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Dampak Penggunaan Naungan Plastik Terhadap Profil Iklim Mikro Pada Budidaya Kentang Bibit (Solanum Tuberosum L) Varietas Granola Kelompok G0 Ardika, I Putu Tantra; Setiyo, Yohanes; ., Sumiyati
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JBETA.2019.v07.i01.p03

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk (1) mengetahui profil iklim mikro pada naungan plastik dengan warna plastik berbeda dan (2) mengetahui warna plastik untuk naungan yang sesuai terhadap peningkatan kualitas kentang varietas granola G0. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap masing-masing terdiri dari empat perlakuan dan tiga ulangan, yaitu perlakuan tanpa naungan, perlakuan naungan plastik warna bening, perlakuan naungan plastik warna biru dan perlakuan naungan plastik warna merah. Untuk pengukuran iklim mikro digunakan alat temperature and humidity meter dan light meter. Pengukuran iklim mikro dilakukan seminggu sekali yaitu setiap pukul 12.00 WITA. Analisis data intensitas cahaya matahari dilakukan membuat gambar dalam naungan menggunakan metose garis kontur, sedangkan data hasil pengukuran suhu udara, suhu tanah, kelembaban dan variabel kualitas yang diperoleh diolah dengan menggunakan program komputer Microsoft Excel untuk memperoleh grafik, lalu dianalisis dengan metode deskiptif, dan dilanjutkan analisis menggunakan analisis sidik ragam (ANOVA). Hasil penelitian intensitas cahaya matahari menunjukkan kontur profil saat tanaman berusia 2 minggu profil sebaran naungan warna bening 975-1025 lux, naungan warna merah 675-725 lux, naungan warna biru 575-595 lux, sedangkan pada tanaman berusia 8 minggu naungan warna bening 100-800 lux, naungan warna merah 100-700 lux, dan naungan warna biru 100-400 lux. Rata-rata suhu udara tanpa naungan 26,20C, naungan bening 26,80C, naungan merah 26,60C, naungan biru 26,20C. Rata-rata kelembaban tanpa naungan 76%, naungan bening 77%, naungan merah 78%, naungan biru 79%. Perlakuan naungan bening menunjukkan kualitas terbaik yaitu rata-rata 4,4 umbi per pohon, rata-rata berat 257,6 gram per pohon dan rata-rata 1 umbi per pohon. The purpose of this study was to (1) determine the microclimate profile of plastic shade with different plastic colors and (2) find out the color of plastic for the appropriate shade to increase the quality of granola G0 potato varieties. This study used a completely randomized design, each consisting of four treatments and three replications, namely treatment without shade,  transparent plastic shade treatment, blue plastic shade treatment and red plastic shade treatment. For microclimate measurement, the temperature and humidity meter and light meter are used. Microclimate measurement is done once a week, which is at 12.00 p.m. Analysis of sunlight intensity data was carried out to make profile image in the shade using metose contour lines, while the results of measurements of air temperature, soil temperature, humidity and quality variables obtained were processed using a Microsoft Excel computer program to obtain graphics, then analyzed using the deskiptive method and continued the analysis using variance analysis (ANOVA). The result of the intensity of sunlight is made profile countur, and the result of measurement of air temperature, soild temperature, moisture and variable quality is made graph. The results of the study of solar light intensity show the contour of the profile when the plant is two weeks old, the clear shade distribution profile is 975-1025 lux, the shade is read 675-725 lux, the shade is blue 575-595 lux, while in the eight week old plant, the clear shade is 100-800 lux, the shade is red 100-700 lux, and the shade is blue 100-400 lux. Average air temperature without shade 26,20C, clear shade 26,80C, red shade 26,60C, blue shade 26,20C, average moisture without shade 76%, clear shade 77%, red shade 78%, and blue shade 79%. The treatment of clear shade shows the best quality, that is an average of 4,4 tubers every single tree, average 257,6 grams every single tree and average of 1 tuber every single tree.
