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PRODUKTIVITAS, INVESTASI SUMBERDAYA MANUSIA, INVESTASI FISIK, KESEMPATAN KERJA TERHADAP KEMISKINAN DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI INDONESIA Aimon, Hasdi
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi

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Abstract

ABSTRACT This study is focused on productivity, human resources  investment, phisical investment and  employment to proverty and economic growth  in  Indonesia. The proverty  is influenced by  education investment, health investment,  productivity and economic growth. On the other hand, the economic growth part is affected by productivity,  phisical investment,  employment  and  proverty. From econometric study, we found that proverty and economic growth give causality and contribute significantly. The data series was taken from 1980-2009. Simultaneous model 2SLS is used to analyze  education investment, health  investment, productivity, phisical investment, employment, proverty and economic growth coefficients size. Before future analysis, we also checked stationary test, co-integration test and causalities between  proverty  and  economic growth. We conclude that  the government need to increase incentive in public sector and riel sector in order to increase investment and economic. Therefore, it can decrease proverty rate and increase economic growth in Indonesia. Keyword: Human resources investment, Phisical investment, Productivity, Proverty and Economic growth.
Kajian Makro Ekonomi Sumatera Barat Tahun 2000 - 2010 Adry, Melti Roza; Aimon, Hasdi; Anis, Ali
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi

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ABSTRACT The purpose of this research are to know and analysis: 1. Influence of lagged consumption, disposable income dan lagged disposable income to consumption in West Sumatera.  2.  Influence of lagged investment, economic, and lagged economic, interest rate dan lagged interest rate to investment in West Sumatera. 3.Influence of lagged interest rate, economics and legged, money supply and lagged money supply to interest rate in West Sumatera. 4. Influence of economics to tax in west sumatera. 5.  Influence of economics to impor in West Sumatera. 6.Influensce of consumption, investment, government expenditure, export and impor to economic in West Sumatera. The Result of this research are (1). As partial lagged consumption, disposable income dan lagged disposable income have signifikan effect to consumption in West Sumatera (2) As partial lagged investment, economic, and lagged economic, has significant effect to investment in West Sumatera, but interest rate dan lagged interest rate has not significant effect. But as simlutaneos all variable has significant effect. (3).As partial lagged interest rate has significant effect to interest rate in West Sumatera. But economics and legged, money supply and lagged money supply has not signifikan influence to interest rate in West Sumatera 4.Economic has influence effect to tax in West Sumatera. 5. Economic has influence effect to import in West Sumatera. (6) As partial consumption, government expenditure, export and impor has significant influence to economic in West Sumatera, but investment has not significant effect to economics. Keywords: Economics, Consumsptions, Investment, Government Expenditure, Export, Import, Interest Rate, Tax
Analisis Produktivitas Tenaga Kerja dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia Ramayani, Citra; Aimon, Hasdi; Anis, Ali
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi

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Abstract

ABSTRACT This study aims to identify and analyze: 1) The influence of education, health, public investment and private investment on labor productivity in Indonesia. 2) The effect of government investment, private investment, inflation, exports, employment and labor productivity to economic growth in Indonesia. This research is ekspost facto to the annual quantitative secondary data that is in Indonesia in the timeframe between the years 1980-2009 by using the simultaneous analysis model that has been through the test prerequisites. The results of this study found that: 1) Education, health, public investment and private investment and partially simultaneous significant effect on labor productivity in Indonesia. The higher funding for education, health, high investment, more and more private investment invested in Indonesia will be the higher productivity of labor in Indonesia. 2) Public investment, private investment, inflation, exports, employment and labor productivity simultaneously significant effect on economic growth in Indonesia. While in Persia, private investment, inflation, exports, and labor productivity affect economic growth in Indonesia. More and more private parties who invest their capital in Indonesia, the low inflation, and increasing exports will be able to increase economic growth. Meanwhile, public investment and labor no significant effect on economic growth in Indonesia. High or low government investment and private investment does not affect the high or low economic growth in Indonesia. Policy implications of the results of this study were: 1) In an effort to increase labor productivity in Indonesia then the policy needs to be taken by the government is more concerned with education and health by increasing funding to improve the quality of human resources. 2) Efforts should be done next government in promoting economic growth  is to do development equitably, improve the bureaucracy in order to create a conducive investment climate to attract investors to invest in Indonesia, to maintain economic stability in order to avoid excessive inflation, improve the quality of human resources in order to produces a high output and export value. Key Word : Productivity, Economic Grow
KONSUMSI DAN INVESTASI SERTA PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI SUMATERA BARAT Shandra, Yosi; Amar, Syamsul; Aimon, Hasdi
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The analysis of aggregate consumption growth, investment and economic growth have been carried out in West Sumatra. The purpose of this study was to clarify   the   effect  of  consumption,      investment,    taxation,   government     spending, consumption   of   the   previous   period,   the   interest   rate   and   disposal   revenue   to GDP in West Sumatra. The study was conducted with descriptive and associative with the use of secondary data in the form of time series, 1994 -2010.  The results on    the   First  Hypothesis     suggests    that  the   development     of  consumption,      the development of investment and the development of government spending together influential     significantly   to   economic     growth.    Partially,    the development        of consumption and the growth of government spending significantly and positively to   affect   economic   growth,   then   the   development   of   a   positive   and   significant effect   of  investment     on  economic     growth.    In  the  Second    Hypothesis     together previous period consumption growth and development of disposibel income and significant    positive   impact    on  the  development      of  consumption.     Partially,   the previous period consumption growth and positive impact on the development of consumption   was   not   significant   and   influential   positive   revenue   development disposibel and significant to the development of consumption. Then on the Third Hypothesis jointly the credit interest rate of investment and economic growth has no   effect   on   the   development   of   significant   investment.   Partially,   credit   interest rates negatively and significant investment toward the development of investment and economic growth has positive influence on   the development and significant investment. The Fourth Hypothesis proved to be influential economic growth on the   development   of   the   tax   was   not   significant   in   West   Sumatra. Government efforts   need   to   be   able   to   continue   to   increase   government   spending   or   reduce taxes by increasing the production of regional output. In addition to government efforts are needed to further improve the quality of human resources by providing education      and   training,   scholarships    and   employment      opportunities     in  labor- intensive   system.   To   overcome   the     problem   of    development     of  investment    the government needs to take expansionary monetary action is by controlling interest rates in order to increase investment development. Key words : consumption, investation, government spending, economic growth
ANALISIS PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN KEMISKINAN DI INDONESIA Jonnadi, Arius; Amar, Syamsul; Aimon, Hasdi
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi

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ABSTRACT Economic growth and poverty is an important indicator to see the success of a country´s development. This study aims to determine and analyze the two-way influence   between   economic   growth   and   poverty   in   Indonesia:   (1)   The   effect   of unemployment,        poverty,   investments      and   economic     growth.     (2)  The   effect   of investment,     life  expectancy,     literacy,   and   length   of  education,     and   economic growth   on   poverty.This   study   uses   panel   data   or   pooled   time-series   crossection using time series data from the years 2005-2009, and the crossection is that there are 33 provinces in   Indonesia. The method used is descriptive and econometric analysis     using   a   model    of   simultaneous      equations     (simultaneous      equations models)   with   two-stage   least   squares   method   (Two-Stage   Least   Square   2SLS) using Indirect Least Square (ILS). The   results   showed   that   there   is   a   two-way   interplay   between   economic growth and poverty. Significant effect on economic growth in poverty reduction, especially   in   rural   areas    there   are   many   pockets    of  poverty.   the   opposite   of poverty is also a significant effect on economic growth. Through improved access to capital, quality of education (literacy and increased length of education) and health (increased life   expectancy) of the poor can increase their productivity in the attempt during the period 2000-2009. The unemployment rate, and significant investment      on   economic     growth.     Furthermore,      investments     in   domestic    and foreign investments,  life expectancy, literacy and school longer a significant effect on the number of poor. Based     on  these   findings    the  policy   the  government      should    do   is  spur economic   growth   through   the   expansion   of   investment   especially   in   agriculture (agribusiness      and    agro-industries)     in  rural    areas   where     many    poor    people depend.   Recommended   to   the   government   in   order   to   spur   economic   growth   in urban areas in order to prioritize employment in which informal sector in general the   poor   do   business.    Whereas     in  rural   areas   run  projects    that  are   capital - intensive    investment     to  open    up   employment      opportunities,     especially    in  the agricultural sector. Furthermore, it also advised the government both at central and   regional   levels   through   the   state   budget   and   regional   budgets   in   order   to further enhance the percentage of budget allocation on health and education to improve   the   quality   of   human   resources   of   Indonesia´s   population.   In   order   to improve      the   quality   of   human     resources     in   Indonesia     suggested     that   the government should also  continue to run the program compulsory 9 (nine) years, and scholarships for children from poor families to achieve to improve the quality of their children. Keyword: Economic growth, poverty, unemployment, and investments
ANALISIS PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN PENGELUARAN PEMBANGUNAN DI KABUPATEN AGAM Sufyeti, Sufyeti; Aimon, Hasdi; Syofyan, Efrizal
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi

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ABSTRACT This study aims to determine and  analyze (1) the effect of private investment, labor, and development expenditure to  economic growth in Agam regency.(2)  the effect of labor,  inflation,economic growth and development expenditures in agam regency. This type of of research is descriptive and associative  studies. While the data type is documentary data, the source data is secondary data sources and in the form  of time series from 1980 to 2009. This study utilize a model of simultaneous equations by means of indirect least square (ILS). Endogeneous variables in this study is  economic growth and development expenditrue. While the exsogen variable are  private investment,labor and inflation. Based on these results. It is recomended to agam goverment to make regulation for stimulating investor to put investement in agam regency. The method is to simplify the bureaucracy process for  investment, and promote that agam   regency is a promising  region to invest. It is neccessary for agam local government to  provide training and education for the workforce in agam regency therefore the workforce will work in accordance with their respective expertise.  Keywords:  Development expenditure,  economic growth,  inflation,  private investment, labor
ANALISIS EKONOMI SEKTOR RIIL DAN SEKTOR MONETER DI INDONESIA Dona, Elva; Aimon, Hasdi; Azhar, Zul
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi Vol 1, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi

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ABSTRACT The purpose of this research to analyze (1) Influence of economic and lagged household consumption to consumption in Indonesia. (2) Influence of economic, interest rate and lagged investment to investment in Indonesia. (3) Influence of economic and exchange rate to export netto in Indonesia. (4) Influence of household consumption, government consumption, investment and export netto to economics in Indonesia. (5) Influence of reserve requirement, money supply and interest rate to money multiplier in Indonesia. (6) Influence of economic and interest rate to money demand in Indonesia. (7) Influence of economics, money supply, lagged inflation to inflation in Indonesia.  The Result of this research are (1) As partial economic and lagged household consumption have significant effect to consumption in Indonesia (2) As partial economic and lagged investment has significant effect to investment in Indonesia, but interest rate has not significant effect. But as simultaneous all variable has significant effect. (3) As partial economic has significant effect to export netto in Indonesia. But exchange rate has not significant influence to export netto in Indonesia (4) As partial household consumption, government consumption and investment has significant effect to Economic in Indonesia but export netto has not significant influence to economic in Indonesia But as simultaneous all variable has significant effect. (5) As partial reserve requirement, money supply and interest rate has significant effect to  money multiplier in Indonesia. (6) As partial economic has significant effect to money demand in Indonesia but interest rate has not significant influence to money demand in Indonesia. But as simultaneous all variable has significant effect. (7) As partial economics and money supply has significant effect to inflation in Indonesian but lagged inflation has not significant influence to inflation in Indonesia. But as simultaneous all variable has significant effect. Keywords: Economics, House hold Consumsptions, Government consumtion, Investment, Export netto, money supply, money multiplier, Inflation.
PROSPEK PERDAGANGAN LUAR NEGERI INDONESIA – AMERIKA SERIKAT DAN KURS Aimon, Hasdi
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi Vol 1, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi

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ABSTRACT This study aims to identify and analyze: (a) the effect of the ratio of the money supply, real output ratio, the difference in inflation, interest rate differentials and foreign trade Indonesia-USA on the exchange rate IDR/US $, (b) the influence of the ratio of real output Indonesi -the United States, the ratio of real output and the Indonesia-Japan exchange rate IDR/U.S. $ against Indonesia´s foreign trade-the United States, and (c) foreign trade prospects for Indonesia and the United States. The data used in the study is the time series of the year 1997:3 until 2009:4. The data are stationary at different degrees, but both models cointegration analysis. Furthermore, both models are tested in the identification, reduced form and causality endogenous variables, the two models are estimated using the method of simultaneous equations with 2SLS (Two Stage Least Squares. The results of this study show that: (a) the ratio of the money supply, real output ratio, the difference in inflation, interest rate differentials and foreign trade of the United States Indonesia-significant effect on the exchange  rate of IDR/U.S. $, (b) the real output ratio of Indonesia-USA, the ratio of real output the Indonesia-Japan and exchange rate IDR/U.S. $ significant effect on Indonesia´s foreign trade-the United States, and (c) foreign trade Indonesia and the United States have a positive outlook until 2017. From this research, the study recommends to the government of Indonesia through the Ministry of Industry and Trade to continue to give encouragement to the foreign trade sector to increase the quantity and the quality  and diversification of exported commodities that Indonesia´s foreign trade prospects-the United States can be realized. Keyword: foreign trade, exchange rates, real output and money supply.
ANALISIS PASAR OBLIGASI PEMERINTAH DI INDONESIA Hastin, Mira; Idris, Idris; Aimon, Hasdi
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi Vol 1, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi

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ABSTRACT This article focused on analyze (1) Effect of the budget deficit, official foreign borrowing, certificate of Bank Indonesia (SBI), and demand of the government bonds to the issuances of the government bonds in Indonesia. (2) The influence certificate of Bank Indonesia (SBI), bond price, (Composite Stock Price Index) IHSG, and supply of the government bonds to demand of the government bonds in Indonesia. Data used time series of (I year kuartal 2004 – IV year kuartal 2011). This article use analyzer model equation of simultaneous with method of Two Stage Least Squared (TSLS). The result of research concludes that (1) the budget deficit have a significant and positive impact on supply of the government bonds, official foreign borrowing, certificate of Bank Indonesia (SBI) and demand of the government bonds significantly and negatively influence on issuances of government bonds. (2) The influence certificate of Bank Indonesia (SBI) have a significant and positive impact on demand of government bonds, IHSG  and supply of the government bonds significantly and negatively on demand of  government bonds in Indonesia. While the bond price is not significant and negative effect  on demand of the government bonds in Indonesia. Keywords : budget deficit, official foreign borrowing, certificate of Bank Indonesia (SBI), bond price, (Composite Stock Price Index) IHSG, demand of the government bonds, and spply of the government bonds
ANALISIS KONSUMSI MASYARAKAT DI INDONESIA Parsaulian, Baginda; Aimon, Hasdi; Anis, Ali
Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi Vol 1, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi

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ABSTRACT The purpose of this study to identify and analyze: (1) consumption of the previous period, the current period disposable income and disposable income previous period on the level of consumption in Indonesia (2) the current period disposable income, disposable income of the previous period, the consumption of the current period, consumption and interest rates on saving the current period in Indonesia (3) inflation and money supply current period the interest rate in Indonesia (4) income taxes in the current period against Indonesia. The results showed (1) there is a significant effect between the consumption of the previous period, disposable income of the current period and disposable income together the level of consumption in Indonesia. (2) There is a significant effect between the current period disposable income, disposable income of the previous period, the current period consumption, the consumption of the previous period and current period interest together towards savings in Indonesia. (3) There is significant inflation period between now and the money supply current period jointly against interest rate in Indonesia. (4) There is a significant effect between the current period income tax in Indonesia. Keywords Consumption, Disposable Income, Interest Rates, Saving, Money Supply, Income Taxes and Inflation