Articles

Found 27 Documents
Search

Penguatan Inklusi Keuangan pada Industri Kreatif Berskala Mikro Kecil di Sumatra Barat Fitriana, Widya; Rustiadi, Ernan; Fauzi, Akhmad; Anggraeni, Lukytawati
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia 2018: Edisi Khusus Call for Paper 2018
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEB UI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (340.51 KB)

Abstract

Creative industry is a strategic sector of national development. Lack of capital is a major obstacle to its development. This study analyzes financial inclusion of micro small creative industries (MSCI) relating to access and loan use. Both logit and Tobit models were employed for 1,367 MSCI from micro small survey data 2014. This study proved that women entrepreneurs who are less educated, limited asset and located in rural area tend to have greater constraints in financial inclusion. This study recommend the importance of financial education for women entreprenuers in rural areas and expansion of internet uses and conduct digital finance. ======================== Industri kreatif merupakan sektor strategis pembangunan nasional. Keterbatasan akses keuangan menjadi kendala utama pengembangannya. Penelitian ini menganalisis inklusi keuangan terkait akses dan penggunaan kredit bank pada micro small creative industry (MSCI) di Sumatra Barat. Model logit dan Tobit digunakan untuk menganalisis 1.367 MSCI dari data survei industri mikro kecil 2014. Hasil penelitian membuktikan bahwa MSCI yang dikelola pengusaha wanita yang kurang berpendidikan, berskala kecil, aset terbatas dan berada di perdesaan cenderung memiliki informasi pembiayaan yang terbatas serta kendala besar dalam inklusi keuangan. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan pentingnya edukasi keuangan bagi pengusaha wanita di perdesaan serta perluasan pemanfaatan internet dan keuangan digital.
DAMPAK INKLUSI KEUANGAN TERHADAP STABILITAS SISTEM KEUANGAN DI ASIA Dienillah, Azka Azifah; Anggraeni, Lukytawati
Buletin Ekonomi Moneter dan Perbankan Vol 18 No 4 (2016): APRIL 2016
Publisher : Bank Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Financial inclusion is one of strategy to increase inclusive growth in Asian countries. However, it may cause either stability or instability in the financial system. Therefore, this research aimed to analyze the relationship between financial inclusion and financial stability and to analyze factors that affect the stability of the financial system in seven Asian countries in the periode of 2007-2011. The methods used are Pearson correlation and Fixed Effect Model. The results show that there is negative correlation at 5% significant level between financial inclusion and financial stability. Factors that significantly affect the financial stability are financial inclusion, financial stability in the previous period, non-FDI capital flows to GDP, the ratio of current assets to deposits and Short-term funding, and GDP per capita. Thus the increase in financial inclusion, current assets of banking, GDP per capita, and the portfolio investment can become the strategies to improve the financial stability (Bank z score) on the determined and future year.
Determinan Intensitas Energi di Indonesia Kartiasih, Fitri; Syaukat, Yusman; Anggraeni, Lukytawati
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2012): Januari
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEUI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

AbstrakStudi ini memperkaya kajian energi di Indonesia dengan menganalisis konsumsi dan intensitas energi, sertafaktor-faktor yang memengaruhi intensitas energi di Indonesia baik secara agregat (nasional) maupunsektoral. Indeks Ideal Fisher digunakan untuk mendekomposisi perubahan intensitas energi (esiensi danperubahan aktivitas ekonomi). Analisis Vector Autoregressive (VAR) atau Vector Error Correction Model(VECM) digunakan untuk menganalisis pengaruh variabel-variabel ekonomi terhadap intensitas energi.Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa intensitas energi di Indonesia meningkat selama periode 1977-2010. Faktorutama yang memengaruhi intensitas energi di tingkat nasional adalah perubahan aktivitas ekonomi,sedangkan di tingkat sektoral adalah efek esiensi.
DAMPAK PERKEMBANGAN TOKO MODERN TERHADAP KINERJA PEDAGANG PRODUK PERTANIAN PADA PASAR TRADISIONAL DI KOTA BEKASI Zahratain, Iin; Anggraeni, Lukytawati
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 11, No 2 (2014): Vol. 11 No. 2, Juli 2014
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1170.57 KB)

