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PENGEMBANGAN SAPI POTONG BERBASIS SUMBERDAYA LAHAN DAN KELEMBAGAAN DI KABUPATEN GORONTALO Azhar, Muhammad Nur; Gandasasmita, Komarsa; Abdullah, Luki
Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol 6, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

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Abstract

ABSTRACT National beef consumption continues to increase from year to year, which is characterized by increase the number of requests. This condition is not accompanied by a number of domestic production is unable to meet the needs of national beef. The Government alternative measures of addressing these issues is making import policy. Therefore, the government continues to increase beef production through the national programs and work together with local governments. This study aims to: identify patterns of effective and efficientbeef cattle development, identifying suitability and carrying capacity of the land and to formulate development strategies beef cattle in Gorontalodistrict. The primary data obtained by surveys, direct observation, and interviews (agencies and related institutions) by purposive sampling method. The analytical method used for each objective are: literature review, analysis of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), SWOT analysis and Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM). From the results of the literature review, the development pattern of the area is the effective and efficient development. GIS analysis results show the suitability of the ecological environment of beef cattle reached 178 455 ha (81% of the area of Gorontalo district, the largest potential area for beef cattle development is Asparaga Subdistrict arround 11 232 ha and forage carrying capacity index of the largest fodder is Tolangohula subdistrict arround 39,2. From the SWOT strategy formulation obtained strengthening planning reinforcement development area, strengthening human resources officials and farmers, strengthening institutional breeders,  strengthening inter-agency coordination, strengthening the production infrastructure, accelerating adoption of production technologies, strengtheningmarketing institutional and socialization development of beef cattle. Key words:    Beef cattle, land suitability, beef cattle development strategy, Gorontalo District  ABSTRAK Konsumsi daging sapi nasional terus mengalami peningkatan dari tahun ke tahun yang ditandai dengan peningkatan jumlah permintaan yang meningkat. Kondisi ini tidak dibarengi dengan jumlah produksi dalam negeri yang tidak mampu memenuhi kebutuhan daging sapi nasional. Langkah alternatif pemerintah dalam mengatasi persoalan tersebut dengan membuat kebijakan impor. Oleh karena itu pemerintah terus berupaya meningkatkan produksi daging sapi nasional melalui program-program dan bersinergi dengan pemerintah daerah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: mengindentifikasi pola pengembangan sapi potong yang efektif dan efesien, mengindentifikasi kesesuaian dan daya dukung lahan dan merumuskan strategi pengembangan sapi potong di Kabupaten Gorontalo. Data primer diperoleh dengan survei, pengamatan langsung dan wawancara (instansi dan lembaga terkait) dengan metode purposive sampling. Metode analisis yang digunakan untuk masing-masing tujuan adalah: literatur review, analisis sistem informasi Geografi (SIG), analisis SWOT. Dari hasil literatur review, pengembangan kawasan merupakan pola pengembangan yang efektif dan efesien. Hasil analisis SIG memperlihatkan kesesuaian lingkungan ekologis sapi potong mencapai 178 455 Ha (81% dari luas wilayah Kabupaten Gorontalo, potensi lahan pengembangan sapi potong terbesar yaitu Kecamatan Asparaga sebesar 11 232 ha dan indeks daya dukung hijauan makanan ternak terbesar yaitu Kecamatan Tolangohula sebesar 39,2. Dari perumusan strategi dengan SWOT diperoleh strategi penguatan perencanaan pengembangan kawasan, penguatan SDM aparat dan peternak, penguatan kelembagaan peternak, penguatan koordinasi antar instansi, penguatan sarana dan prasarana produksi, percepatan adopsi teknologi produksi, penguatan kelembagaan pemasaran dan sosialisasi pengembangan sapi potong. Kata kunci : Sapi Potong, Kesesuaian Lahan, Strategi Pengembangan Sapi Potong, Kabupaten Gorontalo
Potential and utilization of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal as soybean meal substitution in laying hen diets Palupi, Rizki; Abdullah, Luki; Astuti, Dewi Apri; ., Sumiati .
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 19, No 3 (2014): SEPTEMBER 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the potential of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal to substitute soybean meal in poultry diet. One hundred and sixty laying hens of Isa Brown strain, at 30 weeks old were used in this study and kept in individual cages. A Randomized Completely Design was applied with four treatments and four replications. The treatments were four levels of soybean meal protein substitution by Indigofera sp shoot meal protein in the diets: The level were 0% (R0), 15% (R1), 30% (R2) and 45% (R3). Eggs were collected daily and were evaluated on: weight, shell, albumen, yolk, intensity of yolk and haugh unit. Results showed that the nutrients content of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal were crude protein 28.98%, crude fat 3.30%, crude fiber 8.49%, calcium 0.52% and phosphorus content was 0.34%. Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal contained a complete amino acids. The vitamin A and ß-carotene were high, i.e 3828.79 IU/100g and 507.6 mg/kg, respectively. It is concluded that Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal is potential to be used as an alternative source of protein. Substitute 45% soybean meal protein with Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal in laying hen diets increase egg quality and increase intensity of yolk colour to 55.88%.
Nutritional status of Indigofera zollingeriana forage at different level draught stress and cutting interval Herdiawan, Iwan; Abdullah, Luki; Sopandi, D
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 19, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

