Found 2 Documents

Effects of Mixed Infestation of Me[oidogyne incognita and Fungi Colonizing the Root-Gall Nematode on Soybean Growth A. Muin Adnan; R. Suseno; S. Tjitrosoma; S. Radi; S. Wardojo; A. Rambe
Buletin Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Vol 10, No 1 (1998): Buletin Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman
Publisher : Buletin Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan

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Laboratory and greenhouse experiments were carried out during April-October 1996 to investigate the response of three soybean varieties to the combined infestation ofMeloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Chitwood and three root-gall nematode colonizing fungi (MCF). The experiments were done in a factorial completely randomized design with three replications. Treatments in laboratory test were combination of three soybean varieties, i.e. Black soybean (VI)´ Wilis (V z) and Lokon (V,J, two initial population densities of M. incognita, i.e. 0 and 300/200 ml growth medium, and three MCF species, i.e. Paecilomyces sp., Gliocladium catenulatum, and Trichoderma viride. The greenhouse treatments were the combination of three soybean varieties (Vb V2, V3), three initial population densities ofM. incognita (0, 1000, and 2000/4 I growth medium), and three MCF species. Result of laboratory tests showed that the combination ofM. incognita and three MCF species significantly reduced the damage levelofM. incognita and root weight loss. Reduction of shoot weight loss occurred only in slightly resistant and susceptible varieties in combination with PaeciIomyces sp. and G. catenulatum. Combination ofT. viride and M. incognita on three soybean varieties showed synergistic interaction. Result of greenhouse tests showed that all of the MCF isolates significantly reduced the damage level and the final population ofM. incognita. However, only Paecilomyces sp. could reduce the root weight loss, relative plant growth rate, and harvested seeds. These reducing effects were achieved on Lokon variety only, that is susceptible to M. incognita. There was no synergistic interaction between M. incognita and T. viride in the greenhouse test, even though the root colonization frequency of Trichoderma sp. on the susceptible variety was rather high.
Observation of Downy Mildew and Fusarium Wilt on Melon (Cucumis Meld L.) in Dry and Wet Seasons in Bogor and Sukabumi Regions. A. Muin Adnan
Buletin Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan No 5 (1986): Buletin Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman
Publisher : Buletin Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan

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A survey on theĀ· occurrence of downy mildew and fusarium wilt on melon was conducted in Bogor and Sukabumi regions, from May 1983 to December 1984, which comprise of one wet season and one dry season. The areas surveyed were melon plantations in the districts of Cisarua, Cipayung, Ciawi, Caringin (Bogor region) and Parungkuda(Sukabumi region). The two diseases are considered as an important factor in melon production, because it could cause heavy losses. It was found that all farmer in the areas surveyed planted the same variety, Sky Rocket 221, which was imported from Taiwan. The average infection intensities of downy mildew in the areas surveyed were not significantly different in both seasons, i.e., 24.56% in the wet season and 20.40% in the dry season. However, the average infection intensity of fusarium wilt was higher in the dry season (6.47%) than in the wet season (0.58%). The possible causes of the infection differences are discussed.