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Journal : Forest Science

KARAKTERISTIK BRIKET ARANG DARI CAMPURAN TEMPURUNG KELAPA DAN SERBUK GERGAJI KAYU PALAPI (HERITIERA SP) Hapid, Abdul; Muthmainnah, Muthmainnah; Ahmad, Ahmad
ForestSains Vol 15, No 2 (2018): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

The current high population rate leads to inevitable, greater demand for energy. In fact, most urban communities depend on oil and gas as the energy source for daily usage while the communities in rural and remote areas preferably use woods as fuel. The search for alternative source to reduce the dependency on the availability of fuelwood has been done by utilizing agricultural waste, industrial waste and domestic waste, including coconut shells and sawdust. These wastes can be processed into briquettes as potential solid fuel. The present study aims to investigate the quality of briquettes made from a mixture of coconut shells and palapi sawdust. It was done in May to July 2016 at the Mechanical Engineering Labolatory, Tadulako University. A completely randomized design (CRD) was employed, with three treatments: A (100% coconut shell charcoal), B (85% sawdust + 15% coconut shell charcoal) and C (85% coconut shell charcoal + 15% sawdust). The parameters included density, moisture, volatile matter, ash, and fixed carbon. The results showed the average moisture, ash, fixed carbon, volatile mater, and density of charcoal briquettes were: 4.62?4.99%, 4.51?5.55%, 29.63?53.17%, 36.94?59.88% and 0.48?0.7g/cm3, respectively. It indicates that the mixture of coconut shell and sawdust has a very significant effect on ash content, volatile matter, fixed carbon and density, but insignificant effect on water content.
Co-Authors -, Jusni Abdul Hapid Abdul Haris Abdul, Abdul Abduliah, Zuraidah Abdurahim, Abdurahim Ahmad Yasser Mansyur Akhmad Jazuli Aljufri, Sakinah Amrullah, Ahmad Zuli Anas, Andy Sofyan Aniharyati, Aniharyati Anton Jaelani Arifudin Idrus Barani, La Ode Syamsul Budi Usodo Chatarina Muryani Christian, Hansel Darsikin Darsikin Darta, Darta Datin, Datin Dato, Dato Gismin, Sitti Syawaliyah Habib Ratu Perwira Negara, Habib Ratu Perwira Haris Haris, Haris Hasanuddin, M.Iqbal Hindayati Mustafidah Hussein, Hussein Iratna, Iratna Islahudin Islahudin, Islahudin Jessica Jessica Johnson, Kevin Joko Purwanto La Tondi La Tondi, La Tondi Leny Yuanita Limanjaya, Nickholaus Denata Linda Sekar Utami, Linda Sekar Lithrone Laricha Lithrone Laricha Salomon Mansur, Suaib Marlina Kamelia Mentari, Cut Sri Miharja, Marjan Misbah, Nurul Muammar Muammar, Muammar Muhamad Armawaddin, Muhamad Muhtar Muhtar Mukaddas, Jamal Muslim Mamulai, Muslim Muslimin Muslimin Muthmainnah Muthmainnah Nasir, Gamal Abdul Nazariah, Nazariah Nipaah, Nipaah Novida, Novida Novitasari, Yeni Novitasari, Yeni Nuraeni, Hanny Siti Orbaningsih, Dwi Parawansa, Dian A.S. Primajati, Gilang Primajati, Gilang Rahimah, Rahimah Rahmayuddin, Rahmayuddin Rahmi Rahmi Ridfah, Ridfah Rijal Firdaos Riyadi Riyadi Rohimah, Siti Maryam Rumiatun, Darti S, Arham S., Lithrone Laricha Saryatmo, Mohammad Agung Sehabuddin, Ahmad Sentana, Aan Dwi Setya Nugraha Siswanti, Dewi - Sudarso, Joni Suhartini Suhartini Suyono Suyono Suziyanti, Suziyanti Syaifullah, Andi Muh. Tito Pinandita Trisni Utami Utama, Didi Widya Widiyanti Widiyanti, Widiyanti Wijaya, Felisia Wilson Kosasih Yuliatri Sastrawijaya, Yuliatri