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TINDAKAN PENCEGAHAN MALARIA DI DESA SUDOROGO KECAMATAN KALIGESING KABUPATEN PURWOREJO Alami, Restu; Adriyani, Retno
Jurnal PROMKES Vol 4, No 2 (2016): JURNAL PROMKES
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.345 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jpk.V4.I2.2016.199-211

Abstract

Malaria is a parasitic disease that is still a public health problem in Indonesia. Public awareness of the dangers of malaria will aff ect the precautions taken. This study aimed to analyze the measures of prevention of malaria in the Sudorogo village Kaligesing District of Purworejo. This study used a case control approach. Sample of this study consisted of 20 cases and 20 controls were taken using simple random sampling technique. The study was conducted from July 2016 to January 2017. The instrument that used in this research was questionnaires and observation sheets. The collected data were analyzed using simple logistic regression. The results of the analysis, indicated that the society actions are habit to stayed outside home in the evening; conducting environmental health habits; habit of not wearing mosquito repellent during the night; habit of not wearing repellent when outdoors activity at night; and the habit of not wearing long sleeves and long pants when out at night did not showany signifi cant correlations with the incidence of malaria in the area of research. Variables that showed a signifi cant correlation with the incidence of malaria in the area of research is the habit of not using mosquito nets while sleeping at night with a p value of 0.012 (95% CI 1.529 to 31.377). The conclusion of this study was there is correlation between habit of not usingmosquito nets while sleeping with the incidence of malaria in the Sudorogo village Kaligesing District of Purworejo.Keywords: preventive action, the incidence of malaria
PENERAPAN HACCP DALAM PROSES PRODUKSI MENU DAGING RENDANG DI INFLIGHT CATERING Wicaksani, Ardanisworo Lintang; Adriyani, Retno
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2017): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v12i1.88-97

Abstract

HACCP is one of the food safety systems which is done by analyzing materials, processes, and food products. HACCP  analysis can be used as an effort to control the quality of the fi nal product in order to meet the requirements of healthy, safe and halal food products. PT X is a catering company for aircraft service users (infl ight catering). This company has implemented HACCP in every food production. This is a descriptive research by observing the process of rendang meat production. The application of HACCP in PT. X is done by controlling temperature and time during production process to prevent microbes growth. From ten application of HACCP according to SNI No. 01-4852-1998 about HACCP there is a point that has not been accordance with SNI monitoring. Monitoring activities are not routinely performed on blast chilling and dishing process. Pieces of coconut milk’s pack fall in to the pan when cooking process because the cutting of coconut milk pack is done on the cooking pan. Other HACCP principles like HACCP team determination, product description, fl ow chart reaction, hazard identifi cation, critical point determination, critical boundary determination of each CCP, corrective action, microbiological verifi cation, and documentation are well implemented.
PAPARAN PM10 DAN KELUHAN KESEHATAN MATA PEKERJA BAGIAN PRODUKSI PT. VARIA USAHA BETON, SIDOARJO Pitaloka, Ayu Putri; Adriyani, Retno
Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Vol 2 No 2 (2016): JIKep | September 2016
Publisher : LPPM - STIKES Pemkab Jombang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (352.988 KB)

Abstract

Pendahuluan : Debu PM10 memiliki toksisitas tinggi yang dapat memberikan efek terhadap lingkungan dan kesehatan manusia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi paparan PM10 dan keluhan kesehatan mata pekerja bagian produksi PT. Varia Usaha Beton, Sidoarjo. Metode : Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan desain studi cross sectional. Variabel yang diteliti adalah kadar debu PM10 dan keluhan kesehatan mata pekerja bagian produksi. Kadar debu diukur pada 2 titik, yaitu sebelah kantor operator produksi dan sebelah kantor plant waru. Keluhan kesehatan mata pekerja diperoleh dari wawancara dengan menggunakan kuesioner kepada 16 pekerja bagian produksi. Hasil : Hasil pengukuran kadar debu PM10 tidak melebihi nilai ambang batas menurut Permenakertrans nomor PER.13/MEN/X/2011. Keluhan kesehatan yang dialami responden akibat pajanan debu PM10 adalah mata merah 62,5%, mata pedih 81,25%, dan gatal pada mata 75%. Pembahasan : Dapat disimpulkan bahwa sebagian besar responden mengalami gangguan kesehatan pada mata akibat pajanan debu pada saat bekerja. Bagi pegawai bagian produksi PT. Varia Usaha Beton, Sidoarjo hendaknya melakukan beberapa upaya preventif seperti melaksanakan peraturan yang berlaku dan menggunakan alat pelindung diri berupa spectaglass secara optimal. Kata kunci : debu PM10, produksi beton, keluhan kesehatan mata
Hygiene Sanitation, Phisical Qualities and Bacterial in Fresh Cow’s Milk of X Milk Company in Surabaya Navyanti, Feryalin; Adriyani, Retno
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 8, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (185.832 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v8i1.2015.36-47

