Articles

New Idea for National Park Zoning System: a Synthesis between Biodiversity Conservation and Customary Communitys Tradition Kosmaryandi, Nandi; Basuni, Sambas; Prasetyo, Lilik Budi; Adiwibowo, Soeryo
JURNAL MANAJEMEN HUTAN TROPIKA Vol 18, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7226/jmht.18.2.69

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The establishment of national park in customary region had aroused conflic since it had not incorporate traditional management system in its management system. The objectives of this research is to develop such policies for national park zonation that amalgamating the national-global interests for conservation on the one side and the customary community interests on the other side. Result shows that adaptation was needed toward the prevailing science-based ecologically-oriented regulation on zoning plan, so it would incorporate the communitys custom in order to achieve effective management of national park. Appropriate and applicable zoning can be achieved through implementation of management mindset with customary people livelihood perspectives, zone establishment which give priority to the achievement of national park functions rather than the fulfillment of zone requirements, and adaptation of zone formation and criteria toward traditional land use as efforts to accommodate the interest of biodiversity conservation and customary people livelihood.Keywords:  national park, adaptation, costumary community, traditional land use, zonation
BEDAH BUKU: Politics and the Environment: From Theory to Practice Adiwibowo, Soeryo
Jurnal Sodality Vol 1, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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Abstraksi : Identitas Buku dan PenulisConnelly, J and Smith, G. 2003. Politics and the Environment - From Theory to Practice. Second Edition. Routledge. London. James Connelly adalah Kepala Studi Politik di Southampton Institute of Higher Education, Inggris. Graham Smith adalah Research Fellow di Strathclyde University, Inggris. Struktur dan Isi Buku Buku ini disusun untuk menjawab pertanyaan penting yang diajukan oleh para penulisnya: Why is it so difficult to secure environmental policy? Oleh para penulisnya sejumlah jawaban atas pertanyaan tersebut dirangkai sehingga tersusun buku
ANALISIS KEBERLANJUTAN PRAKTIK PERTANIAN ORGANIK DI KALANGAN PETANI Widiarta, Aero; Adiwibowo, Soeryo; w, Widodo
Jurnal Sodality Vol 5, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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The objectives of this research are: (1) to analyze the influence of organic farming practice to the economic sustainability of farmers; (2) to compare the complexity level of organic farming practice and conventional farming practice based on farmer’s perception; and (3) to investigate causal factors regarding why organic farming practice is not widely adopted by farmers. This research was conducted by using quantitative approach at Ketapang Village, Susukan Subregency, Semarang Regency, Central Java on November-December 2010. The number of respondents in this research was 79 people from the total population target of farmers. The selected respondents determined through stratified random sampling and simple random sampling technique afterwards. The respondents were devided into two groups: experimental group (organic farmers) and control group (conventional farmers). The kinds of data in this research were: primary quantitative data which collected by spreading questionnaire to the respondents; secondary data from Al-Barokah’s document; and also supported with primary qualitative data which gathered from in depth interview technique. The data were analyzed by using Paired Samples T-test and Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test, supported with SPSS Program for Windows Version 17.0. The results of this research show that organic farming practice has significant positive influence to the economic sustainability of farmers. Nevertheless, organic farming practice is considered more complex or difficult significantly than conventional farming practice based on control group’s perception. Conversely, the fact above doesn’t valid for experimental group. There are several causal factors regarding why organic farming practice is not widely adopted by farmers, such as: pragmatic mindset of farmers in viewing organic farming practice and ecological sustainability; farmers are not satisfied if they only use organic fertilizers for rice that make its leaf green color become less visible; organic farming practice doesn’t ensure pest-free; the use of organic fertilizer is more difficult than synthetic fertilizer; and a large part of farmers have inadequate supply of manures. Socio-economic characteristic of farmers consisting of: education level, agricultural land ownership status, and livestock ownership are also revealed as influential factors to the organic farming decision process.
SISTEM NAFKAH RUMAH TANGGA PETANI KENTANG DI DATARAN TINGGI DIENG Sodality, Turasih .; Adiwibowo, Soeryo
Jurnal Sodality Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menentukan strategi mata pencaharian rumah tangga petani kentang di Desa Karangtengah, Dataran Tinggi Dieng yang berhubungan dengan sejarah pertanian kentang di desa tersebut. Selain itu, untuk mengetahui seberapa jauh pertanian kentang dapat membangun sistem mata pencaharian yang berkelanjutan bagi rumah tangga petani. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif yang didukung oleh data kualitatif. Data kuantitatif diperoleh melalui penyebaran kuesioner pada 31 rumah tangga petani yang menjadi responden dalam penelitian ini, sedangkan pendekatan kualitatif dilakukan melalui observasi, wawancara mendalam, dan pencarian literatur pada data yang terkait. Pada dasarnya, pertanian telah menjadi sumber pendapatan utama bagi rumah tangga petani kentang di Desa Karangtengah. Hal ini disebabkan pertanian yang telah diwariskan ke dalam identitas mereka dari generasi ke generasi. Namun, keterbatasan sumber daya, terutama lahan sebagai tempat produksi menyebabkan sembilan responden dalam penelitian ini menerapkan mata pencaharian ganda yaitu strategi pertanian dan non-pertanian. Dalam perkembangannya sumber daya pertanian kentang semakin berkurang. Meskipun masih menjadi sektor utama, ancaman terjadi secara bertahap misalnya degradasi lingkungan yang disebabkan oleh aktivitas pertanian yang mengutamakan pada produksi yang tinggi karena penggunaan zat kimia berlebihan.Kata Kunci: sistem mata pencaharian, rumah tangga petani kentang, pertanian berkelanjutan, Dataran Tinggi Dieng.
Independensi Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) di Tengah Kepentingan Donor Assadi, Husain; Hadi Dharmawan, Arya; Adiwibowo, Soeryo
Jurnal Sodality Vol 3, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Departemen SKPM FEMA IPB

