Susilo Adi Widyanto
Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Diponegoro, Semarang

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The effect of geometric structure on stiffness and damping factor of wood applicable to machine tool structure Adi Widyanto, Susilo; Widodo, Achmad; Nugroho, Sri; Siahaan, David
International Journal of Science and Engineering (IJSE) Vol 4, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (498.337 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/ijse.v4i2.4511

Abstract

Stiffness and vibration damping capability are important criteria in design of machine tool structure. In other sides, the weight of machine tool structure must be reduced to increase  the handling capability. This paper presents  an analysis of the effect of geometric structure on stiffness and vibration damping of wood structure.  The stiffness was analysed  using numerical method, so called finite element method (FEM), while the vibration damping capability was experimentally tested. Vibration testing was also performed to wood structures with sand powder filled  into  its rectangular hole to observe the its effect on damping factor. Simulation results show  that the cross ribs structure yielded minimum mass reduction ratio compared to the three square holes as well as the single rectangular hole structures. While the vibration test results explained that the damping factor of Shorea laevis wood was higher than that Hevea braziiensis wood. The use of sand powder as vibrating  mass in closed-box structure effectively increased the damping capability, for single rectangular hole structure the damping factor was increased from 0.048 to 0.079doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12777/ijse.4.2.2013.57-60[How to cite the article: Widyanto, S. A., Widodo, A., Nugroho, S., & Siahaan, D. (2013). The effect of geometric structure on stiffness and damping factor of wood applicable to machine tool structure. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 4(2), 57-60. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12777/ijse.4.2.2013.57-60]
Hardness Optimization of Heat Treatment Process of Bucket Teeth Excavator Suryo, Sumar Hadi; Adi Widyanto, Susilo; Paryanto, Paryanto; Mansuri, Aly Syariati
Civil Engineering Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2018): February
Publisher : Salehan Institute of Higher Education

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (866.142 KB) | DOI: 10.28991/cej-030992

Abstract

Excavator is heavy equipment that usually used in construction and mining works. Bucket teeth which are located in the tip of bucket excavator are used for digging works. They are easily damaged by direct contact with the media. One of the material used in bucket teeth excavator is mild carbon steel that has carbon content between 0.33%-0.5%. However, the hardness value of this material is not yet meets the standard of bucket teeth excavator so the optimum hardness value based on its heat treatment should be known. Besides that, its tensile, impact strength, and micro structure in optimum condition will also know. Optimization method was done through Taguchi experimental design with L9 orthogonal and ANOVA (Analysis of Variance). Factors or parameters in this research were heating temperature, holding time, quenching media, and tempering temperature. In this experiment, nine specimens of mild carbon steel were tested by different heating temperatures (850oC, 875oC, 900oC), different holding times (60, 90, and 120 minutes), different quenching medias (oil, water, and salt water), and different tempering temperatures (250oC, 450oC, 650oC). Calculation of Taguchi method and confirmation experiment showed that the optimum parameters of hardness are 875oC heating temperature, 60 minutes holding time, water quenching media, and 250oC tempering temperature. Meanwhile, ANOVA test showed a result that the four factors had an effect on the bucket teeth excavator hardness.