Mutiah Amini
Jurusan Sejarah Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Dari Poro hingga Paketik: AKTIVITAS Ekonomi Orang Kalang di KOTAGEDE pada masa depresi-1930

Jurnal Humaniora Vol 18, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

The aim of this article is to discuss The Kalang People in Tegalgendu, Kotagede in the Depression era. In historical term, depression era is the time when all of the society have difficulties economically. Unlike the common people, The Kalang people can solve that problem by working as a juragan in Poro and Paketik. Poro means retailer or agent of everything and paketik means someone who owns a pawnshop. By reading this article we can know deeply what activities of Kalang people did during the depression era, and why Kalang people chose to become Poro and Paketik in their economic activities. Further, we can learn how Kalang people teach their skills to the next generation.

PRIVATE ISSUES IN PESAT IN LATE COLONIAL JAVA

Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 22, No 2 (2012): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

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Abstract

Pesat was a local newspaper in Semarang published in the 1940s during the late colonial era. The establishment of Pesat could not be separated from the couple of I.M. Sajoeti and S.K. Trimurti, the owners of the newspaper, who were best-known as activitists of Political Party and senior journalists in Semarang at that time. As a local newspaper, the content of this publication differed considerably from the other local newspaper which mostly focused on news and advertisements. Pesat continuously published some information that had not been addressed by the media anywhere before. Pesat published transparently on the problems of family life and household. In particular, Pesat pointed the problems of marriage which placed women in domestic area in which they were not permitted to speak about the problems they were facing to other people in the public domain. This meant that a matter concerning the life of household which was previously considered private space was now published as news available to newspaper readers. Keywords: Pesat, private, colonial, Semarang, Java.   Pesat adalah sebuah koran lokal di Semarang yang diterbitkan pada 1940-an selama era kolonial akhir. Pembentukan Pesat tak lepas dari pasangan IM Sajoeti dan SK Trimurti, pemilik surat kabar, yang dikenal sebagai aktifis Partai Politik dan wartawan senior di Semarang pada waktu itu. Sebagai koran lokal, isi dari publikasi ini berbeda jauh dari koran lokal lainnya yang berfokus pada berita dan iklan. Pesat terus menerbitkan beberapa informasi yang belum ditangani oleh media manapun sebelumnya. Dalam publikasi mereka, Pesat dipublikasikan secara transparan pada kehidupan masalah keluarga dalam rumah tangga. Secara khusus, diangkat masalah seputar pernikahan yang menempatkan perempuan dalam ruang domestik dan perempuan tidak diperbolehkan untuk berbicara tentang masalah yang mereka hadapi kepada orang lain dalam domain publik. Ini berarti bahwa masalah yang berkenaan dengan kehidupan rumah tangga yang sebelumnya dianggap ruang pribadi yang ada di luar keluarga diizinkan untuk tahu tentang itu sekarang telah diterbitkan sebagai berita tersedia bagi pembaca surat kabar. Kata kunci: Pesat, pribadi, kolonial, Semarang, Jawa.  

IDENTITAS PRA-INDONESIA DALAM CERITA-CERITA PRA-INDONESIA

LITERA Vol 13, No 2: LITERA OKTOBER 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Languages and Arts, Yogyakarta State University

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Abstract

This study aims to describe characterization of pre-Indonesian characters and therelationship between characterization patterns and the process of the appearance of pre-Indonesian identities in pre-Indonesian stories. The data sources were stories entitled: (1)“Busono” by Raden Mas Tirto Adhi Soerjo, (2) “Tjerita Si Tjonat” by F.D.J. Pangemanan,(3) “Tjerita Njai Dasima” by G. Francis, (4) “Tjerita Njonja Kong Hong Nio” and (5)“Tjerita Nji Paina” by H. Kommer. Several concepts to answer the problems were pre-Indonesian identities, characterization, and focalization. The findings are as follows. First,characters in pre-Indonesian stories and the relationship with pre-Indonesian identitiesshow that some are self-aware and some are not. Second, the existence of characters inpre-Indonesian stories with characterization shows that pre-Indonesian identities havea relationship with the authors’ focalization.

