Irvan Afriandi
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung

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Pengaruh Edukasi Kelompok Pada Pengendalian Tekanan Darah Di Anggota Klub Prolanis Klinik Pratama Demiyanti, Emi; Raksanagara, Ardini Saptaningsih; Afriandi, Irvan
Jurnal Sistem Kesehatan Vol 4, No 2 (2018): Volume 4 Nomor 2 Desember 2018
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (228.223 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jsk.v4i2.20670

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Hipertensi merupakan masalah kesehatan di Indonesia dengan prevalensi yang tinggi yaitu sebesar 25,8 %. Berbagai upaya telah dilakukan untuk mengendalikan penyakit hipertensi,  diantaranya adalah dengan program Prolanis  di Klinik  Pratama. Program Prolanis ini  kegiatannya yaitu edukasi kelompok yang dilaksanakan setiap bulan. Tujuan penelitian ini  untuk mengetahui pengaruh edukasi kelompok pada pengendalian hipertensi di klub Prolanis Klinik Pratama. Metode enelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian observasional dengan data retrospektif kohort. Analisis secara bertahap mencakup analisis univariat untuk menghitung distribusi frekuensi, analisis iasble untuk menilai hubungan antara iasble bebas  dan iasble terikat menggunakan uji beda Chi Square. Data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder yang diambil dari catatan ias  Klinik Vita Medika Banjar  yaitu datadari Oktober 2011 sampai dengan Oktober 2015. Penelitian ini dilakukan, di Klinik Vita Medika Banjar  pada tanggal 2 Januari 2017 sampai dengan 25 Januari 2017. Populasi semua pasien hipertensi di klinik. Sampelnya  semua pasien hipertensi peserta BPJS yang terdaftar di klub Prolanis dengan jumlah 211 sampel.Hasil proporsi karakteristik dari data yang diambil yaitu proporsi tertinggi pada umur 51-60 tahun 38,4%, jenis kelamin perempuan 60,7%,pendidikan Perguruan Tinggi 36,4%. Analisis pengujian korelasi dengan Chi Square didapatkan  proporsi  kehadiran  nilai p=0,001 (p<0,05) .Berdasarkan hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa Edukasi kelompok berpengaruh terhadap pengendalian tekanan darah pada klub Prolanis.Kata Kunci: Edukasi, Prolanis, Tekanan Darah
PREDICTING WILLINGNESS TO EXTEND CONTRACTUAL ASSIGNMENT AMONG MEDICAL DOCTORS IN WEST JAVA Afriandi, Irvan
Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan Vol 10, No 03 (2007)
Publisher : Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan

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TERSEDIA DALAM FILE
Film yang Efektif Sebagai Media Promosi Kesehatan bagi Masyarakat Saleh, Yudi Rachman; Arya, Insi Farisa; Afriandi, Irvan
Jurnal Sistem Kesehatan Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Volume 2 Nomor 2 Desember 2016
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (309.533 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jsk.v2i2.11245

