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The Implementation ff National Examination as The Direction of National Education Policy

Al-Tadzkiyyah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Al-Tadzkiyyah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

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Abstract

This study aims to find out how the implementation of the UN can be used as a continues policy material. This research is a literary research where researchers trace the literature related to the implementation of the UN and the direction of educational policy. The results of this study indicate that the implementation of the UN is still needed but with some notes. All supporting components and instruments must be ready and evenly distributed throughout the districts or cities that deal with the competence of teachers, supporting facilities, and public awareness of the importance of the quality of education. The National Exam encourages all parties to work hard in order to achieve better learning outcomes for learners, in accordance with the competency standards of graduates. UN has become a part of the national policy direction, which gave birth to the National-Standard School Examination, the curriculum changes from KTSP to K13, and the implementation of the Full Day School program as an effort to maximize the potential of learners in school activities.

EKSPERIMENTASI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE GROUP INVESTIGATION (GI) DAN JIGSAW II PADA MATERI POKOK BANGUN RUANG DITINJAU DARI KEMAMPUAN SPASIAL SISWA KELAS VIII SMP NEGERI SE-KABUPATEN KARANGANYAR TAHUN PELAJARAN 2013/2014

Jurnal Pembelajaran Matematika Vol 2, No 8 (2014): Pembelajaran Matematika
Publisher : Jurnal Pembelajaran Matematika

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Abstract

Abstract: The objectives of this research were to investigate: (1) which learning model of the Cooperative learning model of the GI type, the Jigsaw II learning model, and the direct learning model results in a better learning achievement, (2) which students among the students with the high, moderate, and low spatial abilities have a better learning achievement, (3) in each of the Cooperative learning model of the GI type, the Jigsaw II learning model, and the direct learning which students among the students with the high, moderate, and low spatial abilities have a better learning achievement, and (4) in each of the high, moderate, and low spatial abilities  which learning model of the Cooperative learning model of the GI type, the Jigsaw II learning model, and the direct learning model results in a better learning achievement. This research used the quasi experimental research method with the factorial design of . Its population was all of the students of State Junior Secondary Schools of Karanganyar regency. The samples of the research were taken by using the stratified cluster random sampling technique. The samples consisted of 285 students, and they were divided into three classes, namely: 96 in Experimental Class I, 95 in Experimental Class II, and 94 in Control Class.  The data of the research were gathered through test of spatial ability and test of learning achievement in Mathematics. The proposed hypotheses of the research were analyzed by using the two-way analysis of variance with unbalanced cells. The results of the research are as follows. 1) The cooperative learning model of the GI type results in a better learning achievement than the direct learning model, but results in the same good learning achievement in Mathematics as the Jigsaw II learning model, and the Jigsaw II learning model results in a better learning achievement than the direct learning model. 2). The students with the high spatial ability and those with the moderate spatial ability have a better learning achievement in Mathematics than those with the low spatial ability, but the students with the high spatial ability have the same good learning achievement in Mathematics as those with the moderate spatial ability. (3) in each of the Cooperative learning model of the GI type, the Jigsaw II learning model, and the direct learning, students with the high spatial ability have the same good learning achievement in Mathematics as those with the moderate spatial ability, and both the students with the high spatial ability and those with the moderate spatial ability have a better learning achievement in Mathematics than those with the low spatial ability. 4) in each of the high, moderate, and low spatial abilities,  the Cooperative learning model of the GI type and the Jigsaw II learning model result in a better learning achievement in Mathematics than the direct learning model, but the cooperative learning model of the GI type results in the same good learning achievement as the Jigsaw II learning model.Keywords: Group Investigation (GI), Jigsaw II, learning achievement, and spatial ability.