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The top-down development approach has failed to bring Indonesia in meeting prosperity. Alternatively, a critical approach as offered by Non Governmental Organization (NGO) becomes much more attractive to be adopted. However such approach encounters problematics since each NGO carries its own interest, ideology, and its dependency on donor agencies, normally diametrically collide with another NGO’s ideology, its interest as well as donor-supported interest. This study is to answer the question how deep have donors infleunced to the ideology, interest, and financial independency of local NGOs. The study use qualitative method as approach. The financial arrangement network, action, interest, motives and NGOs’ ideologies are the main focus of this study. Two NGOs are observed, namely Lembaga Kajian untuk Transformasi Sosial (LKTS) and Lembaga Pertanian Sehat (LPS). This study revealed that LKTS and LPS were quite dependent in the financial aspect. LKTS was also dependent in formulating action, while LPS was independent. Some factors affecting the independence of NGOs are: (1) degree of militancy of NGOs’ ideology, (2) financial strength, (3) NGOs’ level of achievements. In the development perspective, NGOs are not necessarily reflecting type of social movement organization which are always strongly based on bottom-up ideology. 
The Dynamics of Sasi in Kaimana: the Institutional Change over Traditional Marine Resource Management Patriana, Ratna; Adiwibowo, Soeryo; A. Kinseng, Rilus; Satria, Arif
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v4i3.14435

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ABSTRACTSasi, as a regime of common (pool) resource management, has long been trusted as one of the most efficient traditional practices in maintaining the sustainability of resources in coastal areas. However, the practice of Sasiwas highly influenced by adat, customary laws set by feudal system that have been replaced by the modern state. This research intended toexamine (1) how the practice of Sasi has changed along with the ecological, social, and economic changes that happened within the society, and (2) what was the impact of this change to the mechanism of the distribution of wealth within the localcommunity. Field research was conducted inthe Kaimana District, West Papua Province,from November - December 2015, using qualitative methods and progressive contextualization strategy.The results indicated that the economic changes were the main driving factor of the dynamic of Sasi in Kaimana. The commercialization of Sasi by village elites hasreplaced this tradition of marine conservation and its orientation with the mechanism ofsurplus accummulation. It degraded the social security mechanism, affectedthe income of the community in general,and developed intimate exclusionsof the sub-ordinate groups,includingwomen.Keywords: coastal resource, social change, social security, intimate exclusion.ABSTRAKSasi, sebagai suatu rezim pengelolaan sumberdaya alam milik bersama, telah lama dipercaya sebagai salah satu praktek tradisional yang efisien dalam memelihara kelestarian sumberdaya di wilayah laut. Namun demikian, praktek Sasi ini sangat dipengaruhi oleh adat yang didirikan oleh sistem feodal, suatu sistem yang kini telah digantikan oleh pemerintahan modern. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan (1) bagaimana praktek Sasi telah berubah sejalan dengan perubahan ekologi, sosial dan ekonomi yang terjadi di masyarakat, dan (2) bagaimana dampak perubahan tersebut terhadap mekanisme distribusi kemakmuran di dalam komunitas. Studi lapangan dilakukan pada November ? Desember 2016 di Kabupaten Kaimana, Papua Barat, dengan menggunakan metode kualitatif dan strategi penelitian progressive contextualization. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perubahan ekonomi adalah yang paling berpengaruh terhadap dinamika Sasi di Kaimana. Komersialisasi Sasi oleh elit desa telah menggeser tradisi konservasi laut serta orientasinya dengan mekanisme akumulasi surplus bagi rumah tangga. Hal ini menyebabkan tergedradasinya mekanisme jaminan sosial masyarakat secara umum, dan menimbulkan intimate exclusion terhadap kelompok sub-ordinat, termasuk perempuan.Kata kunci: sumberdaya laut, perubahan sosial, jaminan sosial, eksklusi karib.
ADAPTASI PERUBAHAN IKLIM KOMUNITAS DESA: STUDI KASUS DI KAWASAN PESISIR UTARA PULAU AMBON -, Subair; Kolopaking, Lala M.; Adiwibowo, Soeryo; Pranowo, M. Bambang
Jurnal Komunitas: Research and Learning in Sociology and Anthropology Vol 6, No 1 (2014): Lokalitas, Relasi Kuasa dan Transformasi Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v6i1.2943

