Articles

PENILAIAN DAMPAK BIODIVERSITAS LAUT (KASUS GUGUS PULAU BATUDAKA PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH) Sulistiawati, Dwi; Adrianto, Luky; Muchsin, Ismudi; Masyahoro, Abdul
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 12, No 2
Publisher : Udayana University

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The need better understand the linkages and interdependencies of socio-economic and coastal environmental dynamics has taken on a more deliberate role in the development and assessment of Integrated Coastal Management on Batudaka islands. The DPSIR (drivers- pressures - states - impacts - responses) framework was used in scoping biodiversity management issues and problems. DPSIR model is to analyze the causative factors of pressure on the ecosystem of small islands and recommendations for environmental restoration effort. Results of the study showed that population and economic (tourism and fisheries demand) driving forces causing ecosystem vulnerable.  Land conversions, domestic waste, other pollutant was pressured this area, while increasing driving forces. The State environmental as waters quality is still relative well for tourisms and fisheries activity, physical impact as abrasion and sedimentation, habitat loss and biodiversity changes at 2000 until 2010 year at Batudaka Islands increase life coral and mangrove, decrease seagrass. Impact to environment  i.e. water abstraction,  sediment water fluxes across  coastal zones, change of habitats and biological diversity can be caused decreasing of coastal ecosystem. Functional diversity can be defined as a variety of different responses to environmental change, in particular the variety of spatial and temporal scales with which organisms reach to each other and to the environment. The policy objective of maximum
DISTRIBUSI KARANG DAN IKAN KARANG DI KAWASAN REEF BALL TELUK BUYAT KABUPATEN MINAHASA TENGGARA Manembu, Indri; Adrianto, Luky; Bengen, Dietriech G; Yulianda, Ferdinan
JURNAL PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN TROPIS Vol 8, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Sam Ratulangi University

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Penempatan reef ball di perairan Teluk Buyat dan sekitarnya telah dilakukan pada tahun 1999 oleh PT. Newmont Minahasa Raya. Tujuan penempatan reef ball untuk membangun habitat berbagai biota yang berasosiasi dengan karang sehingga dapat meningkatkan populasi ikan ekonomis penting. Kehadiran ikan karang pada reef ball sangat penting secara ekologis dan ekonomis. Penurunan kualitas terumbu berarti hilangnya nilai ekonomi barang dan jasa, serta hilangnya jaminan makanan dan pekerjaan untuk masyarakat pesisir, yang umumnya hidup dalam kemiskinan. Secara keseluruan, komposisi spesies ikan yang ditemukan di reef ball terdiri dari 19 famili, 34 genus, 50 spesies dan 290 individu, yang tertinggi dihuni oleh jenis dari famili Mullidae. Seiring dengan bertambahnya waktu dan usia reef ball, beberapa spesies terlihat sudah menetap seperti Lutjanus kasmira, dan beberapa spesies dari famili Acanthuridae. Keberadaan reef ball membantu terbentuknya ekosistem terumbu karang yang baru dan meningkatkan kesuburan perairan, sehingga lebih meningkatkan keberadaan komposisi ikan karang, yang pada akhirnya meningkatkan pendapatan nelayan dari hasil tangkapan ikan karang.Kata kunci: Reef ball, karang batu, ikan karang Distribution of Coral Reefs and Fish in Buyat Bay Area Reef Ball Southeast Minahasa Regency The placement of reef ball in Buyat Bay and surrounding areas have been carried out since 1999 by PT. Newmont Minahasa Raya. The goal of this placement was to build a habitat for many biota associated with reef thus may improve economically important fish populations. The presence of reef fish on the reef ball is indispensable ecologically and economically. Furthermore, the degradation of reefs might cause the disappearance of economic value of goods and services, as well as the disappearance of food security and employment for coastal communities, who generally live in poverty. Overall, the composition of fish species found in the reef ball consists of 19 families, 34 genera, 50 species and 290 individuals, the highest inhabited by species of the family Mullidae. As time went by and the increase of reef ball age, some species seem have settled down such as Lutjanus kasmira, and several species of the Acanthuridae family. In addition, the presence of reef ball helps the formation of a new coral reef ecosystem and increase the fertility of waters, therefore enhancing the presence of reef fish composition, which might increases the income of fishermen. Keywords: Reef ball, coral reef, reef fish  
Studi Analisis Konflik Ambalat di Perairan Laut Sulawesi S, Dewi Dwi Puspitasari; Eidman, Etty; Adrianto, Luky
Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan Vol 8, No 2 (2008): Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan
Publisher : Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan

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Indonesia has 17.504 island and it´s the biggest maritim states in the world. It gives a challege for the government it self because if they don´t organized it effectively, there will be bad effects and couses cases. As same as case that happened to Ambalat block, this ocean is claimed as an area from two states. This is the second time Indonesia competes to each other, before that they figth to get sipadan ligitan island, and finaly malaysia got that island. Malaysia claims Ambalat Block based on 1979 map which published in only one side, by drawing a base line until taking a short out of indonesia area. According to the claim, malaysia gives concession to SHELL which is the 011 company from Holland. Whereas, Indonesia has already given concession to italy and england companies. which is the island country claims that this area is the exclusive economic zone and its also as a continental shelf. Ambalat block which is a sulawesi ocean is assumed having a lot of natural riched things. That´s the reasons why of the malayslan claim based on. The most important things here is, both of the Countries have ratified the convention law of the sea (UNCLOS 1982) so, they have to finish the problem based on UNCLOS to. The law Study of Ambalat conflict based on UNCLOS : 1. UNCLOS 1982 article 46, Archipelagic States Arr;hipelagic states means a states consitude wholly by one or more arr;hipelagos and may Include other Island. And Malaysia is not the archilpelagic states. 2. UNCLOS 1982 article 47, archipelagic baselines Malaysia cant use the straight archipelagic baselines because they not the archipelagic states. 3. UNCLOS 1982, article 57 ZEE The exclusive economic zone shall not extend beyond nautical miles the baselines from which the breadth of the territrial sea is measured. Dan the ambalat sea include the Indonesian exclusive economic zone . 4. UNCLOS 1982, article 76, Continental shelf Blok ambalat is the pronglotion of its land of east Kalimantan and that blok comes to 200 nautical miles from the baselines indonesian territorial. 5. UNCLOS 1982, article 77, continental Shelf Indonesia have sovereign rights for the purpose of exsploring natural resources of blok amblat.  
Tinjauan Hukum dan Kebijakan Pengelolaan Pulau-Pulau Kecil Terluar Indonesia (Studi Kasus Pulau Nipa) Adiyanto, Endang; Eidman, Etty; Adrianto, Luky
Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan Vol 7, No 2 (2007): Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan
Publisher : Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan

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Besides of large ocean and long coastline, Indonesia was also gifted resourceful islands, which were economically potential for our state development. Even the outer small islands were also have a strategic point as a base line from the Indonesian archipelago straight line in reconciling Indonesian water area, as the front liners of the state, and also support international passage. Nipa is one of the outer small islands that were recently being a public issue. Most of it was the anxiousness about the sinking of Nipa and coast reclamation by Singapore. Both of them concerned to be the causes of a significantly water area diminishing as the base line measurement changes between bordered states. That anxiousness was reasonable as concerning the lost of SipadanLigitan of which Indonesia and Malaysia disagreement. We need some juridical revision for the principal of outer small islands. Afterward, some management policy aspect is complementary required. This research was using a case study method compiled with formally juridical method. Primary and secondary data were analyzed with a qualitative analysis. This issue has three juridical law anvil of Indonesian ownership for Nipa Island, the Intemational Law, Bilateral Agreements, and National Law. From a juridical study, it is notorious that stronger law anvils compared with Sipadan and Ligitan supported Nipa and the other islands. Otherwise, the policy aspect contents about the issues and management strategies conducted by the government, which is mandatory, associated by MMAF, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Defends. The matrix policy described that the MMAF mostly participated than the others. Although it has strong law anvils for Nipa issues, Indonesia is forced to be concern about patches, which can be utilized by Singapore, as example for accomplishments of the baseline agreement and their activity construct in that island.
Analisis Ekonomi Alternatif Pengelolaan Ekosistem Mangrove Kecamatan Barru, Kabupaten Barru Sobari, Moch Prihatna; Adrianto, Luky; Azis, Nurdiana
Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan Vol 6, No 3 (2006): Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan
Publisher : Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan

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Indonesia is a tropical country that has high variety of mangrove. Of 15.9 thousand ha world mangrove forest total area, the 3.7 thousand ha, or 24% of it is located in Indonesia. The aims of the research are: 1) to identify both the potential and the types of utilization of mangrove ecosystem carried out by the local society; 2) to analyze the economic value of the mangrove ecosystem; and (3) to analyze the alternatives of strategic utilization for mangrove ecosystem .. The number of respondents is 138 deriving from Fishery Household (RTP) and non-RTP. The data were then analyzed by using consumer surplus, household model, Total Economic Value (TEV), and Multi Criteria AnalysiS (MCA). The results show that the biggest utility is the one of crabs that reaches Rp19, 770,799.11, with the surplus consumer of Rp17,664,744,08. The highest optimum profit from the crab utilization amountsto Rp12,883,900.00 for 11 (eleven) fishery households; while the lowest profit is obtained from the utilization of prawn pond with Rp3,165,590.70. The biggest proportion is from the indirect utilization´ with a percentage of 83.71% with a value of Rp1,039,474,428.00 per year. Furthermore, the Total Economic Value of the mangrove forest ecosystem in 8arru District covering 6.23 ha of mangrove forest and 127.60 ha for ponds amounts to Rp1,241 ,763,891.75. The utilization altematives put as priorities, based on the balance between indicators for both efficiency criteria and ecology criteria, between the efficiency and equity criteria, not only in the level of real interest rate of 4.·12% but also at the real interest rate of 3.55% are as follows: firstly, utilization alternative V (100% mangrove forest and 0% ponds); secondly, utilization altemative IV (8.73 ha mangrove forest and 0 ha shrimp monoculture pond, 104.05 ha mallet monoculture pond, and 21.00 ha poly-culture). Nevertheless, the utilization alternative III, II, and I cannot be given as choices in this management since their analysis values show that they are not efficient.
Tutupan karang dan komposisi ikan karang didalam dan luar kawasan konservasi pesisir timur Pulau Weh, Sabang Hastuty, Riany; ., Yonvitner; Adrianto, Luky
DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 3, No 2 (2014): August 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (675.084 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/depik.3.2.1468

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Abstract. The study was conducted onApril to October 2013 in marine protected areas of Weh Island. The samplings were done at10 siteswhere 6 sitesare situatedinside of conservation areas, while 4 sites are situated outside of conservation areas. The purpose ofthis study was to evaluate coral covers andreef fish composition. Point intersept transect(PIT), underwater visual census (UVC) and fish catches were used to examine coral covers, abudance and biomass of reef fish. The results showed that average of coral covers, abudance and biomass of target fishes inside conservation were 54%, 1,662 ind/ha and 408.78 kh/ha, respectively, while than outside conservation was 33.05%, 1,058 ind/ha and 307.77 kg/ha, respectively. Total of reef fish species and the catch were increased from previous years, for example there are 60 species in 2010 and it was increased to 83 species in 2013. In addition the fishermen catches were increased slightly from 3.03 kg/trip in 2008 to 3.6 kg/trip in 2013. It is concluded that the coral condition and reef fish composition in the conservation are much better compared to outside of conservation areas.Keywords : Marine protect area; reef fish; Weh Island Abstrak. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada April sampai Oktober 2013 di Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Pesisir Timur Pulau Weh yang terdiri dari 10 stasiun dimana 6 stasiun berada didalam kawasan konservasi dan 4 stasiun diluar kawasan konservasi.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menilai persentase tutupan karang dan komposisi ikan karang. Sampling menggunakan transek titik dan underwater visual sensus (UVC) dan hasil tangkapan.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata kondisi tutupan karang, kelimpahan dan biomassa ikan target dikawasan konservasi yaitu 54%, 1.662 ind/ha dan 408,78 kg/ha, secara berurutan, sedangkan diluar kawasan konservasi adalah 33,05%, 1.058 ind/ha dan 307,77 kg/ha biomassa ikan target.Jumlah jenis ikan karang di kawasan konservasi meningkat, yaitu 60 jenis tahun 2010 menjadi 83 jenis pada tahun 2013 dan rata-rata hasil tangkapan tahun 2008 yaitu 3,03 kg/trip dan tahun 2013 yaitu 3,6 kg/trip. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa kondisi karang dan komposisi jenis dan ukuran ikan lebih baik di dalam kawasan konservasi berbanding diluar kawasan.Kata kunci: Kawasan Konservasi; Ikan karang; Pulau Weh
The Existing Condition of Mangrove Region of Avicenia marina, Its: Distribution and Functional Transformation Herison, Ahmad; Yulianda, Fredinan; Kusmana, Cecep; Nurjaya, I Wayan; Adrianto, Luky
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 20, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1605.432 KB) | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.20.1.26