PERKAWINAN DALAM SEJARAH KEHIDUPAN KELUARGA JAWA 1920AN-1970AN

Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya Vol 10, No 1 (2016): JURNAL SEJARAH DAN BUDAYA, JUNI 2016
Publisher : Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya

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Abstract

Abstrak. Tulisan ini mendiskusikan tentang perkawinan keluarga Jawa dalam periode 1920an-1970an. Sebuah periode ketika perkawinan mengalami tarik menarik kepentingan, baik bagi perempuan sendiri, organisasi sosial-politik, maupun negara. Hal itu tampak melalui solusi atas permasalahan sosial yang muncul terkait dengan perkawinan. Perempuan memiliki cara sendiri untuk hadir di dalam mengatasi permasalahan tersebut. Demikian juga organisasi sosial-politik dan negara. Solusi atas permasalahan perkawinan, dengan demikian, menunjukkan bagaimana perempuan menarasikan dirinya sendiri, bagaimana pula sebenarnya perempuan dinarasikan oleh organisasi sosial-politik dan negara. Untuk menemukan realitas historis terkait dengan perkawinan di masa lalu, tulisan ini menggunakan data tertulis, baik buku, artikel, maupun gambar yang dihasilkan dari surat kabar dan majalah yang terbit dalam kurun waktu tersebut. Abstract. This paper will discuss the Javanese family’s marriage in the period between 1920’s and 1970’s. The marriage faces some interests comprising the women’s interest, social-political organization’s and nation’s interest. This is seemed by the solution of the appeared social problem related to the marriage, social-political organization, and the nation. Therefore, women describe themselves, likewise women are described by social-political organization and the nation. To find the historical phenomena related to the past marriage, this paper used the written data like books, articles, and pictures produced by the newspaper and magazine which were published in this period.    

ANOMALI POLA ASUH: KERATON YOGYAKARTA, 1921-1939

Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 26, No 2 (2016): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

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Abstract

This paper is a historical study of the shifting of parenting pattern in Keraton Yogyakarta during Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono VIII. In the custom of the family life in Keraton Yogyakarta, especially for the royal family, a newborn child was cared by parents and housekeepers (mbok mban/abdi dalem). However, the changes was happened in the period of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono VIII. The Dependency of chain parenting against house aids was changed through storage sons of kings in the European family. In this condition, the anomaly was happened because in the midst of the parenting, Sultan is responsible to maintaining and reproducing the Javanese culture in the palace. Because of that, Sultan would entrust to the European family upbringing. This condition is certainly vulnerable to the overall sustainability of Javanese culture. Tulisan ini merupakan kajian historis terhadap pergeseran pola asuh yang terjadi di Keraton Yogyakarta pada masa Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono VIII. Suatu kebiasaan dalam kehidupan keluarga Jawa, terutama dalam keluarga keraton bahwa seorang anak yang baru lahir selain diasuh oleh orang tua juga diasuh oleh pembantu rumah tangga (mbok mban/abdi dalem). Akan tetapi, perubahan pola asuh terjadi pada masa Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono VIII. Rantai ketergantungan pola asuh terhadap pembantu rumah tangga diubah melalui penitipan putra-putra raja pada keluarga Eropa. Dalam kondisi inilah anomali pola asuh kemudian terjadi. Ini terjadi karena di tengah-tengah tanggung jawab Sultan untuk tetap mempertahankan dan mereproduksi budaya Jawa di dalam lingkungan keraton, ia justru mempercayakan pola asuh pada keluarga Eropa, yang pada akhirnya memberikan pengaruh yang tidak sedikit pada keberlangsungan kebudayaan Jawa. 

Gender Bias in Historiography of Indonesia and the Writing of Women's History

Jurnal Perempuan Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Women and Nationalism
Publisher : Yayasan Jurnal Perempuan

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Abstract

This paper discusses gender bias within the Indonesian historiography tradition. Various historical literature records that all major events in Indonesian history–as a nation–are masculine and strongly dominated by male narratives. There is no space for women to be present in the narratives of the past. As if the history of Indonesia is a history of men, whereas if critical research is done then women such as men have a past narrative that is also important. Women are present and give meaning to the development of the nation's history. This matter is absent in Indonesian historiography. The strength of gender bias in the historiography of Indonesia can not be separated from the strong patriarchal culture in the life of society. Thus the gender bias ultimately forms a canon, so this is then reproduced from generation to generation. This article argues that critical research by revealing a new fact is a power to change gender bias in Indonesian historiography. 

Dari Poro hingga Paketik: AKTIVITAS Ekonomi Orang Kalang di KOTAGEDE pada masa depresi-1930

Humaniora Vol 18, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The aim of this article is to discuss The Kalang People in Tegalgendu, Kotagede in the Depression era. In historical term, depression era is the time when all of the society have difficulties economically. Unlike the common people, The Kalang people can solve that problem by working as a juragan in Poro and Paketik. Poro means retailer or agent of everything and paketik means someone who owns a pawnshop. By reading this article we can know deeply what activities of Kalang people did during the depression era, and why Kalang people chose to become Poro and Paketik in their economic activities. Further, we can learn how Kalang people teach their skills to the next generation.

