Leily Amalia
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680

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PENGETAHUAN GIZI, AKTIVITAS FISIK, DAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN GIZI AKTIVIS BADAN EKSEKUTIF MAHASISWA (BEM) IPB Nurohmi, Susi; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 3 (2012): November 2012
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ABSTRACTThe study was aimed to analyze nutrition knowledge, physical activity, and nutrient adequacy level among Excutive Board Students of Bogor Agriculture University (BEM-IPB). The study was conducted since February until May 2012 in Campus of IPB Dramaga, Bogor. The subjects were 86 students, selected purposively from every areas of BEM faculties. The data consisted of individual characteristics, nutrition knowledge, physical activity, and daily food consumption. Data of food consumption was collected by 2x24 recall method at weekend and class day. In average, nutritional status of subjects was categorized as normal (BMI 21.7±2.9 kg/m2). Subjects nutrition knowledge mostly was moderate (79.1%). Physical activity of subjects in general was light (PAL=1.64). This implied to amount of estimated energy requirement which is lower than amount of recommended energy intake for Indonesian people, i.e 2,349 kcal vs 2,550 kcal (for men) and 1,851 kcal vs 1,900 kcal (for women). In general, the means of nutrients adequacy level were adequate, energy and protein (90—110%RDA), and micronutrients of vitamin A, vitamin B, and iron (>77%RDA). However, adequacy level of vitamin C and calsium was still deficient (77%), tetapi vitamin C dan kalsium masih tergolong defisit ringan (TKG
PREFERENSI DAN FREKUENSI KONSUMSI MAKANAN JAJANAN PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN CIJERUK,KABUPATEN BOGOR Amalia, Leily; Endro, Oktavianus Para; Damanik, Muhamad Rizal Martua
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Juli 2012
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ABSTRACTThis study aimed to analyze preference and consumption frequency of street foods among elementary school children at Cijeruk sub-district, Bogor District. The design used as survey method at three elementary schools at the area, namely SDN 01 Palasari, SDN 02 Palasari, dan SDN 01 Cipicung. The data was collected in April until June 2012. The subjects of study were 80 students at 4th and 5th grade of elementary school, consisted of 40 boys and 40 girls. Data collection was done by observation and interview to students. The data collected were: family characteristics, individual characteristics, nutrition knowledge, preference and the reasons, and consumption frequency of the street foods. The results showed that family size of subjects mostly (65.5%) categorized as moderate (consisted of 4—6 persons). Both father’s and mother’s education level were categorized as low, namely graduated from elementary shools (42.5% each) and even ungraduated of elementary schools (31.3% and 23.8%). In general, family income per capita was categorized as poor (51.3%) and almost poor (40.0%), with average of Rp 183 063 which was lower than poverty line of West Java Province at sub-urban areas (Rp 210 000). The average of pocket money of subjects was Rp 2 293.7. Nutrition knowledge of subjects was generally categorized as moderate (47.5%). All of subjects stated that they like street foods. The order of street foods from high to low prefered by subjects was fruit, beverages, fried food, cakes, dried snack, and dish foods. The primary preference reason of subjects on street foods was taste (minimal 60% for each food group). The order of street foods which highly to rarely consumed per week was fried food (7.0 times), beverages (6.7 times), cakes (6.3 times), dish foods (6.2 times), salted-dried snacks (5.3 times), and fruits (5.0 times).Key words: consumption frequency, preference, reasons of preference, street foodABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis preferensi dan frekuensi makanan jajanan pada anak SD di Kecamatan Cijeruk, Kabupaten Bogor. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode survey, di tiga Sekolah Dasar di Kecamatan Cijeruk, Kabupaten Bogor, yaitu SDN 01 Palasari, SDN 02 Palasari, dan SDN 01 Cipicung. Pengambilan data dilakukan pada bulan April hingga Juni 2012. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas 4 dan kelas 5 SD, berjumlah 80 siswa, terdiri dari 40 siswa laki-laki dan 40 siswa perempuan. Penarikan subjek dilakukan secara purposive proposional dari populasi siswa di ketiga SD terpilih. Data dikumpulkan dengan cara pengamatan dan wawancara kepada siswa, terdiri dari karakteristik keluarga, karakteristik individu, pengetahuan gizi, preferensi dan alasannya, serta frekuensi konsumsi makanan jajanan. Besar keluarga subjek sebagian besar (65.5%) tergolong sedang (4—6 orang). Pendidikan ayah dan ibu subjek sebagian besar tamatan SD (42.5%) dan tidak tamat SD (31.3% dan 23.8%). Pendapatan keluarga per kapita subjek umumnya tergolong miskin (51.3%) dan 40.0% termasuk kategori hampir miskin. Rata-rata pendapatan keluarga per kapita adalah Rp 183 063, lebih rendah dari garis kemiskinan Jawa Barat pedesaan (Rp 210 000). Rata-rata uang jajan subjek adalah Rp 2 293.7. Pengetahuan gizi subjek umumnya (47.5%) berada pada kategori sedang. Urutan makanan jajanan yang paling disukai hingga agak disukai adalah buah, minuman, makanan gorengan, kue, keringan asin, dan jajanan sepinggan. Alasan utama subjek dalam menyukai semua kelompok makanan jajanan adalah rasa (minimal 60%). Urutan kelompok jajanan dengan frekuensi konsumsi dalam seminggu dari tertinggi hingga terendah adalah makanan digoreng (7.0 kali), minuman (6.7 kali), kue (6.3 kali), jajanan sepinggan (6.2 kali), keringan asin (5.3 kali), dan buah (5.0 kali).Kata kunci: alasan suka, frekuensi konsumsi, makanan jajanan, preferensi
PERSEPSI TERHADAP KONSUMSI KOPI DAN TEH MAHASISWA TPB-IPB TAHUN AJARAN 2007-2008 Dewi, Febriana Ira; Anwar, Faisal; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
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Design of this research is a cross sectional study and study site in Bogor Agricultural Institute, Bogor. A total of 354 samples was drawn randomly. Average daily coffee and tea consumption were about 20.4 g and 1.93 g. Coffee is usually consumed at night. Whereas, tea is consumed in the morning. Samples feel positive and negative effects after consumption of coffee and tea such us sleepless, fatigue, fresh, easy to concentrate, addiction, diuresis, and cardiac arrhythmias. Keywords: coffee, tea, consumption.
ANALISIS DISKRIMINAN UNTUK MENENTUKAN INDIKATOR GARIS KEMISKINAN Sukandar, Dadang; Suhanda, Nani Sufiani; Amalia, Leily; Khairunisa, .
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 2 (2008): Juli 2008
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The objectives of this study are to: 1) determine poverty line gold standard of farmers, 2) compare the gold standard with existing poverty line i.e. Sajogyo, Central Bureau of Statistics, BKKBN, World Bank US $ 1 and World Bank US $ 2, and 3) derive poverty indicators. This research was conducted in Subang, West Java. As many as 522 farmer households were collected as sample through stratified random sampling with proportional allocation. Data collected include socio-economic, income, expenditure, food consumption, health, anthropometry, agriculture aspects and living cost component and their prices. The Gold Standard was obtained through distribution standard normal while poverty indicator was derived through discriminant analysis. The results show that the poverty line gold standard of farmer is Rp. 457,558/capita/month which is equivalent to 2.29 gram of gold/capita/month. Discriminant analysis give five indicators of poverty namely, number of households member, husband education level, nutritional status of children, frequency of egg consumption, and land size manage by farmers. Keywords: farmer, poverty, gold standard, discriminant analysis, indicator
PERKEMBANGAN KONSUMSI TERIGU DAN PANGAN OLAHANNYA DI INDONESIA 1993-2005 Hardinsyah, .; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 1 (2007): Maret 2007
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The objective of this study was to analyze trend of wheat flour consumption and its processed products in Indonesia since 1993 until 2005.  The data used were food consumption data of Socio-economic Survey (SUSENAS) collected by Statistics Indonesia (Badan Pusat Statistik, BPS). The results showed that the wheat flour consumption and its processed products tended to increase from 1993 to 2005. The rapid increase was occurred in the period of 1993-1996 and 1999-2005.  Three kinds of wheat flour-processed products that significantly increased were instant noodle, fried food and snack for children.  The average consumption level of wheat flour and their processed products in 2005 in urban areas were higher than the consumption level in rural areas, namely 47.7 vs. 36.3 g/cap/d.  Among all of the wheat flour-processed food, wheat flour based-fried food, instant noodle, and noodle with meat ball (mie bakso) were the most three popular kind of wheat flour processed products consumed by Indonesian people, 49.4, 48.6 and 44.7% respectively. The consumption pattern was relatively similar between urban and rural areas.  It indicated that wheat flour processed food had already been a part of food consumption pattern of Indonesian people. Keywords:        wheat flour, wheat flour-processed food, consumption, trend of consumption, ur­ban area, rural area.
