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Penalaran Istislahi Sebagai Metode Pembaharuan Hukum Islam Aibak, Kutbuddin
Jurnal Al-Manahij Vol 7, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : STAIN Purwokerto

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Abstract

Sebagai sumber tasyri’ ketiga, objek ijtihad itu adalah segala sesuatu yang tidak diatur secara tegas dalam nas al-Qur’an dan Sunnah serta masalah-masalah yang sama sekali tidak mempunyai landasan nas (ma la nassa fih). Dalam perspektif pemikiran hukum Islam (usūl al-fiqh) para ulama usul menerapkan berbagai metode dalam melakukan ijtihad hukum. Di mana dalam penerapannya, metode-metode tersebut selalu didasarkan pada maqas id al-syari’ah (tujuan pensyari’atan hukum). Salah satu corak penalaran yang perlu dikembangkan dalam upaya penerapan maqās id al-syari’ah adalah penalaran istis lahi. Corak penalaran istislahi adalah upaya penggalian hukum yang bertumpu pada prinsip-prinsip kemaslahatan yang disimpulkan dari al-Qur’an dan hadis. Kemaslahatan yang dimaksudkan adalah kemaslahatan yang secara umum ditunjuk oleh kedua sumber hukum tersebut. Artinya kemaslahatan itu tidak dapat dikembalikan kepada suatu ayat atau hadis secara langsung baik melalui penalaran bayani atau ta’lili, melainkan dikembalikan kepada prinsip umum kemaslahatan yang dikandung oleh nass. Dalam perkembangan pemikiran usul fikih, corak penalaran istislahi ini tampak dalam beberapa metode ijtihad, antara lain dalam metode al-maslahah al-mursalah dan sadd al-zari’ah. Kata kunci: penalaran istislahi, al-maslahah al-mursalah, saddu al-zari’ah, ijtihad, maqasid al-syariah  As a third source of law-making, ijtihad (individual judgment in a legal question)  includes everything that is not expressly regulated in the texts of the Quran and Sunnah, as well as issues that have absolutely no legal  basis (ma la nass}a fih). In the perspective of Islamic legal thought (usūl al-fiqh), Muslim scholars applying various methods in doing ijtihad, which in practice, these methods are always based on maqasid al-syari’ah (law-making purposes). One mode of reasoning that needs to be developed in the effort of applying legal purposes is resting on benefit principles deduced from the Quran and hadis. What is meant by the benefit here is the benefit that cannot be returned to a verse or a hadis directly either by explanatory or argumentative reasoning, but returned to general benefit principles contained in the two sources of law. In the development of Islamic legal thought, the pattern of benefit-taking reasoning (istislahi) is evident in some of the methods of ijtihad, such as the methods of al-maslahah al-mursalah (deduced benefit) and saddu al-zari’ah (avoiding harm). Keywords: istislahi reasoning, al-maslahah al-mursalah, saddu al-zari’ah, ijtihad, maqasid al-syariah
Penalaran Ta‘Lîilî dalam Hukum Islam: Telaah Corak Penalaran Hukum Islam dalam Upaya Penerapan Maqâşid al-Sharî‘ah Aibak, Kutbuddin
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 1, No 1 (2006): Islamica
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

 Ijtihâd is the third legal source of Islam whose object is all things about whichthe Qur’an and the Sunnah are silent (mâ lâ naşş  fih). From the perspective of the Uşûlal-Fiqh, there have been methods of ijtihâd put forward by the ‘Ulama, which includeqiyâs, istişlâh, istishâb and ‘urf. These methods in the final analysis, should be based onwhat is commonly known as maqâşid al-sharî‘ah (human interest) when put into practice.When ijtihad is undertaken furthermore, two modes of thinking are normally born out ofmaqâşid al-sharî‘ah, one of which being –and this is the focus of our analysis- the ta‘lîlîmode of thinking. The ta‘lîlî mode of thinking is about discovering the reasons (‘illah)behind certain religious rulings. It comes into existence as a result of the fact that thetexts of the Qur’an and the Sunnah always mention the reasons when issuing religiousrulings. And this has become the starting point of the mujtahids in resolving various legalissues that they face. They start by discovering first the reasons and then proceed to issuethe ruling. As far as the science of Uşûl al-Fiqh is concerned, qiyâs and istihsân belong tothis ta‘lîlî mode of thinking.
Penalaran Talili dalam Hukum Islam: Telaah Corak Penalaran Hukum Islam dalam Upaya Penerapan Maqasid al-Shariah Aibak, Kutbuddin
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 1 No 1 (2006): September
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

