Articles

Prenatal Growth in Uterus of Does by Superovulation ADRIANI, ADRIANI; SUDONO, ADI; SUTARDI, TOHA; MANALU, ASMEN; SUTAMA, I KETUT
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 14, No 2 (2007): June 2007
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

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Abstract

Thirty six Etawah-grade does (BW 20.4-44.2 kg, age 2.5-7 years) were used to study the efficacy of increasing secretion of endogenous hormones of pregnancy by superovulation of does to stimulate of growth prenatal in uterus. The does were injected with pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin (PMSG), 0 IU/kg BW [grouped into nonsuperovulation-NSO] and 15 IU/kg BW [grouped into Superovulation-SO]. Intravaginal sponge (60 mg medroxyprogesterone acetate) was applied for 14 days to synchronize estrus cycle. Twenty four hours prior to sponge removal, PMSG was injected to stimulate superovulation. After sponge removal, five experimental does were mixed with one buck for natural mating. Superovulation prior to mating increased number of corpora lutea, mean of maternal serum estradiol concentration, progesterone concentration, litter size, average birth weight and average milk yield, by 112, 67, 42, 27, 32, and 35%, respectively. Those were correlated with the increase of uterine, corpora lutea, and individual birth weight. Key words: Etawah-grade, hormone, kids, superovulation
Penggunaan Somatik Cell Count (SCC), Jumlah Bakteri dan California Mastitis Test (CMT) untuk Deteksi Mastitis pada Kambing Adriani, Adriani
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan JIIP Volume XIII No. 5 Februari 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan

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This study aimed to determine the use of the number of somatic cell  and of bacteria in milk and California Mastitis Test for the detection of mastitis in PE goat. 425 samples of milk from PE goats are kept  in  individual  cages and milked twice daily study used  in this study.   Before milking, goat udder was cleaned and greased with antiseptic (alcohol 70%) to kill bacteria that living on the teats and goat udders. SCC was observed  in the  stable, while milking. the number  of somatic cells and of bacteria of milk  samples of 150 ml took  into the cool-flask, and  laboratory analysis was done. The results  showed that there releathionship between somatic cell count, the number of bacteria and california mastitis milk tets  in  the detection of mastitis  in PE goats. The average SCC of PE goats was 288.1 x 103 cells  / ml with a range between 28.0 x 103 cells to  1991.7 x 103 cells / ml. The average number of bacteria in the milk of this study wss 537.9 x 103 cells / ml with a range between 66.5 x 103 and 2201 x 103 cells / ml milk. The average number of bacteria in the milk of this study was 537.9 x 103 cells / ml with a range between 66.5 x 103 and 2201 x 103 cells / ml milk. And the average score of CMT research was 2.34.  In conclusion, the use of somatic cell counts, bacterial counts and California mastitis test in goat milk can be used for the detection of mastitis in P E goats. 
Hubungan Involusi Sel-sel Sekretoris Kelenjar Ambing dengan Produksi Susu Domba Priangan dengan Dua Level Pakan Adriani, Adriani
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan JIIP Volume XII No. 3 Edisi Agustus 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan

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Forty-two    lactating  Priangan  ewes  receiving  two  levels  of  ration  were  used  to  study  the  relationship  between  rate  of  mammary  gland  involution  and  milk  yield.  The  experimental  ewes  were divided  into  two  groups.  One  group  received  basal  ration  (I  =  12%  CP,  65%  TDN)  and  the  other received improved ration (II  = 15% CP, 75% TDN) during lactation.  Twelve  ewes were sacrificed on the  parturition  to  determine  mammary  gland  growth  at  the  beginning  of  lactation.  The  other  twenty-seven  were  maintained  for    3  months  of  lactating  to  determine  milk  yield  and  mammary  gland  indices (dry-fat free tissue and collagen) at the end of lactation. The results of the experiment indicated that ewes with higher milk production had  greater mammary gland involution. Ewes with higher mammary gland  indices  either at the   beginning or at the end of lactation  had higher milk production.  Improve  ration  decreased mammary gland involution. 
Pengaruh Pemberian Probiotik dalam Pakan terhadap Pertambahan Bobot Badan Kambing Kacang adriani, adriani
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan JIIP Volume XII No. 1 Edisi Februari 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan

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This study was conducted to determine the effects of  probiotic in ration by body weight Kacang goat. This study  used 16 male goat with 1- 1.5 months of age at 10 – 20 kg of body weight. The design in this study was randomized block completely design with 4 treatments of probiotic  and  4  body weight as block. Each group received the experimental ration: without probiotic (K0),  0.25% of probiotic (K1), 0.50% of probiotic (K2) and 0.75% of probiotic (K3). Parameter measured were  dry matter intake, body weight and ration efficiency. Result of this study showed that there was no significant effect on drymatter intake, body weight and  ration efficiency The conclusion of this study was that the probiotik did not increase body weight and ration efficiency of kacang goat.
Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan Kelenjar Ambing dan Produksi Susu Melalui Penyuntikan Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotrophin Pada Kambing Peranakan Etawah Adriani, Adriani
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan JIIP Volume XI No. 1 Februari 2008
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan

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Thirty  six  Etawah  Grade  does  (BW  range  from  20,4    to    44,2  kg  and  age  range  from  2.45  to  7 yeras) were used to study the effects of PMSG (pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin) to increase  udder differential growth  and milk yield. Treatments were does PMSG injection with 2 levels 0 IU/kg BW and  15  IU/kg  BW.  The  experimental  diet composed  of  elephant  grass  and  commercial  concentrate.  Estrous cycle of does were syncronized using intravaginal sponge containing 60 mg medroxyprogesteron acetate for  14  days.  At  24    hours  before    removing  the  sponge,  does  were  injected  with  15  IU  PMSG/kg  body weight. After removing  the sponge, does mated naturally. During pregnancy  the experiment does  were fed  and  raised  in    individual  stables.  Udder  vulome  was    measured  once    a  week    last  two  month pregnancy werre separated from the does, and  milk was harvested by hand milking. The results indicated that    15  IU/kg    PMSG  increase  udder  differential  growth  by  80%  (822,85  vs  1481,25  cm3)  (p<0,01), esntadiol by 67% (54.80 – 91.33 pg/ml) (p<0,01), progesterone by 42% (9.50 vs 13.52 ng/ml) (p<0,01), and milk yield by 32% (567,14 vs 746,52 g/d) (p<0,05). It was concluded that  15 IU/kg PMSG injection  increased  uddder differential growth and milk yield  Etawah Grade does.
INTENDED CHANGE MASYARAKAT PELAKU INTEGRASI TERNAK HULTIKULTURA DALAM PENANGGULANGAN BENCANA ASAP DI LAHAN GAMBUT KECAMATAN KUMPEH ULU Adriani, Adriani; Andayani, Jul; Hamzah, Hamzah; Armando, Yunta Gombang; Novianti, Sri
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Jambi