School Operational Funding to Support School Activities

International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE) Vol 3, No 1: March 2014
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

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Abstract

School Operational Funding is a grant from Central Government with a popular name, BOS. Government of South Sulawesi Province collaborates with Government of Makassar District to exploit free education, and Education Support Operational Funding (BOPP) is from government of Makassar District into schools in order to support the success of teaching and learning process. This study aims to analyze the usage of operational School Funding in State Junior High School in Makassar South Sulawesi, Indonesia. This qualitative study used a case study approach with involved semi structured interview, document analysis, and open ended questionnaire. In semi structured interview, it was involved 15 respondents from school management members (5 school headmasters, 5 teachers, and 5 school committee members), and also involved 4 respondents from non-school management members (2 staffs of Education Office of Makassar District and 2 staffs of Education Office of South Sulawesi Province). Therefore, it involved 253 respondents to complete questionnaire (32 headmasters, 172 teachers and 49 school committee members). Data were analyzed by using Nvivo program. The study found that the usage of BOS funding in Junior High School (SMP) in Makassar isn’t maximized in teaching and learning process as its main goal. The funding is still used to finance the implementation of School Based Management Programs. Furthermore, the usage of free education program funding and BOPP isn’t clear. Constructing Planning of School Work and Finance (RKAS) and managing the school operational funding do not involve teachers and school committee members so that its usage is not effective.

ELEMENTARY PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS’ SELF-EFFICACY IN MATHEMATICS

AdMathEdu : Mathematics Education, Mathematics, and Applied Mathematics Journal Vol 8, No 1: Juni 2018
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Self-efficacy (SE) is related to someone’s belief influencing their success, including success in teaching mathematics for elementary pre-service teachers. This research aimed to analyse: 1) the self-efficacy difference between high-levelled students and moderate-levelled students; 2) the correlation of self-efficacy indicators; 3) correlation of self-efficacy statements, and 4) pattern interpretation of significant correlation tendency between each self-efficacy statement on elementary pre-service teachers. The subjects of this research were the senior students of Primary Education Department in one of private universities in Bandung. The self-efficacy data were obtained from 149 students. The correlation and mean difference test analysis were done with the support of SPSS. The result showed that the self-efficacy of high-levelled students was better than the self-efficacy of medium-levelled students, there was positive significant correlation either for each self-efficacy indicator or self-efficacy statement. From the correlation, there was a meaningful pattern for self-efficacy of elementary pre-service teachers.

KENYAMANAN DAN PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA PEMAKAIAN RANCANGAN KURSI ERGONOMIS UNTUK PENJAHIT

Industrial and Systems Engineering Assessment Journal (INASEA) Vol 5, No 1 (2004): INASEA Vol. 05 No. 1
Publisher : Industrial and Systems Engineering Assessment Journal (INASEA)

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This Article explains the outputs of the chair prototype research and do not explains the process of the chair design. Based on the obtained data, further is performed design of a chair and make its prototype. The result of the examination to some respondents during 60 minutes shows that sewing in the old chair average 116 pulses/minute, while using the new one is 104 pulses/minute. The frequency of sitting position change decreases from 13 times in the old chair to be 5 times in the new one. The questionnaire shows that using the new design gives better conformity than the old one. In this case, it can be concluded that sewing in the new design chair gives better conformity and increases the production comparing with using the old one.   

Frekuensi dan Determinan Kontrasepsi Pria di Indonesia

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 3 No. 5 April 2009
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Pertumbuhan penduduk Indonesia terlihat tinggi (1,25%) dengan pertambahan sekitar 7,3 juta penduduk setiap tahun. Sejak tahun 1980,program keluarga berencana berkontribusi terhadap penurunan angka fertilitas dari 5,61 menjadi 2,6 pada tahun 2002. Kontribusi pria menggunakan kontrasepsi berhubu-ngan dengan banyak faktor antara lain meliputi pengetahuan, sikap, praktek, keterbatasan informasi aksesibilitas fasilitas pelayanan kontrasepsi pria, keterbatasan jenis kontrasepsi, dan persepsi masyarakat yang kurang menguntungkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui berbagai faktor yang berhubungan dengan penggunaan kontrasepsi pria di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan sumber data sekunder Survei Demografi Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI) tahun 2002-2003. Disain penelitian yang digunakan adalah Cross Sectiona l dengan metode analisis Regresi Logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan proporsi penggunaan kontrasepsi pria didasari pada Current User dan Ever User 2002/ 2003 masih rendah (7,7%). Sebaran metode kontrasepsi pria pada responden ( 504, 3,1%) dan senggama terputus (593, 3,6%). Variabel usia, pendidikan, tempat tinggal kemandirian mendapatkan kontrasepsi, pengetahuan berhubungan secara bermakna dengan penggunaan kontrasepsi pria. Variabel pendidikan berinteraksi dengan kemandirian. Variabel yang berhubungan sangat erat dengan penggunaan kontrasepsi pria adalah pengetahuan (nilai-p = 0,000; OR = 28,211; 95% CI; 18,936-42,027. Kata kunci: Kontrasepsi pria, pengetahuan.AbstractPopulation growth in Indonesia is high (1.25%), with additional 7,3 million people each year. Since 1980, family planning gives contribution to the reduction of fertility rate from 5.61 to 2.6 in year 2002. Male contribution by using contraceptive methods is related to many factors such as knowledge, attitude, practice, information limitation, contraception availability and community perception on male contraceptive. This study is aimed to gain information about factors related to the use of male contraceptive methods in Indonesia. This study uses secondary data from SDKI 2002-2003. Study design used is cross sectional with statistical logistic regression analysis. The study results show that proportion of male using contraceptive method is low, only about 7.7%. The methods used include vasectomy 0.5%, condom 2.4%, abstinence 3.1%, and withdrawal 3.6%. Factors related to male contraceptive use are age, education level, residential areas, autonomy in family planning service, knowledge about family planning and male contraceptive, and interaction variable is education*auto-nomy in family planning service. The most dominant factor to male contraceptive is knowledge about family planning and male contraceptive at p value 0.000, OR=28.211, 95 % CI=18.9 – 42.0.Keywords: Male contraceptive, knowledge.