Evaluasi Sistem Operasional dan Pemeliharaan Jaringan Irigasi pada Sistem Subak di Kawasan Warisan Budaya Dunia Catur Angga Batukau Suartiani, Ni Made Ayu Adi; ., Sumiyati; Tika, I Wayan
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 5 No 2 (2017): September
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana, Badung, Bali, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Subak merupakan suatu lembaga irigasi tradisional di Bali yang salah satu fungsinya adalah mengelola air irigasi. Kegiatan operasional dan pemeliharaan jaringan irigasi merupakan suatu kegiatan pemantauan dan perbersihan jaringan irigasi di tingkat subak. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kegiatan operasional dan pemeliharaan (O&P) jaringan irigasi pada tiga lokasi subak di Kawasan Warisan Budaya Dunia Catur Angga Batukau. Metode dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survei dan pengamatan secara langsung. Data yang sudah terkumpul diberi bobot nilai, dan dianalisis. Subak dinilai menggunakan tiga kriteria yaitu Baik = 3, Sedang = 2, dan Kurang = 1. Hasil analisis menggunakan pendekatan logika fuzzy diperoleh kinerja jaringan irigasi pada Subak Jatiluwih adalah 2.49 (sedang), Subak Tengkudak adalah 2.42 (sedang) dan Subak Rejasa adalah 2.50 (sedang). Dari tiga lokasi subak yang diteliti, hasilnya dapat dinyatakan bahwa subak di Kawasan Catur Angga Batukau dalam kondisi sedang, sehingga perlu peningkatan pemeliharaan pada jaringan irigasi. Subak is a traditional irrigation organization in Bali, one of which functions to manage irrigation water coming from a water source. The purpose of this research is to know the physical performance of irrigation network and operational system and maintenance (O & P) of irrigation network on three subak sites located in Catur Angga Batukau which one of World Cultural Heritage. The method in this research were survey and observation, method directly on physical aspect of irrigation network. The collected data will be assessed by the expert, and analyzed. Subak was assessed using 3 criteria  one Good = 3, Medium = 2, and Less = 1. System analysis was done by fuzzy logic approach. Based on the results of analysis using fuzzy logic approach on three sites, obtained an average value of 2.50 with the criteria between medium well. Was obtained combination of physical aspects and aspects of irrigation network O & P effect in the performance of irrigation networks. Therefore, the performance of irrigation network at Subak Jatiluwih was 2.17 (medium), Subak Tengkudak was 2.21 (medium) and Subak Rejasa was 2.18 (medium). From three subak sites, the result was subak in medium condition need improvement in irrigation network in each subak. Infrastructure facilities in subak need to be considered by pekaseh. Each subak member participate in maintaining the infrastructure facilities distribution of irrigation water.
URGENSI PENDIDIKAN ANAK USIA DINI (PAUD); SEKARANG DAN MASA DEPAN ., Sumiyati
Islamic Review : Jurnal Riset dan Kajian Keislaman Vol 1 No 2 (2012): Islamic Review : Jurnal Riset dan Kajian Keislaman
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M) IPMAFA

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Abstract

The notion that education can be only begun after the age of primary school, it is not true. Even education is started to childhood, actually it has been already too late. To remember  the importance of childhood  were often termed the golden age, then it is needed an education or   an agency  can help to grow and develop  all the potential of a child. Namely, an institute for early childhood education that can facilitate  needs is needed by  the child needs to optimize their potential by using good methods. In addition, it is also needed of thinkers who are able to create an Early Childhood Education institution in the future with good quality, and using Quality integrated Management (MMT) / Total Quality Management (TQM).
