indrayanti, Novita
Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Negeri Semarang

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TINDAK TUTUR ILOKUSI DALAM WACANA NASKAH DRAMA DELEILAH TAK INGIN PULANG DARI PESTA KARYA PUTHUT E.A. indrayanti, Novita; Haryadi, Haryadi; Baehaqie, Imam
Jurnal Sastra Indonesia Vol 8 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Jurusan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dan mengindentifikasi jenis dan fungsi tindak tutur ilokusi yang terdapat dalam wacana naskah drama “Deleilah Tak Ingin Pulang dari Pesta” karya Puthut E.A. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan teoretis yaitu pragmatis dan metodologis yaitu deskriptif kualitatif. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode simak dengan teknik catat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jenis tindak tutur ilokusi yang terdapat pada wacana wacana naskah drama “Deleilah Tak Ingin Pulang dari Pesta” karya Puthut E.A. adalah (1) tindak tutur representatif meliputi representatif memberitahukan, mengeluh, membanggakan, dan mengakui, (2) tindak tutur direktif meliputi direktif mengajak, memerintah, menasihati, dan meminta, (3) tindak tutur komisif meliputi komisif berjanji, mengancam, dan menawarkan, (4) tindak tutur ekspresif meliputi ekspresif memuji, mengkritik, mengucapkan terima kasih, mengecam, menyindir, menyalahkan, dan mengucapkan selamat, dan (5) tindak tutur isbati meliputi isbati mengundurkan diri dan membatalkan. Adapun fungsi tindak tutur ilokusi yang ditemukan yaitu (1) fungsi kompetitif meliputi kompetitif mengkritik, memerintah, dan membanggakan, (2) fungsi menyenangkan meliputi menyenangkan mengucapkan terima kasih, memuji, mengajak, menawarkan, dan mengucapkan selamat, (3) fungsi bekerja sama meliputi bekerja sama berspekulasi, memberitahukan, mengeluh, melaporkan, mengumumkan, dan mengakui, dan (4) fungsi bertentangan meliputi bertentangan mengancam, mengecam, dan menyalahkan.   This study aims to describe and identify the types and functions of illocutionary speech acts contained in the drama script discourse “Deleilah Tak Ingin Pulang dari Pesta” by Puthut E.A. This study uses a theoretical approach that is pragmatic and methodological which belong to descriptive qualitative. This research was carried out by using scrutinized method and note technique. The results of this research showed that the type of illocutionary speech acts contained in the discourse plays " Deleilah Tak Ingin Pulang dari Pesta " by Puthut E.A. were: (1) the representative speech acts include the representative of telling, complaining, boasting, and recognizing, (2) the directive speech acts include directive of inviting, instructing, advising, and asking, (3) the commissive speech acts include commissive of promising, threatening, and offering, (4) the expressive speech acts include expressive of praising, criticizing, thanking, inveighing, teasing by illusion, blaming, and congratulating, and (5) the isbati speech acts include the isbati of resigning and canceling. The functions of illocutionary speech acts which were found were: (1) the function competitively includes the competitive of criticizing, commanding, and encouraging, (2) the pleasing functions include pleasing to thank, praise, encourage, offers, and congratulate, (3) the functions of work in team include working in team to speculate, inform, complain, report, announce and acknowledge, and (4) the contradict function includes contradictory threatening, critical, and blame.