Abstract

This study is aimed to analyze the changes of agricultural products trader performance in traditional markets and the factors that influence the changes of revenue and profits of the agricultural products traders as the effect of the growing number of modern stores in Bekasi. Processing and data analysis methods used in this study are quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis. The methods used to analyze changes in the performance of the agricultural product traders in traditional markets is paired t-test. The method to analyze the factors that influence changes in revenue and profits of the agricultural product traders in traditional markets is OLS. Results of paired t-test shows that there are changes in revenue, profit, operating hours, circulation of goods, number of buyers, the number of customers and employees after the modern market development. Analysis of OLS shows that dummy variables of gender, education level, number of kiosk, space of kiosk, rice main commodity also fresh fruits and vegetables main commodity significantly influence the total revenue. Meanwhile, dummy variables of gender, level of education, trading experience, number of kiosk, space of kiosk and location significantly influence profit.Keywords: traders, traditional market, modern stores, paired t-test, multiple regressionsABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis perubahan kinerja pedagang produk pertanian dan menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi  perubahan omzet dan keuntungan pedagang produk pertanian pada pasar tradisional setelah meningkatnya jumlah toko modern di Kota Bekasi. Metode yang digunakan untuk menganalisis perubahan kinerja pedagang produk pertanian pada pasar tradisional adalah uji-t berpasangan. Metode untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi  perubahan omzet dan keuntungan pedagang produk pertanian pada pasar tradisional adalah Ordinary Least Square (OLS). Hasil analisis uji-t berpasangan menunjukkan bahwa variabel omzet, keuntungan, jam operasional, sirkulasi barang, jumlah pembeli, jumlah pelanggan serta jumlah pegawai pedagang produk pertanian pada pasar tradisional mengalami perubahan setelah perkembangan toko modern. Hasil analisis OLS menunjukkan bahwa variabel dummy jenis kelamin, tingkat pendidikan, jumlah kios, luas kios, dummy komoditas utama beras serta dummy komoditas utama buah dan sayur berpengaruh nyata pada omzet. Variabel yang berpengaruh nyata terhadap keuntungan adalah dummy jenis kelamin, tingkat pendidikan, pengalaman berdagang, jumlah kios, luas kios dan dummy lokasi merupakan faktor yang berpengaruh nyata pada keuntungan.Kata kunci: pedagang, pasar tradisional, toko modern, uji-t berpasangan, regresi berganda
ANALISIS STUKTUR, KINERJA, DAN PERILAKU INDUSTRI ROKOK KRETEK DAN ROKOK PUTIH DI INDONESIA PERIODE 1991-2008 Pratiwi, Gustyanita; Anggraeni, Lukytawati
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2013): JAI Vol 1 No 1 Juni 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.437 KB)