Analisis Profil Iklim Mikro Pada Budidaya Cabai Rawit (Capsicum Frutescens L) Menggunakan Bahan Sungkup Plastik, Paranet, dan Kombinasi Arta, Wahyu Guna; ., Sumiyati; Madrini, I. A. Bintang
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JBETA.2019.v07.i01.p04

Abstract

Sungkup merupakan salah satu alternatif untuk mengatasi intensitas cahaya matahari yang tinggi. Pada penelitian ini perlakuan jenis bahan sungkup dibedakan menjadi 3 jenis bahan sungkup yaitu jenis bahan sungkup plastik, paranet dan kombinasi. Untuk pengukuran iklim mikro, digunakan alat temperature and humidity meter dan light meter. Pengukuran iklim mikro dilakukan pada pukul 12.00 WITA, pada tanaman cabai rawit dari umur 7 hari sampai dengan berumur 35 HTS. Analisis data iklim mikro dilakukan dengan cara interpolasi untuk memperoleh garis kontur profil. Pada hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat beda bentuk dan sebaran kontur profil iklim mikro yang berbeda khususnya pada intensitas cahaya. Pada suhu udara dan kelembaban udara tidak dapat memperoleh garis kontur, dikarenakan hasil data dari penelitian yang dilakukan tidak berbeda jauh. Tingkat pertumbuhan tanaman pada masing-masing perlakuan menunjukkan produktivitas yang berbeda-beda. Pada jenis bahan sungkup paranet menunjukkan hasil yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan jenis bahan sungkup plastik dan kombinasi. Pada jenis bahan sungkup paranet menghasilkan rata-rata berat kering 247,9 gram. The hood is an alternative to overcome the high intensity of sunlight. In this study the type of containment material treatment can be divided into 3 types of containment material, namely the type of plastic lid material, paranet and combination. For microclimate measurements, a temperature and humidity meter and a light meter are used. Microclimate measurements were carried out at 12.00 WITA, on cayenne pepper from 7 days to 35 HTS. Micro climate data analysis is done by interpolation to obtain the profile contour lines. The results of the study showed that there were different shapes and distribution of different micro-climate profile contours, especially in light intensity. At air temperature and air humidity can not obtain contour lines, because the results of the data from the research conducted are not much different. Plant growth rates in each treatment showed different productivity. In this type of paranet lid material shows better results compared to the type of plastic hood and combination material. In this type of paranet lid material produces an average dry weight of 247.9 grams.
Analisis Teknis Penggunaan Sumber Daya Air Tanah Untuk Irigasi Tanaman Padi di Kabupaten Jembrana Hendrayana S, Angga; ., Sumiyati; Madrini, Ida Ayu Gede Bintang
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 6 No 2 (2018): September
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JBETA.2018.v06.i02.p06

Abstract

Air tanah merupakan salah satu sumber daya air yang dapat digunakan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan irigasi. Dengan keterbatasan ketersediaan air, maka diupayakan dengan memanfaatkan air tanah dengan menggunakan sumur pompa. Penggunaan sumur pompa belum maksimal dalam memenuhi kebutuhan air irigasi maka diperlukan penelitian lebih lanjut. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah : (1) mengetahui teknis penggunaan sumber daya air tanah untuk irigasi menggunakan sumur pompa, dan (2) menganalisis kemampuan sumur pompa pada subak sampel di Kabupaten Jembrana terhadap kebutuhan air irigasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis deskriptif kuantitatif melalui metode survey. Data ini diperoleh  menggunakan data primer dan sekunder. Data debit tersedia diperoleh melalui metode survei  langsung ke lapangan dan perhitungan kebutuhan air irigasi dilakukan dengan bantuan software CROPWAT 8.0. Berdasarkan analisis neraca air irigasi dari selisih antara kebutuhan air irigasi dengan ketersediaan air irigasi terhadap 3 sampel subak, diperoleh hasil pada Subak Sari Merta terjadi kekurangan air pada selama 2 periode yaitu periode Juni I sebesar 171.900  l/hari, Januari I 149.700 l/hari,  pada Subak Brawantangi terjadi kekurangan air sebanyak 4 periode yaitu periode Agustus  I sebesar 123.900 l/hari, Agustus II 99.200 l/hari, Maret I 98.000 l/hari, Maret II 78.200, dan pada Subak