcesoptimal allocation, and (3) to observe the respond from a resources optimal allocation of thefarmer household, if there is economic and technical efficiency changes in the agricultureenterprises. Based on the data analysis, it can be concluded that: (1) the farmer in ruralvillage of Pakuli is more rational than farmer in urban village of Jono Oge village, (2)Although both sampled villages have the same resources optimal allocation, but productivityof resources was achieved by farmers in Pakuli higher than farmers in Jono Oge village, (3)maximum income was achieved, if simultaneous changes is made in technical efficiency ,credit ceiling and form products sold (in hulled rice) to encounter input and output pricefluctuation.
PENGEMBANGAN USAHA HORTIKULTURA PETANI KECIL ANTARA, MADE
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 5, No. 2 Juli 2005
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Bali still has big potency to develop of fruits horticulture through the effortintensification. This matter is supported by: (i) availability of dry land of 126.487 ha can becultivated intensively, availability of rice field of 87.765 ha can be cultivated for horticulturerotating, high land fertility and specific, agroclimate suited for development varioushorticulture crop type, (ii) Bali has potency of human resources and labor abundant; (iii) Balihas social capital in the form of experience of farmer in farming and system social of Balipeople easy to make group as diffusion media for innovation and technology, and (iv)Indonesia generally and Bali specially have four excess of nature which not have by mostdeveloped nations that is, length and intensity of irradiation, favourable temperature, freetyphoon, and rainfall which enough.To developt the small businessman horticulture, so strategy able to do better throughthree step those are: (i) redistribution of main production asset like the agriculture land, can inthe form of transfer of ownership or in the form of institutional arrangement which giveopportunity to land poor farmer; (ii) increase the agriculture land productivity, pass change oftechnology and innovation, policy of economics and improve of institutional system, and (iii)investment in human resources through training and education purpose increase theknowledge and skill of horticulture farmer and agriculture government officer.To reach the high competitiveness of Bali horticulture products specially andIndonesia generally is by applying concept of agribusiness system, that is integratingsubsystem of production with upstream and downstream agriculture industry, subsystem ofmarketing or commerce and subsystem of supporting institution. Beside that, removingconstraints of substance and organization faced by small farmer and also increasing role ofgovernment and other relevant institution in facility and to control (not to regulate)development of horticulture business.To reach success development of horticulture business in Bali specially and inIndonesia generally, please learn from successful story of Thailand agribusiness development.Successfulness of products exporting of Thailand agribusiness horticulture is result of year’shard work which involves much side, from king/queen until worker agribusiness, fromlecturer/researcher until public society, and from government/financial institution untilentrepreneur. Successful story of Thailand expected can become inspiration, lesson andconsideration for Indonesia in the plan and execution of horticulture agribusinessdevelopment which orientation for global market, which is finally will positive affect towardincreasing the prosperity of society in general and small businessman of horticulture specially.
NILAI SOSIAL-EKONOMI AIR DI KAWASAN PURA TIRTA EMPUL DESA MANUKAYA, KABUPATEN GIANYAR, BALI: SUATU PENDEKATAN EKONOMI LINGKUNGAN SUDITA, MADE; ANTARA, MADE
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 6, No. 2 Juli 2006
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Government Rule of the Republic of Indonesia No. 82, 1991, article 7 section 2concerning the Quality Management and the Control of Water Pollution stipulates that inplanning the use of water, it is obligatory to pay attention to economic and ecologicalfunctions, religious values, and traditions that obtain in local community. This will bringan influence to the system of the flow of run off and infiltration that serve as the mainsource of the reserve of underground water supply The same is true for the flow of uppercourse of Tukad Pakerisan river which serves as the catchments area has been underpressure so that it can influence the debit of water source in the area of Tirta EmpulTemple. For this purpose, a study needs to be carried out in order to know the socialbenefit, total economic value, and the conservational effort that have been made by thecommunity and the Regency Government of Gianyar.Through the study of environmental economy with the approach of total economicvalues, what will be obtained is direct and indirect use value, selection and heritage values,as well existence values. By knowing the water values in the area of Tirta Empul Templewill could account social benefit and total economic value. According the result anddiscussion, the social benefit of water within the area of Tirta Empul Temple is Rp.782.199.620,00 per year and the total economic value of Rp 2.314.040.471,86 per year.Conservation effort that has been made by the community and the RegencyGovernment of Gianyar such as the conservation of the forest that belongs to Laba Pura(the temples area), the making of forest for the community, and the activities for makingseeds for the local community. Based on that conclusion, it is suggested that in making theeffort for the preservation of the function of the water within the area of Pura Tirta Empulthat has important economic value so the development of catchments area should bedirected towards the area of yearly plants culturing.
KETERKAITAN USAHA KECIL SEKTOR PARIWISATA DENGAN SEKTOR-SEKTOR EKONOMI LAINNYA DI PROVINSI BALI: SUATU PENDEKATAN MODEL INPUT-OUTPUT ANTARA, MADE
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 8, No. 1 Februari 2008
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Development in Bali Province Bali based on economic aspect with emphasis at agriculturalsector in wide meaning to continue of efforts to settle self sufficiency in food, development of tourismsector with character culture of Bali which is soul by Hinduism, and also small industrial sector andsmall industry which related to agricultural sector and tourism sector. Objective of the researchnamely: (1) to know forward and backward linkages of tourism small enterprise with the othereconomic sectors, (2) to know forward and backward dispersive power of tourism small enterprisewith other economic sectors. This research use approach of Input-Output Tourism Bali year 2000, assource of especial data and also data-processing method to answer the objective research.Result of research indicate that tourism small enterprise has forward and backward indirectlinkages are strongly that indicated by linkage coefficient bigger than one. Despitefully that tourismsmall enterprise have backward dispersive power high and forward dispersive power forwards lower,so that including potential sector to be developed, because can pull other sectors to increase itsoutputs or absorption of input generating demand pulling of raw material for production.Tourism small industry have potential and strategic role to be developed and also personate astrigger of economic growth. Therefore, small industries at this tourism sector better continue to bedeveloped and constructed, either through capital aid, training of management, and also aid accessmarket, so that powered progressively and professional.
