Kustono (Kustono)
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Status Faali dan Profil Darah Domba Lokal Jantan yang Diberi Pakan Substitusi Tepung Limbah Udang Fermentasi Ilma, Meta Oktarika; (Kustono), Kustono; (Widyantoro), Widyantoro
Buletin Peternakan Vol 31, No 4 (2007): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 31 (4) November 2007
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (388.713 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1235

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KARAKTERISTIK DAN ORGAN REPRODUKSI BETINA KANGURU POHON KELABU (Dendrolagus inustus) DI PAPUA Koibur, Johan Fredrik; (Kustono), Kustono; Widayati, Diah Tri
Buletin Peternakan Vol 35, No 1 (2011): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 35 (1) Februari 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (239.556 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/586

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Five females of 1 up to 2.5 years old Gray Tree Kangaroo (Dendrologus inustus), 10.83 kg body weight and 72.8 cm body length were dissected, and then the reproductive organ were observed for its morphology, length, and weightusing digital camera, tape measured and scale. This study used experimental studies-descriptive case study technique, statistical analytic and correlation displayed in the average value and standard deviation (SD). The length of female D. inustus reproductive organ was 18.88±0.78 cm (left) and 19.00±0.78 cm (right). The length of ovarian was 1 cm (left/right), the weights of left and right of ovarian weight were 0.59±0.85 g (left) and 1 g (right), respectively. Diameterand length of fallopian tube, uterine horn, corpus uteri, and cervical were 0.57±0.01 mm (left) and 0.60±0.01 mm (right) and 3.00 cm (left) and 3.26±0.18 cm (right); 0.54±0.02 mm (left) and 0.56±0.02 mm (right) and 4 cm (left) and 4.8±0.45 cm (right); 1.16±0.09 mm (left) and 1.3±0.12 mm (right) and 1 cm (left/right); 0.3 mm (left/right) and 3 cm (left/right), respectively. Length of vagina and vulva were 4 and 2 cm, respectively. The result showed that shape and model of D. inustus reproductive organs were similar with the mammalian female reproductive organs in general but all of the organs have two sparated parts with different sizes.(Key words: Female reproductive organs, Gray Tree Kangaroo)
Pengaruh Penambahan Crude Tannin pada Sperma Cair Kambing Peranakan Ettawa yang Disimpan Selama 14 Hari terhadap Viabilitas Spermatozoa (The Effect of Crude Tannin Addition to Liquid Semen of Ettawa Crossbred Goat on The Viability of Spermatozoa During 14 Putranti, Oktora Dwi; (Kustono), Kustono; (Ismaya), Ismaya
Buletin Peternakan Vol 34, No 1 (2010): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 34 (1) Februari 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (799.312 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/100

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This study was aimed to obtain viability of Ettawa Crossbred spermatozoa into day 14th on with the addition of crude tannin (CT). The design used was one-way completely randomized design with five replications and five treatments. The data of value identified sperm were analyzed descriptively. Sperm quality data were analyzed using one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey-W-test procedure. The results showed that the sperm quality characteristics were as the followed: volume 1.4+0.42 ml; pH 6.84+0.27; creamy milk color; consistency thick; motility ++ and concentration (328.8+80.74) x 107/ml semen.  Spermatozoa viability were K0 (control) 29.89+16.52%; K1 (CT 2.5%) 65.33+8.95%; K2 (CT 5%) 58.20+12.4%; K3 (CT 10%) 52.61+15.34%; and K4 (CT 20%) 47.84+13.84%. It was concluded that the addition of 2.5% crude tannin gave significant effect on viability of Ettawa Crossbred spermatozoa during 14 days storage, whereas addition of 20% crude tannin had caused low percentage of live spermatozoa.(Key words: Spermatozoa, Crude tannin, Viability)
Hubungan Antara Lingkar Skrotum dengan Produksi dan Kualitas Sperma Pejantan Simmental di Balai Inseminasi Buatan Ungaran, Jawa Tengah Ningrum, Aryani Purba; (Kustono), Kustono; Mammam, M.
Buletin Peternakan Vol 32, No 2 (2008): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 32 (2) Juni 2008
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (428.112 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1247