PEMANFAATAN TEPUNG SUKUN (Artocarpus altilis sp.) PADA PEMBUATAN ANEKA KUDAPAN SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF MAKANAN BERGIZI UNTUK PMT-AS Pratiwi, Dewanti Putri; Sulaeman, Ahmad; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 3 (2012): November 2012
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ABSTRACTBreadfruit is valuable fruit and has a good of nutrient content, but its usage is limited by poor storage properties of fresh fruit. Processing into flour, can increase its utilization. The aim of this research was to utilize breadfruit flour in production of nutritious snack foods for School Supplementary Feeding Programme (PMT-AS). There were three products developed in this study; brownies, pia, and croquette. The research was conducted using experimental design. The proportions of breadfruit flour and wheat flour were different for each product, which brownies was formulated using 70:30, 80:20, 90:10, and 100:0; whereas pia and croquette was formulated by 50:50, 60:40, 70:30, and 80:20. Proximate analysis showed that 100 g brownies contained 409 kcal energy and 7.5 g protein, 100 g pia had 383 kcal energy and 6.7 g protein and croquette had the highest energy and protein content is 455 kcal and 9.9 g protein. In conclusion, all products were suitable as alternative snacks for PMT-AS. The products have met 300 kcal energy and 5 g protein per serving size. Considered also the cost of production, these products have fulfilled criteria to be used in PMT-AS.Keywords: breadfruit, PMT-AS, snacksABSTRAKSukun merupakan buah yang bernilai dan memiliki kandungan gizi yang baik, tetapi penggunaannya terbatas oleh penyimpanan ketika berbentuk buah segar. Sukun yang diubah ke dalam bentuk tepung dapat meningkatkan pemanfaatannya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah memanfaatkan tepung sukun dalam pembuatan kudapan sebagai alternatif makanan bergizi untuk PMT-AS. Terdapat tiga produk dalam penelitian ini, yaitu brownies, pia, dan kroket. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain eksperimental. Perbandingan tepung sukun dan tepung terigu berbeda untuk masing-masing produk. Formulasi brownies adalah 70:39, 80:20, 90:10, dan 100:0, sedangkan formulasi pia dan kroket adalah 50:50, 60:40, 70:30, dan 80:20. Berdasarkan uji organoleptik diketahui bahwa produk terpilih adalah brownies dengan 90% tepung sukun, pia dengan 60% tepung sukun, dan kroket dengan 60% tepung sukun. Seluruh produk telah sesuai sebagai alternatif kudapan untuk PMT-AS. Produk-produk tersebut juga telah memenuhi 300 kkal energi dan 5 g protein per serving size.Kata kunci: kudapan, PMT-AS, sukun
IDENTIFIKASI MUATAN GIZI DALAM MATA PELAJARAN DI SEKOLAH DASAR BANTARJATI 5 BOGOR Adhistiana, Resty; Khomsan, Ali; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 3 (2009): November 2009
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Education and nutrition support enhance each other. Nutrition education is an important thing that have to be integrated in school’s subject, because lack of knowledge regarding proper diet and healthy nutrition represents a major cause of implication in bad eating habits which can cause undernutrition  among school-age children. Therefore, healthy eating habits are important to establish during childhood and sustain thereafter. The objective of this study was to identified the nutrition material that integrated in elementary school’s subject. Cross sectional design was used in this study and four teacher of the fifth grade was interviewed by the researcher. The nutrition material in the subject was identified in qualitative and quantitative way. The result showed that only one topic that contain about nutrition which consist of two sub topic, human’s digestion system and the relationship between food and health. The material explanation in that two sub topic is include complete type and present in sentences and also picture type. The nutrition material was quantitatively attain 37.8% compared with IGD and PUGS as justification. It can conclude that nutrition material in elementary school’s subject was quite good. Key words: nutrition material, elementary school’s subject
FOOD CONSUMPTION, NUTRITIONAL AND HEALTH STATUS AMONG FARMER HOUSEHOLDS IN SUBANG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA Suhanda, Nani Sufiani; Amalia, Leily; Khairunisa, .; Sukandar, Dadang
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 3 (2010): November 2010