Tegal Badeng terjadi kekurangan air sebanyak 8 periode yaitu periode Juni II sebesar 64.600 l/hari, Juni III 178.500 l/hari, Agustus III 35.600 l/hari, September I 35.100 l/hari, September II 38.400 l/hari, September III 32.900 l/hari, November I 48.400 l/hari, November III 149.700 l/hari. Defisit air terjadi karena pada periode bulan tersebut dilakukan pengolahan tanah sehingga kebutuhan air irigasi cenderung tinggi. Untuk dapat memenuhi kebutuhan air irigasi yang diperlukan untuk pengolahan tanah, pada 3 sampel subak dilakukan sistem giliran memakai air irigasi supaya aktifitas pertanian dapat berjalan baik. The Ground water is one of water resources that can be used to fullfill the needs of irrigation. With the limited availability of water, it is attempted by utilizing ground water using pump wells. The use of pump wells has not been maximal in fulfilling the irrigation water requirement so further research is needed. The objectives of this research are: (1) To know the technical use of groundwater resources for irrigation using pump wells, and (2) to analyze the ability of pump wells in subak samples in Jembrana Regency to irrigation water needs. This research uses descriptive analysis through survey method, taking data using primary and secondary data. Available discharge analysis is obtained through direct survey method of spaciousness and analysis of irrigation water needs carried out with the help of CROPWAT 8.0 software. Based on the irrigation water balance analysis, there is a reduction between the irrigation water demand and the availability of irrigation water to 3 subak samples. In Subak Sari Merta it is known that there is water shortage 2 periods that is the period of June I equal to 171.900 l / day, January I 149.700 l / day. Subak Brawantangi is known that there is water shortage as much as 4 periods that is the period of August I equal to 123.900 l / day , August II 99.200 l / day, March I 98,200 l / day, March II 78.200 l / day. Subak Tegal Badeng is known that there is water shortage for 8 periods that is June II period is 64.000 l / day, June III 178.500 l / day, August III 35.600, September I 35.100 l/day, September II 38.400 l/day, September III 32.900 l/ day, November I 48,400 l / day, November III 149.700 l / day. Water deficit occurs because in the period of the month is done so that the processing of irrigation water needs tend to be high. To be able to meet the needs of irrigation water needed for the processing of the soil, the Subak Sari is done by the turn system using irrigation water so that agricultural activities can run well.
Peningkatan Efisiensi Penggunaan Air Irigasi dengan Aplikasi Jadual Tanam Secara “Nyorog” pada Subak Tika, I Wayan; Madrini, I. A. Bintang; ., Sumiyati
Jurnal Ilmiah Teknologi Pertanian Agrotechno Vol 4 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Salah satu program penting dalam intensifikasi budidaya padi adalah pengelolaan air irigasi yang efisien. Pada subak di Bali pelaksanaan jadual tanam biasanya dilakukan secara serenpak sehingga terjadi puncak kebutuhan air yang tinggi. Akibatnya sangat berisiko terhadap kekurangan atau kelebihan air irigasai pada subak tersebut. Kondisi demikian menyebabkan efisiensi penggunaan air irigasi pada subak menjadi rendah. Salah satu solusi untuk meingkatkan efisiensi penggunaan air irigasi tersebut adalah dengan melakukan jadual tanam tidak serenpak yang pada subak dikenal dengan istilah nyorog. Dengan demikian perlu dikaji besarnya peningkatan efisiensi penggunaan air irigasi jika jadual tanam dilakukan secara nyorog Berdasarkan data yang telah dikompilasi diperoleh efisiensi penggunaan air irigasi yang dilakukan saat ini sebesar 76,52%. Saat ini pada obyek penelitian jadual tanam dibagi menjadi dua kelompok dengan beda jadual tanam antar kelompok tersebut sekitar satu bulan, dengan awal jadual tanam mulai Pebruari I.  Jika dilakukan jadual tanam secara serempak pada Pebruari II diperoleh efisiensi penggunaan air irigasi sebesar 69,05%.  Jika jadual tanam dilakukan secara nyorog dengan membagi subak menjadi empat kelompok dan setiap kelompok perbedaan jadual tanam sekitar setengah bulan serta awal jadual tanam pada Bulan Pebruari I maka diperoleh efisiensi penggunaan air irigasinya 86,52%.  Dengan demikian jadual tanam secara nyorog dapat meningkatkan efisiensi penggunaan air irigasi dari 69,05% menjadi 86,52%.    