Yulnawati .
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The quality of Garut ram liquid semen in Tris egg yolk extender to the sucrose supplementation ., Yulnawati; ., Herdis
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 14, No 1 (2009): MARCH 2009
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (57.049 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v14i1.362

Abstract

The successful program of artificial insemination in sheep is determined by the quality of sperm that are used. Therefore, it is important to maintain the quality of sperm during and after storage in low temperature. The research was conducted to study the influence of sucrose in the Tris-yolk extender in maintaining the quality of Garut ram sperm during preservation in reaction tube for four days at 5°C. Ejaculated sperm was collected once a week for five weeks using artificial vagina from same ram. Semen was divided into four groups of extenders, i.e. Tris egg yolk 20% (TKT), TKT + 0,1% sucrose, TKT + 0,3% sucrose and TKT + 0,5% w/v sucrose. The results showed that the percentage of motility on day four (D-4) of storage in TKT (41.00 ± 2.0%) was lower (P<0.05) than that in TKT + 0.3% (48.00 ± 2.45%) and TKT + 0.5% (51.00 ± 3.74%), however there was no significant different (P>0.05) from TKT + 0.1% (45.00 ± 3.16%). Whereas the percentage of live cells (%H) on D-4 in TKT, TKT + 0.1%, TKT + 0.3% and TKT + 0.5% were 55.00 ± 2.19%; 57.20 ± 2.79%; 59.20 ± 3.25% and 61.20 ± 3.60%, respectively. Meanwhile, the percentage of membrane integrity (MPU) in TKT (51.80 ± 1.94%) was significantly different (P<0.05) from TKT + 0.3% (57.40 ± 2.65%) and TKT + 0.5% (59.20 ± 3.66%), however there was no significant different (P>0.05) from TKT + 0.1% (54.80 ± 2.86%). In conclusion, the addition of sucrose 0.3% w/v into TKT extender could maintain the quality of Garut ram sperm more efficiently and better than TKT extender. Key Words: Sucrose, Tris Egg Yolk, Preservation, Garut Sheep
Quality of canine epididymal spermatozoa during storage at 4C Setiadi, M.A; ., Yulnawati; Suprayogi, A
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 12, No 2 (2007): JUNE 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (100.448 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v12i2.551

Abstract

The aim of this present study was to investigate the quality of canine epididymal spermatozoa during storage at 4°C. Spermatozoa was collected by flushing technique with physiological saline (NaCl 0.9% w/v) and diluted in modified Tris based extender containing 20% (v/v) of egg yolk for three days. The result showed that mean concentration of spermatozoa from cauda epididymal was 95.29.106 spz/ml. The percentage of progressive motility and membrane integrity of spermatozoa on time of collection was 70.71% and 72.85%, respectively. Quality of epididymal spermatozoa was decreased significantly (P<0,05) during storage at 4°C. The percentage of progressive motility during storage were 70.71% on day 0 (H-0, after diluted), 60.71% (H-1), 45.71% (H-2), and 33.57% (H-3). The percentage of membrane integrity during storage were 72.85, 68.88, 61.06 and 47.47% on H-0, H-1, H-2 and H-3, respectivelly. In conclusion, quality of canine epididymal spermatozoa was decreased during three days of storage at 4°C. Key Words: Epididymal Sperm, Storage, Canine
Motilitas dan Keutuhan Membran Plasma Spermatozoa Epididimis Kucing Selama Penyimpanan Pada Suhu 4°C ., Yulnawati; Setiadi, M. Agus
Media Kedokteran Hewan Vol 21, No 3 (2005): Media Kedokteran Hewan
Publisher : Media Kedokteran Hewan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aim of this present study was to investigate the progressive motility and membrane integrity of cat epididymal spermatozoa during storage at 4°C.  Spermatozoa was collected by flushing technique with physiological saline and diluted in Tris egg yolk extender for three days.  The result showed that mean concentration of spermatozoa from cauda epididymal was 108,40 ± 81,49.106spz/ml.  The percentage of progressive motility and membrane integrity of spermatozoa on day-0 (time of collection) was 74,50 ± 3,50 % and  80,82 ± 2,00 %, respectively.  The percentage of progressive motility on day-1 was 62.5 ± 5.59 % and significantly higher(P<0,05)  than day-2 (50.5 ± 5.68 %) and  day-3 (25.5 ± 9.60 %).  There was also significantly different on the percentage of membrane integrity on day-1(71.54 ± 2.50 %), day-2 (64.16 ± 4.15 %) and day-3 (50.03 ± 4.16 %) of storage at 4°C.  In conclusion ,the spermatozoa derived from cat cauda epididymal could be used for artificial insemination after 2 days of storage at  4°C. Key words: epididymal sperm, storage, cat
The quality of spotted buffalo epididymal sperm with addition of raffinose as external cryoprotectant ., Yulnawati; ., Herdis; Maheshwari, H; Rizal, M
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 13, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v13i1.592