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Mangrove ecosystem existence is important for environment and other organisms because of its ecological and economical values, so that management and preservation of mangrove ecosystem are needed. The purpose of this research was to determine the existing condition of mangrove, both its distribution and its functional transformation in Indah Kapuk Coastal Area. Avicennia marina  becomes important as wave attenuation,  a form of abrasion antidote. Transect-Square and Spot-Check methods were used to determine the existing condition of A.marina mangrove forests. Autocad program, coordinate converter, Google Earth, Google Map, and Arc View were applied in process of making mangrove distribution map. In western of research location exactly at Station 1 and Station 2, the density value of mangrove was 450 and 825 tree ha-1, respectively with  sparse category because they were contaminated by waste and litter. In eastern of research location namely Station 3, Station 4, and Station 5 the mangroves grow well with density value of 650 (sparse), 1,500 (very dense), and 1,200 tree ha-1 (fair), respectively, eventhough the contamination still happened. The mangrove forests around the stations do not function as wave attenuation because there were many waterfront constructions which have replaced the function of mangrove forests to damp the wave. In short, it can be stated that the mangroves function has changed in a case of wave attenuation. The function of mangrove forests is not determined by mangrove forest density but it is determined by mangroves free position.Keywords: Avicennia marina, mangrove, wave attenuation, waterfront constructions
Carbon Stored on Seagrass Community in Marine Nature Tourism Park of Kotania Bay, Western Seram, Indonesia Wawo, Mintje; Wardiatno, Yusli; Adrianto, Luky; Bengen, Dietriech Geoffrey
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 20, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (521.921 KB) | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.20.1.51

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Currently, the function of seagrass community as carbon storage has been discussed in line with “blue carbon” function of  that seagrass has. Seagrass bed are a very valuable coastal ecosystem, however, seagrass bed is threatened if compared to other coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves and coral reefs.  The threatened seagrass experienced also contributes to its capacity in absorbing CO2 emission from greenhouse gasses such as CO2 emission Temporal estimation  shows that CO2 emission will increase in the coming decade. On the other side, efforts to decrease climate change  can be influenced  by the  existence of seagrass.  Informations about existence of seagrass as carbon storage are still very rare or limited. This study was aimed to estimate carbon storage on seagrass community  in Marine Nature Tourism Park of Kotania Bay Area, Western  Seram,  Maluku Province. The  quadrat transect method of 0.25 m2 for each plot was used to collect seagrass existence. The content of carbon in the sample of dry biomass of seagrass was analyzed in the laboratory using Walkley & Black method. The results  showed that total carbon stored was higher in both Osi and Burung Islands of Kotania Bay  than other studied areas (Buntal and  Tatumbu Islands, Marsegu Island, Barnusang Peninsula, Loupessy and  Tamanjaya Village).    The average  carbon stored in  Kotania Bay waters was 2.385 Mg C ha-1,  whereas the total of carbon stored was 2054.4967 Mg C. Keywords: biomass, seagrass, blue carbon, carbon stock
Evaluasi Kualitas Jasa Pelabuhan Daratan (Dry Port) (Studi Kasus : Cikarang Dry Port) Nuraeni, Nuraeni; Adrianto, Luky; Sukardi, Sukardi
Warta Penelitian Perhubungan Vol 26, No 12 (2014): Warta Penelitian Perhubungan
Publisher : Sekretariat Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perhubungan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.189 KB) | DOI: 10.25104/warlit.v26i12.954

