Andriyaldi, Andriyaldi
IAIN Bukittinggi

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Sejarah dan Korelasi Filsafat Hukum Islam dengan Ilmu Lainnya Andriyaldi, Andriyaldi
Alhurriyah Vol 16, No 1 (2015): Januari - Juni 2015
Publisher : IAIN Bukittinggi

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Abstract

Compared ushul fiqh (islamic jurisprudence), studies maqashid sharia (Islamic legal philosophy) in the world of academics campus, relatively younger. Thus, studies and scientific discussions regarding maqashid sharia or Islamic law philosophy somewhat lagging. For the study and discussion on the need and importance increased and intensified. The discussion on the philosophy of Islamic law and syariah maqashid, just a lot of aspects mentioned in the history books of fiqh and usul fiqh issues by some jurists among Muslims. That is, at the level of a perfect concept study of philosophy of Islamic law rather neglected. Therefore, it can not be denied, Imam Shafi'i fiqh ushul more color and dominate the world ushul jurisprudence where more rests on the concept istinbathiy (rational deduction), while the study sharia maqashid more focused on the level of the concept istiqraiy (induction rational). Istiqraiy concept (rational induction) is precisely what is superior and comprehensive in view of a case when applying the laws of Islam, especially in the context of a complex modernity with contemporary issues. Broad perspective and thorough consideration readings and more owned by scholars who apply the concept of rational induction (istiqraiy). This concept, the precursor and seeds have been around since the revelation was dropped, because the true goal of Islamic law is as rahmatan li al-'alamin or maslahah in maqahid language sharia or Islamic legal philosophy. This paper describes the historical aspects of science maqashid sharia (Islamic legal philosophy) from the classical to the modern era.
PEMBERIAN UPAH PEMOTONGAN HEWAN QURBAN MENURUT HUKUM ISLAM (Studi Pada Masyarakat Tanjung Barulak Kab. Tanah Datar) Hendri, Hendri; Andriyaldi, Andriyaldi
Alhurriyah Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Juli - Desember 2018
Publisher : IAIN Bukittinggi

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Every year Muslims commemorate the feast of Idhul Adha. One form of celebration is done by sacrificing. Sacrifice is an amaliyah service whose provisions are regulated in Islam. Sacrifice according to etymology comes from Arabic, namely qaraba which means close. The word qurban is commensurate with the word al-udhiyyat which is defined as the name of an animal slaughtered on the Idhul Adha feast day and tasyrik days to draw closer to Allah. Whereas the term sacrifice means the slaughter of certain animals with the intention of drawing closer to Allah SWT, which is performed on the feast of Idhul Adha or in the days of Tasyrik which is the 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhulhijah. However, in Indonesia the implementation of slaughtering sacrificial animals in each region is carried out differently. Especially giving wages for slaughtering sacrificial animals. This article uses the analytical content method for the syllables' arguments and also uses the field research method, which is to gather information in the field related to the wages of slaughtering sacrificial animal sacrifices that occur in the middle of the community, especially the Tanjung Barulak district. Tanah Datar. The implementation of slaughtering sacrificial animals in the middle of the community is carried out differently. This is because this is a tradition that has been passed down for generations, both wages given in the form of meat, head, feet or parts of sacrificial animals are a reward for people who cut or clean sacrificial animals. The wages were still given but did not take from the sacrificial animal and then replaced the wages in the form of money taken or requested and collected from the sacrificial participants. 
REVITALISASI PEMBELAJARAN ILMU USHUL AL-FIQH DI PTAI Andriyaldi, Andriyaldi
Alhurriyah Vol 12, No 2 (2011): Juli - Desember 2011
Publisher : IAIN Bukittinggi

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As one important branch of Islamic science, the science of usul al-fiqh occupies a crucial position. In the real fact, it’s maybe globally as a key science or the gate of the Islamic sciences. This view is not exaggerated, because the text of Islam’s doctrine of understanding is largely determined by the discipline of usul al-fiqh. Therefore it is not surprising and very logicaly if the Islamic scholars earlier (‘ulama) they put the usul al-fiqh as the science of logic (mantiq) of all the teachings of Islam. More specifically, if the key philosophy of science is the science of Greek logic, especially logic Aristotele, then the system logic of the teachings of Islam itself is the science of usul al-fiqh. However, the question that arises is the lack of interest in usul al-fiqh. This analysis can be seen in some of the side as described in this paper and presented some offers solutions to usul al-fiqh revitalization back and beneficial in many areas of life such as political issues, economics, education, environment and others. This is the meaning of fiqh in the broadest sense and universal. So, it’s look clearly related between “fiqh” (islamic law) and usul al-fiqh of Islamic scholarly discourse.
Ijtihad Maqashidiy (Kontekstualisasi teori Maqashid Syariah di era Modern) Andriyaldi, Andriyaldi
Alhurriyah Vol 14, No 1 (2013): Januari - Juni 2013
Publisher : IAIN Bukittinggi

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As we know, that the sacred religious texts (the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet SAW) was not able to answer the ‘direct’ contemporary issues that arise in the present age as the age of information and technology. Therefore, Islam as a religion of ‘rahmatan lil’ Alamin‘, must answer to cases that arise in many areas of life. In the study of Islamic jurisprudence, a tool to dig the law that does not exist it is “ijtihad”. However ijtihad needs to understand the purpose dialas with passion syar’iy so, Islam actually perceived as a religion that can give a solution every where and the conditions. The effort to find solutions using maqashid sharia law is called “ijtihad maqashidiy”. Through this ijtihad maqshidiy, it is expected to offer legal solutions that are right on target taking into account the conditions (al-waqi ‘) and the object is subject to legal load (mukallaf). To apply maqashidiy ijtihad in order to answer the contemporary issues, there are some devices (al-multazamat) that must be owned by a scholar or observer of Islamic law, namely: (1) understanding the texts or the language well, so that it can be understood ‘illat (reasonable) of a law. (2) understand the conditions under which an ijtihad results will be applied. (3) understand the condition of the object that is subjugated (mukallaf).