Anorital Anorital
Basic Technology Center for Biomedical and Health

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Peningkatan Pengetahuan Masyarakat Melalui Pendekatan Religius Pada Daerah Endemis Fasciolopsis Buski Di Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara Anorital, Anorital; Dewi, Rita M.
Jurnal Penyakit Menular Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Jurnal Penyakit Menular Indonesia

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Abstract

Fasciolopsiosis is a worm disease which is caused by Fasciolopsis buski. The disease is endemic at villages in Hulu Sungai Utara Regency with prevalence between 1.2-7.8%. The sufferer are children whose age around 1-10 years old. In the year 2002, the data base on epidemiological and socio-cultural aspect, were collected by employing cross sectional research design. In 2003 intervention was done to the community in 3 villages (Padang Bangkal, Kalumpang Dalam and Talaga Mas) by doing the Islamic religion approach campaign in the mosque or public places using poster. To find out the result of intervention, the researcher evaluated parasitological and socio cultural especially knowledge aspects. Total respondents were 335 family chief in 6 villages (3 intervened villages and 3 non­ intervened villages). The result of parasitological data collecting in 2003 showed a prevalence rate of 4.6%. This prevalence rate indicated the decrease of 3.2% compared to those of 2002 prevalence rate which was 7.8%. Community knowledge about buski disease was increased at intervened villages on average 40.0% from respondents after intervention, while at the non-intervention villages the increase was only 7.5%. There was knowledge improvement about the buski disease at intervened villages on average 46.1% from respondents after intervention, the non-intervened villages the rise was only 0.6%. Knowledge improvement about transmission of buski disease at intervened villages on average was 49.9% and while the rise of non-intervened villages only 1.9% (p<0,05). The researcher suggested that improving community knowledge can be done under religious approach especially Islam by referring to Al Quran and Hadist. Socialization to all age level needs to be carried out in relation to healthy life and fasciolopsiosis.   Keyword: fasciolopsiosis, knowledge, religious approach
PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN UNIT SALURAN AIR BERTANGGA DAN SARINGAN PASIR CEPAT TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR BESI DALAM AIR Anorital, Anorital; Soesetyono, Hendro; Hasyim, Chairuddin; Maharso, Maharso; Suryadi, Daddy
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 16, No 1 Mar (1988)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/454

Abstract

One of the reasons why the use of handpump wells is not popular in rural areas of Indonesia is that the smell and taste of iron. The iron content can be reduced through aeration by cascades and filtration. An experiment was carried out in the first week of November 1986. The water sample was taken from a handpump and the iron content varies from 0,950-2,850 mg/l. A significant reduction was obtained by letting the water cascade one time and there was further reduction with successive cascades. Aeration with one cascade continued with rapid sandfilter reduced the iron content to 0,160 mg/l or 91,06% of the original. The greatest reduction was obtained after 3 cascades and filtration.
STUDI EVALUASI TUGAS DAN FUNGSI KANDEPKES KABUPATEN/KOTA MADYA DALAM PENGELOLAAN PROGRAM KESEHATAN DI DAERAH TINGKAT II Suwandono, Agus; Gotama, Ida Bagus Indra; Anorital, Anorital; Trihandoyo, Bagus; Soemodinoto, Soekanto
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 23, No 1 Mar (1995)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/177

Abstract

A study to evaluate the performance of the District Office of Ministry of Health (DO-MOH) was carried out during the fiscal year of 1991/1992. Specific objectives of this study were to evaluate the organization of the DO-MOH as stated in the policy of MOH and to look at the implementation of coordination, integration and synchronization of the DO-MOH with the local related health agencies and local administrator. "Mail survey" in 301 DO-MOH throughout Indonesia, modified focus group discussion (MFGD) and indepth interview in 9 DO-MOH samples in South Kalimantan, Yogyakarta and South Sulawesi Provinces were carried out to achieve the objectives of this evaluative study. Descriptive and qualitative methods were used for data analysis. It was found that facilities, manpower, budget, management including coordination, integration and synchronization as well as other performances of most of the DO-MOH were still far beyond expected e.g 60.9% of DO-MOH were still using other building to carry out the daily routine jobs, 96,4% did not have stencil machines, 50,4% did not have calculators, 81.5% DO-MOH had 1-5 personnels who were still partimers, 51% did not carry out the managerial functions of DO-MOH. In the context of solving the problems faced by the DO-MOH there have been 5 proposed alternatives for structural and functional communications with the health units at provincial, regency, and district levels. There may be beneficial as well as unbeneficial aspects of these 5 alternatives, depending on the present existing conditions and the future expected health trends.
Kebutuhan Sarana Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut pada Rumah Sakit Kelas B Non Pendidikan Andayasari, Lelly; Ariningrum, Ratih; Anorital, Anorital
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2004): August
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry, University of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1971.502 KB) | DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v11i2.649