One important program in the intensification of rice cultivation is efficient irrigation water management. In subak in Bali the planting schedule is usually carried out simultaneously so that there is a high peak of water demand. As a result, it is very risky for irrigation water shortages or excess in the subak. Such conditions cause the efficiency of the use of irrigation water in subak to be low. One solution to improve the efficiency of the use of irrigation water is by not planting simultaneously which are known as nyorog in subak. Thus, it is necessary to assess the magnitude of the increase in the efficiency of the use of irrigation water if the planting schedule is carried out in a systematic manner. Based on the data that has been compiled in Subak Guama  the efficiency of the use of irrigation water is 76.52%. At present the object of the planting schedule is divided into two groups with different planting schedules between groups of about one month, with the start of the planting schedule starting in February I. If the planting schedule is simultaneously held in February II, the efficiency of irrigation water use is 69.05%. If the planting schedule is carried out systematically by dividing subak into four groups and each group different planting schedules of about half a month and the beginning of the planting schedule in February I, it is obtained that the water use efficiency of irrigation is 86.52%. Thus the planting schedule nyorog can increase the efficiency of irrigation water use through 69.05% to 86.52%.
Rancang Bangun Program menggunakan Metode Fuzzy untuk Penilaian Aspek Palemahan pada Sistem Subak (Studi Kasus pada Sistem Subak di Kawasan Warisan Budaya Dunia Catur Angga Batukau) Nugraha, Kadek Dwi Ananda; ., Sumiyati; Budisanjaya, I Putu Gede
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JBETA.2019.v07.i01.p07

Abstract

Subak merupakan sebuah lembaga yang bertugas dalam mengatur air irigasi secara tradisional. Subak dalam aktivitasnya berlandaskan pada Tri Hita Karana (THK). Salah satu aspek dari Tri Hita Karana (THK) yang  dinilai adalah aspek palemahan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk merancang suatu program untuk menilai kondisi aspek palemahan dalam sistem subak menggunakan Matlab-GUI berbasis logika fuzzy yang diberi nama Sistem Informasi TAKSU (Tri Hita Karana Subak). Dalam membuat toolbox fuzzy tahapan yang paling penting untuk dilakukan adalah merancang rule. Perolehan data dilakukan dengan metode survei, pengamatan secara langsung dan pengukuran. Data yang telah dikumpulkan selanjutnya akan diberi nilai dan dianalisis dengan logika fuzzy. Subak dinilai dengan menggunakan tiga rentang nilai yaitu Baik = 3, Sedang = 2, Kurang = 1. Program ini terdiri dari input, algoritma yang merupakan fungsi dari perancangan yang dilakukan pada toolbox fuzzy Matlab dan output sebagai hasil dari program tersebut. Berdasarkan hasil validasi yang dilakukan pada dua sampel subak diperoleh nilai pada Subak Jatiluwih adalah 2.23 dengan kriteria Agak Baik dan Subak Puring 2.73 dengan kriteria Baik. Hasil tersebut menunjukkan bahwa program ini dapat beroperasi dengan baik Subak is an institution in charge of regulating the irrigation traditionally. System Subak activities are based on Tri Hita Karana (THK). One aspect of Tri Hita Karana (THK) is the palemahan aspect. The purpose of this research was to develop a program to assess the condition of palemahan aspect in subak system using Matlab-GUI based fuzzy logic that named TAKSU Information System (Tri Hita Karana Subak). In creating a fuzzy toolbox, the most important step to do is to design rules. Data were collected by survey method, direct observation and measurement. The data were categorized by value and then analyzed with fuzzy logic. Subak were assessed by using three value criteria that were Good = 3, Medium = 2, Less = 1. This program consists of input, an algorithm which is a function of the design carried out on the fuzzy Matlab toolbox and output as a result of the program. Based on the results of the validation carried out on two samples of subak, the value of Subat Jatiluwih was 2.23 with the criteria of Good and Subak Puring was 2.73 with the criteria of Good. These results indicate that this program can operate properly.