UPAYA MENINGKATKAN MINAT DAN PEMAHAMAN SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN MATEMATIKA DENGAN THINK PAIR AND SHARE ( TPS )

Khazanah Pendidikan Khazanah Pendidikan Vol. II, Nomor 1, September 2009
Publisher : Khazanah Pendidikan

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Abstract

This action research is aimed at improving the student’s interest and achievement in mathematics on the topic of flat plane using think pair share (TPS). The subject of this research were 36 students of grade 7, of Muhammadiyah Junior High School of Sumbang. This is a classroom action research with three cycles each of which consisted of planning, acting, observing, evaluating, and reflecting. The data was collected using questionnaire, observation a, and test. The result was that the mean of student’s interest was 39.97 in cycle 1 and using observation sheet the mean score is 16.67%. The mean of the students’ achievement. The result in student’s interest in cycle 2 was 47.71 and the result with observation sheet was 17.78%. The students’ achievement mean was 67.56. The research result on student’s interest in cycle 3 was 48.94 and using observation sheet the mean percentage was23.89%. The mean of the students’ achievement was 70.54%. The conclusion was that TPS could improve the students interest and achievement in mathematics.Key words: interest, achievement, think pair share

MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DALAM PENGELOLAAN DAN PELESTARIAN HUTAN MANGROVE DI PANTAI PASURUAN JAWA TIMUR

Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 18, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Hutan mangrove pantai Pasuruan telah terdegradasi baik luasan maupun diversitasnya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui (1) faktor-faktor penyebab degradasi hutan mangrove di Pantai Pasuruan, (2) Persepsi penduduk pesisir terhadap hutan mangrove dan (3) menemukan model pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam pengelolaan dan pelestarian hutan mangrove di daerah penelitian. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut dilakukan tiga langkah penelitian, pertama wawancara mendalam dengan tokoh-tokoh masyarakat untuk menentukan faktor penyebab kerusakan hutan mangrove, kedua wawancara dengan penduduk pesisir untuk mengetahui persepsi penduduk terhadap hutan mangrove dan ketiga dengan Focus Group Discussion (FGD) untuk mencari model pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam pengelolaan dan pelestarian hutan mangrove di pantai Pasuruan. Sampel ditentukan di tiga wilayah yang mewakili pantai bagian timur, bagian tengah dan bagian barat. Masing-masing wilayah diambil tiga desa dengan ketebalan hutan mangrove yang berbeda-beda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) Penebangan liar dan alih fungsi hutan mangrove menjadi tambak merupakan faktor utama degradasi hutan mangrove di daerah penelitian disebabkan oleh kemiskinan dan kebodohan (2) Sebagian besar penduduk memahami fungsi ekologis hutan mangrove tetapi kurang dalam ”rasa memiliki”, (3) model pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam pengelolaan dan pelestarian hutan mangrove yang paling baik di pantai Pasuruan adalah model ”Sosio-eko-regulasi” yaitu keseluruhan pengambilan keputusan ditentukan oleh kelompok, peran pemerintah sebagai pendukung dana dan penguatan dalam bidang regulasi.