Abstract

Masalah kesehatan yang paling sering terjadi pada remaja adalah merokok. Penyebab yang paling berperan adalah pengaruh media audio visual, salah satu diantaranya yaitu iklan rokok. Salah satu upaya pencegahan dan penanggulangannya adalah kegiatan promosi kesehatan dengan media yang mudah diakses, menarik dan sesuai dengan karakteristik remaja yaitu film. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi perancangan dan pembuatan media promosi kesehatan film pendek yang efektif tentang rokok dan bahayanya. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada Desember 2015 sampai dengan Januari 2016 yang disusun menggunakan desain kualitatif dengan paradigma kontruktivisme melalui metode kajian literatur dari 35 jurnal dan 16 buku teks dari internet dan perguruan tinggi. Hasil penelitian menyatakan jenis film yang efektif untuk menyampaikan pesan kesehatan khususnya tentang bahaya rokok harus memiliki 9 (sembilan) komponen pendukung yaitu tujuan pembuatan film, tema film, konten atau isi pesan, alur cerita yang jelas, konflik yang terjadi dalam cerita film, bahasa film, durasi penayangan film, tata artistik yang dikemas nyata untuk menarik dan menguatkan cerita serta penokohan yang ditampilkan dalam cerita film. Pada akhirnya remaja sebagai target penonton dapat tertarik dan antusias untuk melihat film tersebut dan dapat memperoleh pengetahuan yang lengkap, jelas dan benar, yang berujung pada peningkatan sikap serta menumbuhkan motivasi.Kata kunci : film, merokok, promosi kesehatan, remaja
Intention for Hepatitis B Vaccination among Male-to-female Transgenders in Bandung Khiruddin, Ain Izzati; Afriandi, Irvan; Aznur, Laili; Setiawati, Elsa Pudji
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Hepatitis B is still an alarming global disease nowadays. The majority of transmission is by sexual activity during adulthood and male-to-female transgender is a high risk group. Despite protective vaccine is available, vaccination coverage among these high risk groups remained low. This study aimed to compare the differences in attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control between the intended group and unintended group for hepatitis B vaccination among male-to-female transgenders in Bandung.Methods: A Cross-sectional study was conducted during September–November 2012 to 100 male-to-female transgenders residing in Bandung. Thirteen Likert scales validated questionnaires were used to compare the attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control by their intention of hepatitis B vaccination (Theory of Plan Behavior/TPB). the respondents were recruited by the help of Srikandi Pasundan, that actively works in the issues of transgender. The inclusion criterias were they regard themselves as waria, consistent as a transgender for at least six months, residing in Bandung, and sexually active within six months. Independent variables consist of demographic characteristics and TPB construct variables. Mann Whitney Test was used to analyze the data.Results: Among 75% of the unvaccinated respondents, majority (70.7%) have the intention to get hepatitis B vaccination. Mann Whitney analysis showed that there is a difference of attitude between the intended group and unintended group for hepatitis B vaccination, while there are no differences by their intention for subjective norms and perceived behavioral control.Conclusion: The attitude influenced vaccination intention among male-to-female transgenders in Bandung. [AMJ.2015;2(1):253–61]
Factors Related with Knowledge of Basic Life Support among Members of Student Body Volunteer Organizations at Universitas Padjadjaran Fadilla, Nur; Afriandi, Irvan; Sitanggang, Rudi Herman; Setiawati, Elsa Pudji
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Mortality caused by accidents remains a public health challenge. Prompt response during first aid accident may prevent disability or death. At Universitas Padjadjaran three student body volunteer organizations provide training in Basic Life Support as the component of first aid. They are Korps Sukarela Palang Merah Indonesia (KSR PMI), Perhimpunan Mahasiswa Pecinta Alam (PMPA) Palawa, and Unit Search and Rescue (SAR). This study aims to assess the level of Basic Life Support knowledge of the members inthree organizations and the factors related with their knowledge.Methods: The method used was a descriptive study carried out on subjects diagnosed with PSS at the National EThis was a cross sectional study that included 59 members of three student body volunteer organizations of Universitas Padjadjaran that have received training in Basic Life Support. A questionnaireabout respondent’s characteristics, Basic Life Support-related experiences, and Basic Life Support’s knowledge was administered to the participants during October 2012Results: The total mean for the three student body volunteer organizations on questionnaire was 64.12±19.40 with minimum score was 25 and maximum score was 100. The interval of last period of training and Basic Life Support-related experiences did not show statistically significant (p=0.647) and(p=0.357) however educational background related to Basic Life Support knowledge showed statistically significant (p<0.01).Conclusions: The level of Basic Life Support knowledge in three student body volunteer organizations was moderate and that educational background has relation with the knowledge. The increase in number of effective training and application in the field may increase the knowledge on Basic Life Support. [AMJ.2015;2(1):186–90]
Health Belief Model Theory Application on Voluntary Counseling and Testing among Homosexual Men in Bandung Greater Area Nareswara, Argya; Murad, Chrysanti; Afriandi, Irvan
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: The number of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cases is high and is constantly increasing. Homosexual men as a transmission niche is not only significant in terms of numbers, but also in natural aspects of anal sex, tropism of HIV-1, and high-risk behavior. Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) is important for accelerating diagnosis and management plan; yet the uptake on high-risk population in Indonesia is low. A behavior-reasoning theory, Health Belief Model (HBM), attempts to explain whether or not individuals engage in certain health behavior. This study tries to assess participation rate of VCT, to portray HBM variables perception, and to depict significance of HBM variables towards VCT uptake or VCT intention. Methods: This study was conducted in October-November 2014 using cross-sectional design; 127 respondents were gathered according to Respondent Driven Snowball Sampling. This study used an internet-based questionnaire derived from Champion’s 1984 mammogram HBM questionnaire. Privacy and compensation were obtained. The Chi square test and logistic regression of HBM variables were done. Results: The VCT uptake was low (15.7%). Certain sexual experience and commitment were significant (Commitment to Men p=0.027, Oral Sex experience with men p=0.001, Anal Sex Experience with men p=0.038). Chi Square test revealed significance on Perceived Susceptibility, Perceived Benefit, and Cues to Action. Conclusions: Uptake of VCT is considerably low compared with total high risk population and other similar studies. Personal Susceptibility to HIV/AIDS is recommended to be emphasized; while VCT Benefit and Cues to Action in young homosexual men communities are better encouraged. [AMJ.2016;3(4):595–604]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n4.945
Treatment Seeking Patterns among Dengue Fever Patients: A Qualitative Study Krisnian, Tharani; Alisjahbana, Bachti; Afriandi, Irvan
Althea Medical Journal Vol 4, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Incidence of dengue fever is increasing drastically and has become a major public health problem globally. The reason patients are late in seeking medical treatment should be identified in order to prevent complications which can be avoided to produce a good prognosis. This study was conducted to find the pattern of treatment seeking behaviour among dengue fever patients and their influencing factors using a health utilisation model. Methods: Data on health seeking behaviour were collected among the dengue fever patients who were admitted to Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung from September–October 2014. The data were collected through in-depth interview with patients who were diagnosed with dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever. All the interviews were recorded using an audio recorder. The recordings were transcribed and then translated into English and analyzed using thematic analysis.Results: Nine patients were interviewed. The age of the patients ranged between 17 to 46 years.  Altogether 7 patterns were identified with patients treatment seeking behavior. Most of them took longer steps to reach adequate care with blood examination. These longer steps, caused by lack of facilities to perform blood test in primary health care facilities, no bed for admission and also low skills of health care providers in diagnosing patients. The primary health care facility played an important role in the delay of patients acquiring definite care for their dengue fever.Conclusions: Health care seeking behavior is hampered by the inadequacy of primary health care facilities to provide adequate services to dengue patients. 
Correlation between Health Perception, Body Image, and Eating Habits in High School Students Ichsan, Abdullah; Afriandi, Irvan; Gurnida, Dida Akhmad
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Mental disorders, including eating disorders, mostly begin during youth. Moreover, negative body image is found to cause unhealthy eating habits in the context of several cross-cultural settings. This study aimed to examine the correlation between health perception and body image with eating habitsamong high school students.Methods: A structured, anonymous questionnaire was distributed to students of a private high school in Bandung, Indonesia in June-October 2014. The questionnaire included questions about health perception, body image, eating habits, body weight and height, and also other demographic parameters. The school was selected as the study object through purposive sampling, and 140 high school students (72 male and 68 female) were ramdomly selected.Results: Male and female did not show considerable differences in health perceptions. Out of 13 statements, 12 statements of male respondents showed better body image than female. While in eating habits statements, female respondents seemed to maintain healthier eating habits than male respondents. No significant correlation was observed between body image and eating habits (r=-0.015, p=0.858). There was significant correlation between health perception and eating habits (r=0.374, p<0.001). Correlation between sex andeating habits was found (p=0.020), there was not significant relationship between eating habits and Body Mass Index (BMI) (p=0.368).Conclusions: The negative relationship between body image and eating habits is not significant. However there was a significant positive relationship between health perception and eating habits. Furthermore, there was correlation between sex and eating habits, while the positive relationship between eating habits and BMI was still not found. [AMJ.2016;3(2):216–21]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n2.770
Correlation of Personal Hygiene Knowledge, Attitude and Practices among School Children in Sumedang, Indonesia Sudjana, Briska; Afriandi, Irvan; Djais, Julistio T. B.
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: School-age children make up the largest proportion of Indonesian youth population. One of the ways to maintain children’s health is by making personal hygiene as a habit. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation of personal hygiene knowledge, attitude and practices among school children. Methods: A cross-sectional analytic study, was carried out to 123 sixth graders at five elementary schools in Jatinangor , Sumedang, Indonesia, who were selected using a multi-stage sampling technique. This study was carried out in October 2013. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data of demographic characteristics of the subjects, knowledge, attitude and practice related to personal hygiene.The collected data was analyzed using Rank Spearman correlation with the level of significance was set at p< 0.05.Results: This study revealed that there was a significant correlation between knowledge and personal hygiene practice (p=0.016<0.05 and rs=0.358) and attitudes and personal hygiene practice (p=0.027<0.05 and rs=0.267).Conclusions: There is correlation of personal hygiene knowledge, attitudes and practices, however, the correlation is weak. [AMJ.2016;3(4):549–55]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n4.937
Pengetahuan dan Sikap Tenaga Kesehatan Terhadap Pengelolaan Limbah Medis Padat pada Salah Satu Rumah Sakit di Kota Bandung Maharani, Annisa Fitri; Afriandi, Irvan; Nurhayati, Titing
Jurnal Sistem Kesehatan Vol 3, No 2 (2017): Volume 3 Nomor 2 Desember 2017
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (226.291 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jsk.v3i2.15008