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The objectives of this study were : 1) to analyze the consumption of various types of foods (meat, milk, fish, fruit, and others) and the methods of getting the foods among farmer households, 2) To analyze the nutritional status (fathers, mothers and children) among farmer households, and 3) To analyze the health status (fathers, mothers and children) among farmer households. This research was of a retrospective and cross sectional design. This research was conducted in Subang Farming Regency, West Java. There are two types of population (farmer households), namely, those of horticultural region and those of rice field region. The sample size at each location was 261 households, so the total sample was 522 households.  The results of this research show that in general the frequency and quantity of food consumed by the non poor households are relatively better than those of the poor households. Further, as the centers of agricultural production, both regions (rice and horticulture) will produce certain foods in abundance and will affect the patterns of food consumption among the local community and households.  Children’s nutritional status is in general of good category (based on W/A and H/A). Husband’s and wives’ nutritional status is normal. The length of upper respiratory tract infection on wives and children is quite low (
NILAI INDEKS GLIKEMIK BERBAGAI PRODUK OLAHAN SUKUN (Artocarpus altilis) FKR, Rakhmawati; Rimbawan, .; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Maret 2011
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A new approach based on glycemic index was suggested in choosing foods as a source of carbohydrate. A study on glycemic index of selected Indonesian food has been conducted such as breadfruit which is a source of carbohydrate. The objective of this study was to analyze glycemic index value of breadfruit products such as fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies. These processing was choosen based on common method of breadfruit cooking in Indonesia. Breadfruits from Kudus were selected. That breadfruit had processed into four kinds of breadfruit products namely fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies. The foods were analyzed the nutrient composition of the four breadfruit products. Six healthy subjects (3 males and 3 females) with BMI between 18.5 and 22.9 kg/m2 were selected. GI value of four breadfruit products determined by standard method (Miller 1996). Measurement of GI was conducted after approval of the Ethics Committee (No. LB.03.04/KE/4914/2010) received. Proximate analysis showed that nutrient contents of the products were as follows : moisture content (wet based, wb) of breadfruit products such as fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies were 51.01%, 71.75%, 79.91%, and 4.24% respectively, protein content (dry based, db) were 1.22%, 2.11%, 3.2%, and 3.53% respectively, fat content (db) were 20.07%, 0.61%, 0.73, and 30.12% respectively, carbohydrate by difference content (db) were 73.36%, 90.30%, 90.78%, and 64.37% respectively, and total dietary fiber content (db) were 16.5%, 25.76%, 30.47%, and 4.36% respectively.  The result showed that glycemic index of fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies were 82, 89, 85, and 80 respectively. Those four products were classified as high GI category. Statistical analysis showed that treatment did not affect the GI value. Key words: glycemic index, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, breadfruit cookies
SUBSTITUSI TEPUNG KEPALA IKAN LELE DUMBO (Clarias Gariepinus sp) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KANDUNGAN KALSIUM CRACKERS Ferazuma, Herviana; Marliyati, Sri Anna; Amalia, Leily
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Maret 2011
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The using of fish by-products has not been optimally developed in food processing. The objective of this research was to study the using of catfishs head flour as a part of material in formulating crackers to increase its calsium content. The method for making this flour was based on thermal process using drum dryer. The physical and chemical properties were analysed. Crackers was formulated by using catfishs head flour with trial and error method. The formulations were then F0 (0:100), F1 (7,5:92,5), F2 (12,5:87,5), F3 (17,5:82,5), and F4 (22,5:77,5). F1 and F2 crackers were chosen formulations based on organoleptic test. The result of chemical analysis were respectively: moisture 2,4-3,3% (wb), ash 3,7-4,97% (wb), protein 9,9-11,4% (wb), lipid 19,2-20,5% (wb), carbohydrate 63,9-69,6% (wb), and energy 480-484 kkal (wb). F1 crackers contained 0,3634% of calcium (wb) while F2 crackers contained 0,3147% of calcium (wb). The phospors content in F1 and F2 crackers were respectively: 0,2362% (wb) and 0,3147% (wb). The contribution of calcium content in crackers were calculated based on RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) for children, adolescents, and adults. F1 crackers fulfilled calcium’s RDA respectively : 25,8% for children; 15,5% for adolescents, and 19,3% for  adults. F2 crackers fulfilled calcium’s RDA respectively: 39,9% for children; 23,9% for adolescents, and 29,9% for adults. The amount of crackers that should be consumed was at least as much 44 gram/day. Key words: catfishs head flour, crackers, calcium content