PENGARUH PEMBAGIAN TUGAS DENGAN EFEKTIVITAS KERJA PEGAWAI PADA KANTOR DINAS PERHUBUNGAN KOMUNIKASI DAN INFORMATIKA KABUPATEN KUTAI TIMUR

PREDIKSI Vol 4, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : PREDIKSI

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Tujuan  penelitian  ini adalah  Untuk mengetahui apakah pembagian   tugas ada hubungannya dengan efektivitas kerja pegawai pada Kantor Dinas Perhubungan Komunikasi dan Informatika Kabupaten  Kutai  Timur.Oleh karena itu penulis memperoleh gambaran tentang pembagian tugas dan efektivitas kerja pegawai itu penting sekali agar para pegawai lebih memahami    lagi secara mendalam  mengenai  konsep Administrasi Negara dalam konteks pembagian tugas guna menunjang keberhasilan pelaksanaan tugas secara baik dilingkungan Kantor Kantor Perhubungan Komunikasi dan Informatika   Kabupaten  Kutai  Timur.Sekalipun pembagian tugas bukanlah satu-satunya faktor yang  mendukung  keberhasilan untuk menciptakan efektivitas kerja pegawai,       namun ternyata faktor pembagian tugas cukup mempengaruhi efektivitas        kerja pegawai.Selaku Pimpinan disarankan agar lebih banyak lagi mencurahkan perhatian terhadap kebutuhan-kebutuhan individu pegawainya, serta memberikan kebebasan bagi pegawainya untuk mengembangkan kreativitas mereka, serta memberikan pengalaman yang lebih luas kepada para pegawai melalui kegiatan pengembangan yang kontinyu.Dan Kepada para pegawai, khususnya yang dijadikan responden di dalam penelitian ini, disarankan agar terus meningkatkan semangat kerja dan kemampuan dalam membawa misi organisasi di bawah tingkat kompetisi yang semakin ketat, sehingga akan tercipta baik, yang secara simultan dapat meningkatkan performans organisasi dalam rnenghadapi persaingan global.

Kemampuan Spasial: Apa dan Bagaimana Cara Meningkatkannya?

JURNAL PENDIDIKAN NUSANTARA INDONESIA Vol 1, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Pendidikan Nusantara Indonesia
Publisher : Office of International Affairs (OIA)

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat peranan penting dalam kehidupan manusia khususnya yang berhubungan dengan STEM. Setiap orang harus dilatih kemampuan spasialnya agar menjadi modal dalam memecahkan masalah dalam kehidupannya. Aspek-aspek kemampuan spasial belum memiliki definisi yang jelas karena setiap peneliti mengkategorikannya dengan berbeda-beda dengan istilah yang berbeda-beda pula. Walaupun demikian, penulis menyimpulkan bahwa ada 4 kelompok kemampuan spasial yang dirangkum dari berbagai macam pendapat tentang pengkategorian kemampuan spasial yaitu Spatial Visualization, Spatial Orientation, Dynamic Spatial Ability, dan Formal Spatial Ability. Dari berbagai cara yang dilakukan oleh para peneliti dalam melakukan dukungan kepada sesorang untuk memperbaiki kemampuan spasialnya, dapat dirangkum bahwa kemampuan spasial dapat ditingkatkan melalui pelatihan penyelesaian masalah kemampuan spasial, meakukan aktivitas yang melibatkan obyek-obyek geometri, dan melakukan pembelajaran geometri yang di dalamnya melibatkan aktivitas nyata, aktivitas menggambar dan aktivitas berbantuan komputer yaitu software geometri yang dinamis. Untuk dapat mendukung peningkatan kemampuan spasial siswa maka pembelajaran yang diberikan haruslah mendukung siswa untuk melakukan aktivitas nyata yang melibatkan obyek-obyek geometri yang bervariasi dan menggambarnya. Selain itu, dukungan juga dapat diberikan melalui pembelajaran yang menggunakan bantuan software geometri yang dinamis. Keterlibatan ketiga unsur ini harus dicari dalam pembelajaran yang akan dipilih atau didesain. Hal ini sebagai salah satu cara melakukan pendekatan bertahap mulai dari kongkrit, representasional, sampai dengan abstrak.Kata Kunci— STEM, Kemampuan Spasial, Peningkatan, Software, Geometry.