Abstract

The aims of this research was to obtain the quality of Spotted buffalo epididymal sperm in different kind of extender in the three stages of cryopreservation (after dilution, post equilibration and post thawing). Spermatozoa was collected with combination of slicing and pressure method into the epididymal tissue in Andromedâextender. Soon after diluted and equilibrated, epididymal spermatozoa was cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen (-196°C).  The result showed that the percentage of motility after thawing in Andromedâ + raffinose 0.4% (47.0 ± 2.4%), was significantly different (P<0.05) from that of control (41.0 ± 2.0%), but there was no significantly different (P>0.05) from that of Andromedâ + raffinose 0.2% (46.0 ± 2.0%). The percentage of live sperm after thawing in control (52.2 ± 2.5%), was the lowest and significantly different (P<0.05) from that of Andromedâ + raffinose 0.2% (59.2 ± 2.6%) and Andromedâ + raffinose 0.4% (58.8 ± 3.1%). Moreover, the percentage of membrane integrity after thawing in control, Andromedâ + raffinose 0.2% and Andromedâ + raffinose 0.4% was 68.0 ± 1.1%; 67.2 ± 1.6% and 67.6 ± 1.2%, respectively. There was no significantly different (P>0.05) in the percentage of membrane integrity from all treatments. In conclusion, the addition of 0.2 and 0.4% raffinose into Andromedâ extender could improve the percentage of motility and viability of post thawing spotted buffalo epididymal spermatozoa. Key Words: Epididymal Sperm, Cryopreservation, Raffinose, Spotted Buffalo
The quality of Garut ram liquid semen in Tris egg yolk extender to the sucrose supplementation ., Yulnawati; ., Herdis
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 14, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v14i1.362

Abstract

The successful program of artificial insemination in sheep is determined by the quality of sperm that are used. Therefore, it is important to maintain the quality of sperm during and after storage in low temperature. The research was conducted to study the influence of sucrose in the Tris-yolk extender in maintaining the quality of Garut ram sperm during preservation in reaction tube for four days at 5°C. Ejaculated sperm was collected once a week for five weeks using artificial vagina from same ram. Semen was divided into four groups of extenders, i.e. Tris egg yolk 20% (TKT), TKT + 0,1% sucrose, TKT + 0,3% sucrose and TKT + 0,5% w/v sucrose. The results showed that the percentage of motility on day four (D-4) of storage in TKT (41.00 ± 2.0%) was lower (P<0.05) than that in TKT + 0.3% (48.00 ± 2.45%) and TKT + 0.5% (51.00 ± 3.74%), however there was no significant different (P>0.05) from TKT + 0.1% (45.00 ± 3.16%). Whereas the percentage of live cells (%H) on D-4 in TKT, TKT + 0.1%, TKT + 0.3% and TKT + 0.5% were 55.00 ± 2.19%; 57.20 ± 2.79%; 59.20 ± 3.25% and 61.20 ± 3.60%, respectively. Meanwhile, the percentage of membrane integrity (MPU) in TKT (51.80 ± 1.94%) was significantly different (P<0.05) from TKT + 0.3% (57.40 ± 2.65%) and TKT + 0.5% (59.20 ± 3.66%), however there was no significant different (P>0.05) from TKT + 0.1% (54.80 ± 2.86%). In conclusion, the addition of sucrose 0.3% w/v into TKT extender could maintain the quality of Garut ram sperm more efficiently and better than TKT extender. Key Words: Sucrose, Tris Egg Yolk, Preservation, Garut Sheep
Role of various sugars in improving frozen semen quality of Garut ram Rizal, Muhammad; ., Herdis; Boediono, Arief; Aku, Achmad Selamet; ., Yulnawati
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i2.516

