La Ode Alwi
Fakultas Kehutanan dan Lingkungan, Universitas Halua Oleo Kendari Jl. Mayjen S. Parwan Kampus Lama Universitas Halu Oelo Lahundape Kota Kendari 93121, Indonesia E-mail: alwi_laode@yahoo.com

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DAMPAK PENGGUNAAN LAHAN TERHADAP SUMBER DAYA AIR: STUDI LITERATUR DAN HASIL PENELITIAN ALWI, LA ODE; MARWAH, SITTI
Jurnal Agroteknos Vol 4, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Agroteknos

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.599 KB)

Abstract

The impacts of land use, from forest to non-forest (mixed garden, husbandry, and fishery), mining, urbanization, industry and infrastructure in upstream area can give negative impact on water resource environment.  Its impact in Wanggu watershed during 1992-2010 were: a) increasing of erosion by 17.6 m3 per ha per year (81,9%), sediment by 2.2 m3 per ha per year, b) decreasing of infiltration capacity by 1.8 m per hour, soil permeability by 2.1 cm per hour, base flow and increasing run-off by 262.7 mm per year (48,8%), CRO by 0,13(46,6%), peak discharge (Qmax) by 114.2 m3 per second and decreasing of water available resources (Qmin) by 3.0 m3 per second and ratio Qmax-Qmin by 38.1 and c) decreasing of water quality because of pollution by TSD, nutrient (NO3-, PO4-3, SO4=), DO, BOD, COD, metal (Cu, Fe, Zn), pesticide, pathogen, salt, oil, color  and change of temperature regime. Its impact was categorized as light to moderate pollution.  The pollution of out-let Wanggu river was classified as serious category by DO, COD and SO4=.  The impacts of land use in Batanghari River were: DO, BOD, COD, NH3, NO2, Zn, Fe and Cu with pollution category as light to moderate. Pollution categorized as serious category by waste: agriculture, urbanization, infrastructure and industry occurred in out-let of Ciliwung River Jakarta, and out-let Berantas River in Surabaya city.  Decreasing of water volume and water quality also occurred in some states likes in India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Australia, United State of America and Fiji Island. Keywords:      Land use impacts, soil conservation, erosion, sedimentation, run-off, water quality
Ketersediaan Kelembagaan dalam Pengembangan Usahatani Rumput Laut (Eucheuma spinosum) di Desa Kawite Wite Kecamatan Kabawo Kabupaten Muna Ramadan, Ramadan; Alwi, La Ode; Yusria, Wa Ode
Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Agribusiness Halu Oleo University Kendari Southeast Sulawesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (362.536 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jimdp.v3i1.6674

Abstract

This research aims to know and identify the institutional conditions are available and knowing the strategies of the community in case of institutional infrastructure limitations in the development of farming seaweed. The type of the data being used is the primary data and secondary data. Data analysis using the method of analyses tabulations and descriptive and analysis Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM). The results showed that (1) the availability of the institutional in the development of farming seaweed consisting of capital providers, information providers, and the institutions of providing inputs. The institution that provides capital in the development of seaweed farming in Kawite Wite Villagenamely collecting merchants. Institutions that provide information namely collecting merchants and extension officers, and institutional agencies providing input namely collecting merchants. The priority of the strategy can be done by farmers who do the farming of seaweed in Kawite Wite Village, Kabawo Subdistrict Muna Regency is a strategy 1 (one), namely the Human Resource training and development strategy for farmers worth 12.096. While on strategy 2 (two) as a strategy to optimize the results of production worth 11.311 and strategy 3 (three), namely expanding network marketing strategy valued at 10.685.
Analisis Produktivitas dan Pendapatan Usahatani Padi Sawah di Kecamatan Landawe Kabupaten Konawe Utara Ratendra, Made Dwi; Yunus, Lukman; Alwi, La Ode
Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian Vol 4, No 6 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Agribusiness Halu Oleo University Kendari Southeast Sulawesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (367.837 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jimdp.v4i6.8122