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Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis strategi adaptasi komunitas nelayan terhadap dampak perubahan iklim. Lokasi penelitian di desa nelayan Asilulu, ditetapkan secara purposive mewakili karakteristik desa pesisir di kawasan pantai utara pulau Ambon Maluku. Metode yang digunakan adalah ’metode kasus historis’ sebuah metode studi sosiologi yang memadukan dua pendekatan yaitu sosiologi sejarah dan sejarah sosiologis. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode hermeunetik dan dialektika dalam waktu kurang lebih 2 tahun (April 2010 – Juni 2012) menggunakan teknik pengamatan berperan serta, focus group discussion, wawancara mendalam, dan studi pustaka. Penelitian menunjukkan hasil bahwa komunitas nelayan di desa Asilulu telah merasakan dampak dari perubahan iklim yang menekan sistem penghidupan mereka meliputi kenaikan permukaan laut, intensitas badai dan gelombang tinggi, perubahan fishing ground dan kekacauan musim tangkap. Kerentanan komunitas dikategorikan tingkat sedang dan karenanya masih dalam area coping range komunitas. Nelayan melakukan adaptasi proaktif dan reaktif dalam strategi adaptasi fisik, sosial-ekonomi, dan sumber daya manusia yang sejauh ini mampu meningkatkan lebar selang toleransi sehingga kerentanan dapat dikurangi dan resiliensi sistem meningkat. Kondisi ini membuat komunitas nelayan cukup resilien. The purpose of this study is to identify the adaptation strategies of a fishing community to respond the impact of climate change. Location of the study in the fishing village Asilulu, determined purposively to represent the characteristics of the coastal villages in the north coast of the island of Ambon Maluku. The method used is the ‘method of historical case’ a sociological study method that combines two approaches, historical sociology and sociological history. Data collected between April 2010-June 2012, using the technique of participant observation, focus group discussions, in-depth interviews, and literature. Research shows that the fishing community in the village Asilulu have felt the impact of climate change which suppress their livelihood systems include sea level rise, storm intensity and high waves, changes in fishing grounds and fishing seasons chaos. Community vulnerability and therefore categorized as being still in the area of community coping range. Fishermen proactive adaptation and reactive adaptation strategies in physical, socio-economic, and human resources are so far able to increase the width of the tolerance interval so that vulnerabilities can be reduced and the resilience of the system increases.
KONTESTASI DISKURSUS KETAHANAN PANGAN DAN PEMBENTUKAN KUASA PENGETAHUAN PEREMPUAN PADA KELUARGA PETANI SAWAH DI SUMATERA SELATAN -, Yunindyawati; Sumarti, Titik; Adiwibowo, Soeryo; Vitayala S. Hubbeis, Aida; -, Hardinsyah
Jurnal Komunitas: Research and Learning in Sociology and Anthropology Vol 6, No 1 (2014): Lokalitas, Relasi Kuasa dan Transformasi Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v6i1.2952