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Abstract

The low rainfall and high temperature greatly affect the decline in production and quality of forage in general. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with two factors and four replications. The first factor consisted of 3 level of drought stress namely: 100% field capacity (FC) (control), 50% FC, and 25% FC. The second factor comprised of 3 defoliation interval i.e. interval defoliations of 60, 90 and 120 days. The observed variables were nutrient content (crude protein (CP), crude fibre (CF), Gross energy, lignin, selulose, neutral/acid detergent fibre (NDF/ADF), in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibility (IVMD/IVOMD), Ash, Ca and P) and anti-nutrient content (Tannin and Saponin). Data were analyzed by ANOVA and the differences between treatments were tested by LSD. The results shows that there were interactions (P<0.05) between drought stress and defoliations interval on CP, CF, energy, cellulose, lignine, NDF/ADF, IVMD and IVOMD, but not to ash, Ca, P, saponin and tannin content. Drought treatment significantly (P<0.05) decreased CP, energy, IVMD and IVOMD, but CF, lignin, cellulose, ND/ADF, IVDMD/IVOMD, saponin and tannin increases. Defoliation interval significantly (P<0.05) decreases on CP, CF, energy, lignin, cellulose, NDF/ADF, and IVDMD/IVOMD, but saponin and tannin content did not affected. Key Words: I. zollingeriana, Drought Stress, Defoliation Interval, Nutrient, Anti-Nutrients
Potential and utilization of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal as soybean meal substitution in laying hen diets Palupi, Rizki; Abdullah, Luki; Astuti, Dewi Apri; ., Sumiati .
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 19, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the potential of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal to substitute soybean meal in poultry diet. One hundred and sixty laying hens of Isa Brown strain, at 30 weeks old were used in this study and kept in individual cages. A Randomized Completely Design was applied with four treatments and four replications. The treatments were four levels of soybean meal protein substitution by Indigofera sp shoot meal protein in the diets: The level were 0% (R0), 15% (R1), 30% (R2) and 45% (R3). Eggs were collected daily and were evaluated on: weight, shell, albumen, yolk, intensity of yolk and haugh unit. Results showed that the nutrients content of Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal were crude protein 28.98%, crude fat 3.30%, crude fiber 8.49%, calcium 0.52% and phosphorus content was 0.34%. Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal contained a complete amino acids. The vitamin A and ß-carotene were high, i.e 3828.79 IU/100g and 507.6 mg/kg, respectively. It is concluded that Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal is potential to be used as an alternative source of protein. Substitute 45% soybean meal protein with Indigofera sp shoot leaf meal in laying hen diets increase egg quality and increase intensity of yolk colour to 55.88%. Key Words: Egg Quality, Soybean Meal, Nutrients, Indigofera sp Shoot Leaf Meal
Peningkatan Produktivitas Lebah Madu Melalui Penerapan Sistem Integrasi dengan Kebun Kopi Saepudin, Rustama; Fuah, Asnath M.; Abdullah, Luki
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