Abstract

Abstract: Fresh cow’s  milk consumed by many people so that the quality must be maintained so that people can safely consume. This study  was conducted to identify the state of hygiene and sanitation measures the quality of fresh cow’s milk dairies  X in Surabaya.  This study  is a descriptive study,  with a cross sectional design. Data collection sanitary hygienic milk performed using observations corporate environment. Interviews  with owners and  cow  milker.  The existence Escherecia coli in fresh cow’s  milk was tested by using the MPN method. The presence of the bacteria tested with Total Plate count  method. Physical quality is measured by means of sensory. The results  showed that the sanitation in the milk Milk Company X included in the category are not eligible. Variables that have  not met  the requirements of health and hygiene milker, cow  health and hygiene, health and hygiene cage. The quality of fresh cow’s milk in terms of bacteriological content of escherechia coli negative while  for the  Total Plate Count  parameter ranges  5,4 ×  103 CFU/ml - 67,5 × 104 CFU / ml. Physical qualities which include the color white, the typical smell of milk and sweetened slightly salty. The conclusion that can  be  drawn is sanitary hygiene while still qualify from the bacteriological quality, Total Plate Count parameters and the presence of Escherechia coli 01.3141.1998 meet the requirements of SNI and SNI 3141.01.2011. In order to improve  the quality of milk produced before milking cows should always be washed first and milked milk should be placed in containers or milk can is sealed to avoid contamination.Keywords: Total Plate count,  Escherichia coli, sanitary higiene of dairy milk
The Effect of Exclusive Breastfeeding on Toddlers' Pneumonia Cases in Surabaya Ula, Sasi Riyadinil; Adriyani, Retno
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V7I12019.9-16

Abstract

Background: Pneumonia is one of the most common causes of illness in infants. Exclusive breastfeeding is one of the many factors associated with pneumonia cases in infants. The discovery of pneumonia cases in toddlers in East Java increased from 2013 to 2016, the highest case finding in Surabaya precisely at the Sememi health service center (PUSKESMAS) about 281 toddlers. Purpose: To analyze the effect of exclusive breastfeeding and other factors on pneumonia cases in infants in PUSKESMAS Sememi, Benowo Subdistrict, Surabaya. Methods: This study is an observational analytic study with a case-control approach. The control sample and the cases are consisting of 35 samples from the total population counting 61 toddlers. In this study, the sampling technique was a simple random sampling. The study was conducted in Sememi health service center, Benowo Subdistrict, Surabaya from February to November 2018. The variables studied included the characteristics of children (age and gender) and other factors namely exclusive breastfeeding, nutritional status, birth weight, immunization status, administration of vitamin A and history of asthma. Data were analyzed descriptively and analytically using binary logistic regression statistical tests. Results: There was a significant influence between exclusive breastfeeding (p= 0.00; OR= 4.18; 95% CI= 1.54<OR<11.34) for pneumonia cases in toddlers. Other factors including low birth weight, nutritional status, immunization status, administration of vitamin A, asthma history does not affect pneumonia cases in toddlers. Conclusion: Exclusive breastfeeding can prevent pneumonia cases in toddlers.
HUBUNGAN USIA BALITA DAN SANITASI FISIK RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN ISPA DI DESA TUMAPEL KABUPATEN MOJOKERTO TAHUN 2017 Putri, Maulidiyah Dwi Azti; Adriyani, Retno
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 13, No 1 (2018): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (49.495 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.98-109

Abstract

ARI is a major killer of toddlers the world, more than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined.  In the world, every year estimated more than 2 million toddlers died because of ARI (Unicef/WHO, 2006). This research was an observational study with cross sectional design. The population in this research were children was 50 toddlers. Sampling using cluster random sampling technique. The dependent variable was ARI in toddlers in Tumapel Village, Mojokerto District. The independent variables were toddlers characteristics and the physical sanitary home. The methods used to take primary data were interview with questionnaire, observation, and measurement. While secondary data collection was from the device of Tumapel Village, Dlanggu Public Health Center, and the Health Departemen of Mojokerto. This research used logistic regression with confidence interval 0,05 (α = 5%). The result showed there were 2 variables that had significant correlation with ARI, they were age of toddlers (p=0,013) and the physical sanitary home (p=0,015). The results of temperature and humidity measurement were not correlated, moreover, PM2,5measurement in the respondents’ house exceed the limit sets by the Ministry of Health (Permenkes No. 1077 Tahun 2011). The conclusion of this research was age of the toddlers and the physical sanitary home had correlation with ARI. It was recommended to improve toddlers immunity through giving the balance diet and to improve environmental health with closing house ventilation in the day and afternoon so the concentration of PM2,5in the house can be decreased to lower the risk of ARI.
KORELASI KONDISI FISIK RUMAHSERTA KARAKTERISTIK BALITA DENGAN KASUS CAMPAK DI KOTA SURABAYA Afdhalash, Birayu Jeny; Adriyani, Retno
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 14, No 1 (2019): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (578.447 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v14i1.2019.38-50

Abstract

There were 61 confirmed cases of measles in Surabaya on 2016, whereas on January-May 2017 there were 52 confirmed cases of measles. Many factors that can affect the incidence of measles include physical conditions of the house (lighting, occupancy density, and ventilation area) and children characteristics (age, gender, immunization status of measles, exclusive breastfeeding and contact history ). The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between physical conditions of the house and children characteristics with the incidence of measles in Surabaya. This type of research was observational with case study control design. This study used all confirmed case of measles cases in infants during the month of January-May 2017 which has been proven by laboratory examination IgM by Health Office Surabaya City. The results of this study indicated that there is a significant correlation between lighting (approx.sig=0.025), occupancy density (approx.sig=0.001), immunization status (approx.sig=0.136) and contact history with measles incident in children in Surabaya. The conclusions of this study were the conditions of lighting, density, measles immunization status and contact history are significant risk factors for the incidence of measles. A mother should maintain the cleanliness of the home environment and the toddler’s bedroom should have good sunlight and air circulation by opening the windows in the morning to prevent the growth of measles virus.