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Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji diskursus ketahanan pangan antaraktor dan pembentukan kuasa pengetahuan perempuan pada keluarga petani sawah lebak di Kecamatan Pemulutan Selatan kabupaten Ogan Ilir Sumatera Selatan. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode kualitatif dengan menggunakan paradigma konstruktivistik. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat tiga  aktor utama dalam diskursus ketahanan pangan yakni pemerintah, komunitas dan pelaku usaha. Masing-masing aktor berupaya mempraktikkan diskursusnya pada keluarga petani. Pada saat mempraktikkan diskursus terjadi interaksi diskursus antaraktor yang bersifat sinergis. Namun diskursus yang paling dominan dipraktikkan oleh keluarga adalah diskursus komunitas, sementara diskursus pemerintah sebagai pelengkap dan diskursus pelaku usaha sebagai pendorong. Pembentukan kuasa pengetahuan perempuan oleh para aktor bersifat elastis dan terdapat perbedaan akses dalam pembentukan kuasa pengetahuan perempuan berdasarkan perbedaan kelas sosial. This study was to examine food security discourse between actors in the farmers family and the formation of the power of women’s knowledge. The method used was a qualitative method using constructivism paradigm. Research findings indicate that there were three main actors in the discourse of food security namely the government, community and business. Each attempt to practice their discourse on family farmers. It turns out that in practice this discourse, there were interaction between actors in synergy. But the most dominant discourse was discourse of community that practiced by the family while the government discourse as a supplement and entrepreneurs discourse as a spur. Formation of the power of women’s knowledge by actors were flexibles/elastics and there were differences acces of formation in power of women’s knowledge between women in different social classes
Stifling of Customary People Political Voice of Recognition in Political Economy Perspective (Case Study on Mapur Tribe Lom Bangka Belitung) Zulkarnain, Iskandar; Soetarto, Endriatmo; Sunito, Satyawan; Adiwibowo, Soeryo
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 6, No 3 (2018): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i3.24325

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Symptoms of political neglection along with changes in capitalist-oriented economic development policies have become a major challenge for recognition of indigenous people in Indonesia. The experience of the Mapur Lom tribe marks the phase of detachment of an entity from its agrarian tradition. This study aims to identify the future critical point of Lom people due to the absence of recognition from the government which more prioritizes the practices of power domination and penetration of capital. The case study was used to oversee the socio-economic relations between tin and oil palm as well as the dynamics of actors contestation who were legitimized by the post-New Order bureaucracy. Data collection uses interviews, observation, document studies, and focused discussions. The results of the research show that the mechanism of stifling the political voice of Lom people's recognition takes place through two phases, namely silencing from within by the apparatus at the hamlet level by hijacking the autonomy discourse of customary forests. The second phase, preclusion of political voices from outside through a continuous changing of regulations, policies that tend to favor the oil palm plantation corporations, capital intervention accompanied with land grab and violence. Working with Marxian perspective elaboration and critical perspective see that failure of state and bureaucracy at the regional level related to political economy of recognition are the result of perpetuating power domination based on concentration of regulation, policy, legitimacy, and capital along with collusion with corporations against individuals, groups and nature.
SISTEM NAFKAH RUMAH TANGGA PETANI KENTANG DI DATARAN TINGGI DIENG Sodality, Turasih .; Adiwibowo, Soeryo
SODALITY: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : SODALITY: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan

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Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menentukan strategi mata pencaharian rumah tangga petani kentang di Desa Karangtengah, Dataran Tinggi Dieng yang berhubungan dengan sejarah pertanian kentang di desa tersebut. Selain itu, untuk mengetahui seberapa jauh pertanian kentang dapat membangun sistem mata pencaharian yang berkelanjutan bagi rumah tangga petani. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif yang didukung oleh data kualitatif. Data kuantitatif diperoleh melalui penyebaran kuesioner pada 31 rumah tangga petani yang menjadi responden dalam penelitian ini, sedangkan pendekatan kualitatif dilakukan melalui observasi, wawancara mendalam, dan pencarian literatur pada data yang terkait. Pada dasarnya, pertanian telah menjadi sumber pendapatan utama bagi rumah tangga petani kentang di Desa Karangtengah. Hal ini disebabkan pertanian yang telah diwariskan ke dalam identitas mereka dari generasi ke generasi. Namun, keterbatasan sumber daya, terutama lahan sebagai tempat produksi menyebabkan sembilan responden dalam penelitian ini menerapkan mata pencaharian ganda yaitu strategi pertanian dan non-pertanian. Dalam perkembangannya sumber daya pertanian kentang semakin berkurang. Meskipun masih menjadi sektor utama, ancaman terjadi secara bertahap misalnya degradasi lingkungan yang disebabkan oleh aktivitas pertanian yang mengutamakan pada produksi yang tinggi karena penggunaan zat kimia berlebihan.Kata Kunci: sistem mata pencaharian, rumah tangga petani kentang, pertanian berkelanjutan, Dataran Tinggi Dieng.