Abstract

The rice cultivation in the Landawe District, North Konawe Regency. The determination of this area is based on the consideration that in Landawe Subdistrict there are rice paddy farming. The research group is farmers in Landawe Subdistrict with a sample of 59 farmers, the sampling is done by simple random sampling (Random sampling). Based on this study, the results of several factors that have a significant effect on productivity, including urea and pesticides at the level of 10% and for seeds, NPK fertilizer and labor do not affect at the level of 10%. Based on income, the average income received by farmers is Rp. 11,081,122.8 / Ha.
ALTERNATIF PEMBANGUNAN KEHUTANAN BERBASIS AGROFORESTRY MENGATASI EROSI TANAH DI DAS ONEWILA KABUPATEN KONAWE SELATAN SULAWESI TENGGARA Hasani, Umar Ode; Marwah, Sitti; Alwi, La Ode
Jurnal Ecogreen Vol 5, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Haluoleo

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Abstract

ABSTRAKTujuan penelitinan ini adalah : (1) Mengetahui tingkat erosi pada setiap penggunaan lahan di DAS Onewila dan (2) Merumuskan rekomendasi pembangunan kehutanan berbasis agroforestry di DAS Onewila. Hasil peneltian menunjukkan bahwa (1) Tingkat erosi pada kawasan hutan lebih rendah dari Etol, sedangkan tingkat erosi pada kawasan pertanian, semak belukar dan permukiman lebih besar dibandingkan dengan ETol dan (2) Rekomendasi pembangunan kehutanan berbasis agrofoestry di DAS Onewila khususnya di kawasan pertanian dan semak belukar adalah (a) Pengaturan pola tanam (tumpangsari, tumpang gilir, tumpang sisip) dan dengan mengkombinasikan tanaman kehutanan dan tanaman pertanian, (b) Pembuatan teras dan penanaman tanaman penguat teras searah kontur, serta (c) Penanaman tanaman penutup tanah dengan tanaman leguminose atau rumput pakan ternak untuk mencegah atau menekan erosi tanah yang terjadi sampai erosi yang dapat ditoleransikan pada musim hujan. Kata Kunci : Pembangunan, Agroforestry, Erosi Tanah, dan DAS
ANALISIS KINERJA PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DALAM PROGRAM CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Nikoyan, Anas; Alwi, La Ode; Yasnoni, Yasnoni
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 15, No 2 (2019): Juni 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.1109/jsep.v15i2.6443

Abstract

ABSTRAKPT. ANTAM Tbk UBPN SULTRA merupakan perusahaan yang bergerak dalam bidang eksplorasi bahan-bahan tambang seperti nikel, emas dan perak, serta bauksit.Desa Hakatutobu  merupakan salah satu wilayah yang terdapat di Kecamatan Pomalaa Kabupaten Kolaka yang berada dekat dengan PT. ANTAM Tbk UBPN SULTRA. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kinerja pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam program corporate social responsibility (CSR). penelitian ini menggunakan metode Sample Random Sampling denganpengambilan sampel secara acak,dengan populasinya adalah masyarakat Desa Hakatutobu yang berada dikawasan binaan perusahaan PT. ANTAM Tbk UBPN SULTRA yang berjumlah 303 kepala keluarga (KK). Penentuan sampel dilakukan menggunakan teknik probability sampling dengan mengambil batas toleransi kesalahan 10% dari jumlah populasi yaitu 75 KK sebagai responden penelitian.Metode analisis yang digunakan untuk memetekan hubungan antara tingkat kinerja dan tingkat kepentingan yaitu metode analisis IPA (Importance Performance Analysis). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa perusahaan PT. ANTAM Tbk UBPN SULTRA  melaksanakan   kinerja pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam program CSR sudah sangat baik.Dengan adanya pemberdayaan masyarakat ini ,diharapkan agar perusahaan terus memberikan keterampilan kepada masyarakat desa dengan  lebih baik,menempatkan masyarakat menjadi proaktif dalam menentukan arah kemajuan. Kata Kunci: Kinerja perusahaan, Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, Program CSR dan perusahaan PT. ANTAM Tbk UBPN SULTRA ABSTRACTPT. ANTAM Tbk UBPN SULTRA is a company engaged in the field of exploration of mining materials such as nickel, gold and silver, and bauxite. Hakatutobu Village is one of the areas found in Pomalaa District, Kolaka Regency, which is close to PT. ANTAM Tbk  UBPN  SULRTA. Thepurpose  of  this  research  is to know  the performance empowerment of society in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) program. In this research use method Sample Random Sampling with taking sample in a manner random, with population of society in theHakatutobu village is located inarea guided company PT.ANTAM Tbk UBPN SULTRA, which amounts to 303 head family (KK). Determination of the sample use probability sampling technique and take the limit tolerances of the error are 10% from total population 75 household as respondent research.The analytical method used to determine the relationship between performance levels and importance levels is the Importance Performance Analysis method.  The result of this research indicates that company PT. ANTAM Tbk UBPN SULTRA implemented empowerment society in program CSR is very good.  Presences of empowerment society expected that company can give skills to society better. Make society to be proactive in determine direction progress.          Keywords: Performance  Company,  Empowerment  Community,  CSR and Company        Programs PT. ANTAM Tbk UBPN SULTRA.
Tata Kelola Kelembagaan Mineral Fund Dalam Menunjang Pembangunan Berkelanjutan: Studi Kasus Kabupaten Bombana, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara Alwi, La Ode; Dharmawan, Arya Hadi; Fauzi, Akhmad; Hutagaol, M. Parulian
Jurnal Ekonomi & Kebijakan Publik Vol 7, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian, Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22212/jekp.v7i1.415