Abstract

Tobacco industry is one of important manufacturing industry in Indonesia. There are several changes in structure, performance, and behavior of this industry during 1991-2008. This study aim is to analyze the differences between clove cigarette and white cigarette industries with SCP method. Analysis of industrial structure with CR4 index and barriers to entry. Industry performance is measured by Price Cost Margin (PCM) approach. Factors that affect the performance itself are analyzed by the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method. The results of structural analysis show that the level of industry concentration of clove cigarettes went from tight oligopoly (84.29 percent) to medium oligopoly (52.65 percent) during research period. In contrast, white cigarette industry remained in tight oligopoly level with an average value of CR4 about 94.33 percent. The average value of MES which reflects the barrier to entry in white cigarette industries is higher (95.17 percent) than in cigarette industries (72.85 percent). Regression analysis on a clove cigarette industry indicates that the variable X-eff and growth are significantly positive, whereas a variable number of firms significantly negative effect on PCM. In white cigarette industry, a significant variable to the PCM is the X-eff  (0.366799). The analysis of behavior between the two industries cannot be separated from government regulation, especially in setting of the selling price. Promotion, although it increasing production costs, remains to be important strategy to maintain the industry market share.
STRATEGY FORMULATION FOR DEVELOPING BATIK TULIS Suryani, Indah Eko; Anggraeni, Lukytawati; Suryadi, Ujang
Indonesian Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship (IJBE) Vol 1, No 1 (2015): IJBE, Vol. 1 No. 1, January 2015
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (727.731 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to formulate a development strategy in order to maintain the existence of Batik Tulis Rolla Junior. The study used a case study approach with Rumah Batik Tulis Rolla Junior as the research object. The data were analyzed by a value chain approach to determine the internal and external conditions influencing the existence of the Batik Tulis Rolla Junior. Furthermore, this study also used the analysis of Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE), External Factor Evaluation (EFE), Internal-External (IE) Matrix, SWOT, dan Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM) to create the development strategy. The results show that the strategies that can be recommended to Rolla Junior include 1) increasing the capital by Kredit Usaha Rakyat (KUR) program, 2) conductiong expansions to other regencies, 3) creating a website/blog  to promote and perform business transactions, 4) increasing the frequency in joining exhibitions or EXPO both in regional and national levels, 5) conducting researches to solve the problem of coloring which requires sun rays, 6) conducting cooperations with raw material suppliers (backward integration), and 7) finding alternative suppliers of raw materials especially from the areas closer to Jember district.Keywords: development strategy, batik tulis Rolla Junior, SWOT, QSPMABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan merumuskan strategi pengembangan sehingga dapat menjaga eksistensi Batik Tulis Rolla Junior. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan studi kasus dengan Rolla Junior sebagai objek penelitiannya. Data dianalisis dengan pendekatan rantai nilai untuk mengetahui kondisi internal dan eksternal yang berpengaruh terhadap Batik Tulis kemudian menggunakan analisis Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE), External Factor Evaluation (EFE), Internal-External (IE) Matrix, SWOT, dan Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM) untuk menyusun strategi pengembangan Batik Tulis Rolla Junior. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa strategi-straegi prioritas yang dapat direkomendasikan kepada Rolla Junior yaitu 1) peningkatan permodalan melalui program Kredit Usaha Rakyat (KUR), 2) melakukan ekspansi ke luar daerah Jember, 3) membuat situs web/blog untuk mempromosikan dan transaksi jual beli produk, 4) peningkatan kuantitas keikutesertaan dalam acara pameran atau EXPO baik di tingkat regional maupun nasiona, 5) melakukan penelitian untuk mengatasai kendala pewarnaan yang membutuhkan sinar matahari, 6) melakukan kegiatan kerja sama dengan pemasok bahan baku (integrasi ke belakan, dan 7) mencari alternatif daerah pemasok bahan baku khususnya yang lebih dekat dengan kabupaten Jember.Kata kunci: strategi pengembangan, batik tulis Rolla Junior, SWOT, QSPM
Akses UMKM Terhadap Pembiayaan Mikro Syariah dan Dampaknya Terhadap Perkembangan Usaha : Kasus BMT Tadbiirul Ummah, Kabupaten Bogor Anggraeni, Lukytawati; Puspitasari, Herdiana; Ayubbi, Salahuddin El; Wiliasih, Ranti
Jurnal al-Muzaraah Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal al-Muzara’ah
Publisher : Jurnal al-Muzaraah

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

AbstractMicro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) have a big contribution for Indonesias gross domestic product and employment. Most MSMEs face capital constraints and limited access to formal financial institutions. Baitul Maal Wat Tamwil (BMT), which is one of the Islamic microfinance institutions, can be a solution to capital constraints faced by MSMEs. The study aims to analyze the MSME access to get the financing and the impact of BMT to their business development. The primary data is obtained from interviewing 45 respondents, i.e 30 respondents who receive funding from the BMT and 15 controlled respondents who do not receive funding in Bogor. MSME access to the BMT Islamic financing is analyzed by logistic regression logit model while the method used is multiple linear regression of Ordinary Least Square (OLS) in order to analyze the impact of BMT onthe development of business. Logit regression results indicate that dummy business type, age, business turnover and deposits dummy, are the factors influencing MSME access to BMT financing. BMT financing has increased the MSME profit by 6.21 percent with an average of Rp 79.12 million to Rp 84.03 million per year. Based on the results of multiple linear regression of OLS, BMT financing has positive and significant impact on the change in business profits.Keywords: BMT, Logit, OLS, Islamic microfinancing, MSME
The Effects of Trade Facilitation on Indonesian Fisheries Export Sitompul, Tiurmaida Krisanty; Sahara, Sahara; Anggraeni, Lukytawati
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 3 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 3, November 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (815.166 KB)