Co-Authors A.A ISTRI WINDA NOVITASARI, A.A ISTRI WINDA Abdul Muis Agfianto, Tomi Agnes, Anita Alfad, Alfad Alimuddin Laapo Alimudin Laapo ANAK AGUNG OKA UTARI ANDERSON GUNTUR KOMENAUNG Arifuddin Lamusa Asrawati Asrawati, Asrawati Asrianti, Asrianti Astuti, Ade Irma Astuti, Ni Wayan Sri Basir-cyio, Muhammad CHAIRUL BAHTIAR ROBYANTO Christoporus, Christoporus Dafina Howara Dance Tangkesalu DEWA AYU SRI YUDHARI DEWA NGAKAN MADE ANGGA DIPARTHA, DEWA NGAKAN MADE ANGGA Dewiyanti, Ni Made DIANA RUMONDANG SINAGA, DIANA RUMONDANG Effendy Effendy Ellyani Ellyani, Ellyani Fatmah Fatmah Frederikus Egidius Pareira FRESSATRIA FRESSATRIA Gugere, Jalil K. GUSTI NGURAH ABUNG MATALIANA, GUSTI NGURAH ABUNG Gusti Ngurah Kama Wijaya, Gusti Ngurah Hadayani, Hj Hamsir, Hardin M. Hendra H. Hery Susanto I DEWA AYU SRI YUDHARI I DEWA GEDE AGUNG I Dewa Putu Oka Suardi, I Dewa Putu I Gede Mudana I Gede Suhartawan I Gede Yono Wirawan I GUSTI BAGUS MADE WIRADHARMA I GUSTI NGURAH YURI PUTRA, I GUSTI NGURAH YURI I KETUT RANTAU I Komang Gde Bendesa I Komang Gde Bendesa I Made Darma Oka, I Made I Made Darma Oka, I Made Darma I MADE NARKA TENAYA I MADE SUDARMA I MADE SUMA PRIANDIKA, I MADE SUMA I Made Supartama I Nyoman Dhana, I Nyoman I NYOMAN GEDE USTRIYANA I NYOMAN MERIT I WAYAN GINARSA I Wayan Suardana I WAYAN SUARTANA IDA AYU ASTARINI IDA AYU LISTIA DEWI, IDA AYU LISTIA Ida Bagus Sudana Indayati Lanya Kadar, Darma Kadek Ryan Surya Negara, Kadek KRESNADI DWI PUTRANT0, KRESNADI DWI Lahandu, Sumiati A. Lestari, Putu Widhianti Lien Damayanti M, Rizka. MADE PUTRI KRISNA DEWI, MADE PUTRI KRISNA MADE SUDITA Mahfudz Mahfudz Maika, Moh. Sunandar Malik, Shintami Rouwelvia MARTAULINA SAGALA Marwah Marwah Max Nur Alam Melinda, Feni Miru, Sulaeman Mohamad Wahyudi, Mohamad Mohammad Subhan Muhardi Muhardi Musdalifah Musdalifah Narmin, Narmin Nengah Bawa Atmaja Nengah Bawa Atmaja, Nengah Bawa NI GUSTI AGUNG AYU ARIASTUTI NI KETUT ADI JAYANTI Ni Made Eka Mahadewi Nur Ika Amelia Nur Jannah Nurhasni Nurhasni Nurhidaya Nurhidaya NURLAELA NURLAELA Nurmala Nurmala Nyoman Suardika Oka Prasiasa, Dewa Putu Oka Suryawardani, I G. A. Pratama, M. Fardhal Pujaastawa, Ida Bagus Gde Pujianti, Ratna Putu Agus Suwardana PUTU INDAH LESTARI Putu Juniarta, Pande PUTU UDAYANI WIJAYANTI Radia N. Bonenehu, Radia N. RATNA KOMALA DEWI Risky, Risky Rizki, Mohammad Rustam Abd Rauf, Rustam Abd Rustam Abd. Rauf Rustam Abdul Rauf Saharia Kassa Saiful Darman Saleha, Aprilia Dena Saputra, Muh Dwi Sisfahyuni B. Sulaeman Sulaeman Sulmi, Sulmi Sunarjaya, I Gede Suryantini, Niluh Ayu Suryathi, Ni Wayan Suryathi, Ni Wayan Surya Suryawan Wiranatha, Agung Susanta, I Wayan Erma Sutarni, Nani TAMPUBOLON, MAYSARA Teguh Saputra Vebriyanti, Dewi Wahida Wahida WAYAN GINARSA WAYAN REDA SUSILA WAYAN WINDIA Widhianthini Widhianthini, Widhianthini Wildani Pingkan S. Hamzens WIYANTI WIYANTI, WIYANTI Yenata, Putu Yulianti K. Yulianti Kalaba Yusran Oghie Zen, Ismail