Enny Adelina
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Pengaruh Skarifikasi dan Media Tumbuh Terhadap Viabilitas Benih dan Vigor Kecambah Aren Saleh, Muhammad Salim; Adelina, Enny; Murniati, Endang; Budiarti, Tati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The research aims to find out the effect of seed scarification and germination substrat to seed viability and seedling vigor of aren. The Experiment applied a group random design (RAK) with factorial style consiting of two factors. The first factor are scarification treatment:S0=without scarification, S1=scarification+trcatment 40 oC, S2=scarification+KN03 0.5%, soaked for 36 hours+tempcrature 40oC, the second factor arc germination substrat: M0=sand, M1=rice coal, M2=cocopith, M3=soil from palm tree+organic materil (1:1), M4=M3+fertilizer NPK (1 g per kg media). The highest seed germination was found in the scarification+KN03 0.5%, soaked for 36 hours+ temperature 40 oC which growing on media of palm oil soil+organic fertilizer (1:1)+fertilizer NPK (1g per kg media) that 83.33-86.67% and germinating speed 0.85-1.04% ctmal. There treatment also effected on seedling vigor normal vigours germination indicated by dry content weight and hypotctic vigor index. Keywords: aren, scarification, germination substrat
KOMPATIBILITAS BATANG BAWAH NANGKA TAHAN KERING DENGAN ENTRIS NANGKA ASAL SULAWESI TENGAH DENGAN CARA SAMBUNG PUCUK Tambing, Yohanis; Adelina, Enny; Budiarti, Tati; Murniati, Endang
AGROLAND Vol 15, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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The research on vegetative breeding of jack fruit has been conducted through grafting method, aiming at finding out the compatibility of lower cultivar resisting to drought stress with the jack fruit entries of pre-eminent varieties originally from central Sulawesi. Generally, the results of the research indicated that all entries except those grafted with the root stock BK-3 and TL-5 could only survive for 2 weeks leaving only their dead scions.  The latter appeared to be compatible with the Palupi entries as they were still able to live and grew until this research ended
PENGARUH SKARIFIKASI DAN MEDIA TUMBUH TERHADAP VIABILITAS BENIH DAN VIGOR KECAMBAH AREN Saleh, Muhammad Salim; Adelina, Enny; Murniati, Endang; Budiarti, Tati
AGROLAND Vol 15, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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The research aim was to find out the effect of seed scarification and germination substrate upon seed viability and seedling vigor of aren.  The research applied a randomized block design with factorial pattern consisting of two factors.  The first factor was scarification treatment: without scarification, scarification at 400C, scarification at 400C and soaked in 0.5% KNO3 solution for 36 hours.  The second factor was germination substrate:  sand, rice hull coal, cocopith, mixture of soil taken from natural palm growth area and organic material at a ratio 1:1, and mixture of 1 g NPK fertilizer with 1 kg soil taken from palm tree forest area and organic material media.  The greatest seed germination of 83.33–86.67% with germinating speed of 0.85-1.04 %etmal was found in the scarification at 400C soaking in 0.5% KNO3 solution for 36 hours and soil organic and matter treatment. This treatment also resulted in normal vigorous seed indicated by higher dry content weight and hypothetic vigor index than any other treatments.
VIGOR BENIH KAKAO (Theobroma cacao L.) PADA BERBAGAI LAMA PENYIMPANAN DAN INVIGORASI Maemunah, Maemunah; Adelina, Enny; Daniel, I.Y.
AGROLAND Vol 16, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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The research aims were to determine the cocoa seed vigor of various storage periods and seed invigorant viewed from aspect of seed physiology quality. This research was a two factorial experiment in a completely randomized design. The first factor was the time length of storage consisted of 5 levels: i) Control, ii) 2 week, iii) 4 weeks, iv) 6 weeks, and v) 8 weeks. The second factor was seed invigoration using ZPT consisted of 4 types: i) without ZPT, ii). 0.01 mmol GA3, iii) 0.01 mmol GA3 + 0.1 mmol NAA, and iv) coconut milk. The data obtained was analyzed using variant analysis; the data with coefficient of variation more than 20 % was transformed to x + 0.5 whereas treatment with significant influence was advanced with HSD test with level of 0.05. The research findings showed that a longer period of seed storage led to the reduction of seed vigor. Invigoration with GA3 + NAA also contributed to a better seed vigor though it was not significantly different from GA3 invigoration and coconut milk. All seed invigoration treatment (GA3 + NAA and coconut milk) could slow seed deterioration up to 6 week storage.
PENENTUAN STADIA KEMASAKAN BUAH NANGKA TOAYA MELALUI KAJIAN MORFOLOGI DAN FISIOLOGI BENIH Adelina, Enny
MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG Vol 2, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG

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Dalam penyediaan benih nangka bermutu, tingkat kemasakan buah menjadi penting karena sangat menentukan vigor dan viabilitas benih yang dihasilkan. Vigor dan viabilitas merupakan refleksi kekuatan tumbuh dan kemampuan adaptasi tanaman saat di lapangan. Pengkajian secara morfologi dengan metode deskriptif dan kajian fisiologi memberikan hasil adanya perubahan morfologi pada setiap umur kemasakan buah. Namun pada stadia kemasakan M4 (Umur 37 Minggu) tidak terjadi perubahan karena atribut pertumbuhan telah mencapai maksimun dan mengalami penurunan setelah tercapai masak fisiologi benih. Perbedaan tingkat kemasakan benih nangka ditandai dengan perbedaan fisiologi seperti Bobot basah, bobot kering, daya berkecambah, kecepatan berkecambah dan pemunculan kecambah. Melalui kajian morfologi diperoleh empat stadia kemasakan buah nangka yakni M1, M2, M3, dan M4 stadia kemasakan yang terbaik untuk dijadikan benih bermutu  adalah stadia M4 (Umur 8 bulan setelah anthesis).
LAMA PENYIMPANAN DAN INVIGORASI TERHADAP VIGOR BIBIT KAKAO (Theobroma cacao L.) Maemunah, Maemunah; Adelina, Enny
MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG Vol 2, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kevigoran bibit kakao pada berbagai lama penyimpanan dan invigorasi benih. Penelitian ini disusun berdasarkan pola faktorial menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap, dengan 2 faktor.  Faktor pertama adalah lama penyimpanan benih yang terdiri dari lima taraf yaitu: 1) control , 2) lama simpan 2 minggu, 3) lama simpan 4 minggu,  4) lama simpan 6 minggu, 5) lama simpan 8 minggu. Faktor kedua adalah cara invigorasi benih dengan menggunakan ZPT yang terdiri dari empat macam yaitu: 1) tanpa ZPT, 2) 0,01 m mol GA3, 3) 0,01 m mol GA3 + 0,1 m mol NAA, 4) air kelapa.  Data yang diperoleh dianalisis ragam, data yang memiliki koefisien keragaman lebih dari 20% ditransformasikan ke √ x + 0,5  Sedangkan perlakuan yang berpengaruh nyata dilanjutkan dengan uji BNJ pada taraf  0,05.  Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa : Semakin lama benih disimpan menyebabkan vigor bibit juga semakin menurun.  Invigorasi dengan GA3 + NAA memberikan pengaruh yang lebih baik terhadap persentase  bibit vigor, tinggi bibit, jumlah daun dan indeks vigor hipotetik. Air kelapa dapat menjadi alternative cara invigorasi benih kakao yang telah mengalami kemunduran.
KOMPATIBILITAS BATANG BAWAH NANGKA (ARTOCARPUS HETEROPYLLUS LAMK) KULTIVAR BEKA-3 DAN TULO-5 TERHADAP BERBAGAI ENTRIS TERPILIH Adelina, Enny
MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG Vol 4, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG

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Telah diketahui bahwa tingkat keberhasilan pertautan sambungan pada tanaman nangka masih sangat rendah. Hal ini diduga akibat faktor fisiologis yaitu tingginya kandungan getah, ketidaksesuaian ukuran diameter batang bawah dengan entris, serta faktor lingkungan di sekitar lokasi pertumbuhan bibit. Untuk mengatasi hal tersebut dapat dilakukan saat bibit berumur 3 bulan dan ditanam pada lokasi yang mendukung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan kompatibilitas bibit batang bawah dan keberhasilan pertautan sambungan pada berbagai entris dengan cara grafting pada bibit tanaman nangka. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Juli sampai Oktober 2010, di Desa Mpanau, Kecamatan Sigi Biromaru, Kabupaten Sigi, Sulawesi Tengah. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) pola faktorial 2 faktor. Faktor pertama menggunakan berbagai kultivar batang bawah yang terdiri atas dua taraf, yaitu : BA = Kultivar Beka-3 dan BB = Kultivar Tulo-5 . Faktor kedua menggunakan kultivar entris yang terdiri atas tiga taraf, yaitu : KA = Kultivar Lambara, KB = Kultivar Bora, KC = Kultivar Toaya. Dengan demikian terdapat 6 kombinasi perlakuan dan setiap perlakuan diulang tiga kali sebagai kelompok, sehingga diperoleh 18 unit perlakuan. Setiap unit percobaan terdapat 10 bibit tanaman dan total bibit 180 bibit tanaman. Analisis ragam menunjukkan bahwa berbagai kultivar batang bawah dan entris berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap bibit bertaut. Terdapat interaksi antara batang bawah Beka-3 dan entris Lambara terhadap persentase bibit bertaut
Viabilitas Benih Dan Vigor Bibit Mangga Kweni (Mangifera Odorata Griff.) Dari Berbagai Sumber Benih Terpilih Dari Desa Bente Kecamatan bungku Tengah Kabupaten Morowali Hatta, Moh.; Adelina, Enny; Nuraeni, Nuraeni
Agroland Vol 25, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Agroland

