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Aktivitas Antimikroba Ekstrak Etanol dan Fraksi Organik Rimpang Wualae (Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M. Smith) Musnina, Wa Ode Sitti; Wahyuni, W; Malik, Fadhliyah; Timung, Yusni Oktaviani; Sabandar, Carla Wulandari
Pharmauho: Jurnal Farmasi, Sains, dan Kesehatan Vol 5, No 1 (2019): Pharmauho
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (308.105 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/pharmauho.v5i1.8990

Abstract

Wualae (Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M Smith) merupakan tanaman rempah yang digunakan oleh masyarakat sebagai obat tradisional. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui metabolit sekunder, aktivitas antibakteri dan aktivitas antijamur ekstrak etanol dan fraksi organik  rimpang wualae. Rimpang wualae diekstraksi dengan metode maserasi menggunakan etanol kemudian di fraksinansi menggunakan pelarut n-heksana, etil asetat, dan metanol. Fraksi n-heksana, etil asetat, dan metanol diuji secara in vitro dengan metode Cup-plate technique, yang dilakukan terhadap bakteri Gram positif Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Bacillus subtilis FNCC 0060 dan Streptococcus mutans ATCC 2517 dan bakteri Gram negatif Escherichia coli ATCC 35218, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella enteric dan jamur Candida albicans ATCC 10231. Kandungan senyawa metabolit sekunder rimpang wualae ditentukan dengan metode skrining fitokima menggunakan perekasi warna. Hasil skrining fitokimia ekstrak etanol fraksi n-heksana, etil asetat, metanol dan etanol rimpang wualae memiliki kandungan alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, tannin dan terpenoid. Ekstrak etanol mengandung alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, tannin, dan terpenoid, fraksi n-heksana mengandung terpenoid, fraksi etil asetat mengandung flavonoid, tannin dan terpenoid, fraksi metanol mengandung alkaloid, saponin, tannin, fraksi etanol mengandung flavonoid, saponin, tannin, dan terpenoid.  Hasil pengujian aktivitas antibakteri menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak etanol, fraksi n-heksana, etil asetat, metanol dan etanol rimpang wualae tidak aktif terhadap bakteri S. aureus, B. subtilis, S. mutans, E. coli, P, aeruginosa dan S. enterica pada konsentrasi 100-12,5 mg/mL. Pengujian antijamur menunjukkan bahwa fraksi etil asetat aktif terhadap jamur C. albicans  pada konsentrasi 100, 50, 25, dan 12,5 mg/mL dengan nilai DDH masing-masing sebesar nilai 9,75; 9,5; 8,75; dan 8 mmKata kunci: wualae, Etlingera, antimikroba, obat tradisional, Sulawesi TenggaraJurusan Farmasi Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Tadulako, Jl. Soekarno Hatta Km. 9 Palu
Efek Imunomodulator Ekstrak Etanol Spons Melophlus sarasinorum Terhadap Aktivitas Fagositosis Sel Makrofag Pada Mencit Jantan Balb/C: Immunomodulatory Effects of Ethanol Extract of Melophlus sarasinorum Sponge Against Phagocytosis Activity of Macrophage Cells on Balb/C Male Mice Wahyuni, Wahyuni; Yusuf, Muhammad Ilyas; Malik, Fadhliyah; Lubis, Adryan Fristiohady; Indalifiany, Astrid; Sahidin, I
Jurnal Farmasi Galenika (Galenika Journal of Pharmacy) Vol. 5 No. 2 (2019): (October 2019)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (221.925 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/j24428744.2019.v5.i2.13611

Abstract

Immunomodulator is an ingredient or drug that can modulate immune system functions and activities. This study was conducted to determine the effect of ethanol extract of Melophlus sarasinorum sponge on macrophage phagocytosis activity. Twenty four male mice balb/c were divided into six groups. The first group received 100 mg/kg of ethanol extract of Melophlus Sarasinorum sponge, the second group received 200 mg/kg of ethanol extract of Melophlus sarasinorum sponge, the third group received 300 mg/kg of ethanol extract of Melophlus Sarasinorum sponge and the fourth group received 400 mg/kg of ethanol extract of Melophlus Sarasinorum sponge. The positive control group received Phyllanthus niruri linn extract (Stimuno®) 0,13 mg/g and the negative control group received NaCMC 0,5%. The extract was orally administered from first day to seventh day. On the eighth day, each of the mice was injected Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (SA) 0.5 mL intraperitoneally. Macrophage cell activity is calculated from smears of peritoneal fluid of mice. Increased doses of ethanol extract of Melophlus sarasinorum sponge increase the amount of macrophage phagocytosis activity that are 25,25% (negative control), 61,5% (positive control), 55,75% (100 mg/kg), 60,75% (200 mg/kg), 62,25% (300 mg/kg) dan 66,25% (400 mg/kg). The results showed that the ethanol extract of Melophlus sarasinorum sponge has the potential as immunomodulator at a doses of 300 mg/kgBB and 400 mg/kg with no significantly different effectiveness with positive control in increasing macrophage cell phagocytosis activity based on the result of post-hoc statistical test of Tukey (sig.> 0,05).