Abstract

Pengelolaan pertambangan pada suatu daerah sejatinya dapat memberikan kesejahteraan masyarakat khususnya pada daerah penghasil tambang itu sendiri. Namun yang terjadi justru daerah penghasil tambang terjebak dalam natural resource curse dan dutch disease. Pendapatan daerah dari mineral fund merupakan instrumen cash transfer yang cenderung gagal menyejahterakan masyarakat yang disebabkan adanya bias sasaran, bias program, dan bias koordinasi. Oleh karena itu, tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) menentukan indikator kunci tata kelola kelembagaan mineral fund dan (2) menentukan alternatif terbaik dalam pemanfaatan mineral fund. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (i) indikator kunci yang mempunyai tingkat kepentingan dan pengaruh yang tinggi dalam tata kelola kelembagaan mineral fund adalah adanya ketersediaan regulasi, program yang tepat sasaran, adanya pengawasan terhadap biaya produksi tambang yang digunakan perusahaan, pengawasan hasil produksi tambang yang dihasilkan perusahaan, dan adanya badan pengelola mineral fund yaitu institusi multi pihak (ii) alternatif terbaik pemanfaatan mineral fund yang menunjang pembangunan daerah berkelanjutan, yakni (a) aspek sosial, meliputi peningkatan sarana kesehatan, pendidikan dan ibadah, peningkatan peran masyarakat adat dalam pengambilan keputusan, kualitas SDM yang tinggi, pemberdayaan masyarakat, serta peningkatan peran masyarakat dalam pengelolaan lingkungan, (b) aspek ekonomi, meliputi pengembangan lembaga ekonomi dan keuangan, diversifikasi ekonomi perdesaan, pembangunan investasi primer, peningkatan iklim investasi dan pengembangan produk lokal, dan (c) aspek ekologi/lingkungan, meliputi: penanganan pencemaran, proteksi dan keselamatan ekologi dan manusia, penanganan munculnya bencana alam dan penanganan lahan akhir sebagai sektor primer.
KEBIJAKAN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) PERTAMBANGAN DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT (Studi Kasus pada Desa Koeono, Kecamatan Palangga Selatan, Kabupaten Konawe Selatan) Muhammad Elwan, La Ode; Ido, Irfan; Alwi, La Ode; Wanda P, Hendrik
Journal Publicuho Vol 1, No 1 (2018): February - April
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (382.864 KB) | DOI: 10.35817/jpu.v1i1.5849