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas pelayanan dan strategi pemasaran yang diterapkan oleh dry port (studi kasus: Cikarang Dry Port). Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis Importance Performance Analysis (IPA), Kuadran Importance Performance Grid, Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI), dan Analisis GAP untuk mencari kualitas pelayanannya. Dalam penelitian ini peneliti juga mencobamerumuskan strategi perusahaan dalam rangka meningkatkan penggunaan jasa dry port, dengan metode Matrik IFE dan EFE, Matriks Internal-Eksternal, Matriks TOWS atau SWOT, hingga Quantitative Stategic Planning Matriks (QSPM). Berdasarkan hasil perhitungan diketahui Customer Satisfaction Index di Dry Port Cikarang sebesar 71,85%. Dari 33 variabel pertanyaan Importance Performance Grid didapatkan ada 9 variabel pada kuadran 1, 9 variabel pada kuadran 2, 10 variabel pada kuadran 3, dan 5 variabel pada kuadran 4. Hasil perhitungan Matrik Internal-Eksternal didapatkan posisi stategi beada posisi 1 atau cocok dengan tumbuh kembang. Sedangkan untuk Matriks TOWS atau SWOT berada pada strategi Threats-Weakness (TW). Berdasarkan perhitungan QSPM dalam penelitian ini juga menunjukkan bahwa alternatif terbaik dalam meningkatkan penggunaandry port oleh pengguna jasa (freigt forwarde/EMKL) adalah melakukan promosi yang besar-besaran.
The Influence of Fishing Assets and Migration Time to Catch Squid Fisheries on Seasons Variability Susiloningtyas, Dewi; Boer, Mennopatria; Adrianto, Luky; Julianto, Fredinand
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 46, No 1 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This paper was based on primary data from Lombok squid fishermen communities. The presence of fishermanmigrants in fishing activities at salura island is very important for their livelihood. The purpose of this study wasdetermined the catch in different season influenced by the duration time of migration and fishing assets. Fishing assetsdescribed of number of fishing gear, number of boat, and number of engine. Duration time described are length of stayat located of migration and frequency of migration. Data were analyzed by regression statistic analysis. The results is thatfishing assets of fishing gear have influenced to cacth both on east monsoon and west monsoon season. Then lengthof stay at the destination of migration affect the catch too, when the squid are abundant in the east monsoon season.
Co-Authors A Lidya Tania A. Masyahoro Abdul Halim Abdul Masyahoro Achmad Fahrudin Adhuri, Dedi S Adi, Nyoman Darma Adi, Tukul R Agus Alim Hakim, Agus Alim Agus Heri Purnomo, Agus Heri Ahmad Herison Aida Vitayala S. Hubeis Akhmad Fauzi Akhmad Solihin Ali Mashar Amin, Toufiq Al Amri Jahi Anas, Pigoselpi Arief Satria, Arief Ario Damar Bagus Sartono Bambang Juanda Boer, M. Budy Wiryawan CECEP KUSMANA D Djoko Setiyanto, D Djoko D Djokosetiyanto, D Dafiuddin Salim, Dafiuddin Damora, Adrian Darwis S Gani Darwis S. Gani DEDI SOEDHARMA Dewi Dwi Puspitasari S Dewi Susiloningtyas Dietriech G Bengen Dietriech G. Bengen Dietriech Geoffrey Bengen Ditya, Yoga Candra Djokosetiyanto, Djokosetiyanto Dwi Sulistiawati Endang Adiyanto Endriatmo Soetarto Erna Rochana Etty Eidman Fauzi, Anas M Ferdiansyah, Anton Ferdinan Yulianda Fery Kurniawan Fredinan Yulianda Fredinand Julianto Gatot Yulianto Hawis Madduppa Hermanto, Djamarel Hordyk, Adrian Hubeis, Aida Vitalya S. I Gusti Putu Purnaba I Wayan Nurjaya I.Gusti Putu Purnaba Indri Manembu Ismudi Muchsin Iwan Tjitradjaja Kadarwan Soewardi Kadarwan Suwardi Katili, Vicky Rizky Kooswardhono Mudikdjo Lilik Budi Prasetyo Loneragan, Neil R M. Mukhlis Kamal, M. Mukhlis Ma'arif, M Syamsul Machfud Machfud Made Ayu Pratiwi Mennofatria Boer Mennopatria Boer Mintje Wawo Moch Prihatna Sobari Muchsin, I. muhammad nur arkham Muliani, . Nur Aini Nuraeni Nuraeni Nurdiana Azis Nurfiarini, Amula Nurlisa Alias Butet, Nurlisa Alias Partomo Partomo, Partomo Partomo, . Patria, Andreas D. Patria, Andreas D. Prihandoko Prihandoko Prihandoko S Purwanto, Erfien Rahardjo, Muhammad Fadjar Rahmat Kurnia Riany Hastuty Rizki Aprilian Wijaya, Rizki Aprilian Rokhmin Dahuri Sadelie, Agus Setyo Budi Susilo SIGID HARIYADI Siregar, Jhon Septin Maurisdo Siti Hajar Suryawati, Siti Hajar Sjafri Mangkuprawira Sondita, M. Fedi A Sri Rahardjo Sugeng Budhiharsono Suhana Suhana Sukardi Sukardi Sulistiawati, D. Supartono, Mr. Susiloningtyas, D. Syafri Mangkuprawira Syahrial Nur Amri, Syahrial Nur Tajerin Tajerin Tridoyo Kusumastanto Trisla Warningsih, Trisla Tuli, Munirah Yesi Dewita Sari, Yesi Dewita Yon Vitner, Yon Yonvitner . Yonvitner Yonvitner Yudi Wahyudin, Yudi Yuli Wibowo, Yuli Yulianda, F. Yusli Wardiatno