Abstract

Improvement of human resources has the purpose of increasing the quality of service for patients in every treatment unit, which should be anticipated by the oral health unit in every hospital. Improvement of service quality can be obtained by increasing the number of dental units. Along with the increasing knowledge in the society, the need for special services as also expanding. This problem can be solved by increasing the number of specialists in dentistry through scholarships, provided for dentists with high achievements. The samples for this cross sectional designed research were taken from all non-educational class B government hospitals in Indonesia. The data were gathered by using questionaire and guided in depth interviews. The data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that most hospitals have no completely with the dental unit is 78.8%. There are 14 hospital (42.4%) needs oral laboratory.
Situasi Filariasis Di Kabupaten Tabalong-Kalimantan Selatan Tahun 1999-2009 Anorital, Anorital
Jurnal Biotek Medisiana Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Central Basic Biomedical and Health Technology

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Abstract

Tabalong Regency represents one of filariasis endemic area in South Kalimantan Province. Endemicity of filariasis in Tabalong is identified from finger blood survey and clinical symptom of filariasis (i.e. lymphadenitis and retrograde lymphangitis) among the residents in 28 villages. This article discusses the situation of filariasis in the district of Tabalong during the period 1999-2009.This article compiled by collecting information and secondary data derived from Tabalong District Health Office annual reports of filariasis research and finger blood surveys ever carried out in Tabalong District. Finger blood survey results conducted in 28 villages from 1999-2009 showed microfilaria rate above 1% (between 1,9-4,7%). With this finding, filariasis elimination program with mass treatment has been done since 2004, carried out gradually to all the residents in the district Tabalong. Until 2009 treatment coverage was about 79.2% and approximately 0.2- 6.7% of the population experienced post-treatment follow-up events. It is recommended to increasing operational costs for mass treatment funded from local budget and involvement of NGOs in order to increase mass treatment coverage including patient education and counseling to overwhelm post-treatment follow-up events.Key words: lymphatic filariasis, filariasis Mass-treatment Abstrak Kabupaten Tabalong merupakan salah satu daerah endemis filariasis di Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan. Endemisitas filariasis di Tabalong diketahui dari hasil survei darah jari dan gejala klinis (yaitu limfadenitis dan pembengkakan kelenjar limfa) diantara para penduduk di 28 desa. Artikel ini menjelaskan tentang situasi filariasis di Kabupaten Tabalong selama periode 1999-2009. Artikel ini merupakan kompilasi data sekunder dan laporan hasil penelitian filariasis yang pernah dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Tabalong. Hasil survei darah jari yang dilaksanakan di 28 desa dari tahun 1999-2009 memperlihatkan angka mikrofilaria di atas 1% (antara 1,9-4,7%). Program eliminasi filariasis dengan pengobatan massal dilaksanakan sejak tahun 2004 pada seluruh wilayah di Kabupaten Tabalong. Sejak tahun 2009 cakupan pengobatan massal sebesar 79,2% dan 0,2-6,7% dari penduduk mengalami kejadian ikutan pasca pengobatan massal. Direkomendasikan agar biaya operasional pengobatan massal ditingkatkan jumlahnya dan keterlibatan LSM untuk meningkatkan cakupan pengobatan massal meliputi penyuluhan dan pendampingan kepada penduduk untuk penanggulangan kejadian ikutan pasca pengobatan agar tidak menimbulkan efek jera.Kata kunci: limfatik filariasis, pengobatan massal filariasis.