Abstract

Ram spermatozoa are sensitive to extreme changes in temperature during the freeze-thawed process. The present study was conducted to examine the effects of addition of various sugars in Tris extender on sperm cryosurvival of Garut ram. Semen was collected using an artificial vagina from three mature rams once a week. Immediately after initial evaluation, semen was divided into five parts and diluted with Tris extender (control), Tris extender + 0.4% dextrose, Tris extender + 0.4% raffinose, Tris extender + 0.4% trehalose, and Tris extender + 0.4% sucrose, respectively. Semen was loaded in to 0.25 ml mini straw with the concentration of 200 million or 800 million motile spermatozoa per ml. Semen was equilibrated at 5oC for three hours, then frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen for seven days. Quality of processed-semen including percentages of motile spermatozoa (MS), live spermatozoa (LS), intact acrosome cap (IAC), and intact plasma membrane (IPM) were evaluated after dilution, equilibration, and thawing, respectively. Data were analyzed using completely randomized design with five treatments and six replicates. Means were compared significant difference test at 0.05 significant level. Results of this research showed that there was no significantly difference (P>0.05) between treatments for all sperm quality parameters after dilution and equilibration. Mean percentages of post thawing MS, LS, IAC, and IPM for dextrose (54.00; 68.00; 66.60, and 57.83%), raffinose (50.00; 64.33; 61.80, and 61.75%), trehalose (50.83; 65.67; 61.40 and 57.75%), and sucrose (49.00; 66.80; 58.50 and 58.50%) were significantly (P<0.05) higher than control (40.83; 52.67; 54.60, and 49.40%) respectively. In conclusion, addition of 0.4% dextrose, raffinose, trehalose or sucrose in Tris extender are effective in improving frozen semen quality of Garut ram. Key Words: Sugars, Tris extender, Frozen Semen Quality, Garut Ram
The use of CR1aa for ovine in vitro embryo production ., Yulnawati; Setiadi, M.A; Boediono, A
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i2.517

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the capacity of CR1aa as a simple medium for maturation, fertilization and culture of ovine embryo in vitro. Oocytes were collected by slicing method in Phosphate Buffer Saline (PBS) supplemented with 5% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS) and 100 IU/ml penicillin streptomycin. Oocytes were matured in Tissue Culture Medium (TCM)-199 as control or CR1aa as treatment medium. Both maturation medium were supplemented with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS), 10 IU/ml Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), 10 IU/ml Luteinizing Hormone (LH), 1 μg/ml Estradiol and 100 IU/ml penicillin-streptomycin. Oocytes were incubated in 5% CO2 incubator, 38˚C for 24 h. Matured oocytes were fertilized in BO or CR1aa medium, supplemented with 2.5 mM caffeine benzoate and 20 mg /ml heparin. After 18 h in vitro fertilization, oocytes were cultured in TCM-199 or CR1aa medium, both supplemented with 5% FBS, 5 mg/ml insulin and 100 IU/ml penicillin streptomycin. Results showed that the highest maturation rate was found in TCM-199 medium (73.27%) and significantly different (P<0.05) from CR1aa (52.88%). Fertilization rate in CR1aa medium (67.59%) was higher (P<0.05) than in BO medium (52.94%). Furthermore, there was no significant difference (P>0.05) between cleavage rate of ovine embryos in TCM-199 and CR1aa medium (39.45% vs 50.94%). In conclusion, optimum result on ovine in vitro embryo production can be achieved from a combination of TCM-199 as maturation medium and CR1aa as fertilization and culture medium. Key Words: CR1aa, TCM-199, Embryo, Ovine
Quality of canine epididymal spermatozoa during storage at 4C Setiadi, M.A; ., Yulnawati; Suprayogi, A
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 12, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v12i2.551