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Kinerja Reproduksi Ternak Kuda Kerja di Kabupaten Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (Reproductive Performances of Working Mare at Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta Special Province) Setyobudi, Arif; (Kustono), Kustono; Widayati, Diah Tri
Buletin Peternakan Vol 33, No 3 (2009): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 33 (3) Oktober 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (645.364 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/110

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The experiment was conducted to determine reproductive performances of working mare at Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta Special Province. One hundred and fourten mares were used in the experiment coming from 94 respondens.Samples were collected from district of Sewon, Banguntapan and Pleret. The parameters observed were first mating age, service per conception (S/C), postpartum mating (PPM), foaling interval (F/I), body weight, working hours, andfeed consumption. The collected data were analyzed descriptively. The average of first mating age, service per conception (S/C), postpartum mating (PPM), foaling interval (FI) were 31.42±4.62 months, 2.85±0,81; 94.69±32.42days; 493.65 ± 43.01 days (ranged in 1-5 S/C; 35-180 days; 395-594 days); body weight, working hours, and feed consumption were 273.65±43.64 kg, 8 hours 11 minutes/day, 16.02±2.17 kg respectively. The conclusion of theexperiment were that the reproductive performances of working horse at Bantul Regency in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta is generally less than the normal performances reproductive of horse.(Key words: Reproduction performance, Working horse, Bantul Regency)
Pengaruh Ovariektomi terhadap Abortus dan Populasi Sel Trophoblast Serta Sel Mikrofag pada Mencit Bunting Adifa, N. S.; (Kustono), Kustono; Widayati, D. T.
Buletin Peternakan Vol 32, No 1 (2008): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 32 (1) Februari 2008
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (479.92 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1241

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Kualitas dan Kuantitas Sperma Kambing Bligon Jantan yang Diberi Pakan Rumput Gajah dengan Suplementasi Tepung Darah (Quality and Quantity of Semen of Buck Bligon Fed Elephant Grass Supplemented with Blood Meal). Dethan, Agustinus Agung; (Kustono), Kustono; Hartadi, Hari
Buletin Peternakan Vol 34, No 3 (2010): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 34 (3) Oktober 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.308 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/83

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The experiment was conducted to determine the quality and quantity of semen of buck Bligon fed elephant grass supplemented with blood meal. The experiment was carried out in Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Reproduction,Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. Nine bucks Bligon age 8 to 12 months were used in the experiment. The experimental animals were devided into three groups of feed treatment, i.e group 1 (R0); elephant grass (60%) + corn meal (15%) + rice bran (15%) + soybean cake (10%), group 2 (R1); elephant grass (60%) + corn meal (15%) + rice bran (15%) + soybean cake (5%) + blood meal (5%), group 3 (R2); elephant grass (60%) + corn meal (15%) + rice bran (15%) + blood meal (10%). The experiment was carried out for 3 months. Semen collection using artificial vagina was done two times a week for four weeks. The variables measured were semen volume, semen pH, sperm motility, sperm consentration, sperm viability, and sperm abnormality. The experiment data were statisticaly analyzed using completely randomized design using statistical analysis and then continued with Duncan test to analyze the differences between means. The results showed that the suplementation of blood meal significantly increased (P≤0.01) semen volume. Semen volume for R0 was 0.42 ml lower than R1 0.82 ml and R2 0.69 ml whereas R1 and R2 differed significantly (P≤0.05). The treatments have significant effect (P≤0.01) on sperm motility. The highest spermmotility value was at treatment R1 which was 84.17% followed by R2 81.67% and the lowest was R0 65.00%. The effect of treatment on sperm concentration also significant (P≤0.01). Sperm concentration of R1 was 5,537.67 million cell/mlsemen and R2 was 4,415.33 million cell/ml semen which were higher than R0 (3,081.00 million cell/ml semen). Viability was significantly affected (P≤0.01) by the treatments. Viability value at treatment R0 was 69.88% and for treatment R1 and R2 were 91.25% and 87.63% respectively, the values differed significantly (P≤0.05). The effect of treatment on pH semen and sperm abnormality was not significant. Feed containing blood meal, corn meal, rice bran, and soybeancould increase the quality and quantity buck Bligon semen. The improvement of local goat livestock productivity could be done by giving blood meal as an alternative of protein source for feed supplement, particularly at areas having lowquality feed.(Key words : Goat, Semen quality, Blood meal)
MODIFIKASI PENETASAN TELUR BURUNG MALEO GUNUNG (Aepypodius arfakianus) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN DAYA TETAS Manik, Hotlan; Yuwanta, Tri; (Kustono), Kustono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 35, No 1 (2011): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 35 (1) Februari 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (267.38 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/587

