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Bioesai bioinsektisida Beauveria bassiana dari Sumatera Selatan terhadap kutu putih pepaya, Paracoccus marginatus Williams & Granara De Willink (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) Herlinda, Siti; Darmawan, Komang Agus; ., Firmansyah; Adam, Triani; Irsan, Chandra; Thalib, Rosdah
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

In fresh swamp areas of South Sumatra, papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) could cause severe damage to young papaya trees and decreased the fruit quality. The objective of this research was to bioassay test of the bioinsecticide Beauveria bassiana againts nymphs of P. marginatus. B. bassiana was conducted on rice medium. The bioinsecticide was formulated using dried compost, compost gram,  paddy ash,  paddy bran, woody powder, paddy bran mixed with woody powder,  compost enriched with  Trichoderma virens. Controls used were sterile water (control 1) and isolate of B. bassiana (control 2). Results showed that conidial viability of B. bassiana on control 2 was the highest (46.33%). The viability of control 2 was not significantly different from the formulations with carrier of the paddy bran, the paddy bran mixed with woody powder, and the compost enriched with T. virens. The highest nymph mortality (82.86%) was found on formulation of  compost enriched with T. virens and was significantly different from other treatments. The lowest  visibly (73.48%) occured on formulation of paddy ash, and was significantly different from other treatments. Mortality on control 1 on average was 29.52%, whereas control 2 averaged of 75.71%. The shortest median lethal time (LT50) (3.55 days) was found on formulation of compost enriched with T.  virens but the longest one (3.73 days) occured on the formulation of paddy ash. Overall, the most effective bioinsecticide was the formulation of compost enriched with T. virens.Key words: bioinsecticide, Beauveria bassiana, Paracoccus marginatus
Struktur komunitas laba-laba di ekosistem padi ratun: pengaruh aplikasi Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Herlinda, Siti; Dewi, Rafika; Adam, Triani; Suwandi, Suwandi; Wijaya, Andi
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2015): July
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Spiders are the main predators in paddy ecosystem. Application of entomopathogenic fungus, such as Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) is not expected to have any negative effect on spiders in the paddy field. This research was aimed to compare species composition, abundance, and species richness of spiders in ratoon paddy. The research was done on  three hectares of rice fields that were treated with the following treatment, (i) 2 L/ha/application of liquid B. bassiana, (ii) 2 L/ha/application compost extract (without liquid B. bassiana), and  (iii) a combination of liquid B. bassiana and compost extract with each using the same 2L/ha/application dose. The result of this research showed that B. bassiana bioinsecticide application did not affect the abundance and species richness of spiders in ratoon paddy. The treatments did not significantly affect species richness and abundance of the canopy-inhabiting spiders. The species richness and abundance of the soil-dwelling spiders on the paddy field applied by the bioinsecticide was not different from those without the bioinsecticide. The treatments did not effect species composition of the canopy-inhabiting and the soil-dwelling spiders. Application of B. bassiana bioinsecticide was not harmful for the spiders in the rice field.
Bioesai bioinsektisida Beauveria bassiana dari Sumatera Selatan terhadap kutu putih pepaya, Paracoccus marginatus Williams & Granara De Willink (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) Herlinda, Siti; Darmawan, Komang Agus; Firmansyah, Firmansyah; Adam, Triani; Irsan, Chandra; Thalib, Rosdah
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2012): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (804.699 KB)

Abstract

In fresh swamp areas of South Sumatra, papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) could cause severe damage to young papaya trees and decreased the fruit quality. The objective of this research was to bioassay test of the bioinsecticide Beauveria bassiana againts nymphs of P. marginatus. B. bassiana was conducted on rice medium. The bioinsecticide was formulated using dried compost, compost gram, paddy ash, paddy bran, woody powder, paddy bran mixed with woody powder, compost enriched with Trichoderma virens. Controls used were sterile water (control 1) and isolate of B. bassiana (control 2). Results showed that conidial viability of B. bassiana on control 2 was the highest (46.33%). The viability of control 2 was not significantly different from the formulations with carrier of the paddy bran, the paddy bran mixed with woody powder, and the compost enriched with T. virens. The highest nymph mortality (82.86%) was found on formulation of compost enriched with T. virens and was significantly different from other treatments. The lowest visibly (73.48%) occured on formulation of paddy ash, and was significantly different from other treatments. Mortality on control 1 on average was 29.52%, whereas control 2 averaged of 75.71%. The shortest median lethal time (LT50) (3.55 days) was found on formulation of compost enriched with T. virens but the longest one (3.73 days) occured on the formulation of paddy ash. Overall, the most effective bioinsecticide was the formulation of compost enriched with T. virens.
SPESIES PARASITOID LIPAPHIS ERYSIMI ASAL SUMATERA SELATAN DAN VARIASI PARASITISASINYA PADA TUMBUHAN INANG YANG BERBEDA Herlinda, Siti; Anggraini, Erise; Irsan, Chandra; Umayah, Abu; Thalib, Rosdah; Adam, Triani
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 12, No 2 (2012): September, Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Lipaphis erysimi (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is one of the main insect pests on brassicaceous crops. Aphids attack crops by sucking sap from its hosts. Densed population in the initial phase of crop growth could  inhibit growing, loss in yield up to 100%. Experiments were aimed to explore and identify species of  L. erysimi parasitoid in highland areas of South Sumatra, and to  determine potency of the parasitoids to parasitize L. erysimi in laboratory.  The highest parasitism level of L. erysimi (72.40%) was found on 200 aphids which reared on B. juncea.  While, the second highest parasitism level (65.67%) was found on N. indicum.  The number of mummies found on N. indicum was less than on B. juncea.  Of all observations, every treatment  on every tested plant showed that female D. rapae emerged more than male D. rapae (female bias).  The two parasitoids species that parasitized L. erysimi were Diaeretiella rapae and Aphidius sp.  Parasitisation at several location in South Sumatera was highly diverse.  D. rapae was the most abundant parasitoid species on several high lands at South Sumatera.