Abstract

ABSTRACTResearch has been conducted which aims to find out how the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Policy of Mining and Its Influence on Community Welfare in Koeono Village, South Palangga Subdistrict of South Konawe Regency. The data used in this research is qualitative. Determination of the number of samples taken from 110 head of household with an error rate of 5%, so gets 87 respondents. The variables used in this research are CSR fund transfer mechanism, target accuracy, community involvement in CSR program planning implementation, CSR value transparency, transaction cost and monitoring and community welfare.The results of the analysis show that the mining CSR program simultaneously has an influence on the welfare of the community. Partially, however, only CSR fund transfer mechanism variables affect the level of community welfare, while the accuracy of targets, community involvement in the implementation of CSR program planning, CSR value transparency, transaction costs and supervision does not affect the level of community welfare. Based on the determinant coefficient of percentage of influence of CSR policy on mining where CSR fund transfer mechanism, target accuracy, community involvement in CSR program implementation, transparency of CSR value, transaction cost and supervision on community welfare of Koeono Village, South Palangga Subdistrict of South Konawe Regency is 34.4 %, the remaining 65.6% influenced by other variables not examined in this research.  
The Impact of Mining Activities on The Living Conditions of Bombana District Communities Ido, Irfan; Alwi, La Ode; Isma, Wa
On Process
Publisher : Department of Agribusiness Halu Oleo University Kendari Southeast Sulawesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (378.236 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/bpsosek.v19i37.5823

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The purpose of this research is to explain the impact of mining activities on the living conditions of Bombana District people. The research was conducted in North Rarowatu Sub-District, Wumbubangka Village and Lantowua Village, with determination of 133 samples from two villag es. The data were analyzed in descriptions method using cross tabulation and frequency table with eleven variables that is: the rate of air changes, the level of noise pollution, the level of disruption to water availability, the number of affected households, the frequency of treatment, the level of education, the conditions of residence, the status of residence, the conflict between local communities, the level of depth of conflict, employment opportunities. The results of the research indicate the impact of mining activities on the living conditions of Bombana district communities, especially in the two villages. On the ecological aspect of air conditions, mining activity causes the air condition to getmoreworst.In addition, mine activity raises noise that disrupts community activities, and a small proportion of groundwater availability is not available. On the social aspect there are still a number of community members who suffer from respiratory problems such as shortness of breath, cough and cold, from the frequency of treatment only a fewof them do a treatment. The low level of education in these two villagesis the cause of employment opportunities decrease. From the residence's condition and the residence statusarestill relatively decent and medium. In addition, the changes in environmental conditions lead to conflictbetween the local community and the company
Nilai Ekonomi Ekowisata Bahari Pulau Hari Kecamatan Laonti Kabupaten Konawe Selatan Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara Alwi, La Ode; Ketjulan, Romy
On Process
Publisher : Department of Agribusiness Halu Oleo University Kendari Southeast Sulawesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.253 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/bpsosek.v12i22.5830

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Development of marine tourism activity is one form of utilization of coastal resources that have no market value (non-market value). This research study about the economic value of Hari island waters as marine tourism object, tourism activities, especially diving and snorkeling tours. The results of this study cans are Used as a material consideration in the context of managing the Hari island as a tourist resort. Based on research, the existing economic value of tourism to Rp 37,772,353 per year, and the economic value of tourism carrying capacity as much as USD 268 977 384 per year.
Analisis Kerentanan Sosial Ekonomi Petani Nilam di Desa Kombungo Kecamatan Lasalepa Kabupaten Muna Selfina, Selfina; Alwi, La Ode; Rianse, Ilma Sarimustaqiyma
Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian Vol 4, No 6 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Agribusiness Halu Oleo University Kendari Southeast Sulawesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.251 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jimdp.v4i6.8123

Abstract

This study aims to determine the socio-economic vulnerability of patchouli farmers in Kombungo Village, Lasalepa District, Muna Regency. Determination of the study sample was carried out in a census. Using data analysis methods and techniques s income analysis coring. The results of the study found social vulnerability in Kombungo Village in the category is very vulnerable to the period of education6-7.8 as many as 26 people or 43.33% farmers with a score of 1, the category of very not vulnerable has an education period of 13.6-15.4 as many as 5 people or 8.33% with a score of 5, and health parameters in the very category not vulnerable to the frequency of treatment 1.2-0 with a total of 56 people or 93.33 % with a score of 5 , a category very susceptible to the frequency of treatment from 6.4 to 5.2 with the number of 1 person or 1.67% with a score of 1. The economic vulnerability in Kombungo Village in the vulnerable category is Rp.15,489,800-26,369,100 with a total of 18 people or 30% with a score of 2, the category is very not vulnerable, Rp.48,130,700-59,010,000 with a total of 7 or 11.67% with a score of 5.