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Abstract

ABSTRAKPenelitian ini dilakukan di Kepahiang, Provinsi Bengkulu dengan tujuan untuk mengevaluasi penerapan sistem integrasi perkebunan kopi dengan lebah madu Apis cerana terhadap produksi madu dan produksi kopi. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan dua perlakuan dan 10 ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produksi madu lebih tinggi 114% daripada madu yang dihasilkan di luar perkebunan kopi. Sejalan dengan produksi madu, produksi kopi juga lebih tinggi 10,55% dari pada produksi kopi pada kebun yang penyerbukannya tidak dengan Apis cerana.Key words: Apis cerana, kopi, integrasi, produksi.
Nutritional status of Indigofera zollingeriana forage at different level draught stress and cutting interval Herdiawan, Iwan; Abdullah, Luki; Sopandi, D
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 19, No 2 (2014): JUNE 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

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Abstract

The low rainfall and high temperature greatly affect the decline in production and quality of forage in general. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design with two factors and four replications. The first factor consisted of 3 level of drought stress namely: 100% field capacity (FC) (control), 50% FC, and 25% FC. The second factor comprised of 3 defoliation interval i.e. interval defoliations of 60, 90 and 120 days. The observed variables were nutrient content (crude protein (CP), crude fibre (CF), Gross energy, lignin, selulose, neutral/acid detergent fibre (NDF/ADF), in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibility (IVMD/IVOMD), Ash, Ca and P) and anti-nutrient content (Tannin and Saponin). Data were analyzed by ANOVA and the differences between treatments were tested by LSD. The results shows that there were interactions (P<0.05) between drought stress and defoliations interval on CP, CF, energy, cellulose, lignine, NDF/ADF, IVMD and IVOMD, but not to ash, Ca, P, saponin and tannin content. Drought treatment significantly (P<0.05) decreased CP, energy, IVMD and IVOMD, but CF, lignin, cellulose, ND/ADF, IVDMD/IVOMD, saponin and tannin increases. Defoliation interval significantly (P<0.05) decreases on CP, CF, energy, lignin, cellulose, NDF/ADF, and IVDMD/IVOMD, but saponin and tannin content did not affected.
Productivity and Nutrient Quality of Some Sorghum Mutant Lines at Different Cutting Ages Puteri, Rizki Eka; Karti, Panca Dewi Manu Hara; Abdullah, Luki; Supriyanto, .
Media Peternakan - Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 38, No 2 (2015): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to explore the appropriate cutting age to produce optimal biomass and good nutrient quality from sorghum mutant lines BMR i.e., PATIR 3.5 M7, PATIR 3.6 M7, and PATIR 3.7 M7, also SAMURAI I (M17). A completely randomized in Split Plot design with 2 factors and 3 replicates was used. The first factor was the type of sorghum (SAMURAI I M17, PATIR 3.5, PATIR 3.6, PATIR 3.7) as the main plot and the second factor was the cutting age (85, 95, 105) as a subplot. Parameters observed were the production of stems, leaves, grains, total biomass production, ash, crude fat, crude fiber, crude protein, NFE, TDN, percentage of DMD, OMD and N-NH3. Data were analyzed by using ANOVA followed by DMRT (Duncan Multiple Range Test). The results showed that there were highly significant interactions (P<0.01) between cutting age and type of sorghum in production of stems, leaves, grains, total biomass production, value of TDN, DMD, OMD, and N-NH3. Increasing cutting age significantly increased the percentage of ash content, crude protein and crude fat. The sorghum type significantly affected crude fat content nonBMR sorghum variety of SAMURAI I (M17) and achieved optimal biomass production and nutrient content at cutting age of 85 d similar to BMR sorghum mutant lines PATIR 3.6 and PATIR 3.5, whereas BMR sorghum mutant lines of PATIR 3.7 achieved optimum production at the age of 95 d of cutting. All types of sorghum varieties was not recommended to be harvested at 105 d. Biomass production increased with the increasing of cutting age, but the nutrient content decreased. Key words: cutting age, mutant, sorghum
Comparative Study of Milk Production and Feed Efficiency Based on Farmers Best Practices and National Research Council Lestari, Dewi Ayu; Abdullah, Luki; Despal, .
Media Peternakan - Journal of Animal Science and Technology Vol 38, No 2 (2015): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

