Teguh Adiprasetyo
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bengkulu, Bengkulu, 38122, Indonesia

Published : 4 Documents
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SIKAP MASYARAKAT LOKAL TERHADAP KONSERVASI DAN TAMAN NASIONAL SEBAGAI PENDUKUNG KEPUTUSAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN TAMAN NASIONAL KERINCI SEBLAT (STUDI KASUS DI KABUPATEN KERINCI DAN LEBONG, INDONESIA)

Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 9, No 2
Publisher : Udayana University

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Abstract

The number of national parks in Indonesia increased rapidly since 1982. Support from local people plays an important role in sustaining national parks, therefore their needs, aspirations and attitudes should be considered to assure better national park management. This research was intended to discern the knowledge, perception and attitude of local people residing close to Kerinci Seblat National Park towards the park and its conservation initiatives, to identify factors affecting them, and to determine if local communities perceived more benefit from the park were likely to support it. Knowledge of local people about the existence of the park and regulation governed it was high. However, knowledge of local people about its function and benefit for society was relatively low. Attitudes of local people on the park and its conservation initiatives was affected by many factors including their involvement in an organization, administrative residence affiliation (district), ethnic, formal education attainment, distance of residence to national park, income, family size, affluence, and agricultural land ownership. Almost all of the local people perceived that the park did not give them economic benefit directly, therefore they expected to be involved in planning and making use of it. They also perceived that it was needed to conserve natural resources and supply ecological services. However, most of the people perceived that their lives did not depend on the park, so its existence should not be guarded collectively.

The Usage of BIOM3G-Biofertilizer to Improve and Support Sustainability of Land System of Independent Oil Palm Smallholders

International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology Vol 4, No 5 (2014)
Publisher : International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology

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Abstract

Soil fertility is one of the key success factors for managing independent smallholder oil palm plantation sustainably.  To improve soil fertility, the smallholder oil palm farmers depend highly on the chemical fertilizer which emits greenhouse gases N2O and are fragile to chemical fertilizer shortage. This dependency to chemical fertilizer and increased price of chemical fertilizer may cause some independent smallholder plantations are neglected and fruitless due to late nor absence of fertilizers.  In the country with plentiful of oil palm plantations, biomass of oil palm empty fruit bunch should be considered as a sustainable source of organic fertilizers.  This research examined the effect of dosage of composted oil palm empty fruit bunch enriched with multi functions multi microbial biofertilizer implanted within the soil below canopy edges of oil palm plants towards the growth and yield of oil palm plants. The treatments consisted of 3.5, 7.0, and 10.5 ton biofertilizer/ha and standard chemical fertilizer treatment as control. Each treatment was applied on ten plants. The results of this study showed that the biofertilizer application at 10.5 ton/ha improved the quality of soil better than other treatment of biofertilizer and standard chemical fertilizer.  The production yield of fresh fruit brunches of 10.5 ton biofertilizer/ha treatment was 31.5 ton/hectare/year. If the oil palm production is compared to farmer’s practice that produces 24 ton/hectare/year, these research results may promote better organic wastes management of oil palm plantation to better nourish the plants and improve sustainability of oil palm land system.

The Prospect of Horticultural Organic Farming as Sustainable Agricultural Practice for Reducing Poverty: The Case in Bengkulu City, Indonesia

International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology

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Abstract

Poverty is still an insistent problem which when confronted by humanity requires a systemic, comprehensive and synchronized approach to alleviate it.  The concentration of urban and rural poverty in developing countries underpins the importance of agriculture as a poverty reduction strategy since most of the poor people depend on agriculture.  Thus, improving agricultural productivity, competitiveness and sustainability may reduce poverty.   This study was intended to (1) find out if sustainable agriculture, i.e., horticultural organic farming practices, could contribute to poverty reduction, (2) identify restrictive factors affecting horticulture organic farming development, and (3) formulate alternative policy intervention for poverty alleviation based on development of organic farming.   The respondents were selected using purposive sampling method, comprising of 22 self-claimed horticultural organic farmers and 22 horticultural conventional farmers.  The data were gathered through a structured-questionnaire and in-depth interview.   Descriptive statistics, prospective analyses and analytical hierarchy process were used to analyze the data.  The results showed that organic farming practices have potential to increase income of the horticultural farmers.  Factors that constrained the development of horticultural organic farming were limited knowledge of organic practices, access to market, financial and risk management services or support.  Alternative policy interventions, such as developing a linkage between producers and consumers, strengthening research and development on organic farming, enhancing dissemination knowledge of organic farming practices, and providing access to financial and agriculture management, are proposed.

THE APPLICATION OF PARTICIPATORY PROSPECTIVE ANALYSES TO DEVISE WOMEN EMPOWERMENT PROGRAMS FOR REDUCING POVERTY: CASE STUDY IN SOUTH BENGKULU REGENCY, BENGKULU PROVINCE, INDONESIA

ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

This study is intended to apply participatory prospective analysis to formulate women empowerment programs and activities to reduce poverty. Participatory prospective analysis may facilitate the process of integrating multiplestakeholders’ preferences in public policy decision since the involvement of stakeholders as part of the poverty alleviation solution; it can be expected to increase the effectiveness of the programs and activities. This study wasconducted in South Bengkulu Regency, Bengkulu Province, Indonesia. Data were collected through focus group discussion (FGD). A number of 23 participants from various delegates of stakeholders including head or officers ofregency government and its regional working units, non government organizations, community groups and local university were involved in the FGD. Data were analysed using participatory prospective method. The results revealthat there are 15 factors identified shaping the system of women empowerment for poverty reduction. By using a fourquadrant window, those factors are grouping into four categories: input, stakes, unused, and output, as the key of the empowered programs. Input factors are human resource skills, social cultural, formal education attainment and health status. The stakes are access to natural resources, access to capital, local policies and access to decisionmaking process. While the unused factors are past experiences, infrastructure and technology. The outputs are employment, community empowerment, motivation, and job availability. This study shows that the strategy to reducepoverty have to be done via women empowerment programs, which are comprising better off education, skill development, health status and social culture. Access to education, skills and health should be part of the poor asset.Poor women need to equip with assets to reduce their vulnerabilities.