Abstract

The aim of this present study was to investigate the quality of canine epididymal spermatozoa during storage at 4°C. Spermatozoa was collected by flushing technique with physiological saline (NaCl 0.9% w/v) and diluted in modified Tris based extender containing 20% (v/v) of egg yolk for three days. The result showed that mean concentration of spermatozoa from cauda epididymal was 95.29.106 spz/ml. The percentage of progressive motility and membrane integrity of spermatozoa on time of collection was 70.71% and 72.85%, respectively. Quality of epididymal spermatozoa was decreased significantly (P<0,05) during storage at 4°C. The percentage of progressive motility during storage were 70.71% on day 0 (H-0, after diluted), 60.71% (H-1), 45.71% (H-2), and 33.57% (H-3). The percentage of membrane integrity during storage were 72.85, 68.88, 61.06 and 47.47% on H-0, H-1, H-2 and H-3, respectivelly. In conclusion, quality of canine epididymal spermatozoa was decreased during three days of storage at 4°C. Key Words: Epididymal Sperm, Storage, Canine
The quality of spotted buffalo epididymal sperm with addition of raffinose as external cryoprotectant ., Yulnawati; ., Herdis; Maheshwari, H; Rizal, M
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 13, No 1 (2008): MARCH 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (66.347 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v13i1.592

Abstract

The aims of this research was to obtain the quality of Spotted buffalo epididymal sperm in different kind of extender in the three stages of cryopreservation (after dilution, post equilibration and post thawing). Spermatozoa was collected with combination of slicing and pressure method into the epididymal tissue in Andromedâextender. Soon after diluted and equilibrated, epididymal spermatozoa was cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen (-196°C).  The result showed that the percentage of motility after thawing in Andromedâ + raffinose 0.4% (47.0 ± 2.4%), was significantly different (P<0.05) from that of control (41.0 ± 2.0%), but there was no significantly different (P>0.05) from that of Andromedâ + raffinose 0.2% (46.0 ± 2.0%). The percentage of live sperm after thawing in control (52.2 ± 2.5%), was the lowest and significantly different (P<0.05) from that of Andromedâ + raffinose 0.2% (59.2 ± 2.6%) and Andromedâ + raffinose 0.4% (58.8 ± 3.1%). Moreover, the percentage of membrane integrity after thawing in control, Andromedâ + raffinose 0.2% and Andromedâ + raffinose 0.4% was 68.0 ± 1.1%; 67.2 ± 1.6% and 67.6 ± 1.2%, respectively. There was no significantly different (P>0.05) in the percentage of membrane integrity from all treatments. In conclusion, the addition of 0.2 and 0.4% raffinose into Andromedâ extender could improve the percentage of motility and viability of post thawing spotted buffalo epididymal spermatozoa. Key Words: Epididymal Sperm, Cryopreservation, Raffinose, Spotted Buffalo
Role of various sugars in improving frozen semen quality of Garut ram Rizal, Muhammad; ., Herdis; Boediono, Arief; Aku, Achmad Selamet; ., Yulnawati
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 11, No 2 (2006): JUNE 2006
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.223 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i2.516

Abstract

Ram spermatozoa are sensitive to extreme changes in temperature during the freeze-thawed process. The present study was conducted to examine the effects of addition of various sugars in Tris extender on sperm cryosurvival of Garut ram. Semen was collected using an artificial vagina from three mature rams once a week. Immediately after initial evaluation, semen was divided into five parts and diluted with Tris extender (control), Tris extender + 0.4% dextrose, Tris extender + 0.4% raffinose, Tris extender + 0.4% trehalose, and Tris extender + 0.4% sucrose, respectively. Semen was loaded in to 0.25 ml mini straw with the concentration of 200 million or 800 million motile spermatozoa per ml. Semen was equilibrated at 5oC for three hours, then frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen for seven days. Quality of processed-semen including percentages of motile spermatozoa (MS), live spermatozoa (LS), intact acrosome cap (IAC), and intact plasma membrane (IPM) were evaluated after dilution, equilibration, and thawing, respectively. Data were analyzed using completely randomized design with five treatments and six replicates. Means were compared significant difference test at 0.05 significant level. Results of this research showed that there was no significantly difference (P>0.05) between treatments for all sperm quality parameters after dilution and equilibration. Mean percentages of post thawing MS, LS, IAC, and IPM for dextrose (54.00; 68.00; 66.60, and 57.83%), raffinose (50.00; 64.33; 61.80, and 61.75%), trehalose (50.83; 65.67; 61.40 and 57.75%), and sucrose (49.00; 66.80; 58.50 and 58.50%) were significantly (P<0.05) higher than control (40.83; 52.67; 54.60, and 49.40%) respectively. In conclusion, addition of 0.4% dextrose, raffinose, trehalose or sucrose in Tris extender are effective in improving frozen semen quality of Garut ram. Key Words: Sugars, Tris extender, Frozen Semen Quality, Garut Ram