Novitasari, Dhania
Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

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SMEDDS of Citrus hystrix ethanolic extract improves cardiac and hepar histopathology profile on doxorubicin-induced rats Novitasari, Dhania; Tirtanirmala, Prisnu; Wulandari, Nindi; Wikanthi, Layung Sekar Sih; Safitri, Ade; Sasmito, Ediati
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 6, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev6iss3pp97-104

Abstract

Citrus hystrix D.C. (kaffir lime) peel contains several flavonoids including rutin, naringenin, hesperidin. C. hystrix peel ethanolic extract (ChEE) has shown its potency as cardioprotector agent in chemotherapy. However, there  are  limitations  to  the  utilization  of  ChEE due to its  poor  water  solubility  and  low  oral bioavailability.  Accordingly,  self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS) formulations were developed to improve the oral absorption of flavonoids. Tween 80, Corn oil, and propylene glicol (5:1:1ml) were combined to form ChEE-SMEDDS. The present study is to evaluated ChEE-SMEDDS for their physicochemical  properties and in vivo using combination with doxorubicin to see blood serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), nitrit oxide (NO) activity and also cardio-hepato-histopathology of female Sprague Dawley rats. The results showed that ChEE-SMEDDS repaired cardio-hepato-histopathology profile of doxorubicin -induced rats, but did not reduce serum activity of NO, ALT and AST. These  results indicated that ChEE-SMEDDS has potency to be developed and improved as cardio-hepato-protector agent in chemotherapy.Keywords: Citrus hystrix D.C., SMEDDS, Cardio-hepatoprotector, Histopathology, Chemoterapy
Estrogenic Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Papaya Peels (Carica Papaya L.) on Uterine Weight and Mammae Gland Proliferation on Ovariectomy Rats Novitasari, Dhania; Triutomo, Devyanto Hadi; Arifah, Fitriana Hayyu; Ivanawati, Anselma; Ulum, Zahrotul; Murwanti, Retno
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 9, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev9iss2pp86-91

Abstract

Papaya bark is one of Indonesia's natural wealth that contains flavonoid compounds such as myricetin and kaempferol that included in the phytoestrogen compounds. The aim of this study is to examine the estrogenic effects of ethanolic extract of papaya peels (EEPP) on the development of mammae gland and the increasing of uterine weight. The in vivo test was performed in ovariectomized Sprague Dawley female rats. After 30 days of treatment, animals were sacrificed to take the uterus and mammae glands. Measurement of uterine weight and mammae gland was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining method to know the lobulus development and AgNOR staining to determine the proliferation level of mammae gland epithelial cells. The results showed that EEPP at the concentrations of 500 and 1000 mg/kgBW were able to increase uterine weight and proliferation of mammae gland. In conclusion, papaya bark has the potential as phytoestrogen compound to maintain female reproductive health and woman beauty.Keywords : Ethanolic extract of papaya peels (EEPP), phytoestrogen, ovariectomized rats, uterine weight, mammae proliferation
Evaluation of The Genotoxicity of Three Food Additives using CHO-K1 Cells under in vitro Micronucleus Flow Cytometry Assay Lestari, Beni; Novitasari, Dhania; Putri, Herwandhani; Haryanti, Sari; Sasmito, Ediati; Meiyanto, Edy
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 8, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev8iss2pp74-80

Abstract

Exposure of genotoxic substances come from various sources such as food additives. The aim of this study is to evaluate the genotoxicity of food additives in CHO-K1 cells by micronucleus test flow cytometry. The food additives: sodium saccharine (SS), monosodium glutamate (MSG), and sodium benzoate (SB) were assessed by in vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity using Chinese Hamster Ovary-K1 (CHO-K1) cells. The cytotoxic effect of those compounds was evaluated by MTT Assay on CHO-K1 Cells. The genotoxic evaluation was observed by in vitro micronucleus test by flowcytometry with double staining method. The results showed that the three compounds did not perform cytotoxic effect, increased the frequency of micronucleus, and changed the cell cycle profiles. In general, these studies obtained that none of three food additives showed cytotoxic and genotoxic effect on CHO-K1 cells. Micronucleus test using flow cytometry is suitable for this purpose study.Key words : food additives, genotoxic, cytotoxic, micronucleus
Ethanolic Extract of Hedyotis corymbosa L. Inhibits Migration and MMP-9 Activity on Metastatic Breast Cancer Cells Novitasari, Dhania; Handayani, Sri; Jenie, Riris Istighfari
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 9, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev9iss1pp16-22

Abstract

Many natural products have been widely explored for their pharmacological activities, including anticancer activity. Hedyotis corymbosa L. is known for its anticancer properties toward several cancer cell lines. The study aims to investigate whether ethanolic extract of Hedyotis corymbosa L. (EEH) performs anticancer properties by inhibiting migration and metastasis on breast cancer cells. Cytotoxic evaluation by using MTT assay was carried out to determine EEH effect on 4T1 breast cancer cells, meanwhile to investigate the treatment of EEH in migration and metastasis inhibitory effect, scratch wound healing assay and gelatin zymography were conducted in this study. The data showed that EEH possessed cytotoxic activity with IC50 value of 400 μg/mL.  Interestingly, migration inhibitory effect was shown up to 42 hours and the activity of MMP-9 was also decreased after the treatment with EEH. According to these findings, we suggest that Hedyotis corymbosa L. promotes another anticancer properties by inhibiting migration and metastasis towards breast cancer cells.Keywords : Hedyotis corymbosa L., cytotoxicity, migration, metastatic, 4T1 breast cancer cells