Gender Bias in Historiography of Indonesia and the Writing of Womens History

Jurnal Perempuan Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Women and Nationalism
Publisher : Yayasan Jurnal Perempuan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This paper discusses gender bias within the Indonesian historiography tradition. Various historical literature records that all major events in Indonesian history–as a nation–are masculine and strongly dominated by male narratives. There is no space for women to be present in the narratives of the past. As if the history of Indonesia is a history of men, whereas if critical research is done then women such as men have a past narrative that is also important. Women are present and give meaning to the development of the nations history. This matter is absent in Indonesian historiography. The strength of gender bias in the historiography of Indonesia can not be separated from the strong patriarchal culture in the life of society. Thus the gender bias ultimately forms a canon, so this is then reproduced from generation to generation. This article argues that critical research by revealing a new fact is a power to change gender bias in Indonesian historiography. 

SUKAPTINAH AND HAJINAH’S ROLES IN THE NATIONALIST MOVEMENT IN INDONESIA

Patrawidya: Seri Penerbitan Penelitian Sejarah dan Budaya Vol 18, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Balai Pelestarian nilai budaya Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

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Abstract

In the history of the Indonesian women’s movement, Siti Sukaptinah Sunaryo Mangunpuspito (hereinafter referred to as Sukaptinah, 1907-1991) and Siti Hajinah Mawardi (hereinafter referred to as Hajinah, 1906-1995) were known as activists in women’s organizations during the colonial period. Sukaptinah was a member of an Islamic nationalist group (JIBDA – Jong Islaminten Bond Dames Afdeling) with a background on the Indonesian education movement, Taman Siswa. She was also active in the first Indonesian Women’s Congress of 1928. Hajinah who came from Aisyiah (the women’s wing of the large modernist Islamic organization, Muhammadiyah) was known as one of the members of the Indonesian Women Congress. In addition to their activities in the Indonesian women’s movement and the Islamic movement, they also played roles in national movement, a matter which is not quite recognized. Hajinah did not only act as the head of Aisjiah, but also partook actively in press through Soeara ‘Aisjiah magazine (Aisjiah’s quarterly magazine) and Isteri (magazine existing in embryo in the first women congress). An activist of Aisjiah, she gave meaning of the independence achievement through the domain of family (social). On the other hand, Sukaptinah, activist of Jong Islaminten Bond, who also actively participated in the first, second, third and fourth Indonesian Women Congress, gave meaning of the national movement through political domain. She had sat in the parliament as the woman representative in the government council in Semarang, with the most important political thought in the form of the importance of woman to struggle their rights to vote and be voted in the parliament.Di dalam sejarah gerakan perempuan, Siti Sukaptinah Sunaryo Mangunpuspito (yang selanjutnya disebut Sukaptinah, 1907-1991) dan Siti Hajinah Mawardi (yang selanjutnya disebut Hajinah, 1906-1995) dikenal sebagai aktivis organisasi perempuan pada masa kolonial. Sukaptinah adalah anggota kelompok nasionalis Islam (JIBDA – Jong Islaminten Bond Dames Afdeling) dengan latar belakang pendidikan nasionalis, Taman Siswa. Sukaptinah juga aktif di dalam Konggres perempuan Indonesia Pertama pada 1928. Sementara itu, Hajinah merupakan anggota Aisjiah (sayap perempuan dari salah satu organisasi modernis Islam, Muhammadiyah) serta dikenal sebagai salah seorang anggota Konggres Perempuan. Selain aktivitasnya di dalam gerakan perempuan Indonesia dan gerakan Islam, mereka juga berperan penting di dalam gerakan nasional, yang selama ini jarang diperbincangkan. Hajinah tidak hanya pernah menjadi salah seorang pimpinan Aisjiah, tetapi juga menjadi pemikir penting atas terbitnya majalah Soeara ‘Aisjiah (majalah terbitan rutin Aisjiah) dan Isteri (majalah yang memiliki keterkaitan erat dengan Konggres Perempuan Pertama). Sebagai aktivis Aisjiah, Hajinah berperan dalam pemberian arti kebebasan berpendapat melalui ruang keluarga (sosial). Selain itu, Sukaptinah, merupakan aktivis Jong Islaminten Bond, yang juga berpartisipasi aktif di dalam Konggres Perempuan Pertama, Kedua, ketiga, dan Keempat, dengan memberikan arti yang penting melalui ranah politik. Sukaptinah juga pernah duduk di parlemen di Semarang sebagai wakil perempuan, dengan pemikiran politiknya tentang pentingnya perempuan secara tegas memperjuangkan hak pilih dan keterwakilan perempuan di parlemen.