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his research aims to determine the physical characteristics and quality of eggs of mountain Maleo bird (Aepypodius arfakianus) in Papua and to determine hatching rate by using some modified hatching method to improvethe egg’s hatchability. This research used observation method to analyze variable egg hatching, temperature and humidity. There were three experiments of hatching method, which were semi-natural hatching outside of the habitat(ex-situ), hatching by using soil and serasah as the media, and hatching by using electric shelves as the media. Observation data of natural hatching showed that the temperature inside of the nest was about 30-35oC with humidityof 70-90%. The variables measured were embryo durability or fertility, hatchability, period of incubation, hatch weight, and embryo mortality. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and correlations for some data required and was presented as mean values and standard deviation (SD). Hatching using electric shelves as the media showed the best result. Length of incubation, egg fertility, hatchability, embryo mortality and hatch weight were 40.14±0.69 days,90.00%, 77.78%, 22.22%, 112.94±7.84 g, respectively; those of ex-situ modification were 47.50±0.71 days, 80%, 25%, 75%, 109.05±2.33 g, respectively; and those of soil and serasah media were 41.33±0.58 days, 90%, 33.33%, 66.67%, 113.33±5.05 g, respectively. Hatching modifications using electric shelves improves the quality of hatching, shorten theperiod of incubation, and reduced the mortality.(Keywords: Mountain Maleo (Aepypodius arfakianus), Hatching modification, Hatchability)
Calving Interval Sapi Perah di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Ditinjau dari Kinerja Reproduksi Pramono, Ahmad; (Kustono), Kustono; Hartadi, Hari
Buletin Peternakan Vol 32, No 1 (2008): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 32 (1) Februari 2008
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (844.175 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1243

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PENGARUH DOSIS SPERMA YANG DIENCERKAN DENGAN NaCl FISIOLOGIS TERHADAP FERTILITAS TELUR PADA INSEMINASI BUATAN AYAM KAMPUNG Asmarawati, Widya; (Kustono), Kustono; Widayati, Diah Tri; Bintara, Sigit; (Ismaya), Ismaya
Buletin Peternakan Vol 37, No 1 (2013): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 37 (1) Februari 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh dosis sperma untuk Inseminasi Buatan (IB) pada ayam kampung terhadap fertilitas telurnya. Dosis IB ini berguna untuk mengetahui perbandingan jantan dan betina yang paling efisien dalam suatu pemeliharaan. Sperma ditampung dan dicampur dari 5 ekor ayam Pelung jantan yang berumur sekitar 52 minggu. Sperma yang telah diketahui konsentrasinya kemudian dibagi menjadi 3 bagian dan masing-masing diencerkan dengan NaCl fisiologis sehingga diperoleh dosis akhir yaitu 25x106/0,1 ml (dosis 1); 75x106/0,1 ml (dosis 2); dan 150x106/0,1 ml (dosis 3). Sembilan ekor ayam kampung betina diinseminasi untuk mengetahui pengaruh dosis terhadap fertilitas telur. Ayam betina yang digunakan adalah ayam kampung yang berumur sekitar 30 minggu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan dosis sperma tidak berpengaruh pada fertilitas telur ayam kampung. Fertilitas telur untuk masing-masing perlakuan dosis 1, 2, dan 3 adalah 44,13±20,84; 66,67±23,57; dan 58,75±14,36%. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah dosis sperma tidak berpengaruh pada fertilitas telur ayam kampung.(Kata kunci: Ayam kampung, Dosis sperma, Inseminasi buatan)