Ade Ismail A.K
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PENGARUH EKSTRAK Azadirachta indica TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BAKTERI Enterococcus faecalis PENYEBAB KEGAGALAN PERAWATAN ENDODONTIK (in vitro)

Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Abstract

Enterococcus faecalis is a gram positive bacterium which is commonly found in dental root canal endodontic failure. Neem leaf has several active substances such as flavonoids, tannins and sterols which act as an antibacterial. The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of neem leaf extract on the growth of Enterococcus faecalis in vitro.The research was an experimental research, used the posttest only group design. In this research there were five treatment groups (100%, 80%, 60%, 40% and 20%) and two control groups (control + 2, 5% NaOCl and control – sterile distilled water). The diffusion methods were used with calculates diameter zone inhibition of the Enterococcus faecalis bacteria in media MHA by vertically, horizontally, and longitudinally passing through the disc. This research used statistical analysis of One Way Anova that follwed with LSD Post Hoc test.The results mean of inhibition zone diameter of bacteria of Enterococcus faecalis in the treatment group (100%, 80%, 60%, 40% and 20%) in a row 26,38; 22,77; 19,74; 0; 0 and group control + and control – in a row 17 and 0. The One Way Anova test value obtained p<0, 05 means that there were differences in the effect of the inhibition produced by the neem leaf extract. The Post Hoc test value obtained p < 0,05 in the concentration of 100% with concentration 80% and 60% which means there was a significant difference among Neem leaf extracts.The result of the research showed that extract of neem leaf (Azadirachta indica) has an influence on the growth of bacteria Enterococcus faecalis and there were differences in inhibition zone diameter in a range of concentrations. Keyword : neem leaf extract (Azadiractha indica extract), Enterococcus faecalis, in vitro

PERBEDAAN DAYA HAMBAT ANTARA KITOSAN DENGAN KOMBINASI ANTIBIOTIK METRONIDAZOL-AMOKSISILIN TERHADAP Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans PENYEBAB PERIODONTITIS AGRESIF

Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Chitosan is a natural biopolymer derived from chitin polysaccharides which has amine functional groups that able to lyse bacteria so it can functioning  as an antibacterial. The aim of this study is to determine the difference between the inhibition of chitosan with a combination of antibiotics metronidazole-amoxicillin against Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans causes periodontitis aggressive.This research method used laboratory experimental in vitro by disc diffusion method. The research sample used pure cultures of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. There were 6 groups of materials, chitosan solution with a concentration of 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%, distilled water with a combination of antibiotics and six times repetition. The data analysis technique used in this study was the One-Way ANOVA test with a probability of p <0.05, then post hoc test was used to determine the  differences effectiveness among variables.The results showed an average inhibition zone formed on the chitosan solution of 0.5%, 1%, 1.5% and 2% were of 10.53 mm, 15.47 mm, 17.50 mm and 19.35 mm . While the average inhibition zone of 11.03 mm antibiotic combination. In the post hoc test data note that only 0.5% chitosan group with a combination of antibiotics metronidazole-amoxicillin which has no significant difference with p value: 0.371 (p <0.5).The survey results revealed chitosan solution has the ability to inhibit the growth of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans causes periodontitis aggressive line with increasing concentration. The effectiveness of chitosan with the lowest concentration of 0.5% is almost the same as the effectiveness of a combination of antibiotics and chitosan solution with a concentration of 1%, 1.5% and 2% had a strong antibacterial effectiveness that chitosan can be used as an alternative antibacterial aggressive periodontitis. Keywords: Chitosan, Combination Antibiotics, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, aggressive periodontitis

EFEKTIVITAS OBAT KUMUR PROPOLIS, KLORHEKSIDIN DAN POVIDON IODINE TERHADAP INDEKS PLAK (Studi Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Islam Sultan Agung Semarang berusia 18-23 tahun)

Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Nowdays various chemical and herbal mouthwash has been circulating. Propolis is one of the herbal mouthwash product derived from bee Apis sp. While chlorhexidine and povidon iodin are chemical mouthwash known to control the plaque growth. Research’s objective determine the effect of propolis mouthwash to plaque index decrease, compared to mouthwash ‘chlorhexidine and povidone iodine.The study was conducted on students 18-23 years old from the Dentistry Faculty, Islamic University Sultan Agung Semarang. Samples were divided into three groups, each group consits of 11 people for mouthwash chlorhexidine, povidon iodin, and propolis. Measurement of plaque index using PHP (Patient Hygiene Performance Index) Plaque Index by Podshadley and Haley.The majority of criteria dental plaque before rinsing were moderate in the group propolis, chlorhexidine and povidon iodin. The majority of criteria dental plaque after rinsing are moderate in the propolis, chlorhexidine and povidone (p < 0,05) iodine. P-value from one way anova test on the plaque index after rinsing shows that plaque index mean was significantly different. The post hoc test showed plaque index decrease by propolis is equivalents to chlorhexidine and higher than povidon iodin. The research design was pre and post test control group.It was concluded that propolis mouthwash influence to plaque index decrease. Keywords: propolis, chlorhexidine, povidon iodin, plaque index

ORAL HYGIENE BURUK PASIEN RAWAT INAP TIDAK BERKAITAN DENGAN PERTUMBUHAN ORAL CANDIDIASIS

ODONTO Dental Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Juli 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Abstract

Background: Nosocomial infections can develop in the oral cavity due to poor oral hygiene. Oral Candidiasis is one of the most frequent nosocomial infection in oral cavity. The objective of this study is to describe the oral hygiene and oral candidiasis in hospitalized patients. Method: This analitical observational study used cross sectional design. Subject of the study were 74 adult patients aged 20-65 who are hospitalized at the Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital Semarang. Oral hygiene assessed from the presence of debris and calculus on the tooth surface using Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHIS) that were grouped in three categories (good, moderate, bad). Oral candidiasis diagnosed through clinical examination and swab procedure of suspicious lesions, and identified the presence of its spores and hyphae under a microscope observation. Kendal Tau test is used to analyze the correlation between oral hygiene with oral candidiasis. Results: Results showed patients with oral candidiasis in the poor and moderate oral hygiene were 29.7% and 1.4%, whereas patients without oral candidiasis in the poor and moderate oral hygiene were 60.8% and 8.1%. Kendall Tau correlation test results p value of 0.235 (p> 0.05). Conclusion: Conclusion of this study showed there is no association between oral hygiene with oral candidiasis.