RATIH LANGENATI
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Pengaruh Self-Hypnosis Terhadap Konsentrasi Pada Atlet Senam Artistik LANGENATI, RATIH; JANNAH, MIFTAKHUL
Character: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi. Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Character : Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan
Publisher : Character: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi.

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Abstract

Abstrak Atlet senam artistik melatih fisik dan teknik agar dapat melakukan rangkaian gerakan secara maksimal, akan tetapi atlet yang dapat melakukan gerakan dengan baik saat latihan belum tentu dapat melakukannya dengan sempurna saat pertandingan. Konsentrasi atlet dapat terganggu oleh berbagai hal saat bertanding dan mempengaruhi performa serta prestasi atlet. Kemampuan konsentrasi merupakan sesuatu yang dapat dilatihkan melalui pelatihan mental. Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji apakah ada pengaruh self-hypnosis, sebagai salah satu metode pelatihan mental, terhadap konsentrasi atlet senam artistik. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen dengan pretest-posttest control group design. Subjek penelitian ini adalah 12 orang atlet artistik Persani Surabaya yang dibagi kedalam kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk mengukur konsentrasi atlet adalah Grid Concentration Exercise. Data diperoleh dengan melakukan pretest dan posttest pada kedua kelompok. Perlakuan self-hypnosis diberikan hanya pada kelompok eksperimen. Hasil analisis Uji Wilcoxon menunjukkan ada perbedaan skor konsentrasi antara sesudah dan sebelum perlakuan pada kelompok eksperimen (Sig.=0.027, p<0.05), artinya hipotesis “ada pengaruh self-hypnosis terhadap konsentrasi pada atlet senam artistik” diterima. Kelompok eksperimen memiliki rata-rata nilai gain score lebih tinggi dari pada kelompok kontrol (5.5>0.76), hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa self-hypnosis berpengaruh meningkatkan konsentrasi atlet senam artistik. Kata Kunci: self-hypnosis, konsentrasi, atlet, senam..   Abstract Artistic gymnastics athletes do a physical and technical training in order to perform for the maximum range of motion, but athletes who can perform well movement in practice  may not be able to do it perfectly during the match. The concentration of athletes can be interrupted by a variety of things while playing and affect performance and achievements of athletes. Concentration ability can be trained by mental training. This study aims to examine the effect of self-hypnosis, as one method of mental training, on the concentration of the artistic gymnastics athletes. This study used an experimental method with a pretest-post test control group design. The subjects were 12 Persani Surabaya artistic athletes who were divided into experimental and control groups. The instrument used to measure the concentration of athletes is Grid Concentration Exercise. Data were obtained by performing the pretest and posttest in both groups. Self-hypnosis treatment is given only in the experimental group. Wilcoxon test analysis results showed significant difference between the concentration scores before and after treatment in the experimental group (Sig. = 0.027, p <0.05), meaning that the hypothesis "there is the influence of self-hypnosis to concentrate on the artistic gymnastics athletes" received. The experimental group had an higher value of gain-score average than control group (5.5>0.76), it shows that self-hypnosis increased the concentration of the artistic gymnastics athletes. Keywords: self-hypnosis, concentration, gymnastics athlete..