Analisis Profil Suhu dan Kadar Air Tanah Pada Budidaya Cabai Rawit (C. frutescens L) Menggunakan Beberapa Macam Mulsa Kanikayani, Ni Made Dea; ., Sumiyati; Madrini, Ida Ayu Bintang
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian) Vol 7 No 1 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JBETA.2019.v07.i01.p02

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu memperoleh profil suhu dan kadar air tanah pada budidaya tanaman cabai rawit menggunakan beberapa macam mulsa. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok, masing-masing terdiri dari lima perlakuan dan tiga ulangan yaitu perlakuan tanpa mulsa, perlakuan mulsa plastik perak, plastik hitam, plastik bening dan perlakuan mulsa jerami padi. Untuk pengukuran suhu tanah menggunakan alat sensor suhu DS18B20 sedangkan untuk kadar air tanah menggunakan metode gravimetri. Pengukuran suhu dan kadar air tanah dilakukan 3 kali yaitu pada 3 hari, 30 hari dan 60 hari setelah tanam. Analisis data suhu dan kadar suhu dan kadar air tanah dalam mulsa menggunakan metode garis kontur. Hasil penelitian suhu tanah menunjukan kontur profil pada saat 3 hari profil sebaran tanpa mulsa 29-33?C, mulsa plastik perak 28-32?C, mulsa plastik hitam 29-34?C, mulsa plastik bening 31-37?C dan mulsa jerami 26-31?C. Pada saat 30 hari profil sebaran tanpa mulsa 26-33?C, mulsa plastik perak 26-31?C, mulsa plastik hitam 27-33?C, mulsa plastik bening 28-32?C dan mulsa jerami 25-30?C dan pada saat 60 hari profil sebaran tanpa mulsa 26-31?C, mulsa plastik perak 25-30?C, mulsa plastik hitam 27-32?C, mulsa plastik bening 31-37?C dan mulsa jerami 26-29?C, sedangkan dari hasil pengukuran suhu tanah yang didapatkan berhubungan dengan hasil kadar air tanahnya. The purpose of this research was to water content and soil temperature profile content on mulch for cultivation of cayenne pepper plants with different types of mulch. This research use random design group, every each concist of five treatment and three repetation. Which is a treatment without mulch treatment, silver plastic mulch treatment, black plastic mulch treatment, clear plastic mulch treatment , and rice straw mulch treatment. The variable observed of soil temperature using a temperature sensor DS18B20 while for soil water content using the gravimetric method. Measurement of temperature and soil water content was carried out 3 times, namely at the 3 days, 30 days , and 60 days after planting . The result of the temperature and soil water content is made a profile of the temperature and soil water content in the mulch using the contour line method. The results of the soil temperature research show the profile contour when the at 3 days, without mulch distribution profile is 29-330C, silver plastic mulch 28-320C, black plastic mulch 29-340C, clear plastic mulch 28-320C and rice straw mulch 25-300C. At 30 days, without mulch distribution profile is 26-330C, silver plastic mulch 26-310C, black plastic mulch 27-330C, clear plastic mulch 28-320C and rice straw mulch 25-300C. At  60 days, without mulch distribution profile is 26-310C, silver plastic mulch 25-300C, black plastic mulch 27-320C, clear plastic mulch 31-370C and rice straw mulch 26-290C. The results of measurements of the soil temperature obtained in relation to the results of the soil water content.