Abstract

The growth in the volume and export value of fishery subsector shows the importance role of its sector to Indonesian economy. The export performance is influenced by many aspects, including trade facilitation. The problem faced by Indonesia is the low quality of trade facilitation resulting in relatively high trade costs, and this will affect the export performance. This research aims to analyze the effect of trade facilitation as well as other related variables on the Indonesia export in the fishery subsector, shrimp commodity exports, and export of tuna, mackerel tuna, as well as skipjack tuna. This study used panel data with ten years time series from 2007 to 2016, and the cross section data included ten major export destination countries. The data were analyzed using the gravity model with fixed effect estimation method. The study results showed that trade facilitation and other related variables had an effect on Indonesian fishery, shrimp, and tuna, mackerel tuna, as well as skipjack tuna exports. Based on the research results, Indonesian fishery exports can be improved by, firstly improving capacity and quality port infrastructure. Secondly, improving capacity and quality of electricity supply. Thirdly, the institutional quality is primarily concerned with ethics and corruption, and fourthly, the efficiency of trade across border needs to be improved in the hope of increasing the Indonesian export in the fishery subsector.Keywords: export, fishery, gravity model, trade facilitation
Analisis Efektivitas Program Raskin dan Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga Miskin “Kasus Di Propinsi Jawa Barat Tahun 2010” Asmara, Alla; Hartoyo, Sri; Oktaviani, Rina; Anggraeni, Lukytawati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 3 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1479.699 KB)

Abstract

Realizing that there are still alot of poor households (RTM) in Indonesia, the government through various programs and policies continue to improve the food security conditions of poor households, particularly through Raskin. The implementation of Raskinhas been running about ten years. However, the criteria of “Enam Tepat” as indicator of success oof Raskin, has not been fully achieved. The purpose of this study consist of:  Firstly, analyze the effectiveness of the Raskin program in West Java. Secondly,  analyze the condition of the food security of poor households in West Java. The study was designed as a research survey with the simple random sampling method.The results showed that the actual Raskin recipients exceed the amount of targeted households (RTS) with deviations ranging from 17.33 to 164.23 percent. Deviation in the quantity indicator ranged from 14.77 to 62.15 per cent. While, the price deviations ranged from 14.26 to 40.19 per cent. For timely indicators of Raskinis generally achieved. Analysis on food security conditions of poor households showthat the poor households that categorized as vulnerable on food is approximately 6.7 percent to 34.5 percent.
DAMPAK PERKEMBANGAN TOKO MODERN TERHADAP KINERJA PEDAGANG PRODUK PERTANIAN PADA PASAR TRADISIONAL DI KOTA BEKASI Zahratain, Iin; Anggraeni, Lukytawati
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 11, No 2 (2014): Vol. 11 No. 2, Juli 2014
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1170.57 KB)

Abstract

This study is aimed to analyze the changes of agricultural products trader performance in traditional markets and the factors that influence the changes of revenue and profits of the agricultural products traders as the effect of the growing number of modern stores in Bekasi. Processing and data analysis methods used in this study are quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis. The methods used to analyze changes in the performance of the agricultural product traders in traditional markets is paired t-test. The method to analyze the factors that influence changes in revenue and profits of the agricultural product traders in traditional markets is OLS. Results of paired t-test shows that there are changes in revenue, profit, operating hours, circulation of goods, number of buyers, the number of customers and employees after the modern market development. Analysis of OLS shows that dummy variables of gender, education level, number of kiosk, space of kiosk, rice main commodity also fresh fruits and vegetables main commodity significantly influence the total revenue. Meanwhile, dummy variables of gender, level of education, trading experience, number of kiosk, space of kiosk and location significantly influence profit.Keywords: traders, traditional market, modern stores, paired t-test, multiple regressionsABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis perubahan kinerja pedagang produk pertanian dan menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi  perubahan omzet dan keuntungan pedagang produk pertanian pada pasar tradisional setelah meningkatnya jumlah toko modern di Kota Bekasi. Metode yang digunakan untuk menganalisis perubahan kinerja pedagang produk pertanian pada pasar tradisional adalah uji-t berpasangan. Metode untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi  perubahan omzet dan keuntungan pedagang produk pertanian pada pasar tradisional adalah Ordinary Least Square (OLS). Hasil analisis uji-t berpasangan menunjukkan bahwa variabel omzet, keuntungan, jam operasional, sirkulasi barang, jumlah pembeli, jumlah pelanggan serta jumlah pegawai pedagang produk pertanian pada pasar tradisional mengalami perubahan setelah perkembangan toko modern. Hasil analisis OLS menunjukkan bahwa variabel dummy jenis kelamin, tingkat pendidikan, jumlah kios, luas kios, dummy komoditas utama beras serta dummy komoditas utama buah dan sayur berpengaruh nyata pada omzet. Variabel yang berpengaruh nyata terhadap keuntungan adalah dummy jenis kelamin, tingkat pendidikan, pengalaman berdagang, jumlah kios, luas kios dan dummy lokasi merupakan faktor yang berpengaruh nyata pada keuntungan.Kata kunci: pedagang, pasar tradisional, toko modern, uji-t berpasangan, regresi berganda