?Ijtih?d is the third legal source of Islam whose object is all things about which the Qur?an and the Sunnah are silent (m? l? na?? ?fih). From the perspective of the U??l al-Fiqh, there have been methods of ijtih?d put forward by the ?Ulama, which include qiy?s, isti?l?h, istish?b and ?urf. These methods in the final analysis, should be based on what is commonly known as maq??id al-shar??ah (human interest) when put into practice. When ijtihad is undertaken furthermore, two modes of thinking are normally born out of maq??id al-shar??ah, one of which being ?and this is the focus of our analysis- the ta?l?l? mode of thinking. The ta?l?l? mode of thinking is about discovering the reasons (?illah) behind certain religious rulings. It comes into existence as a result of the fact that the texts of the Qur?an and the Sunnah always mention the reasons when issuing religious rulings. And this has become the starting point of the mujtahids in resolving various legal issues that they face. They start by discovering first the reasons and then proceed to issue the ruling. As far as the science of U??l al-Fiqh is concerned, qiy?s and istihs?n belong to this ta?l?l? mode of thinking.
PENALARAN ISTISLAHI SEBAGAI METODE PEMBAHARUAN HUKUM ISLAM Aibak, Kutbuddin
Al-Manahij Vol 7, No 2 (2013): ARAH BARU PEMIKIRAN FILSAFAT HUKUM ISLAM
Publisher : IAIN Purwokerto

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Abstract

Sebagai sumber tasyri’ ketiga, objek ijtihad itu adalah segala sesuatu yang tidak diatur secara tegas dalam nas al-Qur’an dan Sunnah serta masalah-masalah yang sama sekali tidak mempunyai landasan nas (ma la nassa fih). Dalam perspektif pemikiran hukum Islam (usūl al-fiqh) para ulama usul menerapkan berbagai metode dalam melakukan ijtihad hukum. Di mana dalam penerapannya, metode-metode tersebut selalu didasarkan pada maqasid al-syari’ah (tujuan pensyari’atan hukum). Salah satu corak penalaran yang perlu dikembangkan dalam upaya penerapan maqāsid al-syari’ah adalah penalaran istislahi. Corak penalaran istislahi adalah upaya penggalian hukum yang bertumpu pada prinsip-prinsip kemaslahatan yang disimpulkan dari al-Qur’an dan hadis. Kemaslahatan yang dimaksudkan adalah kemaslahatan yang secara umum ditunjuk oleh kedua sumber hukum tersebut. Artinya kemaslahatan itu tidak dapat dikembalikan kepada suatu ayat atau hadis secara langsung baik melalui penalaran bayani atau ta’lili, melainkan dikembalikan kepada prinsip umum kemaslahatan yang dikandung oleh nass. Dalam perkembangan pemikiran usul fikih, corak penalaran istislahi ini tampak dalam beberapa metode ijtihad, antara lain dalam metode al-maslahah al-mursalah dan sadd al-zari’ah.
PENGELOLAAN ZAKAT DI BADAN AMIL ZAKAT NASIONAL KABUPATEN TULUNGAGUNG DALAM PERSPEKTIF MAQASHID AL-SYARIAH Aibak, Kutbuddin
Ahkam: Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 4, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

Why BAZ cannot operate optimally is due to two factors. First, as amatter of fact, this institution is just passively waiting for the zakatpayers. Second, the zakat paid through this institution is limited tothe zakat of income from certain offices, not from massive individual.In addition, it has been a long tradition that the Moslems do not paytheir zakat fithrah through this institution. Zakat fithrah is commonlypaid for the receivers’ daily consumption. Considering the problemsabove, some initiatives must be taken. First, institutionally BAZmust be empowered by setting up zakat picking units (UPZ) in everymosque and these units are managed professionally to serve thezakat payers. Second, the zakat must be managed and distributed tothe right receivers for the productive purposes, not the consumptivepurposes. Since the zakat is still distributed for the consumptivepurposes, from the perspective of maqashid al syariah it can beconcluded that the management of zakat so far has not yet achievedits fundamental purpose to empower and to prosper the poors andthe weaks.Kata kunci: Pengelolaan, Pengumpulan dan Pendistribusian Zakat,Maqashid al-Syariah
ZAKAT DALAM PERSPEKTIF MAQASHID AL-SYARIAH Aibak, Kutbuddin
Ahkam: Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