Abstract

Limbah medis padat memiliki risiko terhadap kesehatan seperti penularan penyakit. Tenaga kesehatan di rumah sakit rentan terhadap risiko pengelolaan limbah medis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran dan hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap tenaga kesehatan terhadap pengelolaan limbah medis padat. Penelitian ini merupakan observasional komparatif yang dilakukan pada tenaga kesehatan di salah satu RSKIA Kota Bandung pada bulan Agustus 2016. Metode penelitian adalah cross-sectional dengan metode sampling propotional random sampling. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 159 responden. Terdapat 56,6% tenaga kesehatan yang memiliki pengetahuan baik, 25,8% sedang dan 17,6% memiliki pengetahuan kurang. Diketahui pula 82,4% tenaga kesehatan memiliki sikap yang baik dan 17,6% sikap kurang baik terhadap pengelolaan limbah medis padat. Hubungan antara pengetahuan pengelolaan limbah medis padat dengan tenaga kesehatan dokter dan non dokter (p < 0,001) sedangkan sikap pengelolaan limbah medis padat tidak memiliki hubungan dengan tenaga kesehatan dokter dan non dokter (p = 0,300). Dokter memiliki pengetahuan dan sikap terhadap pengelolaan limbah medis padat lebih baik dibandingkan non dokter. Terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan pengelolaan limbah medis padat dengan tenaga kesehatan tetapi tidak terdapat hubungan antara sikap terhadap pengelolaan limbah medis padat dengan tenaga kesehatan.Kata Kunci: Limbah medis padat, pengelolaan, pengetahuan, sikap