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Setiap tahun wilayah kumpeh selalu mengalami kebakaran hutan  yang berdapak pada  banyaknya asap yang ditimbulkan,  ditambah lagi  kebiasaan masyarakat dalam pengolah  lahan pertanian dengan membakar   dengan alasan lebih mudah, murah dan sisa pembakaran bisa menjadi pupuk. Namun sebagian besar wilayahnya terdiri atas lahan gambut yang mudah terbakar jika terjadi kemarau dan api sulit dikendalikan. Tentunya ini menjadi masalah sekaligus tantangan untuk bisa merubah pola pengolahan lahan yang selama ini dilakukan kearah yang lebih baik (Intended-Change).  Survei pendahuluan, wawancara dengan masyarakat dan kelompok tani di  Kumpeh Ulu bahwa  kebiasaan masyarakat  sudah turun temurun dilakukan yaitu  membakar lahan 1-3 minggu  dengan cara menunpuk  tanaman semak yang sudah ditebas, kemudian ditutup  tanah dibagian atasnya  dan dibakar sampai semua  sisa tanaman habis. Namun karena lahanya berupa gambut, maka  tanah bagian atas juga merupakan bahan yang siap terbakar. Padahal selama proses pebakaran ini terjadi pencemaran udara karena tingginya kandungan asap, sulit mengendalikan api jika sudah melebar. Potensi yang sangat menunjang dalam proses pengolahan lahan yang ramah lingkungan adalah melakukan pengolahan  limbah kotoran ternak dan limbah tanaman yang ada menjadi pupuk organik. Karena selama ini petani peternak tidak mengetahui pengolahan kotoran ternak menjadi pupuk bahkan kotoran ternak yang ada dibuang begitu saja disekitar kandang yang juga mengakibatkan pencemaran udara dan air. Padahal jumlah ternak yang dimiliki  kedua kelompok tani (sumber rezeki dan karya tani)  tergolong banyak yaitu sapi 37 ekor dan kambing 66 ekor. Potensi kotoran dari ternak ini sekitar 851 kg per hari dalam bentuk basah dari sapi dan sebanyak ± 30 kg per hari dari kambing. Tentunya ini merupakan bahan baku yang bisa dimanfaatkan selain sisa atau limbah  tanaman hultikutura yang ada.   Kegiatan penyluhan dilakukan di rumah ketua kelompok sumber rezeki yang diikuti sebanyak 22 onggota kelompok tani. Materi yang diberikan pada kegiatan penyuluhan ada 3 yaitu karerateristik lahan gambut, proses pembuatan pupuk organik dari kotoran ternak dan hijauan serta materi dampak asap pembakaran terhadap kesehatan. Selain penyuluhan juga ada praktek pembuatan pupuk organik sebanyak 1 ton, dengan menggunakan 600 kg kotoran kambing, 400 kg rumput yang sudah dicacah, ditambah dengan 1 liter EM4, 5 kg dedak padi dan 2,5 kg urea. Semua bahan diaduk rata dan disimpan selama 21 hari dengan cara ditutup tarpal. Hasil evaluasi kegiatan pengabdian bahwa pupuk organik yang dihasilkan memperlihatkan bentuk fifik yang baik yaitu berwarna coklat sampai kehiataman, berbauk tanah dan bertektur gembur.
PENGARUH GARAM TERHADAP HASIL PENCELUPAN BAHAN SUTERA DENGAN EKSTRAK KULIT POHON MAHONI Derisa, Derisa; Efi, Agusti; Adriani, Adriani
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 1, No 1 (2012): September 2012
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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The purpose of this study to reveal the resulting color dyeing silk using mahogany bark extract using a ratio much salt 10 grams, 30 grams and 60 grams, and the difference in outcomes dyeing (color, value, color and flatness). This type of research is experimental research. The variables of this study is the variable X as a control, the independent variables are X1, and Y variables dyeing color difference results (value and flatness of color). Types of data used are primary data. Sources of data in this study was a faculty department UNP KK FT 5 people and students by 5 people. Mechanical analysis of data processed and compiled, and analyzed by one-way analysis of variance. Processed using SPSS version 12.0. Based on the analysis of variance of data on the color (hue) colors obtained landing leads to Yellowish brown (peru), with the addition of 10 grams of salt leads to a brown color (Chocolate), 30 grams of salt leads to a young brown color (Sienna), and 60 grams of salt leads to a young brown color (Sienna).
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUKSI BATIK PADA INDUSTRI BATIK JAMBI DI KOTA JAMBI Yuafni, Yuafni; Rahmiati, Rahmiati; Adriani, Adriani
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 1, No 1 (2012): September 2012
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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Abstract