Zakat as one of the pillars in Islam provides a alternative of socialprotection. Paying for zakat is not only a manifestation of worshippingAllah but also a social action to support for the improvement ofpeople’s life quality. Zakat is not a goal but it is a means to achievesocial justice and a means to reduce the number of poverty as well.Therefore, good management of zakat under the principles of syariahis a must.Kata kunci: Zakat, Pengeloaan Zakat, Maqashid al-Syariah
KAJIAN FIKIH KONTEMPORER: SEBUAH REKONSTRUKSI AWAL Aibak, Kutbuddin
Ahkam: Jurnal Hukum Islam Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : IAIN Tulungagung

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Abstract

Principally, any knowledge which is systematically codified andcommunicated either in oral and written form has philosophicalbasis. The basic assumption of a scientist which is followedby scientific steps of research such as using correct approach,employing theoretical framework, checking appropriatevalidity of information, finding the relationship between subjectand object is central to the structure of knowledge includingscience, humanity, social, and religion. As such, knowledge hascertain structure by which it opens to further investigation anddevelopment.Kata kunci: Kajian Fikih Kontemporer, Metode, Pendekatan
Fenomena Tradisi Megengan di Tulungagung Aibak, Kutbuddin
Millah: Jurnal Studi Agama Vol. X, No. 1, Agustus 2010 Islam dalam Bingkai Sastra
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Agama Islam, Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Abstract

The study is a qualitative research with phenomenological approach. It explored the phenomena of megengan tradition in Sumbergempol Tulungagung, and especially conducted in three villages, i.e. Bendiljati Kulon, Sambijajar, and Tambakrejo. The findings show that; first, megengan tradition is only executed on the last ten days of Sya’ban /Ruwah month. On the last development, megengan tradition has moved into various forms and ways, as shown in the megengan tradition occurred in Sumbergempol Tulungagung. Second, the tradition has been changing in its forms such as its time, place, volume, and funeral visit tradition.
PENALARAN ISTISLAHI SEBAGAI METODE PEMBAHARUAN HUKUM ISLAM Aibak, Kutbuddin
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 7 No 2 (2013): ARAH BARU PEMIKIRAN FILSAFAT HUKUM ISLAM
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

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Abstract

Sebagai sumber tasyri’ ketiga, objek ijtihad itu adalah segala sesuatu yang tidak diatur secara tegas dalam nas al-Qur’an dan Sunnah serta masalah-masalah yang sama sekali tidak mempunyai landasan nas (ma la nassa fih). Dalam perspektif pemikiran hukum Islam (usūl al-fiqh) para ulama usul menerapkan berbagai metode dalam melakukan ijtihad hukum. Di mana dalam penerapannya, metode-metode tersebut selalu didasarkan pada maqasid al-syari’ah (tujuan pensyari’atan hukum). Salah satu corak penalaran yang perlu dikembangkan dalam upaya penerapan maqāsid al-syari’ah adalah penalaran istislahi. Corak penalaran istislahi adalah upaya penggalian hukum yang bertumpu pada prinsip-prinsip kemaslahatan yang disimpulkan dari al-Qur’an dan hadis. Kemaslahatan yang dimaksudkan adalah kemaslahatan yang secara umum ditunjuk oleh kedua sumber hukum tersebut. Artinya kemaslahatan itu tidak dapat dikembalikan kepada suatu ayat atau hadis secara langsung baik melalui penalaran bayani atau ta’lili, melainkan dikembalikan kepada prinsip umum kemaslahatan yang dikandung oleh nass. Dalam perkembangan pemikiran usul fikih, corak penalaran istislahi ini tampak dalam beberapa metode ijtihad, antara lain dalam metode al-maslahah al-mursalah dan sadd al-zari’ah.