This study aimed to compare local dairy farmer ration formula with national research council in producing higher feed efficiency and milk production. This study had two stages. The first stage was in vitro study of dairy farmer rations which have different raw materials (R3, R4, and R5) with NRC based ration (R2) and Demo Farm ration (R1). The variables measured in this stage were proximate composition, volatile fatty acid, ammonia, dry matter and organic matter digestibility. The first stage used a randomized block design with five treatments, three groups of ruminal fluid, and three replications. The second stage used nine lactating cows with three periods of lactation (one, three, and other) and used a randomized block design with three treatments, three groups, and one replication. Parameters measured were dry matter intake, manure score, milk production, body weight gain, body condition score, and technical and economical efficiencies. The first stage result showed that R1, R2, and R3 were three best rations in nutrient composition and fermentability (ammonia and volatile fatty acid concentrations were optimum for microbial growth and high digestibility), so in conclusion those three rations were the best rations and should be compared by in vivo method. The result of the second stage showed that all tested rations were not significantly different in milk production, performance and efficiency, so in conclusion those three rations have the same quality. Key words: dairy cattle, milk production, profitability, rations test
Kecukupan Asupan Nutrien Asal Hijauan Pakan Kambing PE di Desa Totallang-Kolaka Utara Nurlaha, .; Abdullah, Luki; Diapari, Didid
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This study aimed to identify patterns of feed provision and evaluate the nutritional adequacy of crossbred goats (EC) in Totallang, Lasusua District of North Kolaka. The method used was descriptive analysis to describe the general state of research sites, feeding system and adequacy of nutrien by EC goats. The result revealed that livestock rearing is generally performed by breeders at the age of 15?56 years (productive age group) of 81.25? and the remaining 18.75? in those aged >56 years. The experience of breeder ranges from 1?5 years (68.75?) and >6 years (31.25?). The type of feed used by farmers in the village of Totallang include: Gliricidia sp., Pennisetum purpureum, Erytrina subumbrans (Hassk.), and Ficus variegata Blume. Gliricidia sp. was dominant forage fed to animals (95.98?) and other forage were fed in limited portion such as: pennisetum purpureum (1.79?), Erytrina subumbrans (Hassk.) (1.34%) and Ficus variegata Blume (0.89?). Gliricidia sp. contributed protein in ration up to 16.82?. About 56.25? of farmer fed animal with 100? Gliricidia sp., while 18.75? of farmer used Gliricidia sp. in combination with Erytrina subumbrans (Hassk.) and 12.5? of them fed EC goats with combination of Gliricidia sp. and Erytrina subumbrans (Hassk.) or and Ficus variegata Blume. About 62.5? farmer in Totallang fed their goat with sufficient dry matter intake according to Kearl (1982), as well as 100? of goat were sufficient in crude protein intake meanwhile TDN intake were not fulfilled by farmer about 93.75?.
Productivity and Nutrient Quality of Some Sorghum Mutant Lines at Different Cutting Ages Puteri, Rizki Eka; Karti, Panca Dewi Manu Hara; Abdullah, Luki; Supriyanto, .
Media Peternakan Vol 38, No 2 (2015): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to explore the appropriate cutting age to produce optimal biomass and good nutrient quality from sorghum mutant lines BMR i.e., PATIR 3.5 M7, PATIR 3.6 M7, and PATIR 3.7 M7, also SAMURAI I (M17). A completely randomized in Split Plot design with 2 factors and 3 replicates was used. The first factor was the type of sorghum (SAMURAI I M17, PATIR 3.5, PATIR 3.6, PATIR 3.7) as the main plot and the second factor was the cutting age (85, 95, 105) as a subplot. Parameters observed were the production of stems, leaves, grains, total biomass production, ash, crude fat, crude fiber, crude protein, NFE, TDN, percentage of DMD, OMD and N-NH3. Data were analyzed by using ANOVA followed by DMRT (Duncan Multiple Range Test). The results showed that there were highly significant interactions (P<0.01) between cutting age and type of sorghum in production of stems, leaves, grains, total biomass production, value of TDN, DMD, OMD, and N-NH3. Increasing cutting age significantly increased the percentage of ash content, crude protein and crude fat. The sorghum type significantly affected crude fat content nonBMR sorghum variety of SAMURAI I (M17) and achieved optimal biomass production and nutrient content at cutting age of 85 d similar to BMR sorghum mutant lines PATIR 3.6 and PATIR 3.5, whereas BMR sorghum mutant lines of PATIR 3.7 achieved optimum production at the age of 95 d of cutting. All types of sorghum varieties was not recommended to be harvested at 105 d. Biomass production increased with the increasing of cutting age, but the nutrient content decreased.Key words: cutting age, mutant, sorghum