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/J.24077607.2018.v25.i3.11960

Abstract

ABSTRACT The aim of this research was to find high seed viability and vigor of Kweni manggo selected from various seed sources in Bente village, Central Bungku sub district, Morowali district. The research was conducted from April to July 2017 at the Seed Science and Technology Laboratory, and at the Academic Garden of the Agriculture Faculty of Tadulako University, Palu. This study used a one factorial completely randomized design with the seed sources as its factor.  The seeds were obtained from trees grown at different sites i.e. Bente village 1, Bente village 3 and Bente village 14.  The seeds were then tested for their vigor using a randomized block design method grouped by the tree height.  The results showed that the seed viability and vigor obtained from the Bente 14 parent trees are higher than those from the other sources in Bente village, Central Bungku d sub district, Morowali district. Keyword: Manggo, sources of seed, viability, vigour.
Pengaruh Skarifikasi dan Media Tumbuh Terhadap Viabilitas Benih dan Vigor Kecambah Aren Saleh, Muhammad Salim; Adelina, Enny; Murniati, Endang; Budiarti, Tati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The research aims to find out the effect of seed scarification and germination substrat to seed viability and seedling vigor of aren. The Experiment applied a group random design (RAK) with factorial style consiting of two factors. The first factor are scarification treatment:S0=without scarification, S1=scarification+trcatment 40 oC, S2=scarification+KN03 0.5%, soaked for 36 hours+tempcrature 40oC, the second factor arc germination substrat: M0=sand, M1=rice coal, M2=cocopith, M3=soil from palm tree+organic materil (1:1), M4=M3+fertilizer NPK (1 g per kg media). The highest seed germination was found in the scarification+KN03 0.5%, soaked for 36 hours+ temperature 40 oC which growing on media of palm oil soil+organic fertilizer (1:1)+fertilizer NPK (1g per kg media) that 83.33-86.67% and germinating speed 0.85-1.04% ctmal. There treatment also effected on seedling vigor normal vigours germination indicated by dry content weight and hypotctic vigor index. Keywords: aren, scarification, germination substrat
THE IDENTIFICATION OF MANGO MORPHOLOGY AND ANATOMY (MANGIFERAINDICA L) AT WEST TOBOLI AND POMBALOWO VILLAGE, PARIGI MOUTONG. Wulandari, Widya Tri; Sahiri, Nirwan; Adelina, Enny
AGROLAND: The Agricultural Sciences Journal Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Tadulako University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22487/j24077593.2018.v5.i1.10331

Abstract

Mango (Mangiferaindica L.) is a type of tropical fruit  which is favored by people in the world and becomes a commodity trade between countries. According to the information, known as mango The Best Loved-Tropical, accompany the popularity of durian as the King of Fruit. The main product of the mango is its thatis  usuallyconsumed in fresh or processed products. But in addition to the fruit,,other components that also played an important role were the mangoes leaves than can be benefit from medicinal plants as an alternative. This research aimed to obtain a diversity of mango tree based on morphological and anatomical analysis of plant the mango in the West Toboli village and Pombalowo Regency, Parigi Moutong Regency. This research was carried out in the village of West Toboli,  District Toboli Parigi North and the village of Pombalowo sub-district of Parigi, Parigiranga Reddy District and Laboratory Science (FMIPA), the University of Tadulako conducted in July to August 2016. This research method using exploratory, as for a character that observed was the height of the plant (m), diameter (cm), the shape of the canopy, the long strands of leaves (cm) width (cm) leaf blade, petiole length (cm). Cluster analysis results in the village there were three groups of Western Toboli diverse namely TBB12, TBB14 and TBB11, in the village of Pombalowo there were three diverse groups namely PBL1, PBL5 and PBL8. Whereas in the second the village obtained a combined five diverse groups namely TBB12, TBB14, TBB2, PBL1 and TBB11. Characters that distinguished the selected accessions were the height of plants, and the diameter of the rod.