People interest to wear batik Jambi, but will make problems if batik Jambi production can supply market demand. It is affected by capital, human resources, tools and material. so, this research aimed to describe the number of capital, human resources, tools and materials that affect batik Jambi production. The kind of this research is product moment correlation with the population is all batik Jambi producer who are listed in Industry and Trading Department which are 50 industries. The samples are 50 industries taken by total sample, means that all population are samples. Data collecting did using questionnaire. The questionnaire tested by validation and reliability test, with the result of cornbach’s alpha are in high classification to highest. Data get and analyzed using computerized statisticSPSS program 12.0 version on α = 0,05. The result of that is 1) the affect of capital to batik production is 39,8%, 2) the affect of human resources to batik production is 25,6%, 3) the affect of tools and material to batik production is 50,7% and 4) the affect of all capital, human resources, tools and material to batik production is 69,1%.
STUDI TENTANG KAIN PELANGI STUDI KASUS DI INDUSTRI SALSABILLAH COLLECTION PALEMBANG Maryami, Imranisa; Ernawati, Ernawati; Adriani, Adriani
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 1, No 1 (2012): September 2012
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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Kain Pelangi (Jumputan) is heritage of the ancestor that need to be kept, so the people in Palembang don’t loose their culture. The proplem is, Kain Pelangi in Palembang has no developments. The aim of this research is to describe Kain Pelangi that consist od tools, material that use in the production, motive, motive binding technic and colouring in Kain Pelangi Salsabillah Collection Industri Palembang.The method is decriptive method with qualitative approach. Data collection did by interview, observation and documentation. Then the data studied and analyzed by: data reduction, data presentation, resume taken. The validation did by renew participation, survey determination, triangulation and auditing. The result shows that : 1) the material are cotton, silk, and ATBM silk, Naphtol pigment, Direk, Erionil and pigmen pigment. The tools that is mal, plastic rope, scissors, bailer, flower spray, gloves, plastic glasses and cloth clamp, stove, pot, and mixer spoon, plywoods, and thumbtack. The brush is used to “colet” the pigment. 2) The motive o such as flower motive, geometric motive, diamond and little dot, seven dot, mushrooms, five dot, nine dot, cucung or sumping. 3) motive binding was done and the specification is binding and basting according to the motive pattern. 4) colouring of Kain Pelangi, which are dyeing technic and spraying technic and the last stage using “pencoletan” for colouring little motive.
Hubungan Fasilitas Belajar Dengan Hasil Belajar Siswa Pada Mata Pelajaran Membuat Busana Wanita Kelas XI Jurusan Tata Busana Di Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK) Negeri 3 Sungai Penuh Fitri, Lailatul; adriani, adriani; izwerni, izwerni
E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism Vol 2, No 1 (2013): periode maret 2013
Publisher : E-Journal Home Economic and Tourism

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This research is a quantitative descriptive correlational nature that aims to revealthe relationship of a variable bebes (faslitas learning) with the dependent variable(students´ classroom subjects Making On Women´s Clothing at SMK Negeri 3Full River). Population in peinelitian numbering 30 people. Samples for the studywere taken from the entire population (sampling saturated), according to all classXI students who have taken courses Creating Clothing Women who were 30students. The data of this study consisted of primary data collected directly fromrespondents with instruments such as questionnaires about student learningfacility on the subjects Creating Women´s Clothing, and secondary data obtainedfrom the documentation subject teachers Make Women´s Clothing. From theresearch shows that the variable Learning Facility middle category (43.3%) andfor variable Learning Outcomes are mostly located in katerori not pass (60%).Can be seen in the calculation of t count (2.390)> from t table (2.048) so thehypothesis is put forward that is acceptable to the coefficient of determination (r2)= 0.169. Meaningful relationship with the learning outcomes of all studentsstudying in class XI course makes women´s clothing 16.9%. So the better thelearning facilities then the higher the student learning outcomes. Kata kunci: Fasilitas belajar, Hasil belajar